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Madan mohan malviya and his contribution and philosophy by ar. akash dixit
• Born in a Brahmin family at Allahabad on December 25,1861.
• He received his early education at the Hardeva's Dharma Gyanopadesh
Pathshala and in 1879 did his matriculation from the Muir Central College,
now christened as Allahabad University. He passed his LL.B. examination
• He was a great patriot, an educationist with a vision, a social reformer, an
ardent journalist, reluctant but effective lawyer, a successful parliamentarian
and an outstanding statesman.
• Being a freedom fighter, he realized the need for a newspaper to educate the
masses of India and started Abhyudaya, the Hindi weekly in 1907 and made
it a daily in 1915. Apart from this, he also started a Hindi monthly, Maryada,
and English daily Leader in 1909.
• Pandit Malaviya strongly believed in religious wisdom and wished to
awaken spiritual belief in the people.
• He remained in the Indian political arena for more than fifty years.
• Died on November 12, 1946 (aged 84) in Varanasi.
• Mohan Malaviya’s poems (sawaiyas) published in
‘Harischandra Chandrika’ magazine
• Started the Hindi paper `Maryada'
• Realized the need of an English Newspaper
• President of the Indian National Congress
• Member of the Imperial Legislative Council
• Member of the Central Legislative Council
• Civil Lawyer in Allahabad High Court
• Defended Chora Chori incident
• Changed the working language as Devnagri Lipi in
Allahabad High court
• Founded BHU
• Ass. Master at gvt. High school Allahabad
• Formed many Sanskrit and spiritual schools
• Member of Round Table Conference INC
• Active member in Non- Co operative Movement
• He opposed partition of India
• He worked for the upliftment of economically weaker sections of the
• He supported widow remarriage and opposed child marriage both for boys
• He favored the idea of social upliftment of women and opined that they
should be properly educated.
• He was against untouchability and suggested several reforms for the
socio-economic upliftment of Harijans. He wished to see then social and
economically prosperous by raising their educational standards.
• He was a prospective visionary.
• He always talked about the equality of men and women in our society.
• Pandit Malaviya wanted education to be given to all as he believed that poverty
lies in the ignorance of the people.
• Education was necessary for the growth of the economic activities in all
branches of national production: in agriculture, small industries, manufactures,
science and commerce.
• He wished to put Indian thoughts together and devise a system of education -
technical, scientific and industrial.
• Pandit Malaviya wanted primary education to be universally understood as the
root of the progress and hence primary education was made compulsory.
• In his opinion the moral advantages of education were not to be diluted since they were
essential for creating good and responsible humans.
• He wished that the education imparted to children should be made interesting and should
contain the knowledge from their religious texts.
• Mahamana argued that education extended to men would limit the
goals of education, but if women were educated then substantial
change could be achieved.
• Speaking in a traditional idiom he pointed out that the importance of
the mother is ten times more than that of the father.
• He was very particular about the nature of education that should be
imparted to women as they were the mother's of the future citizens
• The curriculum for women must combine ancient knowledge,
culture and values along with a modern scientific education which
have direct impact upon the development of good future citizens.
• The Calcutta Commission in 1917 had recommended the
establishment of an intermediate college in every district that would
help students acquire industrial skills in their own region.
• For Malaviya, the university was tree with its roots in primary
education; the secondary schools provided the nourishment to the
tree. But the system was not oriented towards training the people in
different fields BUT it trained students to become clerks in
government offices and courts.
• The need of the hour was more universities and centers of higher
learning producing experts and scholars who would dispel the
ignorance in the country.
SECONDARYAND HIGHER EDUCATION
• He recommended teaching science and drawing at primary and
• Finally a research institute was formed in 1911 at Bangalore-Indian
Institute of Science.
• He seemed to think that practical application of scientific knowledge
of science by science students would contribute to the expansion of
• Benaras Hindu University founded in 1916 was a community
initiative and the government did not provide much by way of
financial support. It was the people of India who financially
supported the funding of the university.
SCIENTIFIC AND TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENT
• सत्यमेव जयते
• “Truth alone triumphs”
• Is a mantra from the
ancient Indian scripture Mundaka Upanishad.
Upon independence of India, it was adopted
as the national motto of India.
• The slogan was popularized and brought into
the national lexicon by Pandit Madan Mohan
Malaviya in 1918 when serving his second of
four terms as President of the Indian National
Practice at Allahabad
House in Allahabad
Proposal of establishing
university under chairmanship
of Kashi Naresh
Editorship of the
President of Indian
The Banaras Hindu
President of Indian
President of Hindu
Member of Round
• To conclude, it can be said that there is no difference between Mahayana”s vision
and globalization regarding the higher education.
• Let us prepare ourselves to face the situation through learning information
technology for the qualitative higher education.
• Let us make our institution different from others with value addition of Mahamana
Madan Mohan Malaviya vision.
• If we want corruption free society, we do not advocated for a lot of act as janlokpal
etc, but we try to reform our higher education, on the basis of our great visionaries.
• Making University not the copy of London or USA, which attract knowledge
seekers from all over world, believe in globalization but also believe in indigenous
culture of nation.
• Malaviya ji was a great visionary he could realize the dangers and ill effects of
• For Malaviya ji, to keep alive the sense of duty towards God and towards our
motherland, to serve our fellowmen, to promote public welfare and to be prepared to
sacrifice everything for the sake of motherland, was the real purpose of higher