Then I said to them,
“You see the trouble
we are in: Jerusalem
lies in ruins, and its
gates have been
fire. Come, let us
rebuild the wall of
Jerusalem, and we
will no longer be in
3. What is RECONSTRUCTIONISM?
also known as Social
is a philosophy that emphasizes
the addressing of social questions
and a quest to create a better
society and worldwide democracy
founder of Social
Education had the
responsibility to mold
human beings into a
a Brazilian educator and philosopher
whose experiences living in poverty led
him to champion education and literacy
as the vehicle for social change
believed the classroom was a place
where social change could take place.
teaching and learning as a process of
inquiry in which the child must invent
and reinvent the world
Metaphysical Position of Reconstructionism
The metaphysics of
reconstructionism tells us
that there are both ideal
and practical uses of any
Epistemological Position of Reconstructionism
The epistemological tells us
that learning comes through
social interaction and the
cultural fabric in which we
11. Educational Aims
people act as change agents
not only aim to educate a
generation of problem solvers,
but also try to identify and correct
many noteworthy social
12. Reconstructionism Classroom
contains a teacher who involves
the students in discussions of
moral dilemmas to understand the
implications of one's actions
students with learning requisite for
altering social, economic, and
13. Role of aTeacher
to not tell students what is
right or wrong in society,
but instead to guide students
by exploring social issues,
viewpoints, and facilitating
student analysis of the issues.
teacher was determined
to get the students
interests by requiring
them to write. Students
were allowed to write
about anything they
wanted and were free to
express themselves in
their journals . She
encourages students to
find their own and
present it to
17. What is Behaviorism?
also known as behavioral
a theory of learning based
on the idea that all behaviors
are acquired through
18. What is Behaviorism?
a theory of learning which
states all behaviors are
learned through interaction
with the environment
American psychologist who
codified and publicized behaviorism
human behavior and animal
behavior can be changed or
"conditioned" based on the presence
or absence of external stimuli.
child's environment is the factor
that shapes behaviors over their
genetic makeup or natural
John B. Watson
22. Epistemological Position of Behaviorism
behaviorism is the theory
that knowledge should be
seen in a behavioristic way,
23. Axiological Position of Behaviorism
considers our sense of beauty
was environmentally formed.
The reason lies in the way our
environment has shaped our
24. Logical Position of Behaviorism
human learning and behavior was
controlled by experiences; the only
behaviors that should be studied
are the "observable" ones.
25. Aesthetical Position of Behaviorism
study of our interactions with
artworks; our reactions to
paintings, literature, poetry,
music, movies, and performances
26. Behaviorism Curriculum
Behaviorism is an area of psychological
study that focuses on observing and
analyzing how controlled environmental
changes affect behavior.
Behaviorism techniques used to
encourage behavior that is desirable and
to discourage behavior that is
27. Behaviorism Classroom
classroom management- behaviorists
believe that if teachers provide positive
reinforcement, or rewards, whenever
students perform a desired behavior, they
will learn to perform the behavior on their
Behaviorism focuses on the idea that all
behaviors are learned through
interaction with the environment
28. Role of a Teacher
to manipulate the
environment to shape
29. How do Teachers apply Behaviorism?
1. Teacher leads the class through a topic.
2. Students listen silently.
3. Teacher then sets a task based on the
4. Students complete the task and await
5. The teacher gives feedback, and then sets the
6. With each round of feedback, the student is
being conditioned to learn the material.
