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Pagemaker hindi notes

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this is pagemaker note in hindi

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Pagemaker hindi notes

  1. 1. Creator –Badal Singh Rajput Page | 129 DTP ( PAGEMAKER ) iz’u 1%& istesdj dh Ldzhu dk o.kZu djs mÙkj %&,d ,Mksc isteSdj dh LØhu dk lcls Åijh ckj VkbVy ckj dgykrk gS A blesa ckbZ vksj lkW¶Vos;j dk uke vFkkZr~ ,Mksc isteSdj gskrk gS vkSj nkbZ vksj eSDlhekbt feuhekbt vkSj Dykst cVu gksrs gsS A bl ds uhps eSuq ckj gksrs gS ftles fofHkUUk esuw gksrs gS A blds uhps ds ckj esa ml Qkby dk uke gksrk gS tks lfdz; gS ;k ftlesa ge vHkh dke dj jgs gS ]blds ckn :yj ckj gksrk gS A ftlesa ,d Ldsy gksrh gS ];g ofVZdy ,oa gkWfjtkWVy nksuksa fLFkfr;ksa esa gksrh gS A blesa las -eh -;k bap esa Ldsy gksrh gS ftlls ge uki dj i`”B ij dksbZ Hkh ikB~; ,d fuf’pr uki ds ckWDl ds vanj j[k ldrs gS A iz’u 2%& istesdj es fdrus iSysSV gksrs gS le>kb, mÙkj &% istesdj esa ik¡p iSysV ckWDl gksrs gS tks bl izdkj gS %& 1- Vwy ckWDl %& Vwy ckWDl istesdj dk lcls vko’;d iSysV gS vkSj istesdj dh foaMks ds lkFk ;g LØhu ij gksuk pkfg, A blesa 8 vyx & vyx fodYi gksrs gS A blesa 8 vyx & vyx rjg ds dk;Z fd;s tk ldrs gS A bls [kksyus ds nks rjhds gS A ,d foaMks esuw esa tkdj mlesa ls Vwy ckWDl esuw ij fDyd djsa ;k ‘kkWVZdV dekaM
  2. 2. Creator –Badal Singh Rajput Page | 130 Ctrl+6 dh la;kstu dks ,d lkFk dh cksMZ ls nckdj Vwy ckWDl dk [kksyk tk ldrk gS A 2- dyj iSysV %& blesa ikB~; dks mldh i`”BHkwwfe dks ykbuksa dks ;k fdlh fp=ksa dks fofHkUu jax nsus ds fodYi gksrs gS A blesa jaxksa dh fyL NksVh gksrh gS ysfdu u, jax cuk, tk ldrs gS A bls Hkh foaMks esuw ;k ‘kkWVZdV dekaM Ctrl+K ls [kksyk tk ldrk gS A 3- daVªksy iSysV %& ;g iSysV Hkh vR;ar mi;ksxh gS A oMZ çksxzke dh rjg blesa Hkh QkWUV] ikWbaV lkbt] cksYM] bVkfyDl] vaMjykbu] lc&fLØIV] lqij & fLØIV vkfn fodYi gksrs gS A blds vykok ge fdlh vkWCtsDV dks NksVk ;k cM+k dj ldrs gS A ;k mls fdlh Hkh dks.k esa ?kqek ldrs gS A bls Hkh ge foaMkst esuw ls ;k ‘kkVZdV Ctrl+’ nckdj [kksy ldrs gS A daVªksy iSysV ikB~; ds fy, vyx gksrk gS ysfdu tc ge iSjkxzkQ O;w eas gkssrs gS rks ;g fcYdqy cny tkrk gS A blesa baMssaV ds vkWI’ku vk tkrs gS A daVªksy iSysV dk rhljk O;w rc lkeus vkrk gS A tc ge fdlh vkWCtsDV dks pqurs gS A 4- LVkby iSysV %& bl iSysV esa ikB~; dks ltkus dh fofHkUu LVkby nh xbZ tkrh gS ftudk iz;ksx ge vko’;drkuqlkj dj ldrs gS A iz’u 3%& Qkby eSuq es eq[; fodYi D;k gS le>kb,
  3. 3. Creator –Badal Singh Rajput Page | 131 mÙkj %& Qkby eSuq ;g isteSdj dk lcls igyk eSuq gS blesa fuEu fodYi gksrs gS %& U;q ]vksiu ]Dykst %& U;q daekM dk iz;skx ubZ Qkby dks [kksyus ds fy, gksrk gS A bls ekml ls fDyd djds ;k Ctrl+N dks ,d lkFk nckdj lfdz; fd;k tkrk gS A blds vuqlkj ,d laokn ckWDl Ldzhu ij vkrk gS ;g laokn ckWDl gels ist dh yackbZ pkSM+kbZ vkasfj,sVs’ku vkjafHkd ist dk uacj fdrus ist eftZu vfn dh tkudkjh pkgrk gS A ;g ,d ubZ Qkby dk izFke ist gsS ftlesa gesa dk;Z izkajHk djuk gS Ldzhu ij foaMks ds lcls uhps ist uacj fn[kkbZ ns jgk gS A vksiu dekaM fdlh fo|eku Qkby dks [kskyus ds fy, bLrseky gksrk gS ,oa Dykst dekaM fdlh [kqyh gqbZ Qkby dks can djus ds fy, iz;ksx fd;k tkrk gS A lso ]lsovl ]dekaM %& tc gejhs Qkby cu tkrh gas tc ge bl dekaM dk iz;ksx Qkby dks lso djrs gas ;k lqjf{kr j[krs gS blesa Qkby dks lso djus ds fy, mldk uke Mk;jsDVªh dk uke ]Mªkbo dk uke ,oa dbZ vU; fodYi es laokn dks ckWDl esa Hkjus gksrs gS A fjoVZ dekaM %& fjoVZ dekaM ds iz;kssx ls Qkby es xYrh ls fd;k x;k ifjorZu dSly fd;k tk ldrk gs vkSj Qkby iqu%
