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Art appreciation

Art and Aesthetics

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Art appreciation

  1. 1. ART & Aesthetics SUBJECT: ART APPRECIATION Submitted by: Archy Bhatt, 2501 DIP ARCH 3, SEM-5
  3. 3. • The expression or application of human creative skill and imagination, typically in a visual form such as painting or sculpture, producing works to be appreciated primarily for their beauty or emotional power. • A set of principles concerned with the nature and appreciation of beauty. • The branch of philosophy which deals with questions of beauty and artistic taste. AESTHETICS ART
  4. 4. THEORIES OF AESTHETICS • The following three aesthetic theories apply to most visual artworks: • Imitationalism. • Formalism. • Emotionalism.
  5. 5. IMITATIONALISM • The aesthetic theory known as imitationalism applies to artworks that look realistic. • These artworks contain recognizable, realistic looking objects and scenes that closely imitate what we see in the real world. • An imitationalist artwork is judged as good if it accomplishes this to a high degree.
  6. 6. FORMALISM • The aesthetic theory known as formalism stresses the visual qualities of an artwork. • The focus is onthe effective arrangements of lines, colors, shapes and other elements of art. • If it does have recognizable objects, they are often distorted or portrayed in an abstract way. They are not intended to look realistic. • A formalist artwork is considered to be successful if the artist has created a visually interesting design. Nude Descending a Staircase is done in what is called the Cubist style. It has an abstract, angular appearance.
  7. 7. This artwork by David Siqueiros is designed to draw your attention to the horrors of war. A screaming baby's head emerges from the destruction. The artist is making the point that no child could survive in that environment for very long. EMOTIONALISM • The aesthetic theory known as emotionalism stresses the expressive qualities in an artwork. The primary purpose of an emotionalist artwork is to vividly communicate moods, feelings and ideas to the viewer. • The main point of the artwork is to get the viewer's attention in a dramatic way and to impact the viewer's emotions. • A good emotionalist artwork will succeed in getting the artist's message across.
  8. 8. Elements of design
  9. 9. What we use to organize the Elements of Art, or the tools to make art. The laws of designing
  10. 10. ART MOVEMENTS • They are the collective titles that are given to artworks which share the same artistic ideas, style, technical approach or time frame. • They are a historical convenience for grouping together artists of a common period, style or technique so that they may be more easily understood. • Some movements are Impressionism, Dadaism, Post Impressionism, Fauvism, Cubism etc.
  11. 11. IMPRESSIONISM Impressionism was an art movement in France at the end of the 19th century. The Impressionists were a group of artists renowned for their innovative painting techniques and approach to using colour in art. CLAUDE MONET (1840-1926) 'Waterlilies and Japanese Bridge', 1899 (oil on canvas) ALFRED SISLEY (1839-99) 'Flood at Port Marley', 1876 (oil on canvas)
  12. 12. POST IMPRESSIONISM Root of Modern Art • Post Impressionism was not a formal movement or style. The Post Impressionists were a few independent artists at the end of the 19th century who rebelled against the limitations of Impressionism. They developed a range of personal styles that focused on the emotional, structural, symbolic and spiritual elements that they felt were missing from Impressionism. VINCENT VAN GOGH (1853-1890) 'View of Arles-Orchard in Bloom with Poplars', 1890 (oil on canvas)
  13. 13. CUBISM - THE FIRST STYLE OF ABSTRACT ART • A typical Cubist painting depicts real people, places or objects, but not from a fixed viewpoint. Instead it will show you many parts of the subject at one time, viewed from different angles, and reconstructed into a composition of planes, forms and colours. The whole idea of space is reconfigured: the front, back and sides of the subject become interchangeable elements in the design of the work. PABLO PICASSO (1881-1973) 'Factory, Horta de Ebbo', 1909 (oil on canvas)
  14. 14. ART APPRECIATION Art Appreciation is the knowledge and understanding of the universal and timeless qualities that identify all great art. Art appreciation involves having an understanding of all of the qualities that comprise a great work of art. Art appreciation also involves learning about certain time periods, movements, styles and techniques so that a person has a better understanding of the basis for the art as well as of the art itself.
  15. 15. PROCESS OF ART APPRECIATION 1. Description 2. Analysis 3.Interpretation 4. Judgment
  16. 16. Step 1 – Description • In the description step you will make observations about what you see. For this first step your observations must be objective. Try not to express your opinions yet. “describe only the facts. • Also facts likes: 1. The name of the artist, his or her nationality, and date of birth and death 2. 2. The name of the art or and the year or years it as made. • Now really look at the artwork and describe in great detail what you see. Use the appropriate visual Arts vocabulary (line, shape, form, space, texture, colour and value).
  17. 17. Step 2 Analysis • In this step consider the most significant art principles that were used in the artwork. Describe how the artist used them to organise the elements. • BALANCE • CONTRAST • EMPHASIS • HARMONY • VARIETY • UNITY • GRADATION • MOVEMENT • RHYTHM • PROPORTION • DEPTH • COMPOSITION
  18. 18. Step 3 – Interpretation • Based on what you have learned so far about the artwork, what do you think the artist was trying to say? • Why did the artist create this artwork? • What do you think it means? • What feelings do you have when looking at this artwork? • Do you think there are things in the artwork that represent other things 4 symbols?
  19. 19. Step 4 Judgement • Do you like this artwork? • Do you think it is a good artwork? • Do think it is an important artwork would display this artwork in your home? Is this artwork good enough to put in a museum? • Justify your opinion. • Explain why you feel the way you do about this artwork based on what you have learned about it. What criteria do you base your Judgment on?
  20. 20. ART COMPOSITION RULES 1) RULES OF THIRDS What is the Rule of Thirds? Divide a canvas in thirds both horizontally and vertically, and place the focus of the painting either one third across or one third up or down the picture, or where the lines intersect.
  21. 21. In this, the eye is drawn straight into the centre of the image and you tend to ignore the rest of the picture. In this, the lion's face is on one of the Rule of Thirds 'hotspots', your eye is drawn the lion's face, then around the painting following the curve of the body.
  22. 22. The Rule of Thirds also works well for creating balance in a design.
  23. 23. ART COMPOSITION RULES 2) RULES OF ODDS One of the simplest ways to make a composition more dynamic is to have an odd number in the composition, say three, five, or seven, rather than an even number, say two, four, or six. It's called the Rule of Odds.
  24. 24. ART COMPOSITION RULES 3) THE RABATEMENT What is the rabatment of a rectangle? It’s the perfect square found inside any rectangle.
  25. 25. Notice how the two spaces work in concert: the baby fits entirely within the rabatment while the head of the mother looks down at the infant from outside the rabatment. Artists use the area outside the rabatment is to complete whatever story is being told. The figure (which is the center of interest) is located directly on the edge of the rabatment, with the trees located inside it. Outside the rabatment is an obliqued-shaped building that redirects the viewer’s eyes to the center of interest.
  26. 26. ART COMPOSITION RULES 4) THE GOLDEN RATIO The ratio of 1 to 1.618—has many names. Most often it is called the Golden Section, Golden Ratio, or Golden Mean, but it’s also occasionally referred to as the Golden Number, Divine Proportion, Golden Proportion, Fibonacci Number, and Phi.
  27. 27. Visual points of interest inside a golden rectangle These points—represented by the green dots in the diagram above—are called the “eyes of the rectangle.” Edward Hopper’s composition, below, sets the sailboat right on the lower right eye (with the tip of the sails extending nearly to the upper right eye).In this painting, Carolyn Anderson places her subject’s hands around that spot too.