when teachers reward their class or
certain students with a party or special
treat at the end of the week for good
behavior throughout the week. The same
concept is used with punishments. The
teacher can take away certain privileges if
the student misbehaves
Before I’ll discuss reconstrutionism let me share to you the story of Nehemiah when he rebuilt the walls of Jerusalem.Nehemiah is a character in the Bible. Sya ay isang cupbearer ng hari. nabalitaan ni nehemaiah na kahabag babag ang kalagayan ng kanyang kababayan sapagkat wasak at sunog ang pader at pintuan ng Jerusalem dahil sa mga digmaan. Kaya sinabi niya sa hari na kailangan nyang pangunahan ang mga Israelites in rebuilding the walls. Nehemiah wants to rebuild the walls of Jerusalem because In Nehemiah 2:17 he said to Israelites “You see the trouble we are in: Jerusalem lies in ruins, and its gates have been burned with fire. Come, let us rebuild the wall of Jerusalem, and we will no longer be in disgrace. So he wants to rebuild the walls because they were in trouble, Jerusalem lies in ruins, and they were in disgrace/...kahiya-hiya or kahabag habag ang kanilang kalagayan ng mga israelites kaya they need to rebuild the wall.so yun po and story nehemia.
So now how are we going to use reconstructionism philosophy in teaching and how are we going to reconstruct what is conventional/traditional way of teaching.
What is reconstructionism? Reconstructionism also called social reconstructionism. It is a philosophy that emphasizes the addressing of social questions and a quest(pakikipagsapalaran) to create a better society and worldwide democracy. it is addressing the social questions like questions about privilege , racism, classism, sexism, and any other form of social oppression. Education should be designed so that students experience learning in an environment where they are treated like democratic participants
Theodore Burghard Hurt Brameld (1904-1987) was a leading educational philosopher of the 20th century. As an American educator and educational philosopher, Brameld founded social reconstructionism as a response to the horrors of WWII. He believed that education had the responsibility to mold human beings into a cohesive (magkakaugnay) and compassionate (mabahagin) society (lipunan).He recognized the potential for either human destruction through technology and human cruelty or the capacity to create a better society using technology and human compassion
Next, we have George Counts (1889-1974) recognized that education was the means of preparing people for creating this new social order. . Why George Counts called building/creating a new social order? because He wanted teachers to go beyond abstract, philosophical conceptions of democracy and teach explicitly / clearly about power and injustice. He wanted teachers and students to count among their primary goals- which is building of a better social order
Next philosopher,Paulo Freire( freyre)(1921-1997) was a Brazilian educator and philosopher whose experiences living in poverty led him to champion education and literacy as the vehicle for social change. In his view, humans must learn to resist oppression and not become its victims, nor oppress others. For him, Rather than "teaching as banking," in which the educator deposits information into students' heads, Freire saw teaching and learning as a process of inquiry in which the child must invent and reinvent the world. Freire created a literacy method which incorporated dialogue about the everyday problems faced by illiterates in learning how to read and write, Freire believed the classroom was a place where social change could take place. Freire, like Dewey, believed that each student should play an active role in their own learning, instead of being the passive recipients of knowledge.
Metaphysical Position of reconstructionism philosophy.The metaphysics of reconstructionism tells us that there are both ideal and practical uses of any view. Because The metaphysic is the ontological view of being - or the nature of the human being- that tells us how the theory views the human being
We have to accept the fact that any point of view are both practical and ideal
The epistemo-logical position of reconstructionism tells us that learning comes through social interaction and the cultural fabric in which we exist. The epistemo-logical tells us how the human being learns and obtains knowledge through social interactions and the culture where we exist .students learn sa pamamagitan ng interaction nya sa kanyang paligid at sa kultura na kinabibilangan nya.
The axiological (axsiyological)position of reconstructionism tells us that we need to make life better than it was or is.because Axiology evaluates the value of Goodness. Kailngan ma realied ng bata kung ano ang mas nakakabuti o mas mabuti.