  4. 4. Creator –Badal Singh Rajput Page | 132 iqoZ fLFkfr esa okil ykbZ tk ldrh gS A ,DliksVZ dekaM ls isteSdj esa cuh Hkhs Qkby dk VsDLV Qkby ds :i es a,DliksVZ fd;k tk ldrk gS A iySl dekaM %& iyS’k dekaM dk iz;ksx ckgjh Qkbyks dks isteSdj esa baiksVZ djus ds fy, fd;k tkrk gs bl dekaM ds iz;ksx ls dksbZ Hkh Qkby ist eSdj es ykbZ tk ldrh gS bRe dekaM dk laokn ckWDl uhps fp= es fn[kk;k ax;k gS A fyad dekaM ls ge fdlh vU; izksxke dh Qkby dks istesdj dh Qkby ls fyad dj ldrs gS QzhQsUl dekaM %& ;fn Qkby dks rsths ls lso djuk gas rks vki ;g dk;Z isteSdj dk dLVekbt djds dj ldrs gas blds fy, QzhQsUl daekM dk bLrseky fd;k tkrk gS bls iz;ksx djus ij Ldzhu ij fuEu laokn ckWDl vk,xk Ablesa fn, x, fofHkUu fodYiksa dks vko’;drkuqlkj pquk tkrk gS A fiazV dekaM %& fiazV dekaM dk iz;ksx Qkby dks fiazV djus ds fy, djrs gS A bl dekaM dks nsus ls laokn ckWDl [kqysxk blesa dkSu ls ist fizV djus gas fdruh izfr’kr fizaV djuh gS vkfn fodYi pqudj tc ge lSVvi fodYi ij fDyd djsaxs rks fuEu laokn
  5. 5. Creator –Badal Singh Rajput Page | 133 ckWDl [kqysxk blesa isij lkbt DokfyVh QkWaV vksfj,aVs’ku vfn fodYi gksaxs A ,sfDtV dekaM %& bl dekaM dks pquus ij ge isteSdj ls ckgj vk tkrs gS dh cksMZ esa bldk fodYi F4+Alt Key dk la;kstu gS iz’u 4%&ist lsVvi dek.M es dkSu dkSu ls fodYi gksrs gS mÙkj %& tc ge ,d ubZ Qkby [kskyrs gs rks Qkby U;q dekaM dk bLrseky djrs gS A blh ls ist lSV vi dk laokn ckWDl [kqyrk gS blesa ist esa dk;Z djus ls igys lSV vi fd;k tkrk gS blesa fuEu fodYi gksrs gS A 1- ist dh lkbt 2- ist dh vkafj,aVs’ku miyC/k istksa ds izdkj esa ls p;u 3- istksa dh la[;k 4- ist ds pkjksa rjQ dh eftZu 5- fizaVj dk p;u 6- dqN vU; fodYi
  6. 6. Creator –Badal Singh Rajput Page | 134 iz’u 5%&dV] dkih] isLV ] dek.M ls fdl rjg dk;Z fd;k tkrk gS eYVhiy isLV ls vki D;k le>rs gS mÙkj %&istesdj esa ;g rhu fodYi dV] dkWih]isLV cgqr egRoiw.kZ gksrk gS A fdlh Hkh ikB~; dks ,d LFkku ls nwljs LFkku ij ys tkus ds fy, dV] dkWih]isLV dk mi;ksx fd;k tkrk gS A dV %& lsysDV fd;s x;s ikB~; ml LFkku ls gVkus ds fy, dV dekaM dk mi;ksx fd;k tkrk gS A dkWih %& lsysDV fd;s x;s ikB~; dk dkWih djus ds fy, bl fodYi dk mi;ksx fd;k tkrk gS A isLV %& dV ;k dkWih fd;s x;s ikB~; dks fdlh nwljs LFkku ij ys tkus ds fy, bldk iz;ksx fd;k tkrk gS A Multiple Paste Command :- dkWih dekaM ls fdlh Hkh ikB~;ka’k ;k fp= dh izfrfyfi djds mls isLV fd;k tkrk gS A blls ,d ckj esa ,d gh izfrfyfi isLV dj ldrss gS fdUrq ,d ckj es dbZ dkWih isLV djuh gS rks eYViy isLV dekaM dk mi;ksx T;knk ykHkdkjh gksxk A blds fy, igys ikB~;ak’ ;k fp= dks pqudj mldh dkWih dhft, A vc tgk¡ mldh dbZ izfr;k¡ isLV djuh gS ogk¡ ys tkdj eYVhiy isLV dekaM pqfu, A blesa vkidksa fdruh izfr;ka pkfg, og
  7. 7. Creator –Badal Singh Rajput Page | 135 uacj Hkjuk iM+rk gS A lHkh izfrfyfi;k¡ ,d ds ckn ,d djds isLV gks tkrh gS A iz’u 6%&iSjkxzkQ dh QkesZfVax dSls dh tkrh gS rFkk LiSfyax dh tkap fdl rjg dh tkrh gS le>kb, mÙkj %& iSjkxzkQ dh QkesZfVax %& lkekU; ikV~; dks ge dbZ iSjkxzkQ cukdj fy[krs gS A bu iSjkxzkQks dh fdl rjg QkesZfVax dh tkrh gS A lcls igys ml iSjkxzkQ dks pqus ftldh QkesZfVax djuh gS mles ekml dks fdlh Hkh txg j[kdj fDyd djsa ;k ml iSjkxzkQ dks flysDV djs A vc Vkbi esuw dk iSjkxzkQ dekaM pqus A bldk laokn ckWDl fn[kkbZ nsrk gS bles dbZ fodYi gksrs gS tSls & bMsV] ,sykbuesaV] vkfn A 1. baMsV fodYi %& iSjkxzkQ ges’kk ekftZu ls dqN T;knk txg NksM+dj vkjaHk fd;k tkrk gS A bl NksM+h gqbZ txg dks baMsV dgrs gS A iSjkxzkQ ds baMsV fodYi es 3 fodYi gksrs gS Left, Right, ,oa First A Left ckbZ ekftZu ls iSjkxzkQ dh nwjh lsV djrk gS] Right nkbZ ekftZu ls vkSj First iSjkxzkQ dh igyh ykbu dh ckbZ ekftZu ls nwjh lsV djrk gS A ;s nwfj;ka Ldsy ds vuqlkj bap] ls-eh-;k fe-eh- es gksrh gS A
