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Risk management in a construction projects between knowledge and application | waleed elbasyouni

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Risk management in a construction project between knowledge and application
By Eng: Waleed Elbasyouni

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Risk management in a construction projects between knowledge and application | waleed elbasyouni

  1. 1. Risk Management in a Construction Projects  Between Knowledge & Application ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺗﻁﺑﻳﻖ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻣﻌﺭﻓﺔ‬ ‫ﺑﻳﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺗﺷﻳﻳﺩ‬ ‫ﺑﻣﺷﺭﻭﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻣﺧﺎﻁﺭ‬ ‫ﺇﺩﺍﺭﺓ‬ WALEED ELBASYOUNI Program control & Risk Management Adviser MSc Project Management (Cand), PMP®,RMP®,SFC™,SSYB™,TOT®, Strategic PMO, OPM3® Prepared By: W aleed Elbasyouni
  2. 2. • Programs Control & Risk Management Adviser With More Than 12 Years Professional Experience In Construction Industry Mega  Projects In Egypt and Saudi Arabia. • BSc. of Architectural Engineering, Cairo‐ Egypt. • Project Management Professional (PMP®) Certified By The Project Management Institute (PMI®),  USA. • Strategic Planning Diploma By Arab Center for Strategic Planning Studies (ACSPS©). • Risk Management Professional (PMI‐RMP®) Certified By  (PMI®), USA. • MSc (Cand) in Projects Management in Establishing Project Management Office (PMO). • Training of Trainers (TOT®) By American Institute for Applied Education (AIAE®), USA.   • Program Management, Control and Strategic Planning Instructor. • Founder & CEO of Ana Memarey Magazine, Cairo – Egypt. • Speaker volunteer involvement in Planning and Project Management Conference. • Member of the Training Board in Human Energy Academy, Malmo, Sweden. • Member of the Training Board in Management Academy, Istanbul, turkey. • Member in Project Management Institute PMI® . • Member in Saudi Council Of Engineers . • Member in Egyptian Syndicate Of Engineers . @Waleed Elbasyouni Instructor BIO WALEED ELBASYOUNI W aleed Elbasyouni
  3. 3. Session Objectives Overview of Project risk  management processes  procedures Overview of Project risk  management processes  procedures Clarify a common  understanding of risk  management principles  and terminology Clarify a common  understanding of risk  management principles  and terminology W aleed Elbasyouni
  4. 4. 1. The Key Concepts, Foundation, and Terminology For Project Risk Management. 2. The Critical Success Factors For Project Risk Management. 3. The project Risk Management application and implementation Processes . o Risk Preparation (Risk management Plan) o Risk Identification (Data Gathering –Create RBS – Create Risk Register)  o Risk Assessment and Evaluation (Qualitative Risk analysis ‐ Setting Priorities) o Risk Response (Risk Response Strategy for threats & opportunities) o Risk Monitoring and Reporting (Audits ‐ Risk Review meeting – Risk KPIs – identification  lessons learned data base) 4. Practical Case Study. 5. What is the key Benefits For Project Risk Management. Kindly Saving your Time Session Agenda W aleed Elbasyouni
  5. 5. ‫ﺍﻟﻣﺧﺎﻁﺭ‬ ‫ﻹﺩﺍﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺳﺎﺳﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻣﻔﺎﻫﻳﻡ‬ Key Concepts For Project RISK MANAGEMENT W aleed Elbasyouni
  6. 6. Key Concepts For Project Risk Management • What is the Project Risk Definition: It`s An Uncertain Event Or Condition That, If It Occurs, has a Positive Or a Negative Effect On a Project’s Objectives. ‫ﻣﻌﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺗﻌﺎﻣﻝ‬ ‫ﺃﻭﻟﻭﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﺗﺭﺗﻳﺏ‬ ‫ﻁﺭﻳﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﺇﻳﺟﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﻣﻥ‬ ‫ﻻﺑﺩ‬ ‫ﻟﺫﻟﻙ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺧﻁﻭﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﻣﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﻧﻔﺱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻣﺧﺎﻁﺭ‬ ‫ﺟﻣﻳﻊ‬ ‫ﻟﻳﺳﺕ‬. ‫ﺍﻟﻣﺗﻭﻗﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻧﻘﺩﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻳﻣﺔ‬=‫ﺍﻹﺣﺗﻣﺎﻟﻳﺔ‬X ‫ﺍﻟﺗﺎﺛﻳﺭ‬ Expected Monetary Value (EMV) = Probability (P)  X Impact (I)  W aleed Elbasyouni
  7. 7. Risk Classifications ‫ﺍﻷﻋﻣﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﻣﺧﺎﻁﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺑﺣﺗﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻣﺧﺎﻁﺭ‬ W aleed Elbasyouni