Reconstructionism Curriculum . Reconstructionist educators focus on a curriculum that highlights social reform as the aim of education. educational philosophy that views schools as tools to solve social problems. Social reconstructionists reason that, because all leaders are the product of schools,( like president, Senators, Mayors, )schools should provide a curriculum that fosters students development
The educational aims of reconstructionism is that people act as change agents. They do not think that schools should be separate from society, and educators should be more involved in the social cause. Reconstructionists not only aim to educate a generation of problem solvers, but also try to identify and correct many noteworthy social problems that face our nation, with diverse targets including racism, pollution, homelessness, poverty, violence and now the pandemic
. The reconstructionist classroom contains 1. a teacher who involves the students in discussions of moral dilemmas to understand the implications of one's actions. Students individually select their objectives and social priorities and then, with guidance from the teacher, create a plan of action to make the change happen.2. provide students with learning requisite/required for altering/changing social, economic, and political realities
Social reconstructionism promotes teachers to not tell students what is right or wrong in society, but instead to guide students by exploring social issues, presenting alternative viewpoints, and facilitating student analysis of the issues.. For example, a class may read an article on texting while driving and watch a documentary on the need for awareness in school systems.
An excellent example of social reconstructionism is the 2007 movie Freedom Writers. In the movie the teacher was determined to get the students interests by requiring them to write. Students were allowed to write about anything they wanted and were free to express themselves in their journal. . She encourages students to find their own and present it to the world. Freedom Writer teacher believes that everyone has his own story.Freedom Writers acquire general academic and life skills while becoming responsible for their own lives and happiness, overcoming social disadvantage.
Behavior is a Mirror in Which Everyone Shows His Image – by johann Wolfgang von Goethe(gowtii,,gowtah) a German poet, playwright, novelist, scientist, statesman, theatre director, and a critic. Sometimes we have a mindset like, kung ano ang asal/ugali mo yun ka..kung masama asal mo e di masama ka,kung mabuti ang ugali mo e di mabuti ka. Nakikita o nakilala ang isang tao sa pamamagitan ng kanyang asal.
What is Behaviorism,? behaviorism also known as behavioral psychology, is a theory of learning based on the idea that all behaviors are acquired through conditioning. Conditioning occurs through interaction with the environment. Behaviorists believe that our responses to environmental stimuli shape our actions.1
Behaviorism, is a theory of learning which states all behaviors are learned through interaction with the environment ...Behavioral psychology, or behaviorism, is a theory suggesting that environment shapes human behavior, study and analysis of observable behavior.when applied to a classroom setting, focuses on conditioning student behavior with various types of behavior reinforcements and consequences
John Watson (1878-1958) was an early 20th century psychologist who established the psychological field of behaviorism. Watson believed that human behavior and animal behavior can be changed or "conditioned" based on the presence or absence of external stimuli. Using applied behavior analysis, Dr. Watson was able to successfully install and remove desired behavioral traits
and emotional responses based on psychological behaviorism.Behaviorism, according to Watson, was the science of observable behavior. Within behaviorism, Watson specialized in child development, arguing that a child's environment is the factor that shapes behaviors over their genetic makeup or natural temperament. His work has been very influential on psychologists like B.F. Skinner
B. F. Skinner was an American psychologist best-known for his influence on behaviorism. Skinner referred to his own philosophy as 'radical behaviorism' and suggested that the concept of free will was simply an illusion. All human action, he instead believed, was the direct result of conditioning.
He developed the theory of operant conditioning -- the idea that behavior is determined by its consequences, be they reinforcements or punishments, which make it more or less likely that the behavior will occur again. Operant conditioning, also known as instrumental conditioning, is a method of learning normally attributed to B.F. Skinner, where the consequences of a response determine the probability of it being repeated. Through operant conditioning behavior which is reinforced (rewarded) will likely be repeated, and behavior which is punished will occur less frequently. kapag may parusa sa bawat maling behavior may tendency na hindi na nila uulitin... at kapag may reward naman sa bawat tamang behavior may tendency na uulitin nila iyon. Behaviorism is primarily concerned with observable behavior, as opposed to internal events like thinking and emotion. ... Skinner proposed that the way humans learn behavior is much the same as the way the rats learned to press a lever.