  8. 8. Creator –Badal Singh Rajput Page | 136 2. ,sykbuesaV fodYi %& iSjkxzkQ ds bl fodYi ls ikB~; dks ,sykbu fd;k tkrk gS A ;g fodYi 5 vU; fodYi iznku djrk gS ] ;s gS ys¶V] jkbZV] lsaVj ]tfLVQkbZ ] QkslZ tfLVQkbZ A buds iz;ksx ls iSjkxzkQ ] i`”B ds ckW;sa] nkW;sa] chp esa ] nksuks rjQ ls cjkcj ;k [khaprku ds cjkcj vkfn rjhdks ls ,sykbu fd;k tk ldrk gS A 3. fMD’kujh fodYi %& bl fodYi ls iSjkxzkQ ds ikB~; dh Lisfyax dh tkWp dh tkrh gS A blds vykok dqN vU; fodYi tSls Lisflax] :Yl vkfn ls Hkh iSjkxzkQ ikB~; dks QkesZV fd;k tk ldrk gS A iz’u 7%&vkVks ¶yks ls vki D;k le>rs gS mÙkj %& vkVks ¶yks dekaM ls ,d ist ij T;knk fy[ksa ikB~; dks Lor% vkxs ds istks esa igqapk ldrs gS tc fdlh VsDLV Qkby dks baiksVZ djds isteSdj esa j[kuk gas rks mlds VsDLV dsk vkVks ¶yks djus dh lqfo/kk isteSdj iznku djrk gS vkSj baiksVZ fd;k ik~B; istks esa ,sls O;ofLFkr gks tkrk gas tSls bls istesdj esa gh fy[kk x;k gks iz’u 8%& fQy ,oa ykbu dek.Mks dk iz;ksx fdl rjg fd;k tkrk gS
  9. 9. Creator –Badal Singh Rajput Page | 137 mÙkj %&ykbu dek.M %& isteSdj esa vki vusd izdkj dh ykbuksa dk iz;ksx ikB~; ds lkFk dj ldrs gS blesa dbZz fodYi gksrs gS tSls dLVe]ukWu vkfn A buesa ,d ykbu]Mcy ykbu]fcanqvks okyh ykbu vkfn fodYi vkrs gS A ykbu [khapus dss fy, igys Vqy ckDl ls ykbu Vqy pqurs gS A fQj ekml dsk ml txg ys tkrs gS tgkW ykbu [khapuh gS vc ekml dks MSªx djus ls ykbu curh tkrh gS A vc bl ykbu dks fdl izdkj dk j[kuk gS ;g ge mijksDr of.kZr ykbu dek.M ls dj ldrs gSa A fQy dek.M%& bl dekaM dk iz;ksx issteSdj ds varxZr cus gq, fdlh Hkh rjg dh vkWCtsDV esa dksbZ Hkh jax ;k fMtkbu Hkjus ds fy, fd;k tkrk gS A uku isij 10/20/30/40/50/60/70 blds vykok dqN fMtkbu fn, gksrs gS ftUgsa vki viuh vkWCtsDV esa Hkj ldrs gS fQy ,oa ykbu dek.M %&bl dek.M dk iz;ksx djds ykbu esa jax Hkjrs gS ,oa blh dekaM ds }kjk vki vk;r ;k oxZ esa Hkh jax Hkj ldrs gS A tc bl dek.M dks iz;ksx djrs gas rks bldk laokn ckWDl Ldzhu ij fn[kkbZ nsrk gS A blds ykbu fodYi ls fdlh Hkh
  10. 10. Creator –Badal Singh Rajput Page | 138 vkCtsDV dh vkmV ykbu izHkkfor gksrh gS tcfd fQy fodYi ls vanj dk Hkkx A iz’u 9%&vk;r o o`Rr fdl izdkj cuk;k tkrk gS mRrj %& vk;r %& ckWDl ;k vk;r ;k oxZ cukus fd fy, Hkh istesdj ds Vwy ckWDl dk iz;ksx djrs gSA blesa ,d Vwy fn;k gksrk gS A ftlesa ,d NksVk lk vk;r cuk gksrk gS A lcls igys bl ij fDyd djds bl VwYk dsk lfØ; djsa A fQj ist es ckWDl cukuk gSa] ogk¡ ys tkdj ekml ls MSªx djds vko’;d vkdkj dk vk;r cuk fyft, A fuf’pr vkdkj dk vk;r ;k oxZ cukus ds fy, igys :yj ls fxzM ykbu cuk ysa fQj muds chp esa vk;r cuk,sa A bl vk;r dks Hkh flysD’ku Vwy ls NksVk ;k cMk fd;k tk ldrk gSa A o`Ùk ¼ bfyIl ½ %& bfyIl ;kuh vaMkdkj ;k iw.kZ o~Ùk cukus ds fy, Vwy ckWDl dk o~Ùkkdkj Vwy pqusaxs A bl ij fDyd djus ls ;g lfØ; gks tk,xk A vc ckWDl cukus dh rjg gh o`Ùk cuk,saxs A vko’;drkuqlkj ge blls bfyIl ;k o`Ùk cuk ldrs gSa ,oa flysD’ku Vwy ls NksVk ;k cM+k fd;k tk ldrk gaS A iz’u 10%&ist balVZ o fjewo djus ds pj.k crkb,
