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Artificial intelligence and its application

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Artificial intelligence and its application

  1. 1. Artificial Intelligence and its Applications Mohammed Abdel-Razek Math & Computer Science Department Azhar University abdelram@azhar.edu.sa
  2. 2. Agenda • AI definition • Turing test • AI Applications • Web
  3. 3. Artificial Intelligence • The design and study of computer programs that react flexibly and intelligently to a wide range of situations [Dean 1995]. [Dean 1995] Dean, Thomas and James Allen and Yiannis Aloimonos. Artificial Intelligence: Theory and Practice. Menlo Park: Addison-Wesley, 1995.
  4. 4. Turing test • The Turing test is a test of a machine's ability to exhibit intelligent behaviour.
  5. 5. AI Applications • Many thousands of AI applications are deeply embedded in the infrastructure of every industry.
  6. 6. No 5. in short Circuit Movie 1986 Number 5 of a group of experimental robots in a lab is electrocuted, suddenly becomes intelligent, and escapes.
  7. 7. No 5. in short Circuit Movie 1986
  8. 8. Today- Mind interpretation • Brain linked to robotic hand http://www.post-gazette.com/stories/local/neighborhoods-city/brain-linked-to-robotic- hand-success-hailed-318436/
  9. 9. Today- Mind interpretation Paralyzed, Moving a Robot With Their Minds http://graphics8.nytimes.com//images/2012/05/17/science/17robot-video/ 17robot-video-thumbWide.jpg
  10. 10. AI & Medicine • Computer-aided interpretation of medical images. – Image processing – Neural Network
  11. 11. AI & Medicine • Clinical decision support system. – Machine learning – Statistical methods http://www.jmir.org/1999/2/e6/
  12. 12. AI & Heavy industry • Planning • Searching • Machine Learning
  13. 13. AI & Transportation • Fuzzy logic (gearbox) • Autopilot • Machine Learning
  14. 14. Computer Science application- Graphical user interface • Graphical user interface – A GUI uses a combination of technologies and devices to provide a platform that the user can interact with, for the tasks of gathering and producing information.
  15. 15. Computer Science application- Pattern recognition Optical character recognition Optical character recognition
  16. 16. Computer Science application- Pattern recognition Handwriting recognition
  17. 17. Computer Science application- Pattern recognition Face recognition
  18. 18. Computer Science application- Pattern recognition Speech recognition
  19. 19. Computer Science application- Natural language processing Natural language processing (NLP) is a filed of linguistics along with computer science concerned with the interactions between computers and human (natural) languages
  20. 20. Computer Science application- Computer vision Computer vision is a field that includes methods for acquiring, processing, analyzing, and understanding images and, in general, high-dimensional data from the real world in order to produce numerical or symbolic information Artist's Concept of Rover on Mars http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Computer_vision#cite_note-Forsyth-Ponce-2003-4
  21. 21. Computer Science application- Knowledge Representation The extracted knowledge are represented in a machine understandable way. For knowledge representation (KR), We use ontology to represent concepts and the relationships among them, making it possible for machine to understand and apply our knowledge.
  22. 22. Computer Science application- Automated reasoning Automated reasoning is an area of computer science and mathematical logic dedicated to understand different aspects of reasoning. http://www.cs.miami.edu/~geoff/ResearchProjects/ART/
  23. 23. AI and Bio-inspired computing It is often closely related to the field of artificial intelligence, as many of its pursuits can be linked to machine learning. It relies heavily on the fields of biology, computer science and mathematics. http://cnets.indiana.edu/tag/bioinspired-computing
  24. 24. Computer Science application- Data mining DM is a Knowledge Discovery in Databases Association Association is one of the best known data mining technique. In association, a pattern is discovered based on a relationship of a particular item on other items in the same transaction. Classification Classification is a classic data mining technique based on machine learning. Clustering Clustering is a data mining technique that makes meaningful or useful cluster of objects that have similar characteristic using automatic technique. Sequential Patterns Sequential patterns analysis in one of data mining technique that seeks to discover similar patterns in data transaction over a business period. Prediction The prediction as it name implied is one of a data mining techniques that discovers relationship between independent variables and relationship between dependent and independent variables. http://www.dataminingtechniques.net/
  25. 25. Game theory • Game theory is the study of strategic decision making. Deep Blue was a chess-playing computer developed by IBM
  26. 26. Computer Science application- WWW & Semantics Web The Semantic Web is a web of data. in some ways like a global database The Semantic Web is an evolving collection of knowledge, built to allow anyone on the Internet to add what they know and find answers to their questions Sir Tim Berners-Lee, inventor of the World Wide Web
  27. 27. Web 2.0 Tim O'Reilly
  28. 28. Web 2.0
  29. 29. Computer Science application- The world Wide Web http://wemtech.wikispaces.com/
  30. 30. Computer Science application- Semantics Web http://www.maxmin.nl/eng/index.php/Site/web-30.html
  31. 31. Computer Science application- The world Wide Web http://www.maxmin.nl/eng/index.php/Site/web-30.html
  32. 32. Artificial Intelligence and Its Application Mohammed Abdel-Razek Azhar University abdelram@gmail.com