4 Principles of Instructional Technology Learning Objectives After reading this chapter, you should be able to: • Compare and contrast the following three pairs of commonly confused terms: education and schooling, teaching and learning, and curriculum and instruction. • Identify a theory of learning that is compatible with your beliefs about learning and a learning theory that is not compatible with your beliefs about how students learn best. • Describe the core components of the TPACK model and show the relevance of each to ways in which technology might be used in the classroom. • Create a graphic illustrating the four phases of the technology integration process and describe the tasks that are most important for classroom teachers to be responsible for. • Identify two strategies that will assist you in integrating technology into the curriculum. AP Photo/The Idaho Statesman/Darin Oswald edy80779_04_c04_133-170.indd 133 5/29/13 2:15 PM CHAPTER 4Pre-Test Meet Dr. Ruben Puentedura A Brief Introduction to the Use of Technology in Education http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rMazGEAiZ9c Introduction Can teachers be effective if they choose not to use technology in their classrooms? Unfortunately, there is little agreement among educators on this basic question. In this chapter, we will explore issues associated with teaching and learning in order to understand when, how, and why technology has the potential to enhance teach- ing, learning, and performance. Specifically, our goal is to understand whether or not the decision to use technology in the classroom is up to the individual teacher or if there are some larger social obligations that require teachers to support technology use by diverse students in ways that foster meaningful and deep learning. In other courses you may have been introduced to various theories of learning. Here we will briefly explore selected learning theories in order to understand their implications for our personal beliefs concerning how learning occurs, as research has demonstrated that a teacher’s theoretical framework has considerable implications for the way they adopt and use technology in the classroom (or not!). The final sections in this chapter will bridge theory, research, and practice by introducing you to a model of the technology integration process. While many technology specialists find all aspects of technology integration exciting, we must not lose sight of the goal for using technology in the classroom: to enhance student learning. Therefore, you’ll be given a roadmap to the process of integrating technology into the curriculum and learn practical strategies, resources, and tools that will facilitate this process. Pre-Test 1. Which term describes the instructional process and guides classroom methods? a. learning b. development c. curriculum d. assessment 2. Programming a computer when creating a new program is an example of the computer as a a. tutee. b..