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Political parties

atrantham
27 de Nov de 2015
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Political parties

  1. POL 140-o7 Fall 2015
  2.  A broad coalition of individuals who:  (1) Recruit, nominate, and elect candidates for office  (2) Under a given label  (3)To control the government  (4) In accordance with their ideas and policies.
  3.  Party-in-the-Electorate  Loyalty and Identification with Party  Party Identification (“PID”)  What happens if someone has different views? ▪ Likert Scale Strong Lib Weak Lib Lean Lib Mod Lean Cons Weak Cons Strong Cons
  4.  Party Organization  Party Officials, Committees,Volunteers, Staff  Functions of Party Organizations  Party-in-Government  Officeholders and Candidates  Local, State, National Levels  Examples: President, Majority/Minority Leaders
  5.  Intermediary Between Citizens and Govt.  Bring PublicTogether to Accomplish Objectives  Nominate Candidates for Office  Contest Elections  Mobilize Electorate; EncourageVoting  Supporters, Undecided, Opposition
  6.  Organize Government  Provide Accountability  Government Responsibility  Importance of Party ID  Retrospective (Past) and Prospective (Future)Voting  Sincere and StrategicVoting  Manage Conflict  Reconciling Group Demands
  7.  1912 Election: Bull Moose Party  Teddy Roosevelt broke from Republicans  Split GOP vote; DemocratWilson wins  1948 Election: Dixiecrat Party  StromThurmond broke from Dems over civil rights and anti-segregation views  1992 Election: Reform Party  Ross Perot,TX billionaire, ran on budget platform  Participated in major debate b/c of support
  8. MAURICE DUVERGER DUVERGER’S LAW  Two parties emerge in countries with simple plurality vote  Example: Election with 100 voters  Candidate A received 49% of vote  Candidate B receives 26% of vote  Candidate C receives 25% of vote  Candidates B and C will work together over time to defeat A, producing two parties
  9. DonaldTrump Marco Rubio
  10.  Regional support for the parties change  Social groups supporting the parties change  New groups of citizens are mobilized and become part of electorate  Voters change not just which party they vote for, but also the party that they identify with  Realignments are typically caused by new issues that divide citizens
  11. Hamilton and Jefferson both served in Washington’s cabinet. Despite being influential to our founding, they had different conceptions concerning government.
  12.  Presidential electors now popularly elected  Property qualifications for voting dropped  Voter turnout increased dramatically  “King Caucus” replaced by nominating conventions
  13. The Whigs formed in opposition to Jackson’s presidency and policies.
  14. Racial issues and sectional strife in the 1850s divided the North and South in America. This resulted in theThird Party System— and the birth of the Republican Party
  15. The Whig party dissolved at this point. It could not survive the slavery issue while also grappling with the anti-slavery Republican party.
  16. Rise of Political Machines, including Tweed’sTammany Hall. The Australian or Secret Ballot was adopted to counteract party machines.
  17. Standard Oil Company, John D. Rockefeller
  18.  Beginning of Republican Dominance From L to R: Presidents Warren G. Harding, Calvin Coolidge, and Herbert Hoover.
  19. The “New Deal Coalition” helped FDR win election. The “New Deal” was the name given to various social welfare programs passed during his administration.
  20.  Changes Regarding Ideology and Party ID  African-Americans: Republican  Democrat  White Southerners: Democrat  Republican  Rise of candidate-centered system  Rise of Third-Party Candidates  Defined by intense partisanship and gridlock
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