Mohd Arif Ansari
3. Organization's profile
5. KSFC MainActivities / Function
6. Forms of Assistance
A Central Industrial Finance corporation was set up under the industrial Finance
corporations Act, 1948 in order to provide medium and long term credit to
industrial undertakings which fall outside normal activities of commercial banks.
The State governments expressed their desire that similar corporations be set up
in states to supplement the work of the Industrial financial corporation.
State governments also expressed that the State corporations be established
under a special statue in order to make it possible to incorporate in the
constitutions necessary provisions in regard to majority control by the
government, guaranteed by the State government in regard to the payment
In order to implement the views Expressed by the State governments the State
Financial Corporation bill was introduced in the Parliament
This is an analytical study based on secondary data collected from the published annual reports (i.e.
2001-02 to 2006-07) of the KSFC. In addition, the primary data required is collected from the bank officials
through personal interaction.
1.The data required for the purpose of this study is of two types:
2. Scope of the study
3. Objectives of the study
4. Limitations of the Study
Financial Resources Of The
The SFC’s mobilize their financial resources from the following sources
1.Their own Share capital
2.Income from investment and repayment of loans
3.Sale of bonds
4.Loans from the IDBI ( To some extent )
5.Borrowings from the Reserve Bank of India
6.Deposits from the Public
7.Loans from State Governments.
Institutions Supporting Small-scale
• SSI BOARD
• Industry Association
• Non Governmental Organizations
• R & D Laboratories
Sanction of loan aggregating to Rs .4508 cores to 1, 33,735 project.
Loan assistance of rs.970.34 cores to 46,252 SSI units proposed in backward district of the state.
Sanction of loan aggregating to Rs .2233.45 cores to 78,835SSI units.
Establishment of 7 zonal offices .36 branch offices and 2field offices in the state and higher delegation of powers to zonal and branch
offices to sanction and disburse loans up to Rs .25 lack . as a consequences of same, today 95% of loans are sanctioned at branch offices.
Introduction of loan assistance schemes for getting ISO 9000 certification for export oriented and units proposing export of their
products’ Commendation from IDBI as one of the best SFC of the country.
Long term lending
Lease financial assistance or hire purchase assistance for acquisition of machinery equipment and
Fund based activities like bill discounting, investment in schemes and subscription to non-convertible
debentures factor services, etc.
Operating cycle of manufacturing company
Sale of product Finished goods
Work in progress
State Financial Corporations
The state-level institutions have played an important role in the development of small and medium
enterprises in their respective states with the main objectives of financing and promoting these
enterprises for achieving balanced regional growth, catalyze investment, generate employment and
widen the ownership base of industry.
With the liberalization drive getting accelerated, SFC’s future business is likely to face SFCS provides
a range of financial services that utilizes sound and dynamic investment decisions to select clients
aiming to protect and develop their global wealth.
The State Financial Corporations (sfcs) are state-level financial institutions, operating as regional
development banks playing a crucial role in the development of small and medium enterprises in the
states concerned in tandem with national priorities.
There are 18 sfcs in the country, of which 17 were set up under the sfcs Act 1951.
Tamil Nadu Industrial Investment Corporation Ltd. Established in 1949 under the Companies Act as
Madras Industrial Investment Corporation, also functions as a SFC.
The forms of assistance can be broadly classified into direct assistance and indirect assistance. The basic feature of direct assistance is
that financial institutions provide funds directly to the project, whereas, in indirect assistance, the financial institutions provide
guarantees on behalf of the promoter(s) of the project.
In this kind of assistance, term loans are provided in both rupees and in foreign currency. Apart from this, funds are provided by
subscription to the equity shares of the company.
Forms of Assistance
Rupee term loans are extended for site, construction, factory and other buildings; purchase of plant and machinery, as well as, for
technical know how, preliminary and pre-operative expenses, and margin money for working capital. Generally, the repayment period is five to
fifteen years with an initial moratorium of six months.
Institutions provide term loans in foreign currency to fund the acquisition of fixed assets like plant and machinery, as well as to
acquire technical know how from foreign suppliers. Institutions generally ask for a first charge on the assets financed by them, and on all other
fixed assets of the borrower, to secure the loans.
Subscription to Equity Shares:
This form of assistance is available to the project only when institutions are sure that the project is not able to take any more debt, although
the proposed venture is worthwhile. It is often a very small part of the project cost.
This form of assistance is provided by national financial institutions through the State Finance Corporations (sfcs) and the State Industrial
Development Corporations (sidcs). All borrowers have to submit their proposals, through their respective sfcs and sidcs. This assistance
carries interest as low as one percent, and can be payable on easy terms, subject to the applicability of certain conditions.
Risk capital assistance:
Risk capital assistance is almost the same as seed capital assistance. It is offered by the IFCI through a society formed under the Society
Registration Act. Loans under this scheme are generally interest free and range between Rest. 15-40 lakhs, depending on the number of the
promoters and the cost of the project.
Financial institutions provide this deferred credit facility to the equipment suppliers on behalf of their clients and charge guarantee
commission to the client. Guarantee is provided for the purchase of both indigenous and imported equipment. Most scheduled banks and
co-operative banks provide this facility.
This kind of guarantee is provided to the client as raised term loans from overseas market, directly. Institutions stand guarantee to the
borrower, who is yet to establish him in the overseas market or does not have high credit standing.
Institutions usually underwrite the public issue of those clients, who have invested in the project cost, through term loans.
This scheme has been introduced by IDBI to help domestic producers and dealers of capital goods. Under this scheme, deferred
payment facility is available for the purchase of machinery in all categories forms of businesses such as proprietary concerns,
partnerships, private and public companies, co-operative societies and corporations.
This scheme has been floated by ICICI to enable domestic manufacturers and dealers increase their sales by offering deferred
credit to their buyers. This scheme is similar to the Bill Rediscounting Scheme of IDBI.
This scheme has been offered by the two institutions- IDBI and IFCI. They provide assistance to existing units to acquire
State financial corporations have not been able to become popular due to poor implementation and poor investments that they
As they invest in small scale industries the returns will be lower as gestation period for small scale industries is very long.
Losses are bound occur but as a business and financial organisation the government and the state must find ways of minimizing
their losses and earning a moderate profit which can be recycled back to promote sfcs .
Business decisions must be taken with a purely business perspective in mind and political, emotional factors should not play the
major factors while making business decisions.
As only then can there and will there exist a difference between what is viable and what is not
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