1. Author: Alvin B. Punongbayan
A verb is a part of speech that denotes action or state of being.
KINDS OF VERBS
ACTION VERBS- express physical or mental activity. Examples are run,
dive, collect, write, etc.
LINKING VERBS- they do not express an action. They are the “be-verbs”
like is, are, was, were, am being, is being, are being, etc.
AUXILIARY VERBS- are helping verbs such as can, may, could, might,
shall, should, have, etc.
CLASSES OF VERBS
TRANSITIVE VERB- needs an object to complete its meaning.
The mayor signed the resolution.
Transitive verb- signed
Direct Object- resolution
INTRANSITIVE VERB- doesn’t need an object to complete its meaning.
Intransitive verb- cries
TYPES OF VERBS
REGULAR VERBS- are verbs that form the past tense and past participle
by adding “d” or “ed”.
IRREGULAR VERBS- are verbs which form their past tense and past
participle by changing the word/ spelling.
Regular clean cleaned cleaned
report reported reported
Irregular break broke broken
swim swam swum
is was been
TENSE. It indicates time.
A. SIMPLE TENSE
1. Present tense- denotes present situation and a general truth. (It
ends in s/es)
2. Author: Alvin B. Punongbayan
Present situation: Mae cleans the room.
General Truth: Edgar Allan Poe is a writer.
2. Past tense- denotes past time or action already happened. (ending
Mae cleaned the room.
3. Future tense- expresses future action; form may be:
a) will / shall + the base form of the verb
Mae will clean the room.
b) be-verb + going to + base form of the verb
Mae is going to clean the room.
B. PERFECT TENSE
1. Present Perfect Tense- expresses an action that began in some
past time and continues in the present. It is formed by “has/ have +
past participle of the verb”.
She has lived here all her life..
He has cooked the food for 30 minutes.
2. Past Perfect Tense- expresses an action that happened before
another past action. The form is “had + past participle of the verb”.
I had cleaned the room before you arrived.
3. Future Perfect Tense- expresses an action that will be completed at
some future time before some other action. The form is “will/shall +
have + past participle of the verb”.
I will have cleaned the room this afternoon before the visitors
C. PROGRESSIVE FORM
C.1. SIMPLE PROGRESSIVE
1. Present Progressive- indicates an ongoing action
happening at the same time the moment of speaking. It is
formed by “am/is/are + present participle of the verb
(ends in –ing)”.
I am listening to the radio when the visitors arrived.
2. Past Progressive- indicates past action that is happening
when another action happened too. The form is
“was/were + present participle of the verb (ends in –ing)”.
Lovely was listening to the radio when the visitors arrived.
3. Future Progressive- indicates ongoing action that will
take place in the future. The form is “will be / shall be +
present participle of the verb (ends in –ing)”.
3. Author: Alvin B. Punongbayan
He will be listening to the radio when you arrive.
C.2 PERFECT PROGRESSIVE
1. Present Perfect Progressive- indicates action that began
in the past, continues to the present and may continue in
the future. The form is “has been / have been + present
participle of the verb (ends in –ing)”.
Marissa has been writing a story since this morning.
2. Past Perfect Progressive Tense- indicates a past and
ongoing action that was completed before another past
action. The form is “had been + present participle of the
verb (ends in –ing)”.
Before mother arrived, I had been cleaning the house.
3. Future Perfect Progressive- indicates a future and
ongoing action that will happen before some future time.
The form is “will have been + present participle of the
verb (ends in –ing)”.
By next year, I will have been teaching in public school.
D. EMPHATIC FORM
This form is done only in present and past tense.
They do study their lessons. (Present)
They did study their lessons. (Past)
In present emphatic the form is “do / does + the base form of the
In past emphatic the form is “did + the base form of the verb”.
Activity 1. Identify the following verbs as regular or irregular:
4. Author: Alvin B. Punongbayan
Activity 2. Write the past tense and past participle of the following irregular verbs.
Activity 3. Identify the following verbs as singular or plural:
Activity 4. Write the correct form of the verb inside the parenthesis:
1. Lisa (play-past) piano.
2. All the rooms (has-present) numbers.
3. They (is-present) admiring the dancers.
4. The mailman (deliver-past emphatic) the letter.
5. Mike (drive- future perfect) the car tomorrow.
6. I (write-past perfect) my friend.
7. They (eat- present progressive) their lunch.
8. He (tell- past) me a wonderful story.
9. They (take- past) the money.
5. Author: Alvin B. Punongbayan
10.Cristine (help- present) her mother in cleaning the house.