  8. 8. Key Concepts For Project Risk Management • The Objectives Of Project Risk Management: Are  To  Increase  The  Probability  And  /  Or  Impact  Of  Positive  Risks  (Opportunities)  And  To  Decrease  The  Probability And / Or Impact Of Negative Risks (Threats), In Order To Optimize The Chances Of Project Success. 1 2 3 3.2 3.1 Response StrategyW aleed Elbasyouni
  9. 9. Key Concepts For Project Risk Management • In The Early Stages Of a Project, The Level Of Risk Exposure Is at Its Maximum But Information On The Project Risks Is at a Minimum. •‫ﻲ‬ ‫ﻓ‬‫ﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻭﻟ‬ ‫ﻝ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻣﺭﺍﺣ‬‫ﺭﻭﻉ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻣﺷ‬‫ﺎﻁﺭ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻣﺧ‬ ‫ﺭﺽ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺗﻌ‬ ‫ﺔ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺟ‬ ‫ﺑﺗﻛﻭﻥ‬‫ﻲ‬‫ﺍﻋﻠ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﻳﻣﻛ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ﺎﺕ‬‫ﺍﻟﻣﻌﻠﻭﻣ‬‫ﺎﻁ‬‫ﺍﻟﻣﺧ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﻋ‬ ‫ﻭﻓﺭﺓ‬‫ﺍﻟﻣﺗ‬‫ﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﻝ‬‫ﻳﻣﻛﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﺎ‬.W aleed Elbasyouni
  10. 10. Key Concepts For Project Risk Management The Difference Between Risk and Issue Risk Managed Proactively  Issue Managed Reactively  ‫ﺇﺳﺗﺑﺎﻗﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﺑﻁﺭﻳﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﺗﺩﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻣﺧﺎﻁﺭ‬‫ﺗﻔﺎﻋﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﺑﻁﺭﻳﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﺗﺩﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻣﺷﺎﻛﻝ‬ )‫ﻓﻌﻝ‬ ‫ﺭﺩﺕ‬( W aleed Elbasyouni
  11. 11. Key Concepts For Project Risk Management Risk Statement ‐ Meta Language In order for all risks to be clearly defined, a standard structure for the way in which the risk is described should  be specified and applied. A typical such statement is: (Causes >> Event>> Effects)  Because of >> one or more causes  Risk Event>> Might occur  which would lead to >> One or more Effects  ‫ﺍﻟﻣﺷﺭﻭﻉ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺧﻝ‬ ‫ﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﺛﻳﺭ‬ ‫ﺣﺩﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺧﻁﺭ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﺳﻳﻘﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﺧﻁﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺳﻳﻘﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﺭﺑﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﺳﺑﺏ‬ ‫ﻭﺟﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﻣﻥ‬ ‫ﻻﺑﺩ‬‫ﺍﻟﻣﺷﺭﻭﻉ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺧﻝ‬ ‫ﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﺛﻳﺭ‬ ‫ﺣﺩﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺧﻁﺭ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﺳﻳﻘﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﺧﻁﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺳﻳﻘﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﺭﺑﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﺳﺑﺏ‬ ‫ﻭﺟﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﻣﻥ‬ ‫ﻻﺑﺩ‬ ‫ﻣﺛﺎﻝ‬:- ،‫ﻭﻡ‬‫ﻧﻳ‬ ‫ﺔ‬‫ﻣﻧﻁﻘ‬ ‫ﻲ‬‫ﻓ‬ ‫ﻳﺎﺣﻲ‬‫ﺳ‬ ‫ﺩﻕ‬‫ﻓﻧ‬ ‫ﺎء‬‫ﺇﻧﺷ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﻉ‬‫ﻣﺷ‬ ‫ﺩﻳﻧﺎ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺩﻳﻧﺎ‬‫ﻭﻟ‬‫ﻋﺟ‬‫ﻲ‬‫ﻓ‬ ‫ﺯ‬ ‫ﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺟ‬ ‫ﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻫ‬ ‫ﻳﺅﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﺳ‬ ،‫ﺎﻫﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻣ‬ ‫ﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻣﺎﻟ‬‫ﺩﻭﻝ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺟ‬ ‫ﻰ‬ ‫ﻓ‬ ‫ﺄﺧﻳﺭ‬ ‫ﺗ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺣ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺯﻣﻧﻲ‬‫ﺷﻬﺭﻳﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﺩﺗﻪ‬. ‫ﻣﺛﺎﻝ‬:- ،‫ﻭﻡ‬‫ﻧﻳ‬ ‫ﺔ‬‫ﻣﻧﻁﻘ‬ ‫ﻲ‬‫ﻓ‬ ‫ﻳﺎﺣﻲ‬‫ﺳ‬ ‫ﻓﻧﺩﻕ‬ ‫ﺇﻧﺷﺎء‬ ‫ﻣﺷﺭﻭﻉ‬ ‫ﻟﺩﻳﻧﺎ‬‫ﻋ‬ ‫ﺑﺏ‬‫ﻭﺑﺳ‬‫ﻲ‬‫ﻓ‬ ‫ﺯ‬‫ﺟ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻣﺎﻫﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻣﺎﻟﺔ‬‫ﻫﻧﺎﻙ‬‫ﻋﺟﺯ‬ ‫ﻳﺣﺩﺙ‬ ‫ﺭﺑﻣﺎ‬‫ﻓﻲ‬،‫ﺍﻟﻌﻣﻝ‬‫ﺯ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﺟ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﺳﻳﺅﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻰ‬‫ﺍﻟﺯﻣﻧﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺟﺩﻭﻝ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺗﺄﺧﻳﺭ‬ ‫ﺣﺩﻭﺙ‬‫ﺷﻬﺭﻳﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﺩﺗﻪ‬. Issue ‫ﻣﺷﻛﻠﺔ‬Risk  ‫ﺧﻁﺭ‬ W aleed Elbasyouni
