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100 GREATEST BRITONS

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In 2002, the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) conducted a pool to determine who the British people at the time considered the greatest Britons in history.
Owing to the methods used in selecting and ranking the nominees, the results do not claim to be a conclusive assessment of historical importance.
Although many living persons were included among the top 100, all of the top ten were deceased.
The following slides present the list of nominees in the order in which they were ranked.

In 2002, the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) conducted a pool to determine who the British people at the time considered the greatest Britons in history.
Owing to the methods used in selecting and ranking the nominees, the results do not claim to be a conclusive assessment of historical importance.
Although many living persons were included among the top 100, all of the top ten were deceased.
The following slides present the list of nominees in the order in which they were ranked.

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100 GREATEST BRITONS

  1. 1. 100 GREATEST BRITONS Dr. Basil Bemgba Achie MBBS Ibadan
  2. 2. In 2002, the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) conducted a pool to determine who the British people at the time considered the greatest Britons in history. Owing to the methods used in selecting and ranking the nominees, the results do not claim to be a conclusive assessment of historical importance. Although many living persons were included among the top 100, all of the top ten were deceased. The following slides present the list of nominees in the order in which they were ranked.
  3. 3. OUTLINE 1. Winston Churchill 16. Margaret Thatcher 2. Isambard Kingdom Brunel 17. Michael Crawford 3. Diana, Princess of Wales 18. Queen Victoria 4. Charles Darwin 19. Sir Paul McCartney 5. William Shakespeare 20. Sir Alexander Fleming 6. Sir Isaac Newton 21. Alan Turing 7. Elizabeth I 22. Michael Faraday 8. John Lennon 23. Owain Glyndwr 9. Horatio Nelson 24. Elizabeth II 10. Oliver Cromwell 25. Stephen Hawking 11. Sir Ernest Shackleton 26. William Tyndale 12. Captain James Cook 27. Emmeline Pankhurst 13. Robert Baden-Powell 28. William Wilberforce 14. Alfred the Great 29. David Bowie 15. Arthur Wellesley 30. Guy Fawkes
  4. 4. OUTLINE 31. Leonard Cheshire 46. Boy George 32. Eric Morecambe 47. Sir Douglas Bader 33. David Beckham 48. Sir. William Wallace 34. Thomas Paine 49. Sir Francis Drake 35. Boudica 50. John Wesley 36. Sir Steve Redgrave 51. King Arthur 37. Sir Thomas More 52. Florence Nightingale 38. William Blake 53. T. E. Lawrence 39. John Harrison 54. Robert Falcon Scott 40. Henry VIII 55. Enoch Powell 41. Charles Dickens 56. Sir Cliff Richard 42. Sir Frank Whittle 57. Alexander Graham Bell 43. John Peel 58. Freddie Mercury 44. John Logie Baird 59. Dame Julie Andrews 45. Aneurin Bevan 60. Sir Edward Elgar
  5. 5. OUTLINE 61. Queen Elizabeth, The Queen Mother 76. The Unknown Soldier 62. George Harrison 77. Robbie Williams 63. Sir David Attenborough 78. Edward Jenner 64. James Connolly 79. David Lloyd George 65. George Stephenson 80. Charles Babbage 66. Sir Charlie Chaplin 81. Geoffrey Chaucer 67. Tony Blair 82. Richard III 68. William Caxton 83. J. K. Rowling 69. Bobby Moore 84. James Watt 70. Jane Austen 85. Sir Richard Branson 71. William Booth 86. Bono 72. Henry V 87. John Lydon 73. Aleister Crowley 88. Bernard Law Montgomery 74. Robert the Bruce 89. Donald Campbell 75. Bob Geldorf 90. Henry II
  6. 6. OUTLINE 91. James Clark Maxwell 96. Richard Burton 92. J. R. R. Tolkiel 97. Tony Been 93. Sir Walter Raleigh 98. David Livingstone 94. Edward I 99. Sir Tim Berner-Lee 95. Sir Barnes Wallis 100. Marie Stopes
  7. 7. 1. WINSTON CHURCHILL Lifetime - 30 November 1874 – 24 January 1965 Place of birth - Woodstock, Oxfordshire, England Sir Winston Leonard Spencer- Churchill. He was a British politician, army officer, writer and Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 10 May 1940 – 26 July 1945 and from 26 October 1951 – 7 April 1955. One of 20th century’s greatest leaders, he was reputed for courage and decisiveness. He led Britain through one of its most desperate struggles during world war II. Also known for his literary output, he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1953.
  8. 8. 2. ISAMBARD KINGDOM BRUNEL Lifetime 9 April 1806 – 15 September 1859 Place of birth - Portsmouth, Hampshire, England He was an English mechanical and civil engineer whose designs revolutionized public transport and modern engineering. He is best remembered for designing and building three great transatlantic steamers, The Great Western in 1843, Great Britain in 1843 and Great Eastern in 1858. He was the son of Sir Marc Isambard Brunel who solved the problem of under water tunneling.
  9. 9. 3. DIANA, PRINCESS OF WALES Lifetime - 1 July 1961 – 31 August 1997 Place of birth - Park House, Sandringham, Norfolk, England Diana Frances Spencer. She was the first wife of Charles, Prince of Wales, the heir apparent to the British throne, and the mother of Prince William, Duke of Cambridge, and Prince Harry, Duke of Sussex. Her royal wedding to Prince Charles on 29 July 1981 reached a global television audience of over 750 million people. She was the first Englishwoman to marry a heir to the British throne in 300 years. She actively supported many charities which included those connected to homelessness, drug abuse victims, HIV and AIDS, the Red Cross and the International campaign to ban landmines.
  10. 10. 4. CHARLES DARWIN Lifetime - 12 February 1809 – 19 April 1882 Place of birth - The Mount, Shrewsbury, Shropshire, England Charles Robert Darwin, FRS FRGS FLS FZS He was an English naturalist, geologist and biologist, best known for his contributions to the science of evolution. Himself an agnostic, his theory that animals and humans shared a common ancestry shocked the religious community. By the time of his death, however, the theory of evolution had been accepted by an increasing class of professionals in science, literature and politics. He was given the ultimate British honor of burial in Westminster Abbey.
