3. Infrastructure view
Punjab, Haryana and Himachal Pradesh prosper
in agriculture and horticulture
Kerala (or) God’s own country – excellent in
literacy, healthcare and sanitation
Karnataka-IT industries (world class
Some are good at infrastructure, others at
irrigation, transport, manufacturing
Provide supporting service in the main areas of
industrial and agriculture production,domestic and
foreign trade and commerce.
Rail, road, port, dams, power station ,pipeline telecom,
school , college hospital –direct and indirect impact on
There are two types of infrastructure.
1. Economic infrastructure
2. Social infrastructure
6. Social infrastructure
Social infrastructure – education ,housing and health
improvement in sanitation reduces morbidity(ill due to
Increases efficiency. provide speedy transport-(case of
agriculture seeds pesticides etc.,)
7. State of infrastructure in india
Traditionally was under government but found
inadequate private sector started to develop.
Rural women still use biofuel crop residue , dung
(Pradhan mantri ujjwala yojana)
56% electricity in rural areas (as of 2001)- saubhagya
scheme and deendayal upadhyayo gram jyoti yojana
Tap water limited to only 24 % in rural areas.
Sanitation to only 20 % rural people PM swachh bharat
8. Country Investment* in
a % GDP
Percentage of people using
energy (ml.tonnes of
China 44 96 72 115 3274
Hong kong 22 100 92 259 31
India 30 94 40 87 809
south korea 31 98 100 130 301
Pakistan 16 35 64 73 85
singapore 28 100 100 146 88
Indonesia 34 87 61 120 186
Now it is used on a large scale in agriculture and related
areas like production
Transportation of fertilizers, pesticides and farm
It is required in houses for cooking ,household lighting
and heating .
Can you think or producing a commodity or service
without using energy
10. Source of Energy
There are commercial and non commercial sources of
2.Electricity as the bought
Non Commercial sources
2.Agriculture waste and dried dung as
they are found in nature/forest.
Commercial source of energy are generally
exhaustible (with the exception of hydropower.
Non commercial source of energy are generally
More than 60% of Indian households depend on
traditional sources of energy for meeting their
regular cooking and heating needs.