3. A diet which contains different
types of food possesing the
s,minerals and water –in a
proportion to meet the requirement
of the body.
4. Balanced diet achieved by eating variety
There is no single food with correct
amount of all essential nutrients.
Eating a balanced diet requires a certain
amount of knowledge and planning.
5. • The basic composition of balanced diet
is highly variable as it differs from
country to country depending on the
availability of food.
• Social &cultural habits, economic status,
age,sex &physical activity of the
individual largely influence the in take of
6. • Nutrion Expert Group from ICMR has
recommended the composition of
balanced diet for Indian.
• They recommended
pulses,vegetables, roots & tubers,
fruits,milk&milk products,fats &oils
,sugar & ground nuts.
• Additional intake of Meats,fish&egg for
non vegetarian.for vegetarian milk
7. body’s organs and tissues need proper
nutrition to work effectively.
Without good nutrition, body is more
prone to disease, infection, fatigue, and
Children with a poor diet run the risk of
growth and developmental problems. Bad
eating habits can continue for the rest of
8. The USDA reports that four of the top 10
leading causes of death in the United States
are directly influenced by diet. These are:
1) It is chief source of energy(60-70%
2) brain and other parts of CNS are
depend glucose for energy.
3) Required for the oxidation of fat.
4) Synthesis of pentose's for
Fatigue & decreased energy levels
Unhealthy weight loss
Loss of sodium
These are the fundamental basis of cell
structure & function.
Maintains osmotic pressure & have role in
clotting of blood,muscle contraction .
All the enzymes,several
hormones,immunoglobulins are proteins.
Used as energy sources.
19. Severe protein calorie malnutrition characterized
by energy deficiency and emaciation
Causes stunted growth and wasting of muscles
Develop between the age of 6 months & 1 years
in children who weaned from breast feeding/who
suffer from weakening conditions like chronic
20. Severe growth retardation.
Loss of subcutaneous fat.
Severe muscle wasting.
Child looks thin and limbs
Frequent watery diarrhea & acid stools.
Temperature is abnormal.
21. Also called wet-protein energy malnutrition.
Form of PEM characterized by protein
Refers to an insufficient protein consumption
but with sufficient calorie intake.
Usually appear in the age of 12 months when
breast feeding is discontinued.
22. Change in skin pigment.
Decreased muscle mass.
Increased & more severe infection due to
damaged immune system.
Failure to gain weight & grow.
24. 1. Hospital Management:
These conditions should be corrected –
hypothermia, hypoglycemia, infections,
dehydration, electrolyte imbalance, anemia &
other vitamin & mineral deficiency.
2. Dietary Management:
Diet from staple foods– inexpensive, easily
digestible, evenly distributed & increased
number of feedings.
Nutritional training for mothers- feeding
their children back to health & use local food. 24
25. Promotion of breast feeding.
Development of low cost weaning.
Early diagnosis & treatment.
26. • The complex carbohydrate are not digested
by the human enzymes are collectively refers
to as dietary fibers
• soluble fiber-mostly found in fruits & legumes
insoluble fiber- vegetables &grains
• It provide 15-50% total energy.
• concentrated fuel sorce of body.
• Constituents of membrane structure&
regulate membrane permeability.
• Source of fat soluble vitamins.
• As cellular metabolic regulators.
• As insulating material protect internal organs.
41. Patients with IDD most commonly present
patients may complaints of compressive
symptoms, such as
shortness of breath,
42. Cretinism is the most extreme manifestation
Cretinism can be divided into neurologic and
Both conditions can be prevented by adequate
maternal and childhood iodine intake.
43. Correction of an individual's iodine deficiency
should be instituted at a level recommended by
the World Health Organization (WHO).
In a nonpregnant adult, 150 mcg/day is sufficient
for normal thyroid function.
Consultation with an endocrinologist should be
considered when the etiology of thyroid
abnormalities is unclear.
Thyroidectomy indicated for patients with
compressive symptoms of a large goiter.
44. At a population level, iodine deficiency
disorder (IDD) can be prevented by the
iodization of food products or the water
In practice, this is usually achieved by
iodization of salt.
An alternative in some developing
countries has been the periodic injection
of iodized oil supplements
Constituent of enzyme eg:cytochrome C
oxidase,catalase,tyrosinase in iron transport.
Sources:organ meat,cereals,leafy vegetables.
47. • Provision of moist environmrnt
• Aqueous condition for metabolism
• Moistening of food for swallowing
• Regulation of body temperature
• Being a major constituent of blood
and tissue fluid it transport
48. Diluton of waste products & poisons
substances in the body
Providing medium for the excretion of waste