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5;2 Optics for science exploration 1
CONFIDENTIAL Template Innovation Day 2018CONFIDENTIAL
OPTICS FOR SCIENCE EXPLORATION
...
5;2 Optics for science exploration 2
CONFIDENTIAL
MASTERS IN INNOVATION
Lambda-X in a Nutshell
Market: Conception, prototy...
5;2 Optics for science exploration 3
CONFIDENTIAL
CONTENT
1. Scientific and technological research in Space
2. Positive re...
5;2 Optics for science exploration 4
CONFIDENTIAL
Scientific and technological research
in Space
Evolution of the complexi...
5;2 Optics for science exploration 5
CONFIDENTIAL
Scientific and technological research in Space
• Onboard:
• Apollo 14, (...
5;2 Optics for science exploration 6
CONFIDENTIAL
Scientific and technological research in Space
• Onboard:
• Texus 21, MB...
5;2 Optics for science exploration 7
CONFIDENTIAL
Scientific and technological research in Space
• Onboard:
• MASER 9 (03/...
5;2 Optics for science exploration 8
CONFIDENTIAL
Scientific and technological research in Space
• Onboard:
• Never flew
•...
5;2 Optics for science exploration 9
CONFIDENTIAL
Scientific and technological research in Space
Visualisation
of convecti...
5;2 Optics for science exploration 10
CONFIDENTIAL
• Evolution of the complexity :
• Number of experimental parameters inc...
5;2 Optics for science exploration 11
CONFIDENTIAL
Positive return: Space to Earth Tech
Transfer
Positive return: Scientif...
5;2 Optics for science exploration 12
CONFIDENTIAL
Space to Earth Tech transfer:
Genesis of the Phase Shift Schlieren
Evap...
5;2 Optics for science exploration 13
CONFIDENTIAL
Space to Earth Tech transfer:
Product line from manual to automated ope...
5;2 Optics for science exploration 14
CONFIDENTIAL
Space to Earth Tech transfer:
From 0g to worldwide leader in ophthalmic...
5;2 Optics for science exploration 15
CONFIDENTIAL
Origin of this increase of complexity
5;2 Optics for science exploration 16
CONFIDENTIAL
Access to Space Limited number of solution
Origin of this increase of c...
5;2 Optics for science exploration 17
CONFIDENTIAL
Constraint
Reaction
Flight opportunities rather limited
When onboard: m...
5;2 Optics for science exploration 18
CONFIDENTIAL
More & more difficult to fulfill all the scientific, technical, safety
...
5;2 Optics for science exploration 19
CONFIDENTIAL
Solutions to bypass the constraints
5;2 Optics for science exploration 20
CONFIDENTIAL
• Sounding rockets
Emerging players offer micro-g flights as a secondar...
5;2 Optics for science exploration 21
CONFIDENTIAL
• Retrievable orbital payloads:
Simplifying access to the ISS
CubeSat s...
5;2 Optics for science exploration 22
CONFIDENTIAL
• Retrievable orbital payloads:
A new generation of micro-g services
Mi...
5;2 Optics for science exploration 23
CONFIDENTIAL
New Space approach:
new opportunities
5;2 Optics for science exploration 24
CONFIDENTIAL
• Space tourism: frequent and affordable access to
microgravity conditi...
5;2 Optics for science exploration 25
CONFIDENTIAL
Extending the New Space approach
to the payload design
5;2 Optics for science exploration 26
CONFIDENTIAL
All previous solutions focus on launchers or hosting platforms
 What a...
5;2 Optics for science exploration 27
CONFIDENTIAL
• Quality grades
 What would be the cost of a failure or reduced lifet...
5;2 Optics for science exploration 28
CONFIDENTIAL
• Standardization
 Modular approach:
• Standardized interface
• Plug a...
5;2 Optics for science exploration 29
CONFIDENTIAL
• Interoperability
 Modular approach:
• Usable from the early phase
• ...