  12. 12. Key Concepts For Project Risk Management Stakeholder Risk Attitudes ‫ﺍﻟﻣﺧﺎﻁﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺗﻌﺎﻣﻝ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻣﺻﻠﺣﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﺻﺣﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﺇﺗﺟﺎﻫﺎﺕ‬ Risk Seeker:   Stakeholders Are Risk Seeking In Nature. Risk Averse: Stakeholders Who Does Not Take Risks Risk Neutral: Balanced  Stakeholders  Are  Neither  Risk  Averse Nor Risk Seeking.  W aleed Elbasyouni
  13. 13. Key Concepts For Project Risk Management Risk and Contract Types ‫ﺍﻟﻣﺧﺎﻁﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺟﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺧﺩﻣﺔ‬ ‫ﻁﺎﻟﺑﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻣﺷﺗﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺟﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﻣﺧﺎﻁﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺧﺩﻣﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺩﻣﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺑﺎﺋﻊ‬ W aleed Elbasyouni
  14. 14. ‫ﺍﻟﻣﺧﺎﻁﺭ‬ ‫ﻹﺩﺍﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺋﻳﺳﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻧﺟﺎﺡ‬ ‫ﻋﻭﺍﻣﻝ‬ The Critical Success Factors For Project Risk Management W aleed Elbasyouni
  15. 15. The Critical Success Factors For Project Risk Management 1. Recognizing Risk Management Value ‫ﺍﻟﻣﺧﺎﻁﺭ‬ ‫ﺇﺩﺍﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻗﻳﻣﺔ‬ ‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺑﻘﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻋﺗﺭﺍﻑ‬ All Stakeholders has awareness of the value for the Risk Management, that  provides a positive potential return on investment for organization. W aleed Elbasyouni
  16. 16. The Critical Success Factors For Project Risk Management 2. Individual Commitment/Responsibility ‫ﺍﻷﻓﺭﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﺗﺯﺍﻡ‬/‫ﺍﻟﻣﺳﺅﻭﻟﻳﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺗﺣﻣﻝ‬ All Stakeholders in the project should be responsible about the risk; Risk  management is everyone’s responsibility. W aleed Elbasyouni
  17. 17. The Critical Success Factors For Project Risk Management 3. Open and Honest Communication ‫ﺍﻟﺗﻭﺍﺻﻝ‬ ‫ﻋﻣﻠﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻧﺯﺍﻫﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺷﻔﺎﻓﻳﺔ‬ All stakeholders should be involved in the Project Risk Management  process. Any actions or attitudes that hinder communication about  project risk reduce the effectiveness of Project Risk Management in  terms of proactive approaches and effective decision‐making. W aleed Elbasyouni
  18. 18. The Critical Success Factors For Project Risk Management 4. Organizational Commitment ‫ﺍﻟﻣﺅﺳﺳﺔ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﺗﺯﺍﻡ‬ Organizational  commitment  can  only  be  established  if risk management is aligned with the organization’s goals and values.  Project Risk Management may require a higher level of managerial  support than  other  project  management  disciplines  because  handling some of the risks will require approval of or responses from  others at levels above the project manager. W aleed Elbasyouni
  19. 19. The Critical Success Factors For Project Risk Management 5. Risk Effort Scaled to Project ‫ﺍﻟﻣﺷﺭﻭﻉ‬ ‫ﺣﺟﻡ‬ ‫ﻣﻊ‬ ‫ﻭﺗﻧﺎﺳﺑﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻣﺧﺎﻁﺭ‬ ‫ﺟﻬﻭﺩ‬ Project Risk Management activities should be consistent with the  value of the project to the organization and with its level of project  risk, its scale, and other organizational constraints. In particular, the  cost of Project Risk Management should be appropriate to its  potential value to the project and the organization. W aleed Elbasyouni
  20. 20. The Critical Success Factors For Project Risk Management 6. Integration with Project Management ‫ﺍﻟﻣﺷﺭﻭﻉ‬ ‫ﺇﺩﺍﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻣﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺗﻛﺎﻣﻝ‬ Project Risk Management does not exist in a vacuum, isolated from  other  project  management  processes.  Successful  Project  Risk  Management  requires  the  correct  execution of  the  other  project  management processes. Risk  Management W aleed Elbasyouni
  21. 21. The Project Risk Management application and implementation Processes ‫ﺍﻟﻣﺧﺎﻁﺭ‬ ‫ﺇﺩﺍﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻋﻣﻠﻳﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺗﻧﻔﻳﺫ‬ ‫ﺗﻁﺑﻳﻖ‬ W aleed Elbasyouni
  22. 22. The Project Risk Management application and implementation Processes 1. Risk  Preparation  1. Risk  Preparation  2. Risk  Identification  2. Risk  Identification  3. Risk  Assessment  and Evaluation  3. Risk  Assessment  and Evaluation  4. Risk  Response  4. Risk  Response  5. Risk  Monitoring Risk Management  Processes W aleed Elbasyouni
