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- 1. EXPERIMENTAL STUDY ON STRENGTH PROPERTIES OF CONCRETE WITH ADDITION OF TAMARIND KERNAL POWDER AS AN ADDITIVE
- 2. GUIDED BY, Prof. SONIYA. B, M.E., Assistant Professor, Dept. of Civil Engineering, Noorul Islam University Kumaracoil - 629 180 PRESENTED BY JEBAHAR.J (1120306006) RENISH.R (1120306010) ARUN KUMAR K.S (1120306901) Dept. of Civil Engineering, Noorul Islam University Kumaracoil - 629 180.
- 3. ABSTRACT Concrete is one of the most widely used material in building construction. In modern days concrete is loosing its properties when subjected to environmental condition. Hence there is need to enhance the properties of concrete and various additives are added in cement to improve the properties of concrete. In this project studies were carried out using tamarind kernel powder as an additive. It was observed that there was improvement in strength with addition of tamarind kernel powder.
- 4. The purpose of this project is to experimentally investigate the effect of tamarind kernel powder in structural concrete is added to improve the strength of concrete. Many types of tamarind kernel powder are used for concrete reinforcement. tamarind kernel powder are the most common type. The use of tamarind kernel powder concrete is more precise configuration compared to normal concrete. In this project, Adding the Tamarind kernel powder as 0%, 5%, 10%, 15% and 20%. It will develop a high performance concrete.
- 5. INTRODUCTION Sustainability was a big issue that being concern in making a development. This is because sustainable development has become a key aspect in society, Economics and development. Sustainable development shall meet the needs of the present without compromising ability of future generation to meet their own needs. It also shows that development that going to be made to sustain the planetary resources by using them effectively without making unnecessary wastage.
- 6. The usage of Tamarind kernel to replace the Coarse aggregate, is because the production of the Coarse aggregate emits carbon dioxide gas to atmosphere. The Coarse aggregate industry is held responsible for some of the carbon dioxide emission, because the production of one ton Portland Coarse aggregate emits approximately one ton of carbon dioxide gas into the atmosphere.
- 7. OBJECTIVES To use industrial waste Tamarind kernel for the manufacture of concrete which otherwise would have been a disposal. To reduce the quantity of Coarse aggregate in manufacture of concrete. To increase the strength of concrete by partial replace Coarse aggregate of Coarse aggregate with Tamarind kernel. To study and find permeable voids of the concrete mix and its relation with compressive strength of concrete.
- 8. SCOPE OF PROJECT Improving strength and durability properties of concrete. Reduces a good part of total carbon dioxide emitted. Introduction of new construction material
- 9. TAMARIND KERNEL Tamarind kernel, also known amorphous (non-crystalline) polymorph of silicon dioxide, silica. It is an ultrafine powder collected as a by-product of the silicon and ferrosilicon alloy production and consists of spherical particles with an average particle size of 150 nm.
- 10. LITERATURE REVIEW S.Bhanjaa, 2002, “Investigations on the compressive strength of Tamarind kernel concrete using statistical methods” et al., Extensive experimentation was performed to determine the isolated effect of Tamarind kernel on the properties of concrete over a wide range of w/cm ratios varying from 0.3 to 0.42 and Tamarind kernel replace Coarse aggregate percentages ranging from 5 to 30. On the basis of regression analysis of a large number of experimental results, a statistical model has been developed, which can serve as a useful tool for optimizing and predicting the strengths of Tamarind kernel concretes over a wide range of replace Coarse aggregate percentages and w/cm ratios ranging from 0.3 to 0.42. This model, involving nondimensional variables, is independent of the specimen parameters.
- 11. Edward Jenner, 2012 “Experimental Investigation on Micro silica (Tamarind kernel) As Partial Coarse aggregate Replace Coarse aggregate in Concrete” International Journal of Modern Engineering Research (IJMER) et al., Coarse aggregate replace Coarse aggregate up to 10% with Tamarind kernel leads to increase in compressive strength, for C30 grade of concrete. From 15% there is a decrease in compressive strength for 3, 7, 14 and 28 days curing period. It was observed that the compressive strength of C30 grade of concrete is increased from 16.15% to 29.24% and decrease from 23.98% to 20.22%. The maximum replace Coarse aggregate level of Tamarind kernel is 10% for C30 grade of concrete. Both the physical and chemical properties of micro silica and Coarse aggregate are in compliance with the standard except SO3 analyzed from Coarse aggregate. Based on the conclusions arrived at, the following recommendations are made for future work: It is recommended that testing of concrete produced with micro silica concrete be extended to 56 or possibly 90 days to further determine the pozzolanic ability of the micro silica.
