1. HOME FIRE
KNOW HOW TO
Prevention is the key to fire safety! DEAL WITH FIRE ….
2. Home Fire Prevention and
Many fires in the home are caused by a single moment of
carelessness and could be easily prevented.
It is important to be aware of possible fire hazards around
the home and to take steps to protect you and your family
Follow the safety tips listed below to protect yourself and
3. 1 House Keeping
● Reduce amount of
● To reduce ignition hazards.
● To ensure safe emergency
● Clear walkways/stairways
4. 2 Install Smoke Detectors!!!
First line of defense
● Smoke detectors give you early
warning in case of a fire, so you
have precious time to escape
safely. Install them on every
level of your home, especially
outside of sleeping areas.
● Test and vacuum out detectors
once a month, and change the
batteries when you change your
clock in the spring and fall.
5. 3 Electrical Fire Safety
Faulty electrical equipment or misuse of equipment
produces heat and sparks that serve as ignition sources
in the presence of flammable and combustible materials.
● Replace or repair loose or
frayed cords on all electrical
devices or extension cords.
● Do not overload extension
cords and run cords along the
floor, under rugs and carpets
or through doors where they
can be damaged..
Each year, electrical shocks and fires cause hundreds
of deaths and thousands of injures by following a few
basic electrical-safety rules can reduce your risk……
6. 4 Storing Flammable and Combustible Liquids
● Flammable liquids must be stored
away from ignition sources in cool,
well ventilated areas away from
● Flammable liquids should be
stored only in approved safety
containers, and the containers
should be kept outside the house
and garage in a separate storage
● Limit the amount of flammable and
combustible liquids to the
minimum amount necessary.
7. 5 Fire Extinguishers
Keep a "ABC-type" fire extinguisher
in the kitchen, basement, garage,
and workshop for extinguishing all
types of fires.
Learn how to use the fire
extinguisher before you need to
use it in an emergency. Remember
to only use it on small fires.
If there is a large fire, DO NOT
attempt to extinguish it, get out
immediately and call Fire Rescue
8. 6 Family Escape Plan
If fire break out in your home – get out fast.
● Design an escape plan with your family. Be
sure to include two ways out of every room,
in case one exit is blocked by flames and
● Do not block exits with furniture or enclose
windows with iron bars that prevent escape.
● Decide on a meeting place for all family
members away from the house, where
everyone will gather.
● Once outside, never re-enter the house for
● Practice emergency exit drills at least once
every six months, so that each person knows
exactly what to do.
Never use elevators to escape a fire – use stairs
9. 7 Candle Safety
When there is no electricity supply at home, we normally use candles
as an alternative source of lightings. Candles are actually a growing
cause of fire. Learn how to be careful with candles.
● Extinguish all candles when leaving the room or going to sleep.
● Keep candles away from items that can catch fire e.g. cloth, books, paper,
● Use candle holders that are sturdy.
● Don’t place lit candles in or near windows, where blinds and curtains are
● Keep candles and all open flames away from flammable liquids.
● Keep candles up high out of reach of children and don’t allow children or
teens to have candles in their bedroom.
● Never leave a child unattended in a room with a candle.
● Try to avoid carrying a lit candle when searching power outages in a
● Never use a candle for a light when checking pilot lights or fueling
equipments as a kerosene heater or lantern.
10. 8 Be Careful Cooking
Careless cooking is the number one
cause of residential fires
● When you’re cooking, be alert and
never leave cooking unattended.
● If grease catches fire, first place a lid
over the pan to smother the flames,
then turn off the burner.
● Do not throw water or anything else
on a grease fire.
● Always keep kitchen appliances clean
and in good condition, and turn them
off and disconnect them when not in
11. 9 Space Heater Safety
Portable space heaters can quickly warm
up a cold room, but they have also been
the cause of many serious home fires.
● Keep portable heaters at least 3 feet
away from all combustible materials,
including paper, bedding, furniture and
● Keep small children away from space
● Make sure you turn the heaters off
before leaving your home or going to
12. 10 Smokers Need Watchers
Carelessly discarded cigarettes
are the major cause of fatal home
● Make sure smokers extinguish
cigarettes in large, deep
● Fill ashtrays with water before
putting in the trash can.
● Check under sofas and chair
cushions for cigarette butts after
13. 11 If You Catch Fire
Stop, Drop and Roll
Everyone should know this rule: If
your clothes catch fire, don't run! Stop
where you are, drop to the ground,
cover your face with you hands to
protect your face and lungs, and roll
over and over to smother the flames.
14. 12 If caught in Smoke !
Crawl low under smoke
● Smoke is dangerous! If you encounter
smoke, use an alternate escape route.
● If you must exit through smoke, the
cleanest air will be 12 to 24 inches (30 to
60 cm) above the floor.
● Crawl on your hands and knees to the
nearest safe exit.
● Breath shallowly through nose, and use a
filter such as shirt or towel.
15. 13 If Trapped in a fire !
If Trapped in a Room
● Seal all doors and vents with duct
tape or towels to prevent smoke from
entering the room.
● Close as many doors as possible
between you and the fire.
● Open a window at the top and
bottom so fresh air can enter. Be
ready to close the window
immediately if it draws smoke into
● Be prepared to signal to someone
16. 14 If Trapped in a fire !
If Forced to Advance Through Flames
● Hold your breath.
● Cover your head and hair.
● Keep your head down and your
eyes closed as much as possible.
● Move quickly.
17. 15 What to do ? In Case of Fire
● Raise Fire Alarm or shout Fire,
Fire, Fire …..
● Telephone Fire Service
● Use appropriate Fire Extinguisher
● Immediately exit the building,
using the stairs and closing the
doors – DO NOT USE
● Shutoff Utility Valves
18. More Presentations:
Basic Rescue Knots
Hazards & Types of Disasters
Kids & Emergency
Light Search & Rescue
Water Rescue Techniques
Wounds & Bleeding
For More Topics:
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