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Taiwan And The Prc

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Taiwan And The Prc

  1. 1. Independent nation or China territory?
  2. 2. A brief history of Taiwan <ul><ul><li>Malay-Polynesian people first settle island </li></ul></ul><ul><li>around 4,000 years ago </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Han Chinese began settling Penghu • </li></ul></ul><ul><li>in the 1200s </li></ul><ul><li>1600s - Chinese begin settling in large </li></ul><ul><li>numbers after Dutch claim as colony </li></ul><ul><li>1662 - After the fall of the Ming </li></ul><ul><li>Dynasty, Zheng Chenggong • </li></ul><ul><li>retreats to Taiwan and leads </li></ul><ul><li>a revolt that expelled the </li></ul><ul><li>Dutch from the island </li></ul>
  3. 3. A brief history of Taiwan <ul><ul><li>Zheng Chenggong rules the Kingdom of Tungning from 1661 to 1683. There he hopes to rebuild his troops and use Taiwan as a base to regain mainland China for the Ming dynasty </li></ul></ul><ul><li>1683- Qing forces from mainland </li></ul><ul><li>China invade and capture China. </li></ul><ul><li>The Qing government • </li></ul><ul><li>would rule Taiwan over the </li></ul><ul><li>next two hundred years. </li></ul><ul><li>1885- Qing government makes </li></ul><ul><li>Taiwan province of China, </li></ul><ul><li>“ upgrading” their status </li></ul>
  4. 4. A brief history of Taiwan 1895 - Japan, which had actually sought Taiwan since 1592, wins control of the island from the Qing government following the First Sino-Japanese War • Japanese leader Goto Shimpei • would help modernize Taiwan and industrialization takes off in at the turn of the 20 th century
  5. 5. A brief history of Taiwan <ul><li>1921-1934- Taiwanese political activists repeatedly but unsuccessfully ask Tokyo to establish a Taiwan parliament </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Japan's rule of Taiwan ended after it lost World War II, but the Japanese rule had long lasting effects on Taiwan and Taiwanese culture </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>China again controls Taiwan under the </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Chinese Nationalist Party • </li></ul><ul><li>(Kuomintang) </li></ul><ul><li>Also known as </li></ul><ul><li>The Republic of China (ROC) </li></ul>
  6. 6. A brief history of Taiwan <ul><ul><li>After the </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Chinese Communist Revolution , • </li></ul><ul><li>General Chiang Kai-shek • </li></ul><ul><li>and his Kuomintang forces </li></ul><ul><li>fled mainland China and </li></ul><ul><li>sought refuge in Taiwan, </li></ul><ul><li>quickly establishing </li></ul><ul><li>their strict military control on the island </li></ul>
  7. 7. A brief history of Taiwan <ul><ul><li>Now in exile, the Kuomintang government continues to claim sovereignty over China </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In China, the victorious </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Communists </li></ul><ul><li>establish the People’s </li></ul><ul><li>Republic of China (PRC)• </li></ul><ul><li>claiming to be the </li></ul><ul><li>sole representative of China including Taiwan and portraying the Kuomintang government on Taiwan as an illegitimate entity. </li></ul>Mao Zedong proclaims the PRC’s establishment
  8. 8. A brief history of Taiwan <ul><ul><li>Over the next few years an additional two million Chinese Nationalists fled to Taiwan </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Chiang Kai-shek becomes the ROC president and will remain so until 1975 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>1951 - The Kuomintang create the </li></ul><ul><li>Taiwan Provincial Assembly, • </li></ul><ul><li>still insisting that their ROC </li></ul><ul><li>still ruled all of China </li></ul><ul><ul><li>From this period through the1980s, </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Taiwan was governed by a party-state </li></ul><ul><li>dictatorship, with the Kuomintang (KMT) </li></ul><ul><li>as the ruling party. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Strict military rule continued </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. A brief history of Taiwan <ul><ul><li>The Taiwanese majority gradually democratized by installing several economic and social reforms </li></ul></ul><ul><li>1960s-1970s- The ROC begin to develop into a prosperous, industrialized, and developed country with a strong and dynamic economy when the PRC was lagging far behind </li></ul><ul><li>(Taiwan still has a much higher </li></ul><ul><li>GDP per capita than the PRC) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>During Cold War, most </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Western nations </li></ul><ul><li>viewed ROC has only legitimate </li></ul><ul><li>government of China </li></ul>
  10. 10. A brief history of Taiwan <ul><li>1986- Democratic Progressive Party (DPP) forms in defiance of ban on new parties </li></ul><ul><li>1987- KMT-controlled government finally </li></ul><ul><li>lifts martial law </li></ul><ul><ul><li>After the 1988 death of President </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Chiang Ching-Kuo, his successor, </li></ul><ul><li>Lee Teng-hui , • </li></ul><ul><li>continued to hand more government </li></ul><ul><li>authority over to the Taiwanese and </li></ul><ul><li>democratize the government </li></ul><ul><ul><li>In schools, emphasis now over local </li></ul></ul><ul><li>history and culture rather than Chinese </li></ul><ul><li>culture and history </li></ul>
  11. 11. Taiwan today <ul><ul><li>The DPP and KMT both now dominant forces in Taiwanese government </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The DPP tends to lean toward Taiwan independence, but the KMT tends to favor eventual Chinese reunification </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Taiwan today <ul><ul><li>The status of Taiwanese culture is debated. Is it part of Chinese culture or a distinct culture? Speaking Taiwanese has become a symbol of the localization movement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It has a dynamic capitalist , export-driven economy with gradually decreasing state involvement in investment and foreign trade. Some large government-owned banks and industrial firms are now being privatized </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Their economic system is more like the United States than the PRC </li></ul>
  13. 13. The People’s Republic of China’s perspective <ul><ul><li>Despite Taiwan’s commitment to the peaceful resolution of differences with China, China has consistently refused to renounce the use of force against Taiwan </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>China currently has hundreds of missiles aimed at Taiwan </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Despite this, many Chinese citizens still respect Taiwan’s declared independence </li></ul></ul>
  14. 17. Sources <ul><ul><li>All pictures are from Wikipedia Commons web site at </li></ul></ul><ul><li>http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Main_Page </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Taiwan: A Political History </li></ul></ul><ul><li>By Denny Roy </li></ul><ul><li>Edition: illustrated </li></ul><ul><li>Published by Cornell University Press, 2003 </li></ul><ul><li>ISBN 0801488052, 9780801488054 </li></ul><ul><li>255 pages </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.worldatlas.com/webimage/countrys/asia/tw.htm </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.brookings.edu/articles/2000/fall_nationalsecuritycouncil_ohanlon.aspx </li></ul></ul>