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ORGANIC FARMING

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Basic Study about Organic Farming where it includes goals, principles, steps involved in organic farming , its advantages and disadvantages in the form of Slide share
By Aakanksha V. Thakur
B Pharmacy (3rd year)
Gondia

Basic Study about Organic Farming where it includes goals, principles, steps involved in organic farming , its advantages and disadvantages in the form of Slide share
By Aakanksha V. Thakur
B Pharmacy (3rd year)
Gondia

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ORGANIC FARMING

  1. 1. Guide By: Puja R. Basule Present By: Aakanksha v. Thakur HERBAL DRUG TECHNOLOGY B.PHARM ( 6TH SEMESTER ) GONDIA COLLEGE OF PHARMACY (2021-22) TOPIC: HERB AS RAW MATERIAL
  2. 2. ORGANIC FARMING  Organic Farming is a system which avoids or excludes the use of synthetic preparation such as :- fertilizers , pesticides , hormones and growth accelerators.  According to the ( FAO ),Organic Farming defined as a unique production management system that promotes & enhances agro-ecosystem health, including biodiversity , biological cycles and soil biological activity.  The first use of the term "organic farming" is by Lord Northbourne in 1939
  3. 3. ORGANIC FARMING  As an alternative to these means ,organic farming applies a number of modern preservatives method to maintain the natural soil fertility such as :-  Alternative sowing of crops ( with leguminous plant inclusive )  Suited use of manure  Stimulating the population of usefull insects  Use of mechanical methods for weed control  Vegetation association (combined cultivation of two or more culture in one and same place)
  4. 4. GOALS OF ORGANIC FARMING  Enhance biological diversity within the whole system  Increase soil biological activity  Maintain long-term soil fertility  Recycle wastes of plant and animal origin in order to return nutrients to the soil, thus minimizing the use of non-renewable resources  Rely on renewable resources in locally organized agricultural systems  Promote the healthy use of soil, water and air as well as minimizes all forms of pollution that may result from agricultural practices  Promote the careful processing methods agricultural products in order to maintain the organic integrity and vital qualities of the product at all stages
  5. 5. PRINCIPLES OF ORGANIC FARMING There are 4 major principles of Organic Farming  Principle of Health  Principle of Ecology  Principle of Fairness  Principle of Care
  6. 6. PRINCIPLE OF HEALTH  Organic agriculture should sustain and enhance the health of soil, plant, animal, human and planet as one and indivisible  Health is the wholeness and the integrity of living system. Healty soil Healty crops Healty animals Healty people
  7. 7. PRINCIPLE OF ECOLOGY  Organic agriculture should be based on living ecological systems and cycles, works with them, emulate them and help sustain them  It states that production is to be based on ecological processes, and recycling.  Nourishment and well-being are achieved through the ecology of the specific production environment.  For example, in the case of crops this is the living soil; for animals it is the farm ecosystem; for fish and marine organisms, the aquatic environment.
  8. 8. PRINCIPLE OF FAIRNESS  Organic Agriculture should build on a relationships that ensures faireness with regard to the common environment and life opportunities.  This principle emphasizes that those involved in organic agriculture should conduct human relationships in a manner that ensures fairness at all levels and to all parties - farmers, workers, processors, distributors, traders and consumers  It provide everyone involved with a good quality of life, and contribute to food sovereignty and reduction of poverty.
  9. 9. Principle of Care  Organic Agriculture should be managed in a precautionary and responsible manner to protect the health and well-being of current and future generations and the environment.  Organic agriculture is a living and dynamic system that responds to internal and external demands and conditions.
  10. 10. STEPS INVOLVED IN ORGANIC FARMING  Conversion of land from conventional management to organic management  Management of the entire surrounding system to ensure biodiversity and sustainability of the system.  Crop production with the use of alternative sources of nutrients such as crop rotation, residue management, organic manures and biological inputs.  Management of weeds and pests by better management practices, physical and cultural means and by biological control system  Maintenance of live stock in tandem with organic concept and make them an integral part of the entire system
  11. 11. ORGANIC FARMING MANAGEMENT PRACTICES  Crop Rotation :- Crop rotation is a system of growing different kinds of crops in recurrent succession on the same land.  Green Manures :- Green manuring is often used with legume crops to add nitrogen to the soil .  Cover Crops :- Cover crops are typically planted between rotations of income-producing crops and they are grown to improve the farming system.  Animal manure :- Animal manure applications can increase soil organic matter and provides nutrients to the soil.  Weed Management :- Weed Management is an approach to weed removal and prevention that does not involve the use of synthetic chemicals and weed killers.
  12. 12. ORGANIC FARMING MANAGEMENT PRACTICES  Pest Management :- Pest management in organic farming is achieved by using appropriate cropping techniques, biological control, and natural pesticides (mainly extracted from plant or animal origins).  Live’s Stock Management :- Organic livestock production is a means of food production with a large number of rules directed towards a high status of animal welfare, care for the environment, restricted use of medical drugs and the production of a healthy product without residues (pesticides or medical drugs
  13. 13. ADVANTAGES OF ORGANIC FARMING  Nutritional poison-free and tastyfood  Lower growing Lower growing cost  Enhances soil nourishment  More energy efficiency  Carbon sequestration  Less water pollution  Environment-friendly practices  Organic farming is a source for productive labour
  14. 14. DISADVANTAGES OF ORGANIC FARMING  Lower Productivity  Require Skills  Time Consuming  More Labour-Intensive

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