  23. 23. The Project Risk Management application and implementation Processes 1 Risk Preparation  ‫ﻟﻠﻣﺧﺎﻁﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻋﺩﺍﺩ‬ Risk Management  Processes W aleed Elbasyouni
  24. 24. The Project Risk Management application and implementation Processes Risk Preparation (Create Risk management Plan) Risk  Preparation 1. To defining How To conduct risk management activities throughout the project. • How do? 1. Expert Judgment  2. Stakeholder analysis use  to  determine  the  Risk  appetite  of  project  stakeholders. Risk Appetite ‫ﺍﻟﻣﺧﺎﻁﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﻏﺑﺔ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺟﺔ‬‫ﺗ‬ ‫ﻳﺗﻘﺑﻠﻭﻧﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺗﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻭﺍﻟﻣﺅﺳﺳﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻻﻓﺭﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺧﺎﺻﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻳﻘﻳﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﻡ‬‫ﺍﻟﻣﺧﺎﻁﺭ‬ ‫ﺟﺎﻩ‬ • Why? Risk  Identification Risk  Assessment &  Evaluation Risk  Response Risk  Monitoring Industry ‐ Company Culture ‐ Organizational Objectives ‐ Financial Strength of the Organization‐ Competitors ‫ﺑﺈﺧﺗﻼﻑ‬ ‫ﺗﺧﺗﻠﻑ‬)‫ﺍﻟﺻﻧﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﺟﺎﻝ‬–‫ﺍﻟﺷﺭﻛﺔ‬ ‫ﺛﻘﺎﻓﺔ‬–‫ﺍﻟﻣﺅﺳﺳﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻫﺩﺍﻑ‬–‫ﻟﻠﻣﺅﺳﺳﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻣﺎﻟﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﺓ‬–‫ﺍﻟﻣﻧﺎﻓﺳﻳﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﺣﺟﻡ‬( W aleed Elbasyouni
  25. 25. The Project Risk Management application and implementation Processes Risk Preparation (Create Risk management Plan) Risk  Preparation Risk  Identification Risk  Assessment &  Evaluation Risk  Response Risk  Monitoring • Elements and Contents of Risk Management Plan • Strategy • Methodology • Roles and responsibilities • Risk categories • Risk management funding • Frequency and timing • Stakeholder risk appetite • Risk tracking and audit • Definitions of probability • Definitions of impact by objective W aleed Elbasyouni
  26. 26. The Project Risk Management application and implementation Processes 2 Risk Identification  ‫ﺍﻟﻣﺧﺎﻁﺭ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﺭﻳﻑ‬ Risk Management  Processes W aleed Elbasyouni
  27. 27. The Project Risk Management application and implementation Processes Risk Identification (Data Gathering –Create RBS – Create Risk Register)  Risk  Preparation Risk  Identification Risk  Assessment &  Evaluation Risk  Response Risk  Monitoring • Why? 1. To identifying individual project risks as well as sources of overall project risk, and documenting their  characteristics. • How do? 1. Expert Judgment  2. Data Gathering & analysis • Brainstorming • Checklists • Interviews • Root cause analysis • SWOT analysis Create RBS  Risk Register W aleed Elbasyouni
  28. 28. The Project Risk Management application and implementation Processes Risk Identification (Data Gathering –Create RBS – Create Risk Register)  Risk  Preparation Risk  Identification Risk  Assessment &  Evaluation Risk  Response Risk  Monitoring • Risk Identification Activities May Include The Following: • Project Manager • Project Team Members • Project Risk Specialist  • Customers – Sponsor  • Subject Matter Experts From Outside The Project Team • End Users • Other Project Managers • Any Stakeholders, And Risk Management Experts Within The Organization.  ‫ﺍﻟﻣﺧﺎﻁﺭ‬ ‫ﺗﺣﺩﻳﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﻣﻠﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺟﻣﻳﻊ‬ ‫ﺇﺷﺭﺍﻙ‬ ‫ﻣﻥ‬ ‫ﻻﺑﺩ‬ W aleed Elbasyouni
  29. 29. The Project Risk Management application and implementation Processes Risk Identification (Data Gathering –Create RBS – Create Risk Register)  Risk  Preparation Risk  Identification Risk  Assessment &  Evaluation Risk  Response Risk  Monitoring • Risk Breakdown Structure (RBS) • Risk Register W aleed Elbasyouni
  30. 30. The Project Risk Management application and implementation Processes 3 Risk Assessment  & Evaluation ‫ﺍﻟﻣﺧﺎﻁﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺗﻘﺩﻳﺭ‬ ‫ﺗﻘﻳﻳﻡ‬ Risk Management  Processes W aleed Elbasyouni
  31. 31. The Project Risk Management application and implementation Processes Risk Assessment and Evaluation (Qualitative Risk analysis ‐ Setting Priorities)Risk  Preparation Risk  Identification Risk  Assessment &  Evaluation Risk  Response Risk  Monitoring • Why? 1. To  Prioritizing  individual  project  risks  by  assessing  their  probability  of  occurrence  and  impact  to focuses efforts on high‐priority risks. • How do? 1. Expert Judgment  2. Data analysis • Risk probability and impact assessment • Assessment of other risk parameters 3. Data representation • Probability and impact matrix W aleed Elbasyouni