  11. 11. Creator –Badal Singh Rajput Page | 139 mÙkj %& ist bUlVZ djuk %& ys vkÅV esuw es fLFkr balVZ ist dekaM }kjk vki viuh Qkby esa fdrus Hkh ist c<+k ldrs gS blesa ;g Hkh fodYi gksrk gS fd c<+k, gq, ist fd fLFkfr vki dgk¡ pkgrs gS ;kfu lfØ; ist ds vkxs ;k ihNs A ;fn vki Mcy lkbMsM ifCyds’ku es dke djrs gS rks istesdj esa fMQkWYV ds :i esa 2 ist gh vk,axs vFkkZr~ ge 2 istks dks ,d lkFk bUlVZZ dj ldsxsa tcfd lkekU; esa ;g ,d ist gh gksrh gS A fjewo ist %& blls fdlh vupkgs ist dks ifCyds’ku es ls gVk;k tk ldrk gS A vki ,d lkFk dbZ ist Hkh gVk ldrs gS A ;fn xyrh ls dksbZ ist gV x;k gS rks Undo dekaM ls bls okil izfrLFkkfir fd;k tk ldrk gSA iz’u 11%&Mªki dSi o LVSfMx dSi es D;k varj gS ;s fdl izdkj cuk, tkrs gS mÙkj %& MªkWi dSi cukuk %& MªkWi dSIl dk vFkZ gS MªkWIM dSfiVy ysVj vFkkZr~ uhps dh rjQ fxjrk gqvk v{kj A ;g iSjkxzkQ dk izFke v{kj gksrk gS tks iSjkxzkQ dh ‘kq: dh dqN ykbuksa ds cjkcj uhps dh rjQ fxjrk izrhr gksrk gS A MªkWi dSIl vDlj fdlh dgkuh dk u;k Hkkx vkjaHk djus ;k v[kckjks ds vyx & vyx lekpkjks ds
  12. 12. Creator –Badal Singh Rajput Page | 140 izFke v{kj ds :i esa iz;ksx gksrk gS A ;g fodYi Aldus Addition esuw esa gksrk gS A blds fy, igys ml v{kj dks pquuk gksrk gS fQj Aldus Addition esuw esa ls MªkWi dSi fodYi pquuk gksrk gS A ;g vkils MªkWi dSi dh lkbt fdruh iwNrk gS A MhQkWYM ls ;g lkbt rhu ykbuksa rd gksrh gS A ;g vkils MªkWi dSi mruk gh cM+k gksxk vFkkZr~ ;g izFke ykbu ls bruh ykbusa uhps rd [khp dj cM+k gksrk tk,xk A NksVs iSjkxzkQ esa MªkWi dSi mruk izHkko’kkyh ugha fn[krk gS ftruk cM+sa ;k yacs iSjkxzkQksa esa fn[krk gS A LVSafMax dSIl cukuk %& ;g MªkWi dSIl dk foifjr izHkko gS vFkkZr~ LVSfMax dSIl esa v{kj Åij fd vksj fudyrk gqvk izrhr gksrk gS ;g izFke ykbu ls izkjaHk gks dj Åij dh rjg tkrk gS A LVSfMax dSIl cukus ds fy, igys v{kj dks pqus vkSj mls cM+k djs vFkkZr~ mldk ikWbaV lkbt c<+k;sa A vc mls Bhd ls mBkdj Iysl dj ns A iz’u 12%&istesdj es fizafVax fdl izdkj fd;k tkrk gS mÙkj %& istesdj es fizafVax %& fizafVax ds fy;s lcls igys ge ;k rks ist lsVvi laokn ckWDl ds }kjk fizaVj dk p;u djds vkxs c<+rs gS ;k fQj Qkby esuw ds fizaV dekaM ls A
  13. 13. Creator –Badal Singh Rajput Page | 141 VkxsZV fizaVj dk p;u %& blds fy, Qkby esuw ds U;w dekaM ls ist lsV laokn ckWDl es vk,W A bles ls daIkkst Vw fizaVj fyLV ckWDl esa ls viuk fizaVj pqus A ;fn vki ds ikl ,d gh fizaVj gS rks bl fodYi es tkus dh vko’;drk ugh gS A fizaV MkWD;wesaV Mk;ykWx ckWDl %& tc ge Qkby esuw ds fizaV dekaM }kjk fizafVax djrs gS rks bldk laokn ckWDl [kqyrk gS ftles dbZ fodYi gksrs gS A izfrfyfi;ka fizaV djuk %& bl laokn ckWDl ds dkWih fodYi ls ge ,d ist dh dbZ izfrfyfi;ka fizaV dj ldrs gS A dbZ ist ,d lkFk fizaV djuk %& bl ckWDl Pages es All, Ranges, both, even, odd vkfn fodYi gS A bues ls viuh vko’;drkuqlkj ist fizaV dj ldrs gS A Ranges fodYi es ist la[;k ¼tSls 6 ls 12½ nsus ls 6 ls 12 rd dh la[;k okys ist gh fizaV gksrs gS A Even ls le la[;d ist ,oa Odd ls fo”ke la[;d ist fizaV gksrs gS] ;g Mcy LkkbMsM ifCyds’ku ds fy, mi;ksxh gS A