  11. 11. 5. WILLIAM SHAKESPEARE Lifetime - 26 April 1564 (baptized) – 23 April 1616 Place of birth – Stratford upon Avon, Warwickshire, England He was an English poet, playwright and actor, widely regarded as both the greatest writer in the English language and the world's pre-eminent dramatist. His plays have been translated into every major living language and are performed more often than those of any other playwright.
  12. 12. 6. SIR ISAAC NEWTON, PRS FRS Lifetime - 25 December 1642 – 20 March 1727 Place of birth – Woolsthorpe, Lincolnshire, England He was an English mathematician, astronomer, theologian, author and physicist. A key figure in the scientific revolution, he laid the foundations of classical mechanics, discovered the composition of white light thus laying the foundation for modern physical optics and discovered the infinitesimal calculus.
  13. 13. 7. ELIZABETH I, QUEEN OF ENGLAND AND IRELAND Lifetime - 7 September 1533 – 24 March 1603 Place of birth - Palace of Placentia, Greenwich, England Reigned from 17 November 1558 – 24 March 1603 She was the daughter of Henry VIII and his second wife Anne Boleyn and the last monarch of the House of Tudor An enormously popular monarch during her life time, her reign was marked the flourishing of drama and poetry led by William Shakespeare and sea faring adventurers such as Sir Francis Drake.
  14. 14. 8. JOHN LENNON Lifetime - 9 October 1940 – 8 December 1980 Place of birth – Liverpool, England John Winston Ono Lennon MBE He was an English singer, songwriter, and peace activist who co-founded the Beatles in 1960 with Paul McCartney. With McCartney he formed one of the most successful songwriting partnerships in popular music history. He was twice posthumously inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame and was honored with the Grammy lifetime award in 1991. In 2008 he was ranked fifth greatest singer of all times by Rolling Stone.
  15. 15. 9. HORATIO NELSON Lifetime - 29 September 1758 – 21 October 1805 Place of birth - Burnham Thorpe, Norfolk, England Vice Admiral Horatio Nelson, 1st Viscount Nelson, 1st Duke of Bronté. He was a British flag officer in the Royal Navy noted for his inspirational leadership, grasp of strategy, and unconventional tactics. His victory during the Battle of Trafalgar was significant in preventing an invasion by Napoleon Bonaparte's army. His signal "England expects that every man will do his duty” has been regularly quoted to date.
  16. 16. 10. OLIVER CROMWELL Lifetime - 25 April 1599 – 3 September 1658 Place of birth: Huntingdon, England. He was an English military and political leader. He was Lord Protector of the Commonwealth of England, Scotland and Ireland from 16 December 1653 – 3 September 1658 He was the Commander of the Parliamentary New Model Army during the English Civil War against King Charles I. The first commoner to rule Britain, his civilian government ruled with constitutional authority, established electoral reforms and established the first true British Parliament.
  17. 17. 11. SIR ERNEST SHACKLETON Lifetime - 15 February 1874 – 5 January 1922 Place of birth - Kilkea, County Kildare, Ireland; then part of the United Kingdom Sir Ernest Henry Shackleton CVO OBE FRGS He was an Anglo-Irish Merchant Navy officer and Antarctic explorer who led three British expeditions to the Antarctic in attempt to reach the South Pole. On one of the expeditions he came within 179 km of the south pole, which was the closest anyone had gotten to at the time. Despite not reaching the South Pole, he is considered one of history’s
  18. 18. 12. CAPTAIN JAMES COOK, FRS Lifetime - 7 November 1728 – 14 February 1779 Place of birth - He was a British explorer, navigator, cartographer, and captain in the Royal Navy. He made three voyages to the Pacific Ocean, during which he achieved the first recorded European contact with the eastern coastline of Australia and the Hawaiian Islands, and the first recorded circumnavigation of New Zealand.
  19. 19. 13. ROBERT BADEN-POWELL Lifetime - 22 February 1857 – 8 January 1941 Place of birth - Paddington, London, England Lt. General Robert Stephenson Smyth Baden-Powell, 1st Baron Baden-Powell, OM, GCMG, GCVO, KCB, DL He was a British Army officer, writer, artist. He is founder and first Chief Scout of The Boy Scouts Association and founder of the Girl Guides.
  20. 20. 14. ALFRED THE GREAT, KING OF WESSEX Lifetime - 849 – 26 October 899 Place of birth - Wantage, Berkshire He was King of Wessex (a Saxon kingdom in southwestern England) from 871 to 899. He is one of only two English monarchs to be given the epithet "the Great", the other being the Scandinavian Cnut the Great. He was, reputably, a learned and merciful man who encouraged and promoted learning and literacy.
  21. 21. 15. ARTHUR WELLESLEY Lifetime - 1 May 1769 – 14 September 1852 Place of birth - 6 Merrion Street, Dublin, County Dublin, Ireland Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, KG, GCB, GCH, PC, FRS He was an Anglo-Irish soldier and statesman, military leader and twice Prime Minister. A first rank British military hero, he is best known for defeating Napoleon at the Battle of Waterloo in 1815.
  22. 22. 16. MARGARET THATCHER Lifetime - 13 October 1925 – 8 April 2013 Place of birth - Grantham, Lincolnshire, England Margaret Hilda Thatcher, Baroness Thatcher, LG, OM, DStJ, PC, FRS, HonFRSC She was a British stateswoman who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 4 May 1979 – 28 November 1990, the longest serving Prime Minister of the UK in the 20th century and the 1st woman to hold the office. She was nicknamed “Iron lady” an allusion to her uncompromising politics and leadership style. As member of the House of Lords following retirement from the House of Commons, she fiercely opposed the Treaty on European Union (Maastricht Treaty).
