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BLADDER STONES
ASTRI DWI HARTARI
1310211202
FK UPN VETERAN JAKARTA
DEFINISI
• Batu yang tidak normal di dalam saluran kemih yang
mengandung komponen kristal dan matriks organik
tepatnya pad...
SYMPTOMS
• Some people with bladder stones have no problems —
even when their stones are large
• But if a stone irritates ...
• These include :
Lower abdominal pain
In men, pain or discomfort in the penis
Painful urination
Frequent urination
D...
CAUSES
• Bladder stones generally begin when your bladder doesn't
empty completely
• The urine that's left in your bladder...
• The most common conditions that cause bladder stones
include
BPH : can cause bladder stones in men. As the prostate
enl...
• Other conditions that can cause bladder stones include:
Inflammation. Bladder stones can develop if your
bladder become...
Kidney stones. Stones that form in your kidneys are not
the same as bladder stones. They develop in different
ways and of...
RISK FACTORS
• bladder stones are common in children — often because
of dehydration
• infection and a low-protein diet
• b...
COMPLICATIONS
• Bladder stones that aren't removed — even those that
don't cause symptoms — can lead to complications, suc...
TESTS AND DIAGNOSIS
• A physical exam
 lower abdomen(bladder) is enlarged
DRE to see prostate is enlarged
• Analysis of ...
• Ultrasound
an ultrasound, which bounces sound waves off organs
and structures in your body to create pictures
TREATMENTS AND DRUGS
• Generally, bladder stones should be removed. If the stone
is small, your doctor may recommend that ...
Breaking stones apart
• Bladder stones are often removed during a procedure
called a cystolitholapaxy
• A small tube with ...
Surgical Removal
• Occasionally, bladder stones that are large or too hard to
break up are removed through open surgery. I...
THANK YOU
Bladder stones
Bladder stones
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Bladder stones

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bladder stone

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Bladder stones

  1. 1. BLADDER STONES ASTRI DWI HARTARI 1310211202 FK UPN VETERAN JAKARTA
  2. 2. DEFINISI • Batu yang tidak normal di dalam saluran kemih yang mengandung komponen kristal dan matriks organik tepatnya pada vesika urinari atau kandung kemih. • Batu vesika urinaria terutama mengandung kalsium atau magnesium dalam kombinasinya dengan fosfat, oksalat, dan zat-zat lainnya.
  3. 3. SYMPTOMS • Some people with bladder stones have no problems — even when their stones are large • But if a stone irritates the bladder wall or blocks the flow of urine, signs and symptoms can develop.
  4. 4. • These include : Lower abdominal pain In men, pain or discomfort in the penis Painful urination Frequent urination Difficulty urinating or interruption of urine flow Blood in your urine Cloudy or abnormally dark-colored urine
  5. 5. CAUSES • Bladder stones generally begin when your bladder doesn't empty completely • The urine that's left in your bladder can form crystals that eventually become bladder stones
  6. 6. • The most common conditions that cause bladder stones include BPH : can cause bladder stones in men. As the prostate enlarges, it can compress the urethra and interrupt urine flow, causing urine to remain in your bladder. neurogenic bladder : Normally, nerves carry messages from your brain to your bladder muscles, directing your bladder muscles to tighten or release. If these nerves are damaged — from a stroke, spinal cord injury or other health problem — your bladder may not empty completely.
  7. 7. • Other conditions that can cause bladder stones include: Inflammation. Bladder stones can develop if your bladder becomes inflamed. Urinary tract infections and radiation therapy to your pelvic area can both cause bladder inflammation Medical devices. Occasionally, bladder catheters — slender tubes inserted through the urethra to help urine drain from your bladder — can cause bladder stones. So can objects that accidentally migrate to your bladder, such as a contraceptive device or stent. Mineral crystals, which later become stones, tend to form on the surface of these devices.
  8. 8. Kidney stones. Stones that form in your kidneys are not the same as bladder stones. They develop in different ways and often for different reasons. But small kidney stones occasionally travel down the ureters into your bladder and, if not expelled, can grow into bladder stones
  9. 9. RISK FACTORS • bladder stones are common in children — often because of dehydration • infection and a low-protein diet • bladder stones occur primarily in adults, especially in men age 30 and older
  10. 10. COMPLICATIONS • Bladder stones that aren't removed — even those that don't cause symptoms — can lead to complications, such as : Chronic bladder dysfunction Urinary tract infections
  11. 11. TESTS AND DIAGNOSIS • A physical exam  lower abdomen(bladder) is enlarged DRE to see prostate is enlarged • Analysis of your urine (urinalysis) for microscopic amounts of blood, bacteria and crystallized minerals A urinalysis also helps determine whether you have a urinary tract infection, which can cause or be the result of bladder stones • Spiral computerized tomography (CT) scan Spiral CTs can detect even very small stones and are considered one of the most sensitive tests for identifying all types of bladder stones
  12. 12. • Ultrasound an ultrasound, which bounces sound waves off organs and structures in your body to create pictures
  13. 13. TREATMENTS AND DRUGS • Generally, bladder stones should be removed. If the stone is small, your doctor may recommend that you drink a lot of water each day to help the stone pass
  14. 14. Breaking stones apart • Bladder stones are often removed during a procedure called a cystolitholapaxy • A small tube with a camera at the end (cystoscope) is inserted through your urethra and into your bladder to view the stone • then uses a laser, ultrasound or mechanical device to break the stone into small pieces and flushes the pieces from your bladder
  15. 15. Surgical Removal • Occasionally, bladder stones that are large or too hard to break up are removed through open surgery. In these cases, your doctor makes an incision in your bladder and directly removes the stones. Any underlying condition causing the stones, such as an enlarged prostate, may be corrected at the same time
  16. 16. THANK YOU

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