7. Three Reasons for Studying Scandal:
Learn why some events become scandals, while
others do not
Provide knowledge about aftermath of
inappropriate behavior by public figures
▪ Short and Long-Term Effects
Learn about society as a whole
Write your own definition of scandal.
Feel free to use some of the words
that you listed in the last exercise.
Pair up in small groups
and share your definitions.
11. Political scandal involves political leader/ figure
Main action(s) or event(s) of a scandal involve
some sort of behavioral transgression
Behavior must be known to others
Behavior must be serious enough to elicit a
16. 1) Substantive Stage
Involves secrecy or concealment
Actions which breaches norm (embezzlement, sexual
News Break / Revolution of Conduct
2) Procedural Stage (procedural scandal,
Political response serving to conceal, justify, deny,
mitigate behavior; cover-up
18. Formal investigation NOT necessarily for
scandal to have media coverage / public
Scandal does NOT have to be illegal act—
could just be misjudgment (or series of them)
Scandals defined by political culture
21. “Scandal” – Refers to actions or events
involving certain kinds of transgressions
which become known to others and are
sufficiently serious to elicit a public
23. 1) Occurrence or existence of scandal involves
transgression of certain values, norms,
or moral codes
Minor or Large-Scale Events NOT scandalous
“Scandals occupy a sort of middle ground of impropriety”
Importance of CulturalValues in Locations
Idea of “Moralization”
24. 2) Occurrence or existence contains secrecy
or concealment, but they are known or
strongly believed to exist by others NOT
directly involved (“Non-Participants”)
Scandal characterized by drama of
concealment and disclosure
Example: Bill Clinton and Kenneth Starr
26. 4) Non-participants may express
disapproval through publicly denouncing
What is “opprobrious discourse?”
Emphasis on printed (e.g. newspapers,
magazines) or electronic (radio,TV, Internet)
27. 5) Disclosure and condemnation of actions
or events may damage reputation of
individuals responsible for them
Damage or loss of reputation always at risk
during scandal—although standing might be
Any real-life examples of this occurring?
28. Scandal = “struggle for name”
Possibilities for Counter-Strategies:
1)Threaten Legal Action
2) Reject Allegations
3)Take Moral “High Ground”
4) Public Confession
In pairs, review the text of Bill Clinton’s address,
marking text containing a counter-strategy.
Note which one (denial, confession, etc. ) is used.
39. “Corruption” as is defined in laws of nations
“Corruption” as is affects the public
“Corruption” as it defined by public opinion
41. “Behavior which deviates from the normal
duties of a public role because of private-
regarding (family, close private clique)
pecuniary or status gains; or violates rules
against the exercise of certain types of
43. Are family and close friends all that matter?
Who or what else might corrupt activities
Issue of defining “corruption” in other nations
56. Definition consists of five conditions that all
must be satisfied simultaneously:
Corruption occurs when a corruptor (1)
covertly gives (2) a favour to a corruptee or
to a nominee to influence (3) action(s) that
(4) benefit the corruptor or a nominee, and
for which the corruptee has (5) authority.
58. Scenario #1: President DonaldTrump
announces that his daughter, Ivanka, will be the
next Secretary of State.
Scenario #2: A policeman demands cash to not
give you a parking ticket.
Scenario #3: AWall Street analyst intentionally
gives their clients bad advice to benefit his firm.
Scenario #4: A Middle Eastern despot builds a
new palace with oil revenues.
62. Hypothetical situations
Respondent, “Most public officials,”
“Most of the public”
What factors did variations of corruption
When were actions seen as MORE corrupt?
When were actions seen as LESS corrupt?
63. Respondents more likely to label as corrupt
Involved larger sums of money
Involved public officials
Involved direct taking
Involved officials keeping money
Where rule-breaker is prominent public figure