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Cultivation Technology of White Oyster Mushroom

Presentation during the Bureau of Agricultural Research (BAR) Seminar Series on February 23 and 24, 2017 at RDMIC Bldg., cor. Visayas Ave., Elliptical Rd., Diliman, Quezon City

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Cultivation Technology of White Oyster Mushroom

  1. 1. Mushroom Production and Cultivation in Bicol Region, Philippines PEDRO F. OLIVER,MSc. Science Research Specialist/Regional Focal Person on Mushroom Project
  2. 2. Mushroom Decomposer; Has the ability to fruit on a single component substrate; Makes it ideal for cultivation as cash crop.
  3. 3. Mushroom Life Cycle
  4. 4. Parts of Volvariela Mushroom CAP STIPE/STALK VOLVA GILLS
  5. 5. Benefits in Mushroom PROTEIN 2 to 5% of their fresh weight 19.35 % of dry weight AMINO ACIDS Contains 9 essential amino acids for body health FATS 0.6 – 3.0 % of dry weight VITAMINS B-complex, pro-vitamin D2 and vitamin C MINERAL 56-70% of ash content FIBER 7.4-27.6% NUCLEIC ACID 4.0% -from fresh form only
  6. 6. Rice - 7.3 % Protein Comparison – dry weight basis Soya bean – 19.7 % Corn – 9.4 % = Mushroom= 19.35 % MILK 3.5 BEEF 18 %
  7. 7. Benefits in Mushroom
  8. 8. Source: Bureau of Agricultural Statistics
  9. 9. Imports Hongkong, Taiwan, China, Malaysia, Japan, Korea, Thailand, Singapore, US, Belgium, and Germany Total volume of imports =98,537.79 MT CIF value of US $5,950,399.
  10. 10. As of 2014 : Other vegetables including mushroom Per Capita - 0.23 grams/day except children below 5 years old Source: FNRI Assumption is 0.05 grams per day: As of 2014 = Population = 100,096,496 Demand/day = 5,004,825 kg/day DEMAND One year = 1,826, 761,052 kg/year = 1,826,761MT/year Prospect of mushroom in Philippines
  11. 11. Individual Farmer (Small- scale) Neighbors 30% Village/ Town Public Market 70% Consumers • Mushroom market in the Philippines: Segmented market by Large-scale and small scale producers Large-Scale Producer Neighbours 5% Fresh Vegetable Dealer 20% Leading Supermarket (75 %) Consumer
  12. 12. Types of Mushroom
  13. 13. Tenga ng Daga Wood rotten mushroom
  14. 14. Shiitake Wood rotten mushroom
  15. 15. King Oyster Wood rotten mushroom
  16. 16. Winter mushroom Wood rotten mushroom
  17. 17. Pleurotus Abalunus/ Abalone Mushroom
  18. 18. Leaf littermushroom Straw mushroom/kabuteng dayami-saging
  19. 19. Leaf littermushroom Button mushroom
  20. 20. Introduced variety from India Milky mushroom
  21. 21. Growing temperature Oyster/pleurotus: best if not more than 28°C Kabuteng saging /paddy mushroom, Milky mushrooms – minimum temperature = 30°C; optimal temperature, 37°C; Button, Shiitake and King oyster : Cold temperature, Baguio - Seasonal production of shiitake in Tagaytay and other highlands
  22. 22. Advantages of Mushroom Farming Mushroom Farming - very important cottage industry activity in the rural development program - it leads economic betterment of small farmers, landless laborers and other weak section of communities Advantages: 1. Reduce environmental pollution 2. Means of generating employment 3. It provides additional quality of life 4. It is a good cash crop
  23. 23. CONSIDERATIONS FOR SITE SELECTION OF GROWING MUSHROOM • Distance to market, • Availability of substrate material, • Transportation of both product and substrate materials, • Climatic conditions have to suit the cultivated mushroom, • Availability of clean water
  24. 24. The growing area should provide suitable environmental conditions  Temperature,  ventilation,  Sufficient light (through ventilation)
  25. 25. Mushroom Cultivation Technology
  26. 26. Mushroom Cultivation Technology (Wood Rotten Mushroom) Step 1: Tissue Culture
  27. 27. Step 2. PAGGAWA NG BINHING PANTANIM GRAIN SPAWN PRODUCTION Pakuluan ang mga butil/ Boil the grains Sorghum – 20 – 25 minutes Crack corn – 5 minutes Palay – 40 minutes Kahit anong mga butil na maliliit/Any small grains
  28. 28. Ilatag sa papel at Ilagay sa bote ang pinakulong butil/ bottle the boiled grains
  29. 29. Ilagay sa bote ang pinakulong butil/ bottle the boiled grains
  30. 30. Takpan ng bulak at papel at talian ng goma
  31. 31. Pasingawan ang naiboteng mga bote/ Sterilize the bottled grains Autoclave/Pressure cooker – 1 hour Drum or big casserole – 3 hours
  32. 32. Step 2. Spawn production Tamnan ng purong binhi/ Inoculate with mushroom mycelia
  33. 33. Step 2. Spawn production Improvised inoculating chamber
  34. 34. 5 day-old Inoculated grains
  35. 35. Ready grain spawn
  36. 36. Step 3. Substrate production – Any of the following raw materials: Sawdust /kusot Rice straw/dayami Add: Molasses/brown sugar – 1% Darak– 10-20 % Lime – 1%
  37. 37. Step 3. Substrate production – 2 Types of Fermentation : Long Method – under the sun and rain for more than 6 months to years Short Method – 21 days with the addition of supplements with plastic cover over the heap and turning over every 2 days
  38. 38. Step 3. Substrate production – Fermentation of materials Mixing of materials Cover with plastic or canvass for fermentation for 2 weeks to 21 days - turning the mixture every two days
  39. 39. Characteristics of good composted or fermented substrate Dark brown or chocolate in color Smell should be without ammonia (not acidic)
  40. 40. Manual Bagging
  41. 41. Pagpapasingaw /Pasteurization/Boiling Aultoclave – 1 hour Drum 6-8 hours
  42. 42. Pagtatanim ng butong binhi /Inoculation
  43. 43. Step 4. Pagpapagulang ng fruiting bags Incubation period 30-45 days
  44. 44. Step 5. Pagpapabunga/ Production
  45. 45. Mushroom Cultivation Technology SUMMARY (Wood Rotten Mushroom)
  46. 46. Species Cultivation method Lentinus edodes Wood logs Lentinus edodes plastic bag cultivation Pleurotus species All Volvariella volvacea Out and indoors Agaricus Fermented and pasteurized Plastic bag cultivation Auricularia Wood logs Plastic bag cultivation Flammulina (winter mushroom) Plastic bags/bottles cultivation Ganoderma lucidum Plastic bags cultivation Cultivation method and common substrates being used for the final spawn of different mushroom species Source: Cultivation of edible mushrooms in tropical agricultural wastes
  47. 47. Summary of Mushroom CultivationTechnology Fruiting Bag Cultivation/ Artificial Log Cultivation – all species of oyster (white oyster, gray oyster, pink oyster, king oyster, abalone and etc..), tenga ng daga, winter mushroom, shiitake
  48. 48. Summary of Mushroom CultivationTechnology Bed cultivation (indoor) – straw and button (outdoor) – Straw mushroom
  49. 49. Summary of Mushroom CultivationTechnology Log cultivation– tenga ng daga and shiitake Crib stack High A- Frame
  50. 50. Thank you for listening…..

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