  14. 14. Creator –Badal Singh Rajput Page | 142 vksfj,aVs’ku %& ist vksfj,aVs’ku nks rjg dk gks ldrk gS A ,d uhps ls Åij dh rjQ fizafVax ¼bls ge iksVªsV vksfj,aVs’ku dgrs gS A½] nwljh ck;as ls nka;s fizafVax ¼bls ge ySaMLdsi vksfj,aVs’ku dgrs gS A½ cqd fodYi %& ;g rc vko’;d gS tc ,d ls T;knk ifCyds’ku tksM+dj] ,d izkstsDV cuk;k tkrk gS A iz’u 13%&fdlh vkCtsDV dk vkdkj vkSj LFkku fdl rjg ifjofrZr fd;k tk ldrk gS mÙkj %& pquh gqbZ vkWCtsDV ds chp es ekml IokbVj dks j[k dj ge bUgsa dgh Hkh ys tk ldrs gS rFkk blds ckgj fn[k jgs NksVs NksVs ckWDl esa ekml IokabVj j[kdj ge bu vkWCtsDV dh lkbt cny ldrs gS A ;s ckWDl Hkh ,d vk;r ds vuq:i gh fLFkr gksrs gS vr% ;fn ge dksus ds fdlh ckWDl ij fDyd djds vkWCtsDV dk vkdkj cnyuk pkgrs gS rks iwjh vkWCtsDV ,d lkFk NksVh ;k cM+h gksxh A vFkkZr~ bldk vkdkj pkjksa vksj ls lkeku :i ls de ;k T;knk gksxk A fdUrq ;fn ge nks dksuksa ds chp ds fdlh ckWDl esa vkWCtsDV dk vkdkj cnyuk pkgsaxsa rks ;g ,d gh fn’kk ls de ;k T;knk gksxk A
  15. 15. Creator –Badal Singh Rajput Page | 143 iz’u 14%&,d Mcy lkbMsM ifCyds’ku fdl rjg cuk;k tkrk gS rFkk bldk mi;ksx fdl rjg fd;k tkrk gS mRrj %& blesa Mcy lkbMsM ;k ,d nwljs fd vksj Qsflax istks ds fodYi gksrs gSaA A Mcy lkbMsM isstks fd vko’;drk rc gksrh gS A tc ist fdlh rjg dh ckbafMax esa cka/ks tkrs gSa pkgs oks 3 fjax ckbaMj gS ;k Likbjy jkmaM ;k fQj vU; fdlh izdkj dh A Mcy lkbMsM ist dk fodYi pquus ij fizafVax esa fdlh rjg dk ifjorZu ugha gksrk gSa A blesa ck,¡ vkSj nk,¡ ist dh ekftZu leku ugha gksrs gS vFkkZr~ nk,¡ vkSj ck,¡ istks a dk lSVvi vyx rjg ls gksrk gSa vkSj nks ist ,d lkFk gh fn[krs gasA Mcy lkbMsM ifCyds’ku esa fuEu fcanqvksa ij /;ku nsuk pkfg, %& 1- le la[;k okys ist ckbZ vksj ,ao fo”ke la[;k okys ist nkbZ vksj fMLIys gksrs gS A 2- fMQkWYV lSfVax es ist 1 ist LizsM esa ‘kkfey ugh gksrk gSA 3- tc vki Mcy lkbMsM ist dk fodYi pqurs gSa rc Qsflax ist dk fodYi pquuk gh gksrk gS A 4- vki dks istksa dh bUlkbM ekftZu dk c<kuk gksrk gSa] ftlls ckbafMax esa vlqfo/kk u gks A bu lkbM ekftZu ck,¡ ist dh nkbZ rjQ vkSj nk¡,
  16. 16. Creator –Badal Singh Rajput Page | 144 ist ds ckbZ rjQ gksrh gS A tcfd vkmV lkbM ekftZu blds foijhr gksrh gS A iz’u 15%&Mh-Vh-ih-ls vki D;k le>rs gS mRrj %& MsLd VkWi ifCyf’kax %& MsLd VkWi ifCyf’kax og iz.kkyh gS ftlesa vki izdk’ku dk leLr dk;Z dqN ,sls midj.kks }kjk dj ldrs gS A tks vki dh ,d ist ij gh j[ks tk ldrs gSA okLro esa ;g dEI;wVj ij vk/kkfjr izdk’ku dh ,d ubZ rduhd gSA ftlds }kjk vki fyf[kr lkexzzh] xzkfQDl vkSj vU; izdk’ku lkexzh dks vius <ax ls <ky dj [kwclqjr vkSj vkd”kZd i`”B rS;kj dj ldrs g SvFkkrZ vc izdk’kd cuus ds fy, vkidks pkfg, flQZ ,d ilZuy dEI;wVj] dqN vko’;d lkQVos;j vkSaj dqN lg;ksxh midj.k tSls fizVaj]LdSuj vkfnA iz’u 16%&osapqjk ifCy’kj izkssxzke dh fo’ks”krk, D;k gS mÙkj %& oaspqjk ifCy’kj izksxzke dh fo’ks”krk, fuEufyf[kr gS %& ;g izksxzke os lHkh lqfo/kk, nsrk gS tks fd izdk’kdks dk dqN fo’ks”k dk;kZ ds fy, pfg, os fo’ks”k dk;Z gksrs gs v/;k;ska dk i`”Bks dks vuqPNsnks dks vius vki dze la[;k nsuk fo”k; lwfpa;k cukuk vuqdzef.kdk, cukuk vfn blds vykok oaspqjk oMZ izkslsljksa ls
  17. 17. Creator –Badal Singh Rajput Page | 145 fufeZr ikB`; vksj vusd xzfQDl izksxzkeksa esa fufeZr fp=ksa dk leUo; dj ds i`”B l`tu dk dk;Z djrk gS blds vfrfjDr ;g js[kvksa ckWDlksa ,oa Qsze vfn vusd izdkj ds xzfQDl rRoksa dks cukus o tekus dh lqfo/kk nsrk gS A osapqjk ifCy’kj dk dk;Z iVy %&bldks fuEu Hkkxks es foHkkftr fd;k tk ldrk gS & eSuq ckj] VkbVy ckj] eksM ckj],sfM’ku ckWDl]lkbMckj] ,lkbuesV ckWDl ]djsaV ckWDl ]:yj ckj ]Ldzky ckj A dk;Z %& ospqjk esa ikB~; %& osapqjk esa fdlh Hkh i~”B ij ;k fdlh Hkh Qsze ds vanj ikB~; dsk lh/kss dh cksMZ ls Vkbi fd;k tk ldrk gS fQj Hkh vusd yksx igys ikB~; dks fdlhs oMZ izkslslj esa cukus ds ckn mldks osapqjk esa vk;kr djuk ialn djrs gS osapqjk es ekbdzkslkW¶V oMZ]ijQsDV oMZ LVkj vkfn es us ikB~;ksa ds vfrfjDr lh/ks ess cus ik~`; Hkh vk;kr dj fy, tkrs gS A fdarq oMZ izkslsljks esa yxk, x, VSc ,oa cksYM]bVfyd v{kj blesa Lohdj ugh fd, tkrs gS A osapqjk es Qzse %&ossaapqjk ds esuq ckj es a ,d egRoiq.kZ esauw gksrk gS Qse esuq }kjk ges vius dk;Z {ks= dks dbZ Hkkxksa es ckWV ldrs gS A ftUgsa Qse dgk tkrk gas osapqjk esa ikB~; ,oa xzfQDl lHkh dks
