3. CONCEPT OF POWER
Power - the ability to influence another person.
Influence - the process of affecting the thoughts,
behavior, & feelings of another person.
Authority - the right to influence another person.
4. TWO FACES OF POWER
used for personal gain
Social Power(FORMAL )
used to create motivation
used to accomplish group goals
5. SOURCES OF POWER
1 EXPERT POWER
2 CHARISMATIC POWER (REFRENT POWER)
3 REWARD POWER
4 INFORMATION POWER
5 LEGITIMATE POWER
6 COERCIVE POWER
As per the Transparency International(TI):
corruption is defined as-
“The misuse of entrusted power for private
8. It is not easy to define corruption. But
in a narrow sense, corruption is mostly
concerned with bribery and it takes
several forms. Corruption is a global
phenomenon and it is omnipresent.
Corruption has progressively increased
and is now rampant in our society.
9. Corruption is caused as well as increased because of
the change in the value system and ethical qualities of
men who administer. The old ideals of morality, service
and honesty are regarded as an achromatic.
In a highly inflationary economy, low salaries of
government officials compel them to resort to the road
of corruption. Graduates from IIMs with no experience
draw a far handsome salary than what government
Election time is a time when corruption is at its peak
level. Big industrialist fund politicians to meet high cost
of election and ultimately to seek personal favor.
Bribery to politicians buys influence, and bribery by
politicians buys votes. In order to get
elected, politicians bribe poor illiterate people, who are
slogging for two times meal.
•As with many developing nations, corruption is
widespread in India.
•India is ranked 72 out of a 179 countries in
Transparency International's Corruption Perceptions
Index, although its score has improved consistently
from 2.7 in 2002 to 3.5 in 2008.
•Corruption has taken the role of a persistent aspect of
Indian politics and administration.
13. Corruption In administration
A 2009 survey of the leading economies of
Asia, revealed Indian administration to be not just
least efficient out of Singapore, Hong
Kong, Thailand, South
Korea, Japan, Malaysia, Taiwan, Vietnam, China,
Philippines and Indonesia..
further it was also found that working with the
India's civil servants was a "slow and painful"
14. Corruption In administration
Officials often steal state property. In Bihar, more
than 80% of the subsidized food aid to poor is
In Government Hospitals, corruption is associated
with non availability of medicines (or duplicate
medicines), getting admission and consultations
16. YEAR RANK RATING
2001 2.7 OUT OF
71 91 COUNTRIES
2003 2.7 OUT OF
71 102 COUNTRIES
2004 2.8 OUT OF
83 133 COUNTRIES
2005 2.8 OUT OF
90 145 COUNTRIES
2006 2.9 OUT OF
88 158 COUNTRIES
2007 3.3 OUT OF
70 163 COUNTRIES
2008 3.5 OUT OF
72 179 COUNTRIES
17. FEW RECENT EXAMPLES OF CORRUPTION
CASES IN INDIA
Corruption in common
MCI boss Ketan desai
arrested on corruption
CBI finds IIT<NIT profs in
Air India’s officer was
arrested on corruption
18. List of scandals :
Hasan Ali Khan scandal
Indian Black Money in Swiss Banks
ISRO Spectrum Allocation Scam
2G spectrum scam and Radia Tapes Controversy
Adarsh Housing Society scam
Commonwealth Games Scam
Madhu Koda mining scam
Cash For Votes Scandal
Pune billionaire Hasan Ali Khan tax default
The Satyam scam
Stamp Paper Scam
Oil-for-food programme scam (Natwar Singh)
20. EFFECTS OF CORRUPTION
oCorruption makes the whole system
oCorruption in India has wings not
oIn the private sector , it increases the
cost of business.
oCreates unhealthy climate for
oIts effects on development are
oIt makes the condition of poor
oUndermines economic development of
21. TREATMENT OF CORRUPTION
Right to information act.
Jaago Re returns with a focus on corruption in
Aaj se khilana bandh, pilana shuru.
Chai piyo, padhai karao.
Shame the corrupt with ₨0.
Strengthening the governing body.