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Active vs. passive voice Part II

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Active vs. passive voice Part II

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  2. 2.  Active Voice & Passive Voice  (Auxiliary Verb – is/am/are)  Subject + V1+s/es+ object  Object+ is/am/are+ V3+ by + subject  Subject + Do/does+ not + V1 + Object  Object + is/am/are+ not + V3+ by Subject  Does+ Subject+ V1+Object+?  Is/am/are + Object+ V3+ by subject +?  Active and Passive Voice Example with Answers of Present Simple Tense  Active: He reads a novel.  Passive: A novel is read.  Active: He does not cook food.  Passive: Food is not cooked by him. 2
  3. 3.  Active Voice & Passive Voice  (Auxiliary Verb- is/am/are + being)  Subject + is/am/are+ v1+ ing + object  Object+ is/am/are+ being+ V3+ by + subject  Subject + is/am/are+ not+ v1+ ing+ object  Object + is/am/are+ not + being+V3+ by Subject  Is/am/are+ subject+v1+ing + object+?  Is/am/are + Object+ V3+ by subject +?  Active and Passive Voice Exercises of Present Continuous Tense  Active: Esha is singing a song.  Passive: A song is being sung by Esha. 3
  4. 4.  Active Voice & Passive Voice  (Auxiliary Verb- has/have +been)  Subject + has/have+ v3+ object  Object+ has/have+ been+ V3+ by + subject  Subject + has/have+ not+ v3+ object  Object + has/have+ not + been+V3+ by Subject  Has/have+ subject+ v3 + object+?  Has/Have + Object+ been+V3+ by subject +?  Active and Passive Voice Example with Answers of Present Perfect Tense  Active: Nitesh has challenged her.  Passive: She has been challenged by Nitesh. 4
  5. 5.  Active Voice & Passive Voice  (Auxiliary Verb- was/were)  Subject + V2+ object  Object+ was/were V3+ by + subject  Subject +did+ not+v1+ object  Object + was/were+ not +V3+ by Subject  Did+ subject+V1+ object+?  Was/were + Object+ V3+ by subject +?  Active and Passive Voice Exercises of Past Simple Tense  Active: Reema cleaned the floor.  Passive: The floor was cleaned by Reema 5
  6. 6.  Active Voice & Passive Voice  (Auxiliary Verb- was/were + being)  Subject + was/were + v1+ing+ object.  Object+ was/were +being+V3+ by + subject  Subject +was/were+ not+v1+ing + object  Object + was/were+ not +being+V3+ by Subject  Was/were+ Subject + V1+ing + object+?  Was/were + Object+ being+v3+ by+ subject+?  Active and Passive Voice Examples with Answers of Past Continuous Tense  Active: Nitika was painting the wall.  Passive: The wall was being painted by Nitika. 6
  7. 7.  Active Voice & Passive Voice  (Auxiliary Verb- had +been)  Subject + had + v3+ object.  Object+ had+been +V3+ by + subject  Subject +had+ not+v3+ object  Object + had+ not +been+V3+ by Subject  Had+ Subject + V3+ object+?  Had + Object+ been+v3+ by+ subject+?  Active and Passive Voice Exercises of Past Perfect Tense  Active: Misha had cleaned the floor.  Passive: The floor had been cleaned by Misha. 7
  8. 8.  Active Voice & Passive Voice  (Auxiliary Verb- will+ be)  Subject + will+ v1+ object.  Object+ will+ be +V3+ by + subject  Subject +will + not+ V1+object  Object + will+ not +be+V3+ by Subject  Will+ Subject + V1+ object+?  Will + Object+ be +v3+ by+ subject+?  We can better understand Rules of Active and Passive Voice with examples for future simple tense.  Active and Passive Voice Examples with Answers of Future Simple Tense  Active: Kriya will sew the bag.  Passive: The bag will be sewed by Kriya. 8
  9. 9.  Active Voice & Passive Voice  Subject + will+ have +v3+ object.  Object+ will+ have+ been +V3+ by + subject  Subject + will+ have +not+v3+ object.  Object + will+ have +not+been+v3+ subject  Will+ Subject+have+v3+ object+?  Will + object+have+been+v3+by +subject+?  Active and Passive Voice Exercises of Future Perfect Tense  Active: They will have brought the toy.  Passive: The toy will have been brought by them. 9
  10. 10.  Tip : Let  If the given sentence in the active voice is in the imperative form, to get the passive voice use ‘Let’.  Formation of Passive Voice = Let + Object + be + Past Participle  Examples:  Active: Help me.  Passive: Let me be helped.  Active: Open the door.  Passive: Let the door be opened. 10
  11. 11.  Tip :Helping verbs like am, is, are, was, were, will, have, should, could, will  If the question in the Active Voice begins with a Helping verb the Passive voice must also begin with a suitable helping verb.  Active: Are you writing a letter?  Passive: Is a letter being written by you?  Active: Will you write a letter?  Passive: Will a letter be written by you?  What, When, Who, Why, How:  If the question begins with ‘Wh’ or How’ form (what, when, how, etc.) the Passive Voice must begin with the same. Only ‘who’ gets replaced by ‘By whom’.  Active: Why did you break the box?  Passive: Why was the box broken by you?  Active: Who broke the window?  Passive: By whom was the window broken? 11
  12. 12.  Tip : Direct and Indirect Object  If a sentence contains two objects namely Indirect Object and Direct Object in the Active Voice, two forms of Passive Voice can be formed.  Active: She brought me a cup of coffee.  Passive: (I) I was brought a cup of coffee by her.  Passive: (II) A cup of coffee was brought to me by her.  Object Complement: When made passive, these objects complements become subject complements; they come after the verb.  Active: They elected him their leader.  Passive: He was elected their leader. 12
  13. 13.  Tip : Cases where no passive form exists  Present perfect Continuous: She has been writing a letter.  Past perfect Continuous: He had been cleaning the house.  Future Continuous: I will be filing all the documents tomorrow.  Future Perfect Continuous: I will have been serving tea for customers at this hotel for twenty years by then.  Intransitive verb which do not take objects:  · I eat.  · I am living here.  · I have travelled by train.  · I went there.  · I waited for a long time. 13
  14. 14.  Tip : Gerund, Infinitive  When used in passive form, gerund and Infinitive are formed differently.  Infinitive: passive is formed as ‘to be + past participle’  Active: I want to shoot the tiger.  Passive: I want the tiger to be shot.  Gerund: passive is formed as ‘being + past participle’  Active: I remember my father taking me to the theatre.  Passive: I remember being taken to the theatre by my father. 14
  15. 15.  Tip : Cases where ‘by’ is not used  With: use with in place of ‘by’ to talk about an instrument used by the agent/subject.  Active: Somebody hit the dog with a stick.  Passive: (I) The dog was hit by with a stick.  Passive: (II) The dog was hit by a boy.  Impersonal Passive: In scientific / technical / business writing, the emphasis is usually on the action or process. So the ‘by’ phrase is generally omitted.  Active: One finds mosquitoes everywhere.  Passive: Mosquitoes are found everywhere. 15
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