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Balinese dance festival of Indonesia
Balinese dances are a very ancient dance tradition that is a part of
the religious and artistic expression among the Balinese people
In Hinduism, dance is an accompaniment to the perpetual dissolving
and reforming of the world. The creative and reproductive balance is
often personified as Shiva’s wife, Durga, sometimes is called Uma,
Parvati, or Kali. This has significance in Balinese Hinduism, since the
common figure of Rangda is similar in many ways to Durga.
In Bali there are various categories of dance, including epic
performances such as the universal Mahabharata and Ramayana.
Certain ceremonies at village temples feature a special performance
of a dance drama, a battle between the mythical characters Rangda,
the witch representing evil and Barong, the lion or dragon,
Among the dance traditions in Bali, these terms deserve special
mention: Barong, the lion: Legong, a refined dance form characterized
by intricate finger movements, complicated footwork, and expressive
gestures and facial expressions; and Kecak, a form of Balinese dance
and music drama, it originated in the 1930’s in Bali performed
primarily by men.
Training of Bali Dance
Bali dancers learn the craft from their mothers as soon as they are
born. In the womb, they are played the Balinese music and are taught
to dance with their hands before they can walk. Official training as a
Bali dancer starts as young as seven. In Balinese dance the
movement is closely associated with the rhythms produced by
gamelan, a musical ensemble specific to Java and Bali.
Multiple levels of articulations in the face, eyes, hands, arms, hips, and
feet are coordinated to reflect layers of percussive sounds. The
number of codified hand positions and gestures, the mudras, is higher
in India than in Java and Bali. Hand positions and positions are
nonetheless as important in Javanese and Balinese dance as in India.
Whether in India, Indonesia, or Cambodia, hands are typically
ornamental role and emphasize the dance’s delicate intricacy
Legong dancer. Balinese
dances incorporate eye
and facial expressions.
Two Balinese dancers
performing the farewell
scene dance drama.
Most Female Dancer Wear
• Various colors of make up
• A crown
• Both real and golden flowers in
• Sarong and wrap a long sash
from their hips to their breasts
as well as many gold
*(crowns and decorations are
made from cowhide)
Male Dancer Wear
• Make-up (use more red color for
their eyes and cheeks and their
eyebrows are colored to enhance
• A mask when they dance the
• A crown
• A cloak or many pieces if these
clothes around their body
• Male dancers also carry a sword
on their shoulders