5;2 Optics for science exploration 30
CONFIDENTIAL
Conclusion:
New Space is not an evolution but
a revolution
5;2 Optics for science exploration 31
CONFIDENTIAL
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Our services are marketed through 5 brands each
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Optics for science exploration (by Olivier Dupont)

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During the last 30 years of science exploration in space, the complexity of experiments and related equipment has continuously increased, leading more and more frequently to the impossibility to fulfill the quadruple constraints: science, technologies, safety and cost. Since a few year, a fresh approach appears in the new space mood where key words are simpler and faster.

Publicada em: Tecnologia
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Optics for science exploration (by Olivier Dupont)

  1. 1. 5;2 Optics for science exploration 1 CONFIDENTIAL Template Innovation Day 2018CONFIDENTIAL OPTICS FOR SCIENCE EXPLORATION Olivier Dupont CEO Lambda-X SA, member of Masters in Innovation odupont@lambda-x.com TRACK 5 - SPACE TECHNOLOGY FOR A BETTER WORLD
  2. 2. 5;2 Optics for science exploration 2 CONFIDENTIAL MASTERS IN INNOVATION Lambda-X in a Nutshell Market: Conception, prototyping, qualification & manufacturing of optical systems and subsystems for imaging, metrology and control. Team of 43 highly specialized individuals: Physics, engineering, software design, production and QC. ISO 9001:2015 & EN9100:2016 certified INDUSTRIAL OPTICS MEDICAL OPTICS SPACE SYSTEMS SECURITY SYSTEMS Founded in 1996, 100% Belgian private shareholders Member of Masters In Innovation C.A. 2017: 6.2M€; target 2018: 7.0M€
  3. 3. 5;2 Optics for science exploration 3 CONFIDENTIAL CONTENT 1. Scientific and technological research in Space 2. Positive return: Space to Earth Tech Transfer 3. Origin of this increase of complexity 4. Solutions to bypass the constraints 5. New Space approach: new opportunities 6. Extending the New Space approach to payload design
  4. 4. 5;2 Optics for science exploration 4 CONFIDENTIAL Scientific and technological research in Space Evolution of the complexity
  5. 5. 5;2 Optics for science exploration 5 CONFIDENTIAL Scientific and technological research in Space • Onboard: • Apollo 14, (02-1971) • Apollo 17, (12-1972) • Parameter: • Liquid thickness • Heating profiles • Diagnostics: • Flow visualization and thermal distribution by follow-up of encapsulated liquid crystals tracers. Fluid physics experiment Onset of convection due to surface tension heated from below
  6. 6. 5;2 Optics for science exploration 6 CONFIDENTIAL Scientific and technological research in Space • Onboard: • Texus 21, MBI module (04-1989) • Spacelab-D2 mission, AFPM (05/1993) • Parameter: • Liquid thickness • Heating profiles • Diagnostics: • Velocimetry in surface • Thermal distribution in surface (IR camera) • Vertical profile of temperature Same fluid physics experiment Onset of convection due to surface tension
  7. 7. 5;2 Optics for science exploration 7 CONFIDENTIAL Scientific and technological research in Space • Onboard: • MASER 9 (03/2003) • MASER 10 (05-2005) • Parameters: None • Fixed liquid thickness • Fixed cooling profile • Diagnostics: • 3D temperature distribution (tomograph with 6 interferometric arms) • Surface deformation measurement Fully automated experiment Fluid physics experiment Onset of convection due to surface tension cooled from above
  8. 8. 5;2 Optics for science exploration 8 CONFIDENTIAL Scientific and technological research in Space • Onboard: • Never flew • Parameters: • Liquid thickness • Cooling profile • Liquid • Diagnostics: • 3D temperature by tomography • Surface deformation measurement • Velocimetry in surface • IR thermal measurement • Automated liquid flatness control Fully automated experiment Fluid physics experiment Onset of convection due to surface tension cooled from above
  9. 9. 5;2 Optics for science exploration 9 CONFIDENTIAL Scientific and technological research in Space Visualisation of convective motions under 0g Measurement of the onset of convective motions Years Technicalcomplexity 3D measurement of the thermal profile; Evaporating liquid Various liquid; various heating profile;
