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1. Definition of Computer Based
• What is Computer Based Learning?
Computer-based learning is a term that can be used to describe
virtually any kind of learning program using computers as a central staple.
This approach to learning takes advantage of the interactive elements
of computer software, along with the computer’s ability to present many
different kinds of media. There are several potential advantages of
computer-based learning programs, including the ability for people to
learn from their homes and study without the assistance of an instructor.
This type of learning has been used as a tool in the midst of a more
traditional classroom experience. It has also been used as a primary
education method, especially in many online education programs. The use
of computers for learning has generally increased with the advancement
of technology. The ability of computer hardware to process and present
many different media types has allowed for more complex
computer learning strategies.
The computer-based learning model can be used by a myriad of
learning programs across the world. It can also be combined with
traditional teaching methods to enhance the overall educational.
Computer-based learning is also known as computer-aided instruction.
2. Characteristics of Computer Based Learning
• Utilize the power of the computer (digital media and network
• Utilizing multimedia technology, so that the learning environment to be
interesting, not boring and ultimately motivate learners to learn
• Utilizing electronic technologies ; where educators and learners, learners and
fellow learners or educators and peer educators can communicate with
relative ease without being limited by matters of protocol.
• Using the media is independent (self – learning materials) stored on a
computer so it can be accessed by educators and
learners anytime and anywhere if the person
• Utilizing Data Exchange (Information sharing)
which interactively can be viewed at anytime
on the computer.
3. Role of Computer Based in Learning
• Computer based has many role or function in the learning activities, there
. 1. Cognitive Objectives
Computers can teach the concepts of rules, principles, measures,
processes, and complex calculations. Computers also can explain the
concept by simply by merging visual and audio, animated. Making it
suitable for self-learning activities.
2. The purpose of Affective
When a program is designed appropriately to give a piece of clip
sound or video whose contents arouse feelings, learning attitude /
affective can be done using computer media.
3. Psychomotor Objectives
With this form of learning that is packaged in a very nice games and
simulations are used to create the conditions of the working world. Some
examples of programs, among others; aircraft landing simulations,
simulation of war in the most severe terrain and so on.
4. Advantage and Disadvantage of
Computer Based Learning
• Computer Based Learning has many advantages:
a. Provide opportunities for students to solve problems
b. Provide compelling presentations with animation
c. Provide learning content choices are many and varied
d. Capable of motivating students to learn
e. Capable of activating and stimulating methods of teaching
f. Promoting the development of students' understanding of the
g. Stimulate students to learn with passion, the material
presented easily understood by students.
h. Students had an experience that is concrete, increased student
i. Give direct feedback
j. Can accommodate students who are slow because it can create an
effective learning climate with a much more personal way.
k. Can stimulate students to do the exercise because of the availability of
animated graphics, color and music.
l. The handle is on the student so that the learning speed can be adjusted
to the level of ability.
• In addition to the many advantages possessed by this
way of learning, computer-based learning also has some
a. Learners with low motivation or bad study habits may fall behind
b. Without the routine structures of a traditional class, students
may get lost or confused about course activities and deadlines
c. Students may feel isolated from the instructor and classmates
d. Instructor may not always be available when students are
studying or need help
e. Slow Internet connections or older computers may make
accessing course materials frustrating
• Training and practice : In this computer-based learning
students are given questions or problems to be solved and
then the computer will give a response to the answers given
• Tutorial : This learning model provides a lesson plan that is
complexs contains learning materials, exercises and feecback.
• Simulations : This learning model presents a system of
learning by a process of imitation of the real thing in the form