  32. 32. The Project Risk Management application and implementation Processes Risk Assessment and Evaluation (Qualitative Risk analysis ‐ Setting Priorities)Risk  Preparation Risk  Identification Risk  Assessment &  Evaluation Risk  Response Risk  Monitoring • Risk probability and impact assessment (Probability and impact matrix) To Clarify All Risks Scoring Method Probability (P)  and Impact (I) matrix Risk Score = P X I  1 % to 10 % 11 % to 35 % 36 % to 85 % Low Risks Medium Risks Risk Rank High Risks V.High 85% 8.5% 25.5% 42.5% 55.3% 72.3% 72.3% 55.3% 42.5% 25.5% 8.5% High  65% 6.5% 19.5% 32.5% 42.3% 55.3% 55.3% 42.3% 32.5% 19.5% 6.5% Medium 50% 5.0% 15.0% 25.0% 32.5% 42.5% 42.5% 32.5% 25.0% 15.0% 5.0% Low 30% 3.0% 9.0% 15.0% 19.5% 25.5% 25.5% 19.5% 15.0% 9.0% 3.0% V.Low 10% 1.0% 3.0% 5.0% 6.5% 8.5% 8.5% 6.5% 5.0% 3.0% 1.0% 10% 30% 50% 65% 85% 85% 65% 50% 30% 10% V.Low Low Medium High  V.High V.High High  Medium Low V.Low Probability (P) Impact ( I ) Threat Scope, Schedule,  Cost, and Quality Impact ( I )  Opportunity Risk Assessment Matrix Risk Rank = P X I V.Low (10%) < Low (30%) in‐between 5,001SAR                       Medium (50%) in‐between 30,001SAR                    High (65%) in‐between 200,001SAR                  V.High (85%) > Description V.Low (10%) Low (30%) Medium (50%) High (65%) V.High (85%) V.Low (10%) < Low (30%) in‐between 1 week  Medium (50%) in‐between 2 Weeks High (65%) in‐between 4 Weeks V.High (85%) > 6 Weeks 30,000SAR                           400,001SAR                                                                     5,000SAR                                                                          Cost Impact Quality  Impact Schedule Impact Guide Scenario 1 week  2 Weeks 4 Weeks 6 Weeks Impact has some effect causing rework or reassessment but easily handled Impact have low/little effect and easily handled 200,000SAR                        400,000SAR                        Almost slight impact Failure that involves significant rework, modification or reassessment Failure or setback that causes additional work and reassessment but containable Risk Score W aleed Elbasyouni
  33. 33. The Project Risk Management application and implementation Processes Risk Assessment and Evaluation (Qualitative Risk analysis ‐ Setting Priorities)Risk  Preparation Risk  Identification Risk  Assessment &  Evaluation Risk  Response Risk  Monitoring Assessment of other risk parameters ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻭﺍﻣﻝ‬ ‫ﺑﻌﺽ‬‫ﻟﺗﻘﻳﻳﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺧﺭﻱ‬‫ﺍﻟﻣﺧﺎﻁﺭ‬ The project team may consider other characteristics of risk (in addition to probability and impact) • Urgency ‫ﺍﻟﺿﺭﻭﺭﺓ‬ • Proximity ‫ﺍﻟﺣﺩﺙ‬ ‫ﻗﺭﺏ‬ • Manageability ‫ﺍﻟﺣﺩﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﺩﺍﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺳﻬﻭﻟﺔ‬ • Controllability ‫ﺍﻟﺗﺣﻛﻡ‬ ‫ﺳﻬﻭﻟﺔ‬ • Detectability ‫ﺍﻟﻣﺑﻛﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻛﺷﺎﻑ‬ • Connectivity ‫ﺍﺧﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﺑﻣﺧﺎﻁﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺭﺗﺑﺎﻁ‬ • Strategic impact ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺗﺎﺛﻳﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﺩﻱ‬‫ﻟﻠﻣﺅﺳﺳﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺳﺗﺭﺍﺗﺟﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻫﺩﺍﻑ‬ W aleed Elbasyouni
  34. 34. The Project Risk Management application and implementation Processes Risk Assessment and Evaluation (Qualitative Risk analysis ‐ Setting Priorities)Risk  Preparation Risk  Identification Risk  Assessment &  Evaluation Risk  Response Risk  Monitoring Risk Category Risk Breakdown Structure  (RBS) Department Project ID Risk ID Risk Description Risk Type  (Opp. or Thr.) Risk Probability Schedule Cost Quality Current  Month Previous  Month Varianc e Trigger  Expected   Date Actual Date of occur Expected completion  Date  Technical Risks 164           Scope  2 Constuction R‐01 Delay in construction of electrical rooms SEC Rooms & utilities &  Service connections and connecting permenant power. 01 Threat 40.0% 20.0% 50.0% 20.0% 12.0% 40.0% ⇧  19‐Apr‐18 Constuction R‐02 Delay in construction of electrical rooms SEC Rooms & utilities &  Service connections and connecting permenant power. 02 Threat 40.0% 50.0% 50.0% 15.0% 15.3% 40.0% ⇧  31‐Dec‐18           Schedule  26           Engineering  14           Quality  10           Cost 4         Desigen 4           Resources  62           HSE 42 Management Risks 93           Project Mana.  16           Estimation  1           Communication  42           Contract  3           Procurement 14       Suppliers/Vendors 13           Subcontractor 4 Organizational Risks 6           Supply Chain 6           Funding  0 External Risks 33           Political  1           Legality  32           Weather  0           Force Majeure 0 TimingRisk RankImpact Opportunity W aleed Elbasyouni
