is the literature review?
The skills to do literature review
Things to do in literature review
Ask yourself questions
Ask yourself questions about each
book or article you include
3. What is the literature review?
review is a text that written
by someone to consider about the
point of the literature. Literature
reviews are secondary sources, and
such, do not report any new or original
4. The skills to do literature review
The literature review needs these skills
1. Information seeking
The ability to scan the literature efficiently,
using manual or computerized methods, to
identify a set of useful articles and books.
2. Critical appraisal
The ability to apply principles of analysis to
identify unbiased and valid studies.
5. Things to do in literature review
Be organized around and related directly
to the thesis or research question you are
Synthesize results into a summary of what
is and is not known.
Identify areas of controversy in the
Formulate questions that need further
6. Ask yourself questions
What is the specific thesis, problem, or research
question that my literature review helps to define?
What type of literature review am I conducting?
What it the scope of my literature review?
How good was information seeking?
Have I critically analysed the literature I use.
Have I cited and discussed studies contrary to my
Will the reader find my literature review relevant,
appropriate, and useful.
7. Ask yourself questions about
each book or article you include
Has the author formulated a problem/issue?
Is it clearly defined?
Cold the problem have been approached more effectively
from another perspective?
What is the author’s research orientation?
What is the author’s theoretical framework?
What is the relationship between the theoretical and research
Has the author evaluated the literature relevant to the
In a research study, how good are the basic components of
the study design?
Literature review is a piece of discursive prose.
It is not a list describing or summarizing one piece
of literature after another.
It is usually a bad sign to see every paragraph
beginning with the name of a researcher.
We are not trying to list all the material published,
but to synthesize and evaluate it according to the
guiding concept of you thesis or research question.
The Literature Review: A Few Tips On Conduction It