  18. 18. Creator –Badal Singh Rajput Page | 146 vyx vyx Qszeks esa j[kk tkrk gas z bu Qszeks dh lhek js[kk, fn[kkbZ Hkh tk ldrh gas vksj ugh Hkh bu Qszeks a es ikB~; ,oaf p=ksa dk lekos’k djus ds fy, ,d ds ckn ,d dbZ Qsze yxk, tk ldrs gS A osapqjk es xzfQDl %& osapqjk es LdSuj }kjk LdSu fd, gq, vkSj xzfQDl izksxkeks }kjk cuk, gq, fp=ksa nksuks gh vk;kr fd, tk ldrs gas ossapqjk esa fcnqavks ls cus fp=ksa dks best dgk tkrk gS vkSj MªkW izksxkeks }kjk cus fp=ksa dks ykbu vkVZ dgk tkrk gS A ,d ckj osaspqjk esa vk;kr gas tk, rks muds vkdkj esa ifjorZu fd;k tk ldrk gS mudh dkV NkWV dh tk ldrh gS ftls dzkWfiax dgrs gS ,oa mUgsa ,d txg ls nqljh txg ys tk;k tk ldrk gS iz’u 17%&Mh-Vh-ih- dh eq[; fo’ks”krk,a le>kb, mÙkj %& Mh- Vh- ih dh eq[; fo’ks”krk,a fuEu fyf[kr gS %& ikB~; lkexzh %& ;g igys VkbijkbVj ij rS;kj dh tkrh Fkh vc bls oMZ izkslslj ij fd;k tkrk gS A ftlds lkFk gh lkFk ‘kCnks vkSj O;kdj.k esa la’kks/ku vkSj ifjorZu Hkhs dj fy;k tkrk gS A bllas ikB~; vf/kd ‘kh?kz vkSj ‘kq/nrk ls rS;kj gksrk gS A
  19. 19. Creator –Badal Singh Rajput Page | 147 fp= rS;kj djuk %& ;g dk;Z igys QksVksdkih }kjk fd;k tkrk Fkk vc LdSuj dh lgk;rk ls ,oa dbZ xzfQDl lkW¶Vos;jksa ds }kjk fd;k tkrk gas blesa le; dh cpr ,oa vf/kd lQkbZ vkrh gS A ikB~; o fp=ksa dks i`”B ij ltkuk %& ;g dk;Z igys gkFk ls i`”B ij ikB~; vksj fp=ksa dks fpidk dj gskrk Fkk A tcfd vktdy bls dEI;qVj Ldzhu ij gh dV isLV i+)fr }kjk vf/kd ‘kh?kzrk ,oa lqxerk ls fd;k tk ldrk gS A fizfVax %& vktdy lHkh lalks/ku dEI;qVj Ldzhu ij gh dj fy, tkrs gS vksj fizfVsax ls igys gh mldk fizO;q ns[kdj mls Qkbuy dj fn;k tkrk gS tcfd igys blh dk;Z dks gkFk ls djuk iM+rk gS ftlesa dkQh le; yxrk gSA Mh -Vh-ih- esa fizfVax dk dk;Z lcls var esa fd;k tkrk gS tcfd ijaijkxr izdk’ku esa ;g dk;Z 2-3 pj.kksa es iwjk gks ikrk Fkk A iz’u 18%& Bring to Front ,oa Send to Back dekaM ls vki D;k le>rs gS mÙkj %& bl dekaM ds iz;ksx ls nks vkWCtsDV ;k nks rjg ds ikB~; vkxs ihNs O;ofLFkr fd;s tk ldrs gS vFkkZr~ gesa ;g izrhr gksrk gS fd nksuks vkWCtsDV ,d ds Åij ,d djds j[ks gS A ikB~; es ihNs ls
  20. 20. Creator –Badal Singh Rajput Page | 148 ‘kSMks tSlk izHkko nsus ds fy, bLrseky fd;k tkrk gS A ftl vkWCtsDV dks vkxs j[kuk gS mls igys pqus fQj Bring to Front dekaM dks fDyd djsa ] vkWCtsDV lkeus dh vksj vk tk,xk A blh rjg ftl vkWCtsDV dks ihNs j[kuk gS mls pqus vkSj Send to Back dekaM pqus A ;g ihNs pyk tk,xk A ;gka ikB~; dks Hkh ,d vkWCtsDV gh ekuk tkrk gS A iz’u 19%&Vkbi LiSl dek.M es D;k D;k lqfo/kk, gS mÙkj %& ;g dekaM istesdj es lcls vf/kd iz;ksx gksrk gS A bl dekaM ls vki vius ikB~; es ,d lkFk QksUV] lkbt] LVkby ] VªSd vkfn lHkh ifjorZu] tks vHkh rd vyx vyx dj jgs Fks A ,d ckj es gh dj ldrs gS A bl dekaM dks vkiCtrl+T dqaft;ks ls Hkh lfØ; dj ldrs gS A iz’u 20%&,fMV LVksjh dek.M fdl rjg ls mi;kssxh gS mÙkj %& ;g istesdj ds ,fMV esuw dk lcls vko’;d vkSj ‘kfDr’kkyh dekaM gS A blds }kjk vki dbZ fo’ks”k dk;Z dj ldrs gS tSls ikB~; esa ifjorZu djuk] ‘kCnksa dks [kkstuk] mUgs ifjorZu djuk] LiSfyax dh tk¡p djuk vkfn A
