Types of Libraries: Public, Special, School, and Academic

Librarian em Central Philippine University
3 de Aug de 2017

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Types of Libraries: Public, Special, School, and Academic

  1. Public, Academic, Special, and School Libraries CPU LLE Review 2017
  2. Organizational Structure Administration Reader Services Technical Services Management Policy decisions Budget control Staff supervision Personnel matters Staff training Liaison within and other organizations Providing advice Planning Information Technology (IT) support Loans Interlibrary Lending (ILL) Reader Education Publicity and Public Relations Reader Assistance Provides services that deal with bibliographic control including: Acquisition Cataloging End Processing Acquires and organizes information
  3. Library Staffing Professional. The librarian who has library qualifications (usually an undergraduate or graduate degree) and recognized as a professional. Paraprofessional. Supports the library’s professional staff Clerical. Usually directed to tasks by the professionals or paraprofessionals. Support. Staff who work as support of the administrative section
  4. Public Library Funded by the government and provides library services to all sections of the community
  5. Objectives of a Public Library Education Information Culture Leisure
  6. Features Library Collections - May have separate collections for children, young adults, and adults. Facilities - Public libraries must be centrally located within the community they serve Space - The size of any public library building must consider the following: community population, growing library collection, size of staff, services to be offered.
  7. History (Philippines) American Circulating Library, established on March 9, 1900 by Charles Greenleaf, with Nellie Young Egbert as its first librarian The first effort to establish a public library outside Manila was made on June 21, 1904 with the enactment of Act No. 1175, AN Act Authorizing the Establishment of a Circulating Library in the Province of Albay. The library did not materialize. It was in 1955 when Albay Provincial Library was organized. Iloilo Provincial Library was the first to earn the distinction of being the first regular provincial library established in the Philippines; it was organized on October 29, 1916 (or 1918?)
  8. Related Laws Act No. 1849 RA 411 RA 7743 RA 3873 Minimum Standards for Public Libraries RA 7356 RA 8047 Executive Order No. 119 RA 7160 Civil Service Office Memorandum No. 99, s. 2001 RA 6966 and RA 9246 RA 8392
  9. The National Library Started with the Museo Biblioteca de Filipinas which was established in 1887 with Don Pedro Paterno as the first director. During the American period, Charles O. Greenleaf established the American Circulating Library In 1909 - Dr. James Robertson as the director, a bibliographer and a well-known historian Dr. Trinidad H. Pardo de Tavera was the director when the Philippine Library Association was organized in October 1923, and eventually became the president of the association
  10. Current NLP Director Cesar Gilbert Q. Adriano, the new Director IV of the National Library of the Philippines, was sworn into office last April 6, 2017 (appointed by Pres. Duterte)
  11. Challenges keeping up with technological developments meeting a wide range of needs and expectations maintaining free core services coping with staffing and financial constraints increasing cost of material censorship apathy of local population competition
  12. Academic Library An academic library serves the staff, students, and faculty of a tertiary institution such as a university or college The majority of users are academic & administrative staff, both teachers and researchers, undergraduate & postgraduate students on and off campus Its primary purpose is to support the teaching, research, and extension services functions of the university.
  13. Factors affecting Management Factors affecting management of academic libraries: size of the user population (faculty, students, researchers, administration, and staff) thrust of the parent institution (college or university) funding presence of a library committee position of the librarian in the organization and the duties and responsibilities given to him/her, and so on.
  14. Collection Features Collections cover a wide variety of subjects based on curriculum Collections depend on requirements to provide basic texts over many subject areas and also research-focused collections Users have different needs Librarians need to coordinate with faculty/academic staff Academic libraries have strong non-book collections and also increasingly relies on electronic services
  15. Services Emphasizes reader assistance and instruction current awareness service Modern circulation systems Photocopying and computer services
