While the other post-communist countries undertook an effort to meet these expectations, the Ukrainian health system remained virtually unchanged throughout the entire period after the collapse of the Soviet Union. Any changes that were applied were actually apparent and inferior, including when talking about the Ukrainian cancer care system. 2006-2010 Children’s Oncology State Program launched the first ever child-centered separated state program, which full-fledged execution was postponed to 2008. 2010-2016 Oncology National Program faced a considerable funding reduction. National Cancer Control Strategy was a long-awaited strategic policy since the completion of the previous one in 2016. After a lasting period of negotiation and alignment, the Strategy was a couple of steps from approval, yet the war had started. The Ukrainian cancer care system evolved very slowly, without the government's significant public interest or strategic focus until 2015-16. Only at that time did real and practical plans for reforming the health care system begin to mature, when public interest in participating in restructuring state functions and institutions increased significantly.