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Parliamentary Goverment by Lila Sabrin Riya

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Parliamentary Goverment by Lila Sabrin Riya

  1. 1. PARLIAMENTARY SYSTEM PRESENTED Presented To: Umme Rezowana (Lecturer), Department of Sociology Subject: CSE – 1307, GOVERNMENT Presented By: Lila Sabrin Riya, Depertment of C.S.E Batch: 62nd ID: 202211062094
  2. 2. CONTENT P A RL I A M E NTA RY S Y S TE M 2  WHAT IT IS?  A GOOD EXAMPLE  THE PARLIAMENTARY SYSTEM OF BANGLADESH  HOW IT WORKS?  ADVANTAGES VS DISADVANTAGES  PRESIDENTIAL VS. PARLIAMENT GOVERNMENT  THE END
  3. 3. 3 PRESENTATION TITLE
  4. 4. WHAT IS PARLIAMENTARY GOVERNMENT? We can say, it’s a form of government in which the majority party in parliament constitutes governmental power. The executive powers and legislative powers are merged because the legislative branch (parliament) elects the prime minister who serves as the executive branch of government (head of government). In this systems, people elect only parliamentary members and not the prime minister. 4 P A RL I A M E NTA RY S Y S TE M
  5. 5. WHAT IS AN EXAMPLE OF A PARLIAMENTARY GOVERNMENT ? A well-known example of a parliamentary government is the United Kingdom where parliamentary governments originated. In the U.K., executive power belongs to a prime minister who is appointed by the parliament. There is also an non-elected head of state (monarch), who performs only ceremonial or symbolic functions and does not have real political power. 5 P A RL I A M E NTA RY S Y S TE M
  6. 6. LETS KNOW THE PARLIAMENTARY SYSTEM IN BANGLADESH : The parliament of Bangladesh, called the Jatiya Sangsad (House of the Nation). It’s a unicameral entity consisting of some 350 seats, most of which are filled through direct election. The remaining seats are reserved for women; these members are elected by the parliament itself. Legislators serve five-year terms. The parliament elects the president, who also serves a five-year term, with a two-term limit. The president then appoints the leader of the legislative majority party (or coalition) as prime minister. This government has 3 organs. • Legislature - Make the law • Executive - Implement the law • Judiciary - Interprets the law 6 P A RL I A M E NTA RY S Y S TE M
  7. 7. 7 P A RL I A M E NTA RY S Y S TE M
  8. 8. HOW DOES A PARLIAMENTARY SYSTEM OF GOVERNMENT WORK ? Under a parliamentary government, the head of government (prime minister) is elected by the legislature and can be removed from office at any time through a procedure called "vote of no confidence." In The parliament of Bangladesh, this process is called Ovishongson (অভিশংসন). As a result, government must always have support of the legislative majority, which means that it is often easy to change policy. However, sometimes parties do not easily agree who should be elected prime minister, which might result in government instability. 8 P A RL I A M E NTA RY S Y S TE M
  9. 9. LETS KNOW THE ADVANTAGES OF THIS SYSTEM : It reduces friction, creates friendship and promotes co-operation between the two arms of government. Faster and quicker decision making. It requires less personnel and less cost. It promotes good governance. 9 P A RL I A M E NTA RY S Y S TE M
  10. 10. LETS KNOW THE DISADVANTAGES OF THIS SYSTEM : Members of the parliament will become too powerful, arrogant and likely to abuse power. The Prime Minister is loyal to his party. Uncertainty and instability in government. Overload of the functions of the cabinet. Lack of specialization leading to inefficiency. 1 0 P A RL I A M E NTA RY S Y S TE M
  11. 11. PRESIDENTIAL VS. PARLIAMENTARY: 1 1 P A RL I A M E NTA RY S Y S TE M
  12. 12. 1 2 P A RL I A M E NTA RY S Y S TE M
  13. 13. THANK YOU

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