Next philosopher is Ivan Pavlov. He may not have set out to change the face of psychology, but his work had a profound and lasting influence on the science of the mind and behavior. His discovery of classical conditioning helped establish the school of thought known as behaviorism. Pavlov studied the effect of outside stimuli on body processes. His most famous experiment involved the salivation reflex in dogs. The salivation reflex is an involuntary, natural body process that occurs when food is in someone or something’s mouth. In his experiment, he tried to create the salivation reflex in the dogs when they did not have food in their mouth. To accomplish this, he would turn on a metronome, and then give the dogs he was studying food. Naturally, because food was in their mouth, they would salivate. However, after doing this for a while, when he would turn on the metronome, the dogs would salivate, even though they were not eating and there was no food in front of them. This is an example conditioning.
Epistemo-logical position of behaviorism. behaviorism is the theory that knowledge should be seen in a behavioristic way not character, not characterized as something inside the mind of the individual- but something external. Ang kaalaman ng isang bata ay nakikita o nabatay sa behavior nya at hindi sa kanyang karakter
AXIOLOGY:considers our sense of beauty was environmentally formed. The reason lies in the way our environment has shaped our tastes.because axiology is The study of the nature of values and value judgments. Nashe shape ang pagtingin/ taste ng learner sa isang bagay base sa kanyang nakikita sa kanyang invironment
LOGICAL position of behaviorism:human learning and behavior was controlled by experiences; the only behaviors that should be studied are the "observable" ones. mental concepts can be explained in terms of behavioral concepts. Controlado ng environment and behavior/action ng isang learner. Ang c0ncepto sa isip ay naipaliliwanag through action or behavior
Aesthetical position of behaviorism: involves the “study of our interactions with artworks; our reactions to paintings, literature, poetry, music, movies, and performances; our experiences of beauty and ugliness, our preferences and dislikes; and our everyday perceptions of things in our world—of natural and built environments. Students reaction in arts ay naka depende sa kanilang experiences about ugliness and beauty
Behaviorism Curriculum.Behaviorism is an area of psychological study that focuses on observing and analyzing how controlled environmental changes affect behavior. The goal of behavioristic teaching methods is to manipulate the environment of a subject — a human or an animal — in an effort to change the subject's observable behavior.Curricular focus of behaviorismwas develop d by B.F. Skinner and this school of thought assumes that the learning process takes place through conditioning. Behaviorism techniques have used in education for a long time to encourage behavior that is desirable and to discourage behavior that is not desirable.
classroom . Behaviorism can also be thought of as a form of classroom management. Behaviorists believe that if teachers provide positive reinforcement, or rewards, whenever students perform a desired behavior, they will learn to perform the behavior on their own. ... The same concept applies to punishments. Examples of behavior modification techniques include praise, reward systems, continual feedback, positive reinforcement.. Behaviorism focuses on the idea that all behaviors are learned through interaction with the environment. ... Behaviorism is key for educators because it impacts how students react and behave in the classroom, and suggests that teachers can directly influence how their students behave.
Teacher. From a behaviorist perspective, the role of the learner is to be acted upon by the teacher-controlled environment. The teacher's role is to manipulate the environment to shape behavior. The teacher provides input (stimuli) and expects predictable output (the desired change in behavior
Let me share to you my personal experience when I had a one week training in The School of tomorrow. This school has Accelerated Christian Education ACE or Christian home school curriculum with its individualized, self-instructional, mastery-based approach
The first picture is called the office for the student. Sa bawat office ay may flags, the phil.flag and the Christian flag. It is used when student wants to call the attention of the teacher, if student wants to recite bible verse, the student will raise the Christian flag, if the student wants to ask about the academic subjects like Science, the student will raise the phil. Flag.If the student finished the subjects goal it will be recorded to the School progress card and goal card. Student din ang magrerecord ng mga natapos na nilang subject.Student will receive demerit if the student misbehave, like talking to other classmates or doing something without the permission of the teacher, or raising the flag unreasonable. Student will receive merits if the student finished the task on time Or ahead of time.
Reconstructionists believed that hindi pweding paghiwalayin ang education at society,.they should go together
If the society change, education should change. While