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Similar a DIvorce and Remarriage.pptx(20)


DIvorce and Remarriage.pptx

  1. What Did (and Would) Jesus Say?
  2. Background / Context
  3. “The number of divorces in Malaysia has more than doubled in just eight years from 2004. In 2012, a whopping 56,760 divorces were recorded, which is equivalent to a marriage breaking down every 10 minutes.” Boo Su-Lyn, The Malay Mail (2014)
  4. What did Jesus say about divorce and remarriage? Are Christians who’ve divorced allowed to re-marry?
  5. Why is this important? 1. There will be many Christian couples being divorced over the next few years (cf. Sarawak) 2. Many divorcees will re/fall in love and hope to get re/married; as there are some Christians who long to be in a relationship with a divorcee 3. #WWLION, there will (eventually) be many remarried people in the church. Will there be judgment and stigmatization? E.g. homosexuals, convict – what about remarried people? It ‘colours’ everything we see about the person
  6. The Problem
  7. “Anyone who divorces his wife and marries another woman commits adultery, and the man who marries a divorced woman commits adultery.” Luke 16:18
  8. “It has been said, ‘Anyone who divorces his wife must give her a certificate of divorce.’ But I tell you that anyone who divorces his wife, except for sexual immorality, causes her to commit adultery, and anyone who marries a divorced woman commits adultery.” Matthew 5:31-32
  9. It’s so “clear” from the Bible, isn’t it?
  10. We Must Be Very Careful Whenever We ‘Absolutize’ the Bible (for example…)
  11. “Now the whole group of those who believed were of one heart and soul, and no one claimed private ownership of any possessions, but everything they owned was held in common. ” Acts 4:32
  12. “If you want to be perfect, go, sell your possessions and give to the poor, and you will have treasure in heaven. Then come, follow me.” Matthew 19:28
  13. “It seemed good to the Holy Spirit and to us not to burden you with anything beyond the following requirements: You are to abstain from food sacrificed to idols, from blood, from the meat of strangled animals and from sexual immorality. You will do well to avoid these things.” Acts 15:28-29
  14. “Be fruitful and multiply; fill the earth and subdue it.” Genesis 1:28
  15. We could, in fact, already stop here….
  16. It’s not the Bible, It’s Us… • We are very arbitrary in our reading of Scripture; very often, our decisions reflect our ideology or culture • We selectively decide which passage are more ‘relevant’ or ‘absolute’ than others; • Some passages we have decided ‘do not apply’ today or are merely ‘symbolic’, etc. • We are ignorant of the world ‘behind’ and ‘in front’ of the texts
  17. Matthew 19:3-9
  18. What was the issue/problem Jesus was addressing?
  19. “Jesus was dealing with the aggressiveness of the male in the context of first-century culture…(He) was condemning the callousness by which a man would marry and divorce and remarry with the same ease as he might buy and sell cattle.” Richard Foster
  20. “Jesus did what the rabbis refused to do: he recognized that a man could commit adultery against his wife. In rabbinic Judaism a woman by infidelity could commit adultery against her husband; and a man, by having sexual relations with another man's wife, could commit adultery against him. But a man could never commit adultery against his wife, no matter what he did.” Walter Wessel
  21. “By putting the husband under the same moral obligation as the wife, Jesus raised the status and dignity of women.” Wessel
  22. It’s ironic when a verse originally employed to liberate women from oppressive relationships is later used to deny them a genuine one!
  23. Jesus on remarriage and divorce • Jesus emphasized first principles i.e. the sacredness of marriage, what God’s original intentions were for marriage, etc. • Jesus was directly responding to the male chauvinistic practice of ‘casual divorce’ and was, in fact, affirming the dignity of women in doing so • Jesus was NOT dealing with cases whereby divorced people are sincerely seeking to find new love/life with a new partner who loves them; He in fact challenged the ‘rule-based’ approach towards divorce and remarriage!
  24. “Anyone who divorces his wife, except for sexual immorality, causes her to commit adultery”?? Matt 5:31 (non-NIV)
  25. “(In a Jewish legal context), a woman can be divorced by her husband but cannot initiate divorce; another man can take her as his wife, but she is not viewed as taking a man as her husband. The whole situation happens to her, rather than being the result of her decisions..” Stassen & Gushee
  26. “Jesus was calling attention to the degraded relationship that existed between a man and a woman when the woman had been previously married…it was something that kept the woman in perpetual fear, constantly in a corner. In first-century culture, the divorced woman was viewed as a ‘second-hand woman’, and Jesus was saying that when a man thinks of a woman as a cheap commodity he has her in a vicious relationship.” Richard Foster
  27. What does ‘makes her an adulteress’ mean?? • Jesus was highlighting how women are a victim of the vicious cycle of adultery produced by this MCP system; in fact, many divorced women during the time had to turn to prostitution to survive (see NIV translation). • Most importantly, Jesus was emphasizing the culpability of the ex- husband i.e. “you are the one who made her an adulteress (when you divorce her, treat her as 2nd-class, etc.)”
  28. So WWJS about re/marriage today? • Marriage remains a sacred covenant, a one-flesh union (Gen 2:24); husbands are called to give their lives for their wives who are in turn called to submit to and respect their husbands (Ephesians 5) • Having said that, Jesus’ “prohibitions” against remarriage applied specifically to an ABUSE of marriage laws; He was not against divorcees who seek to start a new life with someone who loves them (‘apples and oranges’ situation, cf. multiple re-marriages?) • There is always hope for anyone who’s left a previous marriage, and who finds someone new to love him/her. And a God who makes all things new will honor and rejoice in that new relationship