  23. 23. 17. MICHAEL CRAWFORD Born 19 January 1942 Place of birth - Sheerness, Kent, England, UK Michael Patrick Smith, CBE He is an English actor, comedian, philanthropist, and singer. He is best known for playing the character Frank Spencer in a popular 1970s sitcom titled Some Mothers Do 'Ave ‘Em. He received the Laurence Olivier Award for Best Actor in a Musical in 1986 for his performance in Phantom of the Opera. He is the leader of the Sick Childrens Trust, a charity that provides ‘Home from Home’ accommodation for hospitals around the UK. He has held this position since 1987.
  24. 24. 18. QUEEN VICTORIA Lifetime - 24 May 1819 – 22 January 1901 Place of birth - Kensington Palace, London Alexandrina Victoria She was Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland from 20 June 1837 to her death on 22 January 1901. Coronated on 28 June 1838, she was the last British monarch of the House of Hanover. She was also Empress of India from 1 May 1876 – 22 January 1901 Her reign of 63 years and seven months was longer than that of any of her predecessors and is known as the Victorian era, marked by great expansion of the British Empire.
  25. 25. 19. SIR PAUL MCCARTNEY Born 18 June 1942 Place of birth - Sir James Paul McCartney CH MBE He is an English singer-songwriter, multi-instrumentalist, and composer. He is considered one of the most successful composers and performers of all time. In 1957 he and John Lennon formed the music group that became known as the Beatles. He was knighted by Queen Elizabeth II in 1997 for ‘services to music’ and is a two-time inductee into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame (as a member of the Beatles in 1988, and as a solo artist in 1999).
  26. 26. 20. SIR ALEXANDER FLEMING, FRS FRSE FRCS Lifetime - 6 August 1881 – 11 March 1955 Place of birth - Darvel, East Ayrshire, Scotland He was a Scottish physician, microbiologist, and pharmacologist best known for his discovery of penicillin. He shared the 1945 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for his discovery of penicillin with Howard Walter Florey and Ernst Boris Chain. He also discovered enzyme lysozyme in November 1921and studied wound infections during World War I.
  27. 27. 21. ALAN TURING Lifetime - 23 June 1912 – 7 June 1954 Place of birth - Alan Mathison Turing OBE FRS He was an English computer scientist, mathematician, logician, cryptanalyst, philosopher, and theoretical biologist. During World War II he and others designed a code breaking machine called Bombe which kept the allies supplied with intelligence during the war. For his code breaking work during the war he was made Officer of the British Empire. Widely considered the father of theoretical computer science and artificial intelligence, he designed the programming system for the world’s first commercially available electronic digital computer.
  28. 28. 22. MICHAEL FARADAY, FRS Lifetime - 22 September 1791 – 25 August 1867 Place of birth - Newington, Surrey, England He was a British physicist and chemist, best known for his discoveries of electromagnetic induction and of the laws of electrolysis. Considered one of the greatest scientists of the 19th century, he was the first to produce an electric current from a magnetic field. He discovered benzene and many other compounds and was the first to liquefy a ‘permanent’ gas. He was rewarded by Queen Victoria for his lifetime devotion to science with a cottage and a knighthood. He declined the knighthood.
  29. 29. 23. OWAIN GLYNDWR Lifetime - c. 1359 – c. 1415 He was a Welsh ruler and the last native Welshman to hold the title Prince of Wales. He reigned as Prince of Wales from 1404 – c. 1415, of the House of Mathrafal. He instigated an unsuccessful revolt against the English rule of Wales.
  30. 30. 24. ELIZABETH II Born 21 April 1926 Place of birth - Bruton Street, Mayfair, London, United Kingdom Elizabeth Alexandra Mary Queen of the United Kingdom and the other Commonwealth realms. She has reigned from 6 February 1952 – present. She was coronated on 2 June 1953. One of the most popular monarchs in history, she is the most widely travelled head of state and the first reigning monarch to circumnavigate the globe. She is the longest-lived and longest- reigning British monarch as well as the world's longest-reigning queen regnant and female head of state, the oldest and longest-reigning current monarch and the longest-serving current head of state.
  31. 31. 25. STEPHEN HAWKING Lifetime - 8 January 1942 – 14 March 2018 Place of birth – Oxford, England Stephen William Hawking CH CBE FRS FRSA He was an English theoretical physicist, cosmologist and author. He was director of research at the Centre for Theoretical Cosmology at the University of Cambridge at the time of his death. He is best known for his work on space time singularities and his theory of exploding black holes drawn from relativity theory and quantum mechanics.
  32. 32. 26. WILLIAM TYNDALE Lifetime - c. 1494 – c. 6 October 1536 Place of birth - Gloucestershire He was an English scholar and protestant Matyr who is best known for his translation of the Bible into English. He was a leading figure in the protestant reformation and was convinced that the Bible alone should dictate the doctrines and practices of the church. He also believed that every believer should be able to read the Bible in his mother tongue. He completed the translation of the New Testament in 1525 but was captured by the Catholic authorities and executed before he could
  33. 33. 27. EMMELINE PANKHURST Lifetime - 15 July 1858 – 14 June 1928 Place of birth - Moss Side, Manchester, England She was a British political activist and leader of the British suffragette movement. In her fight for women’s right to vote and equality for women, she used increasingly violent methods. Jailed several times for her activism, she used hunger strike as a pressure tool during her periods of incarceration. She died a few weeks after the British women were granted full voting rights in 1928.
  34. 34. 28. WILLIAM WILBERFORCE Lifetime - 24 August 1759 – 29 July 1833 Place of birth - Kingston upon Hull, Great Britain He was an English politician known for his role as a leader of the movement to end the slave trade. Having embraced evangelical Christianity, he involved himself in the social reform activities of the Clapham group, which supported overseas missions and opposed slavery as their favorite cause. Elected to the British parliament in 1780, he became the chief spokesperson against slavery in Parliament. He was one of the leading English abolitionists leading the parliamentary campaign against slavery till passage of the Slave Trade Act of 1807.
  35. 35. 29. DAVID BOWIE Lifetime - 8 January 1947 – 10 January 2016 Place of birth - Brixton, London, England David Robert Jones He was an English singer, songwriter and actor who helped define a new musical style called glam rock in the 1970s. He was one of the world's best- selling music artists during his time selling an estimated 140 million albums worldwide. He was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1996.
