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THINKING SKILLS

  1. 1. THINKING SKILLS …WHAT MAKES ONE STEP AHEAD OF OTHERS Yash J Bhakat : 16BME0649
  2. 2. THINKING SKILLS, WHAT IT MEANS.. • Thinking skills are the mental processes that we apply when we seek to make sense of experience. Thinking skills enable us to integrate each new experience into the schema that we are constructing of "how things are". It is apparent that better thinking will help us to learn more from our experience and to make better use of our intelligence. • It has always been the central aim of education to improve the quality of thinking because better thinking will not only enable us to become more successful at learning but will also equip us for life, enabling us to realise our own potential and to contribute to the development of society.
  3. 3. BASIC STEPS IN THINKING SKILLS Identify the central problem, question or goal . Analyze the situation . Evaluate or ponder possible solutions, answers or plans . Make a choice based on your evaluation . Evaluate the results of he actions taken on the choice you made .
  4. 4. IF ONE OPTIMIZES HIS THINKING SKILLS Maximize productive collaboration and minimize counterproductive interaction/behavior Consider issues, problems, decisions, and opportunities systematically Use Parallel Thinking as a group or team to generate more, better ideas and solutions Make meetings much shorter and more productive Reduce conflict among team members or meeting participants Stimulate innovation by generating more and better ideas quickly Create dynamic, results oriented meetings that make people want to participate Go beyond the obvious to discover effective alternate solutions Spot opportunities where others see only problems Think clearly and objectively View problems from new and unusual angles Make thorough evaluations See all sides of a situation Keep egos and "turf protection" in check
  5. 5. DE BONO'S SIX THINKING HATS Used with well-defined and explicit Return On Investment success in corporations worldwide, Six Thinking Hats is a simple, effective parallel thinking process that helps people be more productive, focused, and mindfully involved. A powerful tool set, which once learned can be applied immediately! You and your team members can learn how to separate thinking into six clear functions and roles. Each thinking role is identified with a colored symbolic "thinking hat." By mentally wearing and switching "hats," you can easily focus or redirect thoughts, the conversation, or the meeting.
  6. 6. SIGNIFICANT APPLICATIONS FOR THE PARALLEL THINKING PROCESS OF SIX THINKING HATS •Leadership Development •Team Productivity, Alignment and Communication •Creative and innovative thinking •Meeting leadership and decision making •Product and Process Improvement, and Project Management •Critical, Analytical Thinking and Problem-Solving •Organizational Change/Performance •Wherever High Performance Thinking and Action is needed
  7. 7. THINKING SKILLS REDEFINED... DEVELOPMENT IN THINKING REQUIRES A GRADUAL PROCESS REQUIRING PLATEAUS OF LEARNING AND JUST PLAIN HARD WORK. IT IS NOT POSSIBLE TO BECOME AN EXCELLENT THINKER SIMPLY BECAUSE ONE WILLS IT. CHANGING ONE’S HABITS OF THOUGHT IS A LONG-RANGE PROJECT, HAPPENING OVER YEARS, NOT WEEKS OR MONTHS. THE ESSENTIAL TRAITS OF A CRITICAL THINKER REQUIRE AN EXTENDED PERIOD OF DEVELOPMENT. HOW, THEN, CAN WE DEVELOP AS CRITICAL THINKERS? HOW CAN WE HELP OURSELVES AND OUR STUDENTS TO PRACTICE BETTER THINKING IN EVERYDAY LIFE?
  8. 8. FIRST, WE MUST UNDERSTAND THAT THERE ARE STAGES REQUIRED FOR DEVELOPMENT AS A CRITICAL THINKER: STAGE ONE: THE UNREFLECTIVE THINKER (WE ARE UNAWARE OF SIGNIFICANT PROBLEMS IN OUR THINKING) STAGE TWO: THE CHALLENGED THINKER (WE BECOME AWARE OF PROBLEMS IN OUR THINKING) STAGE THREE: THE BEGINNING THINKER (WE TRY TO IMPROVE BUT WITHOUT REGULAR PRACTICE) STAGE FOUR: THE PRACTICING THINKER (WE RECOGNIZE THE NECESSITY OF REGULAR PRACTICE) STAGE FIVE: THE ADVANCED THINKER (WE ADVANCE IN ACCORDANCE WITH OUR PRACTICE) STAGE SIX: THE MASTER THINKER (SKILLED & INSIGHTFUL THINKING BECOME SECOND NATURE TO US)
  9. 9. WHAT ABOUT THIS… A New Definition of Intelligence…Why has the definition of intelligence changed? The definition of intelligence has changed because we have discovered more about the processes of learning. And you might say these discoveries have happened in the nick of time. Currently, we live in the Information Age, and in the Information Age intelligence has become more than just the ability to process information, general knowledge, and rational thinking. While these factors still play a significant role in intelligence, our prospective on intelligence has expanded. Over time, what is considered intelligence has evolved not only because of technological advances we’ve made in the past two centuries, but also due to how those technological advances were achieved, and what we can accomplish with technology.
  10. 10. "THE WORLD WE HAVE CREATED IS A PRODUCT OF OUR THINKING; IT CANNOT BE CHANGED WITHOUT CHANGING OUR THINKING.” ….ALBERT EINSTEIN

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