  16. Challenges Extended opening hours to cater the needs of users cost of keeping up with technology storage of electronic information cost of resourcing new courses copyright considerations Study and Storage space collection storage, the need for security systems
  17. Special Libraries Specializes in a limited subject area, usually maintained by a corporation, organization, or government agency It is attached to a society, association, or commercial institution
  18. History On July 2, 1909, twenty six (26) librarians congregated at Bretton Woods in New Hampshire. This marked the birth of the Special Libraries Association (SLA) John Cotton Dana is the founder of the association. The motto of the SLA was quoted by John A. Lapp, which is “putting knowledge to work.” Rufo Buenviaje is considered as the father of special librarianship Juan C. Buenrostro, Jr. was the writer of the first book published in the Philippines in 1995 entitled “The management of Special Libraries and Information Centers.”
  19. Associations of Special Libraries The Special Libraries Association (SLA) The Association of Special Libraries in the Philippines (ASLP) Angelina Cabanero was the first ASLP president. ASALP has its own publication – the ASLP Bulletin Medical and Health Librarians’ Association of the Philippines (MAHLAP) Agricultural Librarians’ Association of the Philippines (ALAP)
  20. Some Special Libraries in the Philippines Asian Development Bank (ADB)
 Asian Institute of Management (AIM)
 Energy Research and Development Center (ERDC) under the Philippine National Oil Company (PNOC).
 International Center for Living and Aquatic Resources (ICLAR)
 International Rice Research Institute (IRRI) Library
 Philippine Council for Agriculture and Resources Research (PCARR)
 Population Center Foundation (PCF)
 Philippine Nuclear Research Institute (PNRI)
 San Miguel Corporation Human Resource Library Division
 Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center (SEAFDEC)
 Southeast Asian Ministers of Education Organization Regional Center for Education Innovation and Technology Resource Center (SEAMEO-INNOTECH)
  21. School Libraries Serves the staff and students in a school, providing resources to support the curriculum, the direction in the development and teaching of courses It aims to direct students towards correct library use and encourage reading. ‘Learning resource center’
  22. History can be traced to the beginning of the public library movement in the last half of the nineteenth century in the United States. It was in New York where librarians were first recognized as teachers rather than clerks. John Newberry is considered the “Father of Children’s Literature.” He was the first to conceive the idea of publishing books for children. The modern concept of a school library was introduced in the Philippines by Lois Osborn. The first school library established in the Philippines is Pampanga High School Library.
  23. Role of the Teacher-Librarian Select, evaluate, and organize material to assist in the teaching program and to meet the educational, recreational, and cultural needs of the school community To cooperate with teachers and guide students in developing the best ways of using the resources available to achieve the aims of the teaching program and to develop the students’ information literacy
  24. Collections Up-to-date reference materials for teachers and students Materials at appropriate reading levels to meet the need for: research information, reading for pleasure, hobbies & interests, current awareness Latest reference books, recent non-fiction books, fiction & picture books, newspapers and periodicals, pamphlets, films, videos, equipment, Internet accessible
  25. Collection Development Emphasis on supporting the curriculum and encouraging teachers to be involved in the selection processes Schools now use more multimedia material for teaching resources Awareness of current developments in children’s literature is essential for teacher- librarians
  26. Newberry Medal The John Newbery Medal is a literary award given by the Association for Library Service to Children, a division of the American Library Association (ALA) The award is given to the author of "the most distinguished contribution to American literature for children." Named for John Newbery, an 18th- century English publisher of juvenile books, the Newbery was proposed by Frederic G. Melcher in 1921 2017 awardee: The Girl Who Drank the Moon by Kelly Barnhill
  27. The Carnegie Medal The Carnegie Medal is a British literary award that annually recognises one outstanding new book for children or young adults. It is conferred upon the author by the Chartered Institute of Library and Information Professionals (CILIP). The Medal is named after the Scottish-born American philanthropist Andrew Carnegie 2017 awardee: Salt to the Sea by Ruta Sepetys
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