  36. 36. 30. GUY FAWKES Lifetime - 13 April 1570 – 31 January 1606 Place of birth – York, England He was a member of a group of provincial English Catholics who planned the failed Gunpowder Plot of 1605. The gunpowder plot was a plan to blow up parliament in protest against anti-Roman Catholic laws. Arrested underneath the cellars of the House of Lords on the night of 4-5 November 1605, he revealed the names of the other conspirators and, with them, was executed. The failure of the Gunpowder plot has been commemorated in Britain and other parts of the commonwealth since 5 November 1605 with burning of his effigy in a bonfire.
  37. 37. 31. LEONARD CHESHIRE Lifetime - 7 September 1917 – 31 July 1992 Place of birth - Chester, Cheshire, England Geoffrey Leonard Cheshire, Baron Cheshire, VC, OM, DSO & Two Bars, DFC He was the youngest Group Captain and one of he most decorated RAF pilots of world war II. After world war II he founded the Leonard Cheshire Disability in 1948, a charity that provides support to disabled people throughout the world. A recipient of many honors including the Victoria cross, he was created a Life Peer in 1991 in recognition of his philanthropy.
  38. 38. 32. ERIC MORECAMBE Lifetime - 14 May 1926 – 28 May 1984 Place of birth - Morecambe, Lancashire, England John Eric Bartholomew, OBE He was an English comedian, actor, entertainer and singer. In 1941 he founded with Ernie Wise the double act Morecambe and Wise, taking his stage name from his hometown which lasted till his death in 1984. One of the most prominent comedians in British popular culture, he was voted the funniest person of the 20th century in a British internet poll in 1999.
  39. 39. 33. DAVID BECKHAM born 2 May 1975 Place of birth – Leytonstone, London, England David Robert Joseph Beckham OBE He is an English retired professional footballer who captained the English national team for 6 years and appeared in 3 FIFA World Cup tournaments. He is the first English player to win league titles in four countries: England, Spain, the United States and France. He was reputed for his crossing ability, bending freekicks and range of passing. On 13 June 2003, he was appointed Officer of the Most Excellent Order of the British Empire (OBE) for his services to football. He won 19 major trophies during his 20 year playing career.
  40. 40. 34. THOMAS PAINE Lifetime - February 9, 1737 - June 8, 1809 Place of birth - Thetford, Norfolk, Great Britain He was an English-born American political activist, philosopher, political theorist and revolutionary. He is one of the Founding Fathers of the United States, his works greatly influenced the American Revolution and cemented his reputation as one of the greatest political propagandists of all time. Those include ‘Common Sense’, ‘The American Crisis’, ‘Rights of Man’, ‘The Age of Reason’ among others.
  41. 41. 35. BOUDICA Lifetime – died c. 60 or 61 AD Place of birth – Britannia She was a queen of the British Celtic Iceni tribe who led a revolt against the occupying forces of the Roman Empire in AD 60 or 61. She supposedly poisoned herself following the failure of the campaign. She is an important cultural symbol in the United Kingdom.
  42. 42. 36. SIR STEVE REDGRAVE Born on 23 March 1962 Place of birth - Marlow, Buckinghamshire, UK Sir Steven Geoffrey Redgrave CBE DL He is a retired British rower who is the most successful male rower in Olympic history. He is the only man to have won gold medals at five consecutive Olympic Games from 1985 to 2000. He also won three Commonwealth Games gold medals and nine World Rowing Championship gold medals. In 2001 he was granted a knighthood.
  43. 43. 37. SIR THOMAS MORE Lifetime - February 7, 1478 – July 6, 1535 Place of birth - He was an English lawyer, social philosopher, author, statesman, and noted Renaissance humanist. He was Lord Chancellor to King Henry VIII from October 1529 – May 1532. He was executed for refusing to accept King Henry VIII as Head of the Church of England. He is venerated in the Catholic Church as Saint Thomas More, canonized May 19, 1935, Vatican City, by Pope Pius XI. His Feast days are - June 22 (Catholic Church) and July 6 (Church of England) .
  44. 44. 38. WILLIAM BLAKE Lifetime - 28 November 1757 – 12 August 1827 Place of birth - Soho, London, England He was an English poet, painter, and printmaker. Unjustly neglected or dismissed as mad in his lifetime, he came to be regarded, in the 21st century as the earliest and most original of the romantic poets. His poetry, inspired by mystical vision, is among the most original, lyric, and prophetic in the language. Among his best known lyric works are ‘Songs of Innocence’ and ‘Songs of Experience’ as well as prophesies such as ‘Visions of the Daughters of Albion’.
  45. 45. 39. JOHN HARRISON Lifetime - 3 April 1693 – 24 March 1776 Place of birth - Foulby, Yorkshire, England. He was an English carpenter and clockmaker who invented a marine chronometer which greatly increased the safety of long-distance sea travel. His invention enabled navigators to correctly calculate their longitude at sea.
  46. 46. 40. HENRY VIII Lifetime - 28 June 1491 – 28 January 1547 Place of birth - Greenwich, near London, England. He was the king of England from 1507 to 1547 and the second Tudor monarch after his father, Henry VII. He is best known for presiding over the beginnings of the English renaissance and the English Reformation. He is also reputed for his six marriages; all six wives, like his ministers, were never safe in their positions. He aggressively increased the power of royal government and used parliament to sanction his actions.
  47. 47. 41. CHARLES DICKENS Lifetime - 7 February 1812 – 9 June 1870 Place of birth - Landport, Hampshire, England Charles John Huffam Dickens He was an English writer and social critic regarded by many as the greatest novelist of the Victorian era. A moralist, satirist and social reformer, he called attention to the social injustices of his era through the larger than life characters of his works. He sharply criticized the brutal treatment of the poor in a society divided by differences of wealth and campaigned vigorously for children's rights, education, and other social reforms.
