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2 Year B.Ed.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International
Dr. Atul Thakur
Teaching and training
Teaching and training may be thought of as
the same thing, but they, in fact, have many
While they are both appropriate in certain
circumstances, sometimes the presence of one
may be to the detriment of the other.
“Tell me and I forget.
Teach me and I remember.
Involve me and I learn”, Benjamin Franklin
Teaching: "to cause to know
something, to guide the studies of,
to impart knowledge or to instruct
by example, precept or
Training seeks “to form by
instruction, discipline or drill” or
“to make prepared for a test or
Teaching: ‘To cause to know
something’, ‘to guide the studies
of’, ‘to impart the knowledge of’,
‘to instruct by precept, example, or
Training: ‘To form by
instruction, discipline, or drill’,
‘to make prepared for a test of
Teaching is mostly theoretically
Training is practical oriented.
Teaching provides new
knowledge to the people
Training helps the already
knowledgeable people to learn the
tools and techniques to apply the
Teaching fills mind Training shapes habits.
Teaching lays stress on education,
knowledge and wisdom with a
longer time span.
Training lays stress on skills and
abilities with a shorter time span
Teaching gives extensive domains
with limited knowledge in
Training gives intensive
information about a limited
Teaching provides breadth of
knowledge in all spheres.
Training provides depth of
knowledge in a specific sphere
Teaching makes Jack-of-all-
Training makes a Master of a
Teaching is, in general, a broader
Training is for a specific area
Teacher provides information,
Trainer facilitates learning.
Teacher usually creates the ‘need
to know’ the knowledge for
Training, the student himself
approaches for the knowledge as
he realizes the need to know.
In this context, H. Clay Trumbull ,
rightly quoted, “It has been said
that the essence of teaching is
causing another to know.
It may similarly be said that the
essence of training is causing
another to do.”
Teaching may relate to the subject
Training may relate to functional
Teaching usually refers to
Training refers workshops,
seminars involving various
games, role-plays, simulation
Characteristics of Training
Focusing on training, as well, makes the students
more confident and competent and helps them to
get employment opportunities.
Training equips mindset, tools set and skills set.
Training is always an active area where there
will be interaction, questioning, learning by
doing, role-plays, team games and practical
Although training is subset of teaching it does
have lot of impact in equipping the participants
with novel tools and techniques to become
competent at the job front.
Training helps in uncorking the hidden talents
among the people, which until then not realized
apart from making the people highly creative and
Training usually has a more specific focus than
teaching, which seeks to instill a deeper
knowledge over a longer period of time.
Training, on the other hand, seeks to help people
master a specific skill, or skill set, until they are
able to execute it efficiently.
Training is usually a one-time or short-term
event, as with job training.
Training is subset of teaching.
Relationship between Teaching and
Teaching and training are supplementary to
There are times when teaching and training
must work in tandem.
For the activities which require both cognitive
and psychomotor domains of knowledge both
teaching and training are required
Interference of Teaching and Training
At times teaching can interfere with training
and vice versa
Instead of providing complete knowledge if
the child is provided training in attempting a
If in subjects/ aspects where practical
knowledge is also required along with
theoretical knowledge emphasis is provided
to theoretical knowledge only
Balancing the teaching and training
Skill training is essential along with academic or
Training will always be enriched when a deeper,
longer-term knowledge is continually sought and
Cognitive knowledge has its own limits and
benefits so are that of psychomotor domains also
Both are complementary to each other with each
cater to different domains of knowledge
At times we need both of these to varying extent