  35. 35. The Project Risk Management application and implementation Processes 4 Risk Response ‫ﻟﻠﻣﺧﺎﻁﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺳﺗﺟﺎﺑﺔ‬ Risk Management  Processes W aleed Elbasyouni
  36. 36. The Project Risk Management application and implementation Processes Risk Response (Risk Response Strategy for threats & opportunities)Risk  Preparation Risk  Identification Risk  Assessment &  Evaluation Risk Response Risk  Monitoring • Why? • To developing options, selecting strategies actions to address the individual project risks. • How do? 1. Expert Judgment  2. Strategies for threats & opportunities  Develop Contingency Plan  (Plan A) 3. Select Risk Owners 4. Develop Fullback Plan  (Plan B) 5. Identify Risk Trigger 6. Customize Contingency Reserve Time & Cost W aleed Elbasyouni
  37. 37. The Project Risk Management application and implementation Processes Risk Response (Risk Response Strategy for threats & opportunities)Risk  Preparation Risk  Identification Risk  Assessment &  Evaluation Risk Response Risk  Monitoring • Strategies for threats & opportunities Develop Contingency Plan  (Plan A) Strategies For Threats ‫ﺍﻟﺗﻬﺩﻳﺩﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻣﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺗﻌﺎﻣﻝ‬ ‫ﺇﺳﺗﺭﺍﺗﻳﺟﻳﺎﺕ‬ )‫ﺍﻟﺳﻠﺑﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻣﺧﺎﻁﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻧﺎﺗﺟﺔ‬( Strategies For Opportunities ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺭﺹ‬ ‫ﻣﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺗﻌﺎﻣﻝ‬ ‫ﺇﺳﺗﺭﺍﺗﻳﺟﻳﺎﺕ‬ )‫ﺍﻹﻳﺟﺎﺑﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻣﺧﺎﻁﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻧﺎﺗﺟﺔ‬( 11• Avoid 22• Transfer 33• Mitigate 44• Accept (active or passive) 55• Escalate 11• Exploit 22• Share 33• Enhance 44• Accept (active or passive) 55• Escalate W aleed Elbasyouni
  38. 38. The Project Risk Management application and implementation Processes Risk Response (Risk Response Strategy for threats & opportunities)Risk  Preparation Risk  Identification Risk  Assessment &  Evaluation Risk Response Risk  Monitoring • Contingency Plan  (Plan A) VS Fullback Plan  (Plan B)  Fullback Plan   (Plan B) Contingency Plan   (Plan A) W aleed Elbasyouni
  39. 39. The Project Risk Management application and implementation Processes Risk Response (Risk Response Strategy for threats & opportunities)Risk  Preparation Risk  Identification Risk  Assessment &  Evaluation Risk Response Risk  Monitoring Risk Owner Risk Category Risk Breakdown Structure  (RBS) Department Project ID Risk ID Risk Description Risk Type  (Opp. or Thr.) Risk Probability Schedule Cost Quality Current  Month Previous  Month Varianc e Trigger  Expected   Date Actual Date of occur Expected completion  Date  Strategy  Actions Name Completion  Rate Remarks Technical Risks 164           Scope  2 Constuction R‐01 Delay in construction of electrical rooms SEC Rooms & utilities &  Service connections and connecting permenant power. 01 Threat 40.0% 20.0% 50.0% 20.0% 12.0% 40.0% ⇧  19‐Apr‐18 Avoid 1‐TBC:  2.AECOM: 3.CONTRACTOR (BAWANI): 1. Contractor is instructed to assign  special group/s for electrical rooms Maan Sarakbi 100% RUH063C Constuction R‐02 Delay in construction of electrical rooms SEC Rooms & utilities &  Service connections and connecting permenant power. 02 Threat 40.0% 50.0% 50.0% 15.0% 15.3% 40.0% ⇧  31‐Dec‐18 Transfer 1‐TBC:  2.AECOM: 3.CONTRACTOR (KIFAH‐G05): 1. Contractor is instructed to assign  special group/s for electrical rooms Maan Sarakbi 84% RUH166S           Schedule  26           Engineering  14           Quality  10           Cost 4         Desigen 4           Resources  62           HSE 42 Management Risks 93           Project Mana.  16           Estimation  1           Communication  42           Contract  3           Procurement 14       Suppliers/Vendors 13           Subcontractor 4 Organizational Risks 6           Supply Chain 6           Funding  0 External Risks 33           Political  1           Legality  32           Weather  0           Force Majeure 0 Timing Risk Response Report Data Date: 31‐Jan‐2019Depatment Name:Region Name: Riyadh (Center) Region  Risk RankImpact Opportunity W aleed Elbasyouni
  40. 40. The Project Risk Management application and implementation Processes 5 Risk Monitoring ‫ﺍﻟﻣﺧﺎﻁﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﺗﺎﺑﻌﺔ‬ Risk Management  Processes W aleed Elbasyouni