  48. 48. 42. SIR FRANK WHITTLE Lifetime - 1 June 1907 – 9 August 1996 Place of birth - Earlsdon, Coventry, England Air Commodore Sir Frank Whittle OM KBE CB FRS FRAeS He was a British Royal Air Force officer, aeronautical engineer, aviator and inventor of the turbojet engine. He developed interest in jet propulsion for aircraft as a flight cadet at Royal Airforce College. The first flight powered by his engine occurred in 1941 during World War II. He was knighted in 1948, as well as the US Legion of Merit in 1946 and Churchill Gold Medal in 1952.
  49. 49. 43. JOHN PEEL Lifetime - 30 August 1939 – 25 October 2004 Place of birth - Heswall, Cheshire, England John Robert Parker Ravenscroft, OBE He was an English disc jockey, radio presenter, record producer and journalist. The longest serving of the original BBC Radio 1 DJs, for over 40 years he was one of the most influential DJs in Rock Music. He was made an Officer of the British Empire in 1998. The BBC has presented an annual celebration on the anniversary of his last appearance on the network, following his death in 2004.
  50. 50. 44. JOHN LOGIE BAIRD, FRSE Lifetime - 13 August 1888 – 14 June 1946 Place of birth - Helensburgh, Argyll and Bute, Scotland He was a Scottish engineer, innovator who was the first person to televise pictures of objects in motion. In 1926 he demonstrated the televising of moving objects (Baird Televisor), demonstrated colour television in 1928 and completed research on stereoscopic television in 1946. The first commercial use of television occurred in 1929 when the BBC began transmitting the news and variety shows using the Baird Televisor. He was inducted into the Scottish Engineering Hall of Fame in 2015.
  51. 51. 45. ANEURIN BEVAN Lifetime - 15 November 1897 – 6 July 1960 Place of birth - Tredegar, Wales He was a Welsh Labour Party post World War II politician and one of the finest orators of his time. He was a member of Parliament for 31 years representing Ebbw Vale in South Wales and Minister of Health from 3 August 1945 – 17 January 1951. As Minister of Health he was the architect of the National Health Service. He championed the rights of the working people and pushed for social justice.
  52. 52. 46. BOY GEORGE Born 14 June 1961 Place of birth - Barnehurst, Kent, England George Alan O'Dowd He is an English singer, songwriter, DJ, fashion designer, actor, photographer and producer. Leader of the Culture Club band, he is best known for his soulful voice and androgynous appearance. His music has been classified as Blue Eyed Soul which is influenced by rhythm and blues and reggae. He is signed to EMI, Virgin, Epic, More Protein, Plan A Records, Very Me Records, Kobalt and BMG record labels.
  53. 53. 47. SIR DOUGLAS BADER Lifetime - 21 February 1910 – 5 September 1982 Place of birth - St John's Wood, London Sir Douglas Robert Steuart Bader, CBE, DSO & Bar, DFC & Bar, DL, FRAeS He was a Royal Air Force flying ace during the Second World War. Crippled in 1931 following an aerobics accident, he re-took flight training in spite of his disability and went on to fight in World War II as a fighter pilot. His fighting record included 22 aerial victories, 4 shared victories and 11 enemy aircraft damaged. In 1976 he was appointed Knight Bachelor by Queen Elizabeth II at the Queen’s Birthday Honors for services to disabled people.
  54. 54. 48. SIR WILLIAM WALLACE Lifetime – c.1270 – 23 August 1305 Place of birth – Elderslie, Renfrewshire, Scotland He was a Scottish knight who became one of the main leaders during the First War of Scottish Independence. One of the greatest Scottish heroes, his struggle to free Scotland from English rule was long and ultimately successful. He was relentlessly pursued and eventually captured by the English on August 5 1305 and executed. In 1306 Robert the Bruce took his place as leader of the rebellion and won independence for Scotland.
  55. 55. 49. SIR FRANCIS DRAKE Lifetime - c. 1540 – 28 January 1596 Place of birth – Tavistock, Devon, England He was an English sea captain, privateer, slave trader, naval officer and explorer of the Elizabethan era. He carried out the second circumnavigation of the world in a single expedition, from 1577 to 1580 He was dispatched by Queen Elizabeth I on several expeditions against the Spanish one of which resulted in the destruction of the Spanish Armada. He died of dysentery and was buried at sea during an expedition in the Caribbean.
  56. 56. 50. JOHN WESLEY Lifetime - 28 June 1703 – 2 March 1791 Place of birth - Epworth, Lincolnshire, England He was an English cleric and theologian. Together with his brother Charles Wesley and George Whitefield they founded Methodism. During his preaching ministry he travelled more than 4000 miles annually and preached more than 40,000 sermons in his lifetime. Though Methodism, which he founded, gradually moved out of the Church of England, he remained an Anglican till his death.
  57. 57. 51. KING ARTHUR Mythical British leader who defended Britain against Saxon invaders in the 5th and early 6th centuries. His historical existence is debated and disputed by modern historians.
  58. 58. 52. FLORENCE NIGHTINGALE, , OM, RRC, DSTJ Lifetime - 12 May 1820 – 13 August 1910 Place of birth - Florence, Grand Duchy of Tuscany She was an English social reformer and statistician, and the founder of modern nursing. Active in philanthropy at a very young age, she became convinced by age 16 that nursing was her divine calling. During the Crimean war (1853-1856), she and a team of nurses reduced the death rate at a British base hospital by two thirds by improving sanitary conditions. Her work led to world wide health care reform. She received a hero’s welcome back home and was honored with an engraved brooch by the Queen and $250,000 from the British government.
  59. 59. 53. T. E. LAWRENCE Lifetime - 16 August 1888 – 19 May 1935 Place of birth – Tremadog, Carnarvonshire, Wales Colonel Thomas Edward Lawrence, CB, DSO Best known as Lawrence of Arabia he was a British archaeologist, military officer, diplomat, and writer. Renowned for organizing the Arab Revolt against the Ottoman Empire during the First World War. An excellent tactician and influential practitioner of guerilla warfare, he tied down Turkish troops preventing them from attacking regular allied forces.