  21. 21. Creator –Badal Singh Rajput Page | 149 blds fy, igys gesa ftl ist ;k Qkby dk laiknu djuk gS mls pqudj dlZj dks ikB~; esa dgh Hkh fodYi djsa ftlls ;g jkbfVax eksM esa vk tk,xk A vc ,fMV LVksjh dekaM pqus A vc ge ikB~; esa dgh Hkh ifjorZu dj ldrs gS ;fn ikB~; yack gS vkSj mlesa dksbZ ,d ‘kCn <w¡<+rs gS rks ;wfVfyVht esuw d QkbaM dekaM ls bl ‘kCn dks <w¡<+rs gS A ;fn fdlh ‘kCn dks <wa<dj mls vU; ‘kCn ls cnyuk gS rks Change dekaM dk iz;ksx djrs gS A ;g Hkh ;wfVfyVht esuw esa jgrk gS A iwjs ikB~; esa Lisfyax dh tk¡p ds fy, ] dlZj dks ikB~; ds lcls Åij j[kdj] ,fMV LVksjh dekaM esa gh ;wfVfyVht esuw ls Lisfyax dekaM pqurs gS ;g oMZ ds Lisfyax pSd dh rjg gh gksrk gS & bles xyr LiSfyax ij ‘kCn dks Bhd djus dh Hkh lqfo/kk gksrh gS A ;g Replace ds }kjk gksrk gS A iz’u 21%&ikB~; dks fdu rjhdks ls ?kqek;k tk ldrk gS crkb, mÙkj %& fdlh Hkh ikB~; dks istesdj es nks rjhdks ls ?kqek;k tkrk gS A tks bl izdkj gS %&
  22. 22. Creator –Badal Singh Rajput Page | 150 1- daVªksy iSysV }kjk %& daVªksy iSysV dk jksVs’ku fodYi ikB~; dks fMxzh esa ?kqekrk gS A ,d _.kkRed eku ikB~; CykWd dks ?kM+h dh fn’kk esa vkSj ,d /kukRed eku bls ?kM+h dh foijhr fn’kk esa ?kqekrk gS A 2- jksVs’ku Vwy ls %& ikB~; dks ?kqekus dk nwljk rjhdk gS jksVs’ku Vwy ls A ;g vkidks fdlh Hkh ikB~; dks Ýh gSaM ls ?kqekus dh lqfo/kk nsrk gs tcfd daVªksy iSysV esa fMxzh esa ?kqekuk gksrk gS A ;fn ges fdlh fuf’pr fMxzh dh vko’;drk ugha gksrh gS rc ge jksVs’ku Vwy dk bLrseky T;knkrj djrs gS A blds fy, igys ikB~; [kaM dks lysDV djs fQj Vwy ckWDl ls jksVs’ku Vwy pqusa A vkidks ,d vyx rjg dk dlZj fn[kkbZ nsxk A bl dlZj ls vki vius ikB~; dks vko’;d fn’kk esa ?kqek ldrs gS A bl dlZj dks tSls gh vki MªSax djsaxsa A vkidks ,d jksVs’ku yhoj fn[kkbZ nsxk tks jksVs’ku dk ifj.kke fu;af=r djrk gS A ;g yhoj ftruk NksVk gksrk gS jksVs’ku T;knk gksrk gS ij tSls & tSls yhoj cM+k gksrk tkrk gS A jksVs’ku dks.k de gksrk tkrk gS A iz’u 22%&,Mksc QksVks ‘kkWi ds fy, vko’;d gkMZos;j vkSj lkW¶V os;j D;k gS mÙkj %& ilZuy dEI;wVj esa QksVks’kkWi dk mi;ksx djus ds fy, vko’;d gkMZos;j vkSSj lkW¶Vos;j fuEufyf[kr gS tks bl izdkj gS %&
  23. 23. Creator –Badal Singh Rajput Page | 151 1- isafV;e çkslslj 2- 64 MB RAM 3- 1.2 GB Hard Disk 4- PCI VGA Display 5- SVGA Color Monitor blesa jSe dh {kerk ftruh vf/kd gksxh QksVks’kkWi mrus vPNs ls dk;Z dj ldsxk A buiqV midj.k 1- ¶ySV cSM LdSuj 2- LykbM LdSuj 3- ohfM;ks Vsi 4- Mªe LdSuj 5- fMftVy dSejk best ,fMfVax midj.k best ,fMfVax dk;Z ds fy, gesa fuEu midj.kksa dh vko’;drk gksrh gS A 1- xzkfQDl VScysV 2- ekml 3- gkMZ fMLd
  24. 24. Creator –Badal Singh Rajput Page | 152 4- ¶ykWih fMLd buesa ls xzkfQDl VScysV ,d NksVk lk cksMZ gksrk gS ftl ij vki ,d fo’ks”k çdkj dh ys[kuh }kjk fp= cuk ldrs gS A tks dqN Hkh cksMZ ij cukrs gS og LØhu ij fn[krk tkrk gS A bl xzkfQDl VScysV ls ge tfVy ls tfVy fp= Hkh cuk ldrs gS A vkÅViqV midj.k 1- dyj fçaVj 2- iksLV fLØIV ystj fçaVj 3- LykbM fQYe fjdkMZj 4- best lSVj iz’u 23%&dksjy Mªk dh Ldzhu ,oa Vwy dks le>kb, mÙkj %& dksjy MªkW dh LØhu %& ,Iyhds’ku fo.Mks esa tks cM+k lQsn Hkkx gS og Mªkabx fo.Mks dgykrk gS rFkk blesa MªkWi ‘ksMks ;qDr th vk;rkdkj fn[kkbZ nsrk gS og Mªkbax ist dgykrk gS A fizaVvkÅV esa ogh fp= fiazV gksrk gS tks Mªkbax ist ds vanj gksrk gS A bldh LØhu esa esU;w ckj] VkbVy ckj] Vwy ckj] Ldsy] LØksy ckj] LVsVl ckj vkfn fn[kkbZ nsrs gS A dksjy MªkW dk Vwy ckWDl ij bl izdkj ds fodYi gksrs gS %&