  41. 41. The Project Risk Management application and implementation Processes Risk Monitoring and Reporting (Audits ‐ Risk Review meeting – Risk KPIs – identification lessons  learned data base) Risk  Preparation Risk  Identification Risk  Assessment &  Evaluation Risk  Response Risk  Monitoring • Why? • To  monitoring  the  implementation  of  risk  response  plans,  tracking  identified  risks,  identifying  and  analyzing new risks, and evaluating risk process effectiveness throughout the project. • How do? 1. Audits 2. Risk Review Meetings 3. Risk Reporting & KPIs W aleed Elbasyouni
  42. 42. The Project Risk Management application and implementation Processes Risk Monitoring and Reporting (Audits ‐ Risk Review meeting – Risk KPIs – identification lessons  learned data base) Risk  Preparation Risk  Identification Risk  Assessment &  Evaluation Risk  Response Risk  Monitoring 1. Audits ‫ﻟﻠﻣﺧﺎﻁﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺳﺗﺟﺎﺑﺔ‬ ‫ﺧﻁﻁ‬ ‫ﻭﺗﺄﺛﻳﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﻋﻠﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﻣﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺗﺣﻘﻖ‬ Implemented risk responses are effective ‫ﺑﺎﻟﻣﺷﺭﻭﻉ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺭﺩﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻣﺧﺎﻁﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺟﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺗﻐﻳﻳﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺩﻝ‬ Level of individual Risk  has changed ‫ﺍﻟﻣﺷﺭﻭﻉ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺧﻝ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺭﺩﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻣﺧﺎﻁﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﻥ‬ ‫ﺟﺩﻳﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻅﻬﺭﻣﺟﻣﻭﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﻝ‬ New individual project risks have arisen ‫ﺍﻟﻣﺧﺎﻁﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﻣﻠﻳﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺇﺩﺍﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺃﺳﻠﻭﺏ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﻋﻠﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﺩﻱ‬ Risk management approach is still appropriate ‫ﻟﻺﺳﺗﺧﺩﺍ‬ ‫ﺻﺎﻟﺣﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﺯﺍﻟﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻣﺷﺭﻭﻉ‬ ‫ﻭﺇﺳﺗﺭﺍﺗﻳﺟﻳﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻣﺷﺭﻭﻉ‬ ‫ﻓﺭﺿﻳﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻫﻝ‬‫ﻡ‬ Project assumptions and strategy are still valid ‫ﺍﻟﻣﺧﺎﻁﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺷﻁﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺗﻌﺎﻣﻝ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺷﺭﻛﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺇﺟﺭﺍءﺕ‬ ‫ﺳﻳﺎﺳﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺇﺗﺑﺎﻉ‬ ‫ﺗﻡ‬ ‫ﻫﻝ‬ Risk management policies and procedures are being followed ‫ﺍﻟﻁﻭﺍﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﺣﺗﻳﺎﻁﻲ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﺩﻳﻝ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺣﺎﺟﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﻧﺎﻙ‬ ‫ﻫﻝ‬)‫ﺍﻟﻭﻗﺕ‬-‫ﺍﻟﺗﻛﺎﻟﻳﻑ‬( Contingency reserves for cost or schedule require modification W aleed Elbasyouni
  43. 43. The Project Risk Management application and implementation Processes Risk Monitoring and Reporting (Audits ‐ Risk Review meeting – Risk KPIs – identification lessons  learned data base) Risk  Preparation Risk  Identification Risk  Assessment &  Evaluation Risk  Response Risk  Monitoring 2. Risk Review Meetings May result: • identification of new individual project risks. • Reassessment of current risks. • the closing of risks that are outdated. • New  issues that  have  arisen  as  the  result  of  risks  that  have  occurred. • identification  of  lessons  learned  to  use  in  similar  projects  in  the  future. W aleed Elbasyouni
  44. 44. The Project Risk Management application and implementation Processes Risk Monitoring and Reporting (Audits ‐ Risk Review meeting – Risk KPIs – identification lessons  learned data base) Risk  Preparation Risk  Identification Risk  Assessment &  Evaluation Risk  Response Risk  Monitoring 3. Risk Reporting & KPIs W aleed Elbasyouni
  45. 45. ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺋﻳﺳﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻣﻧﺎﻓﻊ‬‫ﻹ‬‫ﺍﻟﻣﺧﺎﻁﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﺓ‬ The Key Benefits For Project Risk Management W aleed Elbasyouni