  60. 60. 54. ROBERT FALCON SCOTT, , CVO, RN Lifetime - 6 June 1868 – 29 March 1912 Place of birth - Plymouth, Devon, England He was a Royal Navy officer and experienced adventurer who led two expeditions to the Antarctic regions. These expeditions were the Discovery Expedition (1901–1904) and the ill-fated Terra Nova Expedition (1910–1913). He set the record of discovering the polar plateau in his first expedition. On their second expedition he and his party reached the south pole on 17 January 1912. On their return journey from the 2nd expedition he and his party passed out due to lack of heat, lack of food and exhaustion, 150 miles from base camp.
  61. 61. 55. ENOCH POWELL Lifetime - 16 June 1912 – 8 February 1998 Place of birth - Stechford, Warwickshire, England John Enoch Powell MBE He was a British politician, classical scholar, author, linguist, soldier, philologist and poet who served as a Conservative Member of Parliament from 1950–74 and was Minister of Health (1960–63). A veteran of World War 2, he served in staff and intelligence positions reaching the rank of brigadier by age 30. On 20 April 1968 he attracted widespread attention with a speech ‘rivers of blood’ in which he criticized the race relations bill and mass immigration into the UK. The speech was criticized as blatantly racist by his own party and the press and described as having a lasting and malign effect.
  62. 62. 56. SIR CLIFF RICHARD Born 14 October 1940 Place of birth - Lucknow, United Provinces, British India Birth name - Harry Rodger Webb He is a British pop singer, musician, performer, actor and philanthropist who has sold more than 250 million records worldwide. In a career that has spanned 60 years he holds the record with Elvis Presley of making the UK charts in each of its six decades (1950s – 2000s). In 1995 he became the first rock star to be knighted. Since 1966 he has adhered to the practice of giving away a tenth of his income to charity.
  63. 63. 57. ALEXANDER GRAHAM BELL Lifetime - March 3, 1847 – August 2, 1922 Place of birth - Edinburgh, Scotland He was a Scottish-born scientist, inventor, engineer, and innovator. His greatest accomplishments are the invention of the telephone and the refinement of the phonograph.
  64. 64. 58. FREDDIE MERCURY Lifetime - 5 September 1946 – 24 November 1991 Place of birth Stone Town, Sultanate of Zanzibar (now Tanzania Farrokh Bulsara He was a British singer, songwriter and record producer He was the lead vocalist of the rock band Queen. He was posthumously awarded the Brit Award for Outstanding Contribution to British Music
  65. 65. 59. DAME JULIE ANDREWS born 1 October 1935 Place of birth - Walton-on-Thames, Surrey, England, United Kingdom Dame Julia Elizabeth Andrews, DBE She is an English actress, singer, and author She has won an Academy Award, a BAFTA, five Golden Globes, three Grammys, two Emmys, the Screen Actors Guild Lifetime Achievement Award, the Kennedy Center Honors Award, and the Disney Legends Award. She was made a Dame by Queen Elizabeth II for services to the performing arts in year 2000.
  66. 66. 60. SIR EDWARD ELGAR Lifetime - 2 June 1857 – 23 February 1934 Place of birth - Lower Broadheath, outside Worcester, England Sir Edward William Elgar, 1st Baronet, OM, GCVO He was an English composer Most of his musical influences were not from England but from continental Europe He was appointed Master of the King's Musick in 1924.
  67. 67. 61. QUEEN ELIZABETH (THE QUEEN MOTHER) Lifetime - 4 August 1900 – 30 March 2002 Place of birth -St. Paul's Waldenbury, Hitchin, Hertfordshire, England Elizabeth Angela Marguerite Bowes- Lyon Queen consort of the United Kingdom and the British Dominions from 11 December 1936 – 6 February 1952 She was the wife of King George VI and the mother of Queen Elizabeth II and Princess Margaret, Countess of Snowdon She was known for her consistently cheerful countenance She was the last Empress of India.
  68. 68. 62. GEORGE HARRISON, MBE Lifetime - 25 February 1943 – 29 November 2001 Place of birth - Liverpool, England He was an English guitarist, singer-songwriter, and producer He was the lead guitarist of the Beatles His genres were rock, pop and Indian classical.
  69. 69. 63. SIR DAVID ATTENBOROUGH born 8 May 1926 Place of birth - Isleworth, Middlesex, England Sir David Frederick Attenborough OM CH CVO CBE FRS FLS FZS FSA FRSGS He is an English broadcaster and naturalist Served as BBC controller of programming in the 1960s and 1970s He is the only person to have won BAFTAs for programmes in each of black and white, colour, HD, 3D and 4K.
  70. 70. 64. JAMES CONNOLLY Lifetime - 5 June 1868 – 12 May 1916 Place of birth - Cowgate, Edinburgh, Scotland He was an Irish republican and socialist leader and founder of the Irish Socialist Republican Party. He opposed British rule in Ireland, and was one of the leaders of the Easter Rising of 1916
  71. 71. 65. GEORGE STEPHENSON Lifetime - 9 June 1781 – 12 August 1848 Place of birth - Wylam, Northumberland, England He was an English civil engineer and mechanical engineer who pioneered rail transport. He designed the first practical railroad locomotive, the rocket, in 1829. The rocket hauled both freight and passengers at a greater speed than had any locomotive constructed up to that time.
  72. 72. 66. SIR CHARLIE CHAPLIN Lifetime - 16 April 1889 – 25 December 1977 Sir Charles Spencer Chaplin KBE He was an English comic actor, filmmaker, and composer Considered one of the most important icons in film industry He rose to fame in the era of silent film.
  73. 73. 67. TONY BLAIR born 6 May 1953 Place of birth - Edinburgh, Scotland Anthony Charles Lynton Blair He is a British politician who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1997 to 2007 and Leader of the Labour Party from 1994 to 2007
  74. 74. 68. WILLIAM CAXTON Lifetime - c. 1422 – c. 1491 Place of birth – Kent, England He was an English merchant, diplomat, writer and printer. He was the first English printer. He printed perhaps the earliest verses of the Bible to be printed in English, as well as chivalric romances, classical works and English and Roman histories.