  25. 25. Creator –Badal Singh Rajput Page | 153 fid Vwy%& vkWCtsDV~~l dks lsysDV ,oa VªkalQkWeZ fd;k tkrk gS A ‘ksi Vwy %& vkWCtsDV~l dh vkÑfr esa la’kks/ku fd;k tkrk gS A ukbZQ Vwy %& vkWCtsDV~l dh dfVax dh tkrh gS A bjstj Vwy %& Mªkbax ds bfPNr Hkkxksa dks gVk;k tkrk gS A Ýh VªkalQkWeZ Vwy %& Ýh jksVs’ku] ,Uxy fj¶ysD’ku] Ldsy ,oa LD;w Vwy dk mi;ksx djrs gq, vkWCtsDV~l dks VªkalQkWeZ fd;k tkrk gS A twe Vwy %& Mªkabx foUMks esa esfXufQds’ku ysoy es cnyko yxk;k tkrk gS A iWu Vwy %& Mªkabx foUMks ds fMLIys dks ljdk;k tkrk gS A Ýhgs.M Vwy %& ykbu ,oa doZ cuk, tkrs gS A csft;j Vwy %& Mªkabx dh dusDV n MkWV LVkbZY dk mi;ksx djrs gq, doZ cuk, tkrs gS A vkfVZfLVd ehfM;k Vwy %& cz’k] Lçs;j] dsfyxzkfQd ,oa çs’kj izkIr fd, tkrs gS A Mk;esU’ku Vwy %& ofVZdy] gkfjtUVy] LykUVsM vFkok dks.kh; Mk;esU’ku ykbu Mªk dh tkrh gS A dusDVj ykbu Vwy %& nks vkWCtsDV~l dks ,d ykbu ls tksM+k tkrk gS A
  26. 26. Creator –Badal Singh Rajput Page | 154 ¶yks pkVZ Vwy%& nks vkWCtsDV~l dk ,d ¶yks pkVZ ykbu ls tksM+k tkrk gS A jsDVsUxy Vwy %& vk;r ¼jsDVsUxy½ ,oa oxZ ¼LDos;j½ cuk, tkrs gS A ,fyIl Vwy%& ,fyIl Vwy ,oa ldZy cuk, tkrs gS A ikWyhxkWu Vwy %& cgqHkqt ¼ikWyhxkWu½ cuk, tkrs gS A xzkQ isij Vwy %& xzkQ isij tSlh ykbuksa dh fxzM cuk;h tkrh gS A iz’u 24%& Mh-Vh-ih-ds mi;ksx dks le>kb;s A mRrj %& Mh- Vh- ih- d smi;ksx fuEu gS & 1- iqLrd izdk’ku esa & vktdy iqLrd izdk’ku dk lkjk dk;Z dEI;wVj dh lgk;rk ls fd;k tkrk gS A fyf[kr lkexzzh dks vius eupkgs xzkfQDl vkSj vkdkj ds lkFk Nki ldrs gSA viuh vko’;drkuqlkj fp= Mky ldrs gS A 2- lekpkj i= izdk’ku esa &igys ds le; esa lekpkj i= izdkf’kr djuk vR;ar dfBu dk;Z Fkk ftlesa dbZ O;fDr;ksa dh vko;’;drk gksrh FkhA ijarq vktdy Mh-Vh-ih- dh enn ls ;g dk;Z vfr’kh?kz laikfnr gks tkrk gS rFkk blesa =qfV fd leHkkouk Hkh de jgrh gS vkSj lekpkjksa dks vkd”kZd vkSj jkspd <ax ls izLrqr fd;k tk ldrk gS A
  27. 27. Creator –Badal Singh Rajput Page | 155 3- czks’kj fuekZ.k esa %& vktdy f’k{kk laLFkku rFkk vU; laLFkku vius & vius czks’kj dk fuekZ.k djus esa Mh-Vh-ih- dh lgk;rk ysrs gSa rkfd og vkd”kZd <ax ls vius laLFkku ls vkSj mldh fo’ks”krkvksa ls yksxks dks voxr djk ldsa A 4- QksVks laiknu esa %& Mh-Vh-ih- eas ç;qDr lkW¶Vos;j dh lgk;rk ls vki QksVks dks vkd”kZd :i ns ldrs gS A rFkk mls vius ljyrk ls fd;k tk ldrk gS A 5- cSuj ] iksLVj fuekZ.k esa %& Mh-Vh-ih- dh lgk;rk ls vkd”kZd cSuj] iksLVj vFkok vU; çpkj lkexzh dk fuekZ.k vR;ar ljyrk ls fd;k tk ldrk gS A iz’u 25%& Mh-Vh-ih-D;ksa vko’;d gS le>kb;s A mÙkj %& iaægoh ‘krkCnh esa tkWu xqVucxZZ us igyk eqæ.k ;a= yxk;k A tc ls ysdj dkQh yacs le; rd eqæ.k dk;Z ijaijkxr rjhds ls vFkkZr~ ys[kd] laiknd vkSj eqæd ds lg;ksx ls gksrk jgk A ysfdu le; rd eqæ.k dk;Z dh xfr lcls vf/kd egRoiw.kZ gks xbZ gS A vr% Mh-Vh-ih- ds dk;Z ls izdk’ku ds dk;Z esa vkus okyk rhozxfr gh bldh lcls cM+k vko’;drk Fkh A blds vykok dbZ ,sls dk;Z Fks tks igys ekuoh; fof/k;ksa }kjk fd, tkrs Fksa vkSj vkt ogh dEI;wVj
  28. 28. Creator –Badal Singh Rajput Page | 156 ij vf/kd Li”V vkSj vf/kd lw{e :i ls fd;s tk ldrs gS A xzkfQDl lkW¶Vos;jks dh enn ls tfVy ls tfVy fMtkbu ftUgsa igys vkfVZLVksa dh enn ls gkFk ls djok;k tkrk Fkk] vc dEI;wVj LØhu ij dqN gh feuVksa esa gks tkrs gS A ijEijkxar izdk’ku esa ckgj dh dbZ bdkb;kW lfEefyr gksrh Fkh vkSj izR;sd dh lqfo/kk dh izrh{kk esa dkQh foyac gks tkrk Fkk] ij vkt MsLd VkWi ifCyf’kax esa lkjk dke ,d gh LFkku ij dj fy;k tkrk gS vr% bl iz.kkyh esa le; dh cpr ds lkFk dk;Z Hkh dq’kyrk ls laiUu gks tkrk gS A fu’p; gh ;g iqjkuh rduhd ls dbZ xquk csgrj gS A

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