  46. 46. The Key Benefits For Project Risk Management Proactive rather than Reactive approach ‫ﺍﻟﻔﻌﻝ‬ ‫ﺭﺩﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺇﺟﺭﺍء‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻧﺗﻅﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﺩﻻ‬ ‫ﺇﺳﺗﺑﺎﻗﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﺑﻁﺭﻳﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺣﺩﺍﺙ‬ ‫ﻣﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺗﻌﺎﻣﻝ‬ Prioritizes risks for Top Management to focuses efforts on high‐priority risks ‫ﺍﻷﻋﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺗﺎﺛﻳﺭ‬ ‫ﺫﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻣﺧﺎﻁﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺗﺭﻛﻳﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻭﻟﻭﻳﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺣﺳﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻣﺧﺎﻁﺭ‬ ‫ﺗﺭﺗﻳﺏ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻳﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺩﺍﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻣﺳﺎﻋﺩﺓ‬ The team remains focused (Forces the team to think collectively and collaboratively in mitigating risks,  proactively) ‫ﺍﻛﺛﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺭﻳﻖ‬ ‫ﺟﻌﻝ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﻌﻣﻝ‬ ‫ﺗﺭﻛﻳﺯﺍ‬‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬‫ﺍﻟﻣﺧﺎﻁﺭ‬ ‫ﺗﺧﻔﻳﻑ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺗﻌﺎﻭﻧﻲ‬ ‫ﺟﻣﺎﻋﻲ‬ ‫ﺑﺷﻛﻝ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺗﻔﻛﻳﺭ‬‫ﺑﺎﺳﺗﺑﺎﻗﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻌﻣﻝ‬ Ensures that procurement and contract terms and conditions reflect the client’s risk appetite and project objectives; by contract types selection.  ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺗﺎﻛﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﻣﻠﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﺗﺳﺎﻋﺩ‬‫ﻭﺃﺣﻛﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺷﺭﻭﻁ‬‫ﺭﻏﺑﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﻛﺱ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻣﺷﺗﺭﻳﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻘﻭﺩ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﻣﻳﻝ‬‫ﺍﻟﻣﺧﺎﻁﺭ؛‬ ‫ﻣﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺗﻌﺎﻣﻝ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﻘﺩ‬ ‫ﺃﻧﻭﺍﻉ‬ ‫ﺍﺧﺗﻳﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻁﺭﻳﻖ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬. There are fewer surprises (let the team spot concerns far earlier) ‫ﺍﻟﻣﻔﺎﺟﺂﺕ‬ ‫ﻣﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺗﻘﻠﻳﻝ‬-‫ﻣﺑﻛﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﺷﻛﻝ‬ ‫ﺗﺭﻛﻳﺯﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻛﺛﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺭﻳﻖ‬ ‫ﺟﻌﻝ‬ There’s better quality data for decision making ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺭﺍﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺻﻧﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﺗﺳﺎﻋﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺗﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺑﻳﺎﻧﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻣﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﺎﻟﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﺩﻗﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺣﺻﻭﻝ‬ Communication more effective (Good risk management elevates the conversation) ‫ﻭﻛﻔﺎءﺓ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﻋﻠﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻛﺛﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺭﻳﻖ‬ ‫ﺑﻳﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺗﻭﺍﺻﻝ‬ ‫ﻋﻣﻠﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﺟﻌﻝ‬ Budgets and estimates rely less on guesswork (Overall this will lead to fewer cost and time overruns) ‫ﺍﻟﺗﺧﻣﻳﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻣﻛﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻗﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺑﻌﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻭﻗﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺗﻛﺎﻟﻳﻑ‬ ‫ﺗﻘﺩﻳﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺣﺳﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﻋﻣﻠﻳﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺗﺣﺩﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺗﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺗﺟﺎﻭﺯﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺗﻘﻠﻳﻝ‬ ‫ﻣﺣﺎﻭﻟﺕ‬ W aleed Elbasyouni
  47. 47. If You Need any Further Comments Or Help Feel Free To Contact With Me On: @Waleed Elbasyouni Thank You ‫ﺟﺯﻳﻼ‬ ‫ﺷﻛﺭﺍ‬.... ‫ﺃ‬ ‫ﺇﻻ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ْ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ُ‫ﺩ‬‫ْﻬ‬‫ﺷ‬‫ﺃ‬ َ‫ﺩﻙ‬ْ‫ﻣ‬َ‫ﺣ‬‫ﻭﺑ‬ ّ‫ﻡ‬ُ‫ﻬ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﻙ‬َ‫ﻧ‬‫ﺣﺎ‬ْ‫ﺑ‬‫ﺳ‬َ‫ﺭﻙ‬ِ‫ﻔ‬ْ‫ﻐ‬‫ﺗ‬ْ‫ﺳ‬‫ﺃ‬ ‫ﺕ‬ْ‫ﻧ‬ ‫ﻙ‬ْ‫ﻳ‬‫ﺇﻟ‬ ُ‫ﻭﺏ‬َ‫ﺗ‬‫ﺃ‬َ‫ﻭ‬W aleed Elbasyouni

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