  75. 75. 69. BOBBY MOORE Lifetime - 12 April 1941 – 24 February 1993 Place of birth - Barking, Essex Robert Frederick Chelsea Moore OBE He was an English professional footballer and captain of the world cup winning English team of the 1966 World Cup He was made an inaugural inductee of the English Football Hall of Fame in 2002 .
  76. 76. 70. JANE AUSTEN Lifetime - 16 December 1775 – 18 July 1817 Place of birth - Steventon Rectory, Hampshire, England English writer who first gave the novel its distinctly modern character through her treatment of ordinary people in everyday life. Her novels include Sense and Sensibility (1811), Pride and Prejudice (1813), Mansfield Park (1814), Emma (1815), and Northanger Abbey and Persuasion (published posthumously, 1817)
  77. 77. 71. WILLIAM BOOTH Lifetime - 10 April 1829 – 20 August 1912 Place of birth - Sneinton, Nottingham, England He was an English Methodist preacher who founded The Salvation Army and became its first General (1878–1912)
  78. 78. 72. HENRY V, KING OF ENGLAND Lifetime - 1386/7 – 31 August 1422 Place of birth - Monmouth Castle, Wales Reigned from 21 March 1413 – 31 August 1422 He was the second English monarch of the House of Lancaster He is known for his victorious campaigns against France He was the most influential ruler in western Europe at the time of his death in Vincennes, France, August 31, 1422.
  79. 79. 73. ALEISTER CROWLEY Lifetime - 12 October 1875 – 1 December 1947 Place of birth - Royal Leamington Spa, Warwickshire, England, United Kingdom Edward Alexander Crowley He was an English occultist, ceremonial magician, poet, painter, novelist, and mountaineer.
  80. 80. 74. ROBERT THE BRUCE Lifetime - 11 July 1274 – 7 June 1329 Robert I, King of Scots He reigned from 25 March 1306 – 7 June 1329 He led Scotland during the First War of Scottish Independence against England He successfully secured Scotland as an independent country during his reign and is revered as a national hero.
  81. 81. 75. BOB GELDOF born 5 October 1951 Place of birth - Dún Laoghaire, County Dublin, Ireland Robert Frederick Zenon Geldof, KBE He is an Irish singer-songwriter, author, political activist occasional actor, philanthropist and radio DJ He was the leader of the group the Boomtown Rats from 1975 through 1986. His genres include rock and pop. He is signed to the Polydor and Atlantic record labels.
  82. 82. 76. THE UNKNOWN SOLDIER Unidentified British soldier killed on a European battlefield during the First World War I buried in Westminster Abbey, London on 11 November 1920 The tomb of the unknown soldier of the United Kingdom is the first example of a tomb of the Unknown Soldier along with the unknown soldier of France under the Arc de Triomphe.
  83. 83. 77. ROBBIE WILLIAMS born 13 February 1974 Place of birth - Stoke-on-Trent, Staffordshire, England Robert Peter Williams He is an English singer, songwriter, record producer and actor His genre includes Pop rock, soft rock, dance and alternative rock He is the best-selling British solo artist in the United Kingdom and the best selling non-Latino artist in Latin America
  84. 84. 78. EDWARD JENNER, FRS FRCPE Lifetime - 17 May 1749 – 26 January 1823 Place of birth - Berkeley, Gloucestershire, England Often called father of immunology He was an English physician and scientist. He pioneered the world’s first vaccine, small pox vaccine.
  85. 85. 79. DAVID LLOYD GEORGE Lifetime - 17 January 1863 – 26 March 1945 Place of birth - Chorlton-on-Medlock, Manchester, Lancashire, England David Lloyd George, 1st Earl Lloyd-George of Dwyfor, OM, PC Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 7 December 1916 – 19 October 1922 He was a major player at the Paris Peace Conference of 1919 that reordered Europe after the defeat of the Central Powers in WWI
  86. 86. 80. CHARLES BABBAGE, KH FRS Lifetime - 26 December 1791 – 18 October 1871 Place of birth – London, England Was an English mathematician, philosopher, inventor and mechanical engineer Considered to be the father of the computer, he is credited with having conceived the first automatic digital computer.
  87. 87. 81. GEOFFREY CHAUCER Lifetime - c. 1343 – 25 October 1400 Place of birth – London, England He was a career courtier and civil servant under the English kings Edward III and Richard II He is considered the greatest English poet of the Middle Ages His masterpiece , The Canterbury Tales, was one of the most significant influences on English literature.
  88. 88. 82. RICHARD III , KING OF ENGLAND Lifetime - 2 October 1452 – 22 August 1485 Place of birth - Fotheringhay Castle, Northamptonshire Reigned from 26 June 1483 – 22 August 1485 He was the last king of the House of York and the last of the Plantagenet dynasty He usurped the throne of his nephew Edward V in 1483 Died at the Battle of Bosworth Field where he was outnumbered and defeated by Henry Tudor, who became King Henry VII.
  89. 89. 83. J. K. ROWLING born 31 July 1965 Place of birth – Yate, Gloucestershire, England Joanne Rowling, CH, OBE, FRSL, FRCPE British novelist, philanthropist, film and television producer and screenwriter best known for writing the Harry Potter fantasy series. She is the world's first billionaire author, though she lost her billionaire status after giving away much of her earnings to
  90. 90. 84. JAMES WATT Lifetime - 19 January 1736 – 25 August 1819 Place of birth - Greenock, Renfrewshire, Scotland, United Kingdom James Watt FRS FRSE He was a Scottish inventor, mechanical engineer, and chemist He invented the Watt Steam Engine in 1781, which was an improvement on the previous Newcomen Steam Engine. The SI unit of power, the watt, was named after him
  91. 91. 85. SIR RICHARD BRANSON born 18 July 1950 Place of birth – Blackheath, London England Sir Richard Charles Nicholas Branson English business magnate, investor, author and philanthropist Founder of Virgin Group which controls more than 400 companies Notable Virgin brands include Virgin Atlantic Airline, Virgin Records music label, as well as space flight corporation Virgin
  92. 92. 86. BONO born 10 May 1960 Place of birth – Dublin, Ireland Paul David Hewson, KBE OL He is an Irish singer-songwriter, musician, venture capitalist, businessman, and philanthropist Lead vocalist and primary lyricist of rock band U2 U2 has won numerous Grammy Awards and was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 2005.
