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Iban culture
Iban culture
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MPU Iban

  1. 1. Gawai Dayak - Known as Dayak Festival. Religious and social event featuring singing and dancing to usher in new farming season. Falls on 1st & 2nd June annually. Celebrated by Iban and Bidayuh.
  2. 2. Marik Empang – [Women] Combination of beads and hand-stitched cotton decorative outer garment, usually red in colour. Worn on festivals or events. Kain Kebat – [Women] Cotton dress decorated with beautiful striped-pattern designs. Usually knee-length Kelambi – [Men] Sleeved and shirtless variants of chest-plating clothes. Loinclothes – [Men] Garment worn over the private areas of the male, of Malayo- Polynesian origin.
  3. 3. Bamboo stem Pucuk paku Pansok manok Tamilok Palawan
  4. 4. IBAN Weavings or Betenun The pua kumbu do have conventional or ritual motives depending on the purpose of weaving it. Those who finish the weaving lessons are called "tembu kayu" (Finish the wood). Among reknowm ritual motives are Gajah Meram (Brodding Elephant), Tiang Sanding (Ritual Pole), Meligai (Shrine) and Tiang Ranyai. Using weaving, the Iban makes blankets, bird shirt (baju burong), kain kebat, kain betating and selampai.
  5. 5. IBAN Pantang or Kalingai (Tattoos) The Ibans like to tattoo themselves all over their body. There motives for each part of the human body. The purposes are to protect the tattoo bearers or to signify certain events in their life. INCLUDES: - Rengguang (Lobster) - Tedong (Cobra) - Naga (Dragon) - Udang (Prawn) - Bunga (Flowers) If you’ve killed someone, they tattoo your neck ! They LOVE Flowers!!
  6. 6. IBAN Plaitings or Beranyam The Iban calls this skill pandai beranyam (skilful in plaiting) various items namely mats (tikai), baskets and hats. Materials to make mats are beban to make the normal mat or the patterned mat, rattan to make tikai rotan, lampit when the rattan splits sewn using a thread or peradani when criss-crossed with the tekalong bark, senggang to make perampan used for drying and daun biru to make a normal tikai or kajang (canvas) which very light when dry. The Iban also makes special baskets called garong for the dead during Gawai Antu with numerous feet to denote the rank and status of the deceased which indicates his ultimate achievement during his lifetime.
  7. 7. IBAN Hunting Apparatus These include making panjuk (rope and spring trap), peti (bamboo blade trap) and jarin (deer net). Nowadays, they use shotguns and dogs for animal hunting. Dogs are reared by the Ibans in longhouses especially in the past for hunting (ngasu) purposes and warning of any danger approaching. The IBANS make their own Blowpipes
  8. 8. • Tuak is originally made of cooked glutinous rice (Asi Pulut) mixed with home-made yeast (Chiping/Ragi) for fermentation between 3-10 days. • It is a wine used to serve guests especially as welcoming drinks when entering longhouses. • There are various kinds of tuak, made with rice alternatives such as sugar cane, ginger and corn.
  9. 9. 1.Merisik: In the Iban community, marriage is usually determined by the groom. If a man has consented to a girl, her parents or representatives will visit the girl’s home for merisik. The conditions of marriage will usuallly be determined by the gifts. The groom family will send entourage to propose to the girl if the meeting result was encouraging. 2. Propose and engaged: The male entourage consists of 5 to 20 people. After reaching a consensus, the father of the man removes lapit or silver belt or silver sword as a sign of engagement. Then both parties will discuss the date and day of marriage. 3 . Wedding Ceremony: Once the groom reaches the front of the bride house, cannon fire will be released. After that, the men entourage among the group of women will enter the bride's room. Subsequently, the cutting Pinang ritual will be carried out. A woman will bring out betel slap and cut the Pinang. Pinang fraction will determine the time the bride must stay at husband’s house. Then a LemamBang or bomoh will hold a ceremony. After the ceremony, the bride and the groom will bath in the river to clean themselves. After bathing, they will slaughter a pig as a sacrifice and also as a redeemer of sin.

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