- 12. Literature survey Collection of materials Testing of materials Casting Result and conclusion Mix design Testing of specimen METHODOLOGY
- 13. Water Coarse aggregate FA CA 186 425 502 1022.4 0.45 1 1.28 2.43 Mix Design
- 14. TEST RESULTS Compressive Strength For 7 Days Composition Compressive strength(N/mm2) Average 0% of Tamarind kernel Trial I 23.12 23.19 Trial II 23.41 Trial III 23.05 5% of Tamarind kernel Trial I 25.68 25.39 Trial II 25.01 Trial III 25.48 10% of Tamarind kernel Trial I 27.55 27.40 Trial II 27.52 Trial III 27.15 15% of Tamarind kernel Trial I 28.99 29.04 Trial II 29.01 Trial III 29.10 20% of Tamarind kernel Trial I 28.10 28.41 Trial II 28.50 Trial III 28.65
- 15. Compressive Strength For 7 Days 23.19 25.39 27.4 29.04 28.41 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 0% of Tamarind kernel 5% of Tamarind kernel 10% of Tamarind kernel 15% of Tamarind kernel 20% of Tamarind kernel Compressive Strength
- 16. Compressive Strength For 28 Days Composition Compressive strength(N/mm2) Average 0% of Tamarind kernel Trial I 29.25 30.00 Trial II 29.85 Trial III 30.92 5% of Tamarind kernel Trial I 31.90 31.98 Trial II 32.10 Trial III 31.95 10% of Tamarind kernel Trial I 32.19 32.53 Trial II 32.54 Trial III 32.87 15% of Tamarind kernel Trial I 33.90 33.95 Trial II 33.95 Trial III 34.01 20 % of Tamarind kernel Trial I 32.52 32.23 Trial II 32.65 Trial III 32.89
- 17. Compressive Strength For 28 Days 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 0% of Tamarind kernel 5% of Tamarind kernel 10% of Tamarind kernel 15% of Tamarind kernel 20% of Tamarind kernel Compressive strength Composition
- 18. COMPARISON RESULTS Composition 7thday Strength N/mm2 28thday Strength N/mm2 Normal 23.19 30.00 5% of Tamarind kernel 25.39 31.98 10% of Tamarind kernel 27.40 32.53 15% of Tamarind kernel 29.04 33.95 20 % of Tamarind kernel 28.41 32.23
- 19. 23.19 25.39 27.4 29.04 28.41 30 31.98 32.53 33.95 32.23 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 Normal 5% of Tamarind kernel 10% of Tamarind kernel 15% of Tamarind kernel 20 % of Tamarind kernel Compressive Strength 7thday 28thday
- 20. CONCLUSION Compressive strength of Tamarind kernel concrete was higher than conventional concrete. The optimum 7 and 28 days compressive strength has been obtained in the range of 15% Tamarind kernel replace of Coarse aggregate level. When compare to other mix the loss in weight and compressive strength percentage was found to be reduced by 2.23 and 7.69 when the Coarse aggregate was replaced by 15% of Tamarind kernel.
- 21. Tamarind kernel used as a partial replace Tamarind kernel of Coarse aggregate enables the large utilization of waste products. Compressive strength containing 15% of Tamarind kernel is acceptable No for most structural applications.
- 22. REFERENCES [1]. Ramasamy,V.; Biswas,S. “Mechanical properties and durability of rice husk ash concrete”(Report),International Journal of Applied Engineering Research December 1, 2008. [2]. Bayasi, Zing, Zhou, Jing, (1993) “Properties of Tamarind kernel Concrete and Mortar”, ACI Materials Journal 90 (4) 349 - 356. [3]. VenkateshBabu DL, Nateshan SC. Investigations on Tamarind kernel concrete, The Indian concrete Journal, September 2004, pp. 57-60. [4]. Khedr, S. A., Abou - Zeid, M. N., (1994) “Characteristics of Silica- Fume Concrete”, Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering, ASCE 6 (3) 357 - 375.
- 24. THANK YOU ……