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Developing Research Plan
Presented By: Anvita Jadhav
M. Pharm (IP)
Before conducting any research, researcher should develop
a research plan.
The research plan should include the overall purpose of the
research and how the outputs will be used and
Rationale for developing research plan
• It helps researcher to organize his ideas in a form
whereby it will be possible for him to look for flaws
and inadequacies, if any.
• It provides an inventory of what must be done and
which materials have to be collected as a
• It is a document that can be given to others for
Contents of research plan
• Research objective should be clearly stated in a
line or two which tells exactly what it is that
the researcher expects to do.
• The problem to be studied by researcher must
be explicitly stated so that one may know what
information is to be obtained for solving the
• Each major concept which researcher wants to
measure should be defined in operational
terms in context of the research project.
• The plan should contain the method to be
used in solving the problem. An overall
description of the approach concerning
method to be used are clearly mentioned in
the research plan.
• The plan must also state the details of the
techniques to be adopted.
• A clear mention of the population to be
studied should be made.
• If the study happens to be sample based, the
research plan should state the sampling plan.
The method of identifying the sample should be
such that generalization from the sample to the
original population is feasible.
• The plan must also contain the methods to be
used in processing the data. Statistical and other
methods to be used must be indicated in the
plan. Such methods should not be left until the
data have been collected.
• Results of pilot test, if any, should be reported.
Time and cost budgets for the research project
should also be prepared and laid down in the
Sections of research planSpecificAims
The purpose of this section is
to clearly and concisely
describe what the proposed
research is intended to
Should include specific
Should be hypothesis-based.
Objectives should be
obtainable within the
Study aims should fit together
in an overall framework.
Study should be well-focused
rather than broad and diffuse.Specific Aims
• This states the research
problem including the
current state of knowledge
and potential contributions
and significance of the
research to the field.
• Critically evaluate existing
background literature and
• Specify existing gaps that
the project is intended to
• Highlight potential policy
or practice impacts.
• Highlight why research
findings are important
beyond the confines of the
specific research projectBackground & Significance
& Progress Reports
The preliminary results section
describes prior work by the
investigators relevant to the
The progress report should
include a summary of the
previous application's specific
aims and importance of the
& Progress Reports
Discuss how previous work
leads to the current proposal.
Emphasize how the previous
work demonstrates feasibility of
Accuracy and overall
presentation are important in
figures, tables and graphs.
Research Design & Methods
This section is to
describe how the
research will be
carried out. This
Include details related to specific methodology; explain why the
proposed methods are the best to accomplish study goals.
Describe any novel concepts, approaches, tools or techniques.
Include details of how data will be collected and results analyzed.
Consider required statistical techniques.
Include proposed work plan and timeline.
A plan should cover a period of time
Plan of action should be flexible
Bottom to top levels of hierarchy should be
involved in the planning process.
The research plan
should include the
overall purpose of the
research and how the
outputs will be used
Contents of research
plan are objective,
Sections of research
plan are specific aim,
research design etc.
For performing any
research work has
• C. R. Kothari, Developing a Research Plan,
Research Methodology: Methods and
Techniques, 2nd Ed. Pg. No. 53 – 54, 2004.
• Mirza Hasanuzzaman, Research Planning
methodology, Pg. No. 1 – 3.
• How to Develop a Research Plan, The
Audience Agency, Pg. No. 1 – 3, 2012.