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Highway / Road Safety<br /><ul><li>Safety is of prime importance, not only to the users but </li></ul>also to engineers, planners and decision markers associated with operation, improvement and development <br /><ul><li>The traffic safety problem on our roads has registered a very sharp increase during recent years.
There are a number of administrative, legal, technical, socio-economic and cultural reasons for it.
There is urgent need for carrying out research in fundamental aspects of the problem to make sure the problem is being tackled properly .</li></li></ul><li>Distribution of reported accidents in Europe & in Pakistan<br />The table shows that most of the injury & damage only accidents stay unreported<br />JICA Study March 2009<br />
FOUR E'S OF HIGHWAY SAFETY<br />Engineering: Making roads safe and fast by incorporating engineering improvements such as separation of grades and carriage-ways, installation of signs, signals and road markings to guide the road users along their travel paths with speed and safety.<br />Education:Educating the road users in the rules of the road to inform them of their rights and limitations as road users, to prevent them from creating a situation hazardous to themselves and to other road users. <br />Enforcement: Preventing violation of the rules of the road by the road users by organizing a very effective enforcement agency.<br />Environment: Minimized environmental pollution during Construction/Rehab/maintenance. <br />
SOME FACTS ABOUT PAKISTAN<br /><ul><li>Probably over 7000 people die in Pakistan every year in road accidents.
Total cost is estimated to be about a billion US $ every year.
Even material costs exceed US $200 Million per year.
Those who die & suffer injuries are the most active and educated citizens.
This is 40% more than in Turkey, where vehicle fleet is much bigger.
In 12 years time, the number of accidents will grow from 300,000 to 700,000, resultantly the accident costs from US $ 1 billion to US $ 2.5 billion and the annual number of fatalities will grow from 7000 to 14000, which is an increase from 20 to 40 deaths per day.</li></li></ul><li>MODAL SHARE – PAKISTAN TRANSPORTATION<br />
Role of Road transportation in Pakistan & Present Condition of National Highways<br /><ul><li>Of the three primary transportation modes(road, rail, air), road transportation overwhelmingly dominates the two transport systems.
107000 million ton kilometers of freight annually compared to 5000 ton kilometer & 25 million ton kilometer by rail & air respectively.
90% passenger traffic as compared to 8% and 2% by rail & air respectively.
Roads are the backbone or lifelines of Pakistan economy.
Total Length of road network in the country is approximately 250000 KMs.
Though the length of National Highways is only 3.5% of the entire road network of the country, but they carry more than 80% of the country’s traffic.</li></li></ul><li>PERCENTAGE OF FREIGHT VEHICLES BY COMPOSITION<br />