  93. 93. 87. JOHN LYDON born 31 January 1956 Place of birth – Holloway, London, England John Joseph Lydon Musician, singer, and songwriter who’s genres include Punk rock, post-punk, alternative rock, alternative dance He has declined efforts to award him an MBE for his services to music
  94. 94. 88. BERNARD LAW MONTGOMERY Lifetime - 17 November 1887 – 24 March 1976 Place of birth – Kennington, Surrey, England Field Marshall Bernard Law Montgomery, 1st Viscount Montgomery of Alamein, KG, GCB, DSO, PC, DL Nicknamed "Monty" and "The Spartan General“ He played a prominent role in the Allied victories in Africa and Europe during World War II He was deputy supreme commander of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) forces from 1951 to 1958.
  95. 95. 89. DONALD CAMPBELL Lifetime - 23 March 1921 – 4 January 1967 Place of birth - Kingston upon Thames, Surrey, England British motorboat and automobile driver who is reputed as the most prolific Water Speed Record breaker of all time. He broke eight absolute world speed records on water and on land in the 1950s and 1960s. He is the only person to set both world land and water speed records in the same year (1964).
  96. 96. 90. HENRY II, KING OF ENGLAND Lifetime - 5 March 1133 – 6 July 1189 Place of birth – Le Mans, France Also known as Henry Curtmantle First monarch of the House of Anjou or Plantagenet He was one of the most powerful European rulers of his time. Known for expanding his Anglo-French domains and strengthening royal administration in England His quarrels with Thomas Becket, Archbishop of Canterbury and members of his own family (wife Eleanor of Aquitane and sons Richard the lionheart and john Lackland) ultimately led to his downfall.
  97. 97. 91. JAMES CLERK MAXWELL Lifetime - 13 June 1831 – 5 November 1879 Place of birth – Edinburgh, Scotland Scottish mathematical physicist who formulated the theory of electromagnetic radiation. He established the kinetic theory of gases He demonstrated that the rings of planet Saturn were made of small particles He also demonstrated the principles governing colour vision.
  98. 98. 92. J. R. R. TOLKIEN Lifetime - 3 January 1892 – 2 September 1973 Place of birth – Bloemfontein, Orange Free State. John Ronald Reuel Tolkien, CBE FRSL He was a British Author, academic, philologist and poet. He is best known as the author of the classic high fantasy works The Hobbit, The Lord of the Rings, and The Silmarillion
  99. 99. 93. SIR WALTER RALEIGH Lifetime - c 1554 – 29 October 1618 Place of birth – Devon, England He was an English writer, poet, soldier, courtier, explorer and spy. He was prominent in the court of Queen Elizabeth I He explored the Americas and sponsored the first English colony in America on Raonoke Island in present day North Carolina, though the colony failed His aggressive policies toward Spain did not recommend him to the pacific King James I and he was accused of plotting to dethrone the king.
  100. 100. 94. EDWARD I, KING OF ENGLAND Lifetime - 17/18 June 1239 – 7 July 1307 Place of birth – Palace of Westminster, London, England Also known as Edward Longshanks and the Hammer of the Scots, he was King of England from 1272 to 1307 He was of the House of Plantagenet, son of King Henry III He was noted for administrative efficiency and legal reform. He pursued the conquest of Scotland passionately.
  101. 101. 95. SIR BARNES WALLIS Lifetime - 26 September 1887 – 30 October 1979 Place of birth – Ripley, Derbyshire, England. Sir Barnes Neville Wallis CBE FRS RDI FRAeS He was a British aeronautical designer and military engineer and inventor He invented the bouncing bomb which was used by the Royal Air Force in World War II. He also invented a version of the geodetic airframe and the earthquake bomb among others.
  102. 102. 96. RICHARD BURTON, CBE Lifetime - 10 November 1925 – 5 August 1984 Place of birth – Pontrhdyfen, Glamorgan, Wales He was a Welsh Shakespearean actor in the 1950s He was known for his portrayals of highly intelligent and articulate men who are world-weary, cynical, or self-destructive He is particularly noted for his performances in such Shakespearean plays as Hamlet, Twelfth Night, The Tempest, and Othello. He was a recipient of BAFTAs, Golden Globes, and Tony Awards for
  103. 103. 97. TONY BENN Lifetime - 3 April 1925 – 14 March 2014 Place of birth – Marylebone, London England Anthony Neil Wedgwood Benn He was a British politician, writer, and diarist He was a Member of Parliament (MP) for 47 years Cabinet minister in the Labour governments of Harold Wilson and James Callaghan in the 1960s and 1970s.
  104. 104. 98. DAVID LIVINGSTONE Lifetime - 19 March 1813 – 1 May 1873 Place of birth – Blantyre, South Lanarkshire, Scotland He was a Scottish missionary and physician Pioneer medical missionary with the London Missionary Society He was an explorer in Africa who was committed the discovery of the origin of the Nile River. He heightened western awareness of Africa which led to the subsequent scramble for the continent.
  105. 105. 99. SIR TIM BERNER-LEE born 8 June 1955 Place of birth – London, England Sir Timothy John Berners-Lee OM KBE FRS FREng FRSA FBCS English engineer and computer scientist, best known as the inventor of the World Wide Web. He is a Professor of Computer Science at the University of Oxford and at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).
  106. 106. 100. MARIE STOPES Lifetime - 15 October 1880 – 2 October 1958 Place of birth - Edinburgh Marie Charlotte Carmichael Stopes British author, palaeobotanist and campaigner for eugenics and women's rights She founded the first birth control clinic in Britain. She opposed abortion preferring prevention of conception.

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