  10. 10. 5;2 Optics for science exploration 10 CONFIDENTIAL • Evolution of the complexity : • Number of experimental parameters increases • Number of simultaneous diagnostic increases • Automation of the experiment becomes mandatory • Volume allocated to the experiment shrinks • Size of the investigator’s team increases • Duration of the development phase of the experimental set-up increases • The complexity of the payload hosting the experiment increases Scientific and technological research in Space
  11. 11. 5;2 Optics for science exploration 11 CONFIDENTIAL Positive return: Space to Earth Tech Transfer Positive return: Scientific results but also “collateral innovation”
  12. 12. 5;2 Optics for science exploration 12 CONFIDENTIAL Space to Earth Tech transfer: Genesis of the Phase Shift Schlieren Evaporation fluid physics research Phase shifting Schlieren instrument for interface monitoring Results in space Physics in microgravity Place a lens in the system….. Just to see Quality control of lenses ? Spectacle lenses Intraocular lenses contact lenses
  13. 13. 5;2 Optics for science exploration 13 CONFIDENTIAL Space to Earth Tech transfer: Product line from manual to automated operations
  14. 14. 5;2 Optics for science exploration 14 CONFIDENTIAL Space to Earth Tech transfer: From 0g to worldwide leader in ophthalmic metrology • USA • Canada • Brazil • Costa Rica • Australia • Japan • Taiwan • China • Singapore • South Korea • Turkey • Thailand • Israel • Europe (UK, DE, FR, NL, BE, CH, SP….) 320 tools in operation WW
  15. 15. 5;2 Optics for science exploration 15 CONFIDENTIAL Origin of this increase of complexity
  16. 16. 5;2 Optics for science exploration 16 CONFIDENTIAL Access to Space Limited number of solution Origin of this increase of complexity Up to 10s. 30s. 9 min. few days few weeks…or more
  17. 17. 5;2 Optics for science exploration 17 CONFIDENTIAL Constraint Reaction Flight opportunities rather limited When onboard: maximization of the scientific return Crew availability rather limited Automated experiment Programmatic impact (waiting time and slot) Emergence of standardized facility (laboratory) Adaptation of the experiment to the capability of the facility Miniaturization and increases of the experiment complexity Safety issues Double or triple containments: additional complexity Origin of this increase of complexity
  18. 18. 5;2 Optics for science exploration 18 CONFIDENTIAL More & more difficult to fulfill all the scientific, technical, safety and financial constraints Origin of this increase of complexity
  19. 19. 5;2 Optics for science exploration 19 CONFIDENTIAL Solutions to bypass the constraints
  20. 20. 5;2 Optics for science exploration 20 CONFIDENTIAL • Sounding rockets Emerging players offer micro-g flights as a secondary stream of revenue: • Developers of small launchers (50+) offering sub-orbital flight in an attempt to develop their service incrementally; • Sub-orbital flights, meant for space tourism, aim to diversify their services to include microg research, small sat launch, etc. In addition to more operational flexibility, they can offer technical advantages (e.g. rapid post-landing access, etc.). Solutions to bypass the constraints Arion 1 sub-orbital rocket from PLD Space, intermediate development before the Arion 2 Pathfinder fluid physics experiment flown on the New Shepard of Blue Origin
  21. 21. 5;2 Optics for science exploration 21 CONFIDENTIAL • Retrievable orbital payloads: Simplifying access to the ISS CubeSat standard for ISS experiments : • First introduced by NanoRacks (US), now also made possible by Space Tango (US) and soon Space Application Services (BE); • Cost remains high (50- 90k€/kg) and offer is “too disruptive” as compared to traditional ISS experiments. Consequence : • Funding agencies and experiment designers are slow to follow • Currently mostly educational payloads. Solutions to bypass the constraints Space Application Services’ ICE Cubes platform for microg experiments on- board the ISS (B) Nanoracks (US) Space Tango (US)
  22. 22. 5;2 Optics for science exploration 22 CONFIDENTIAL • Retrievable orbital payloads: A new generation of micro-g services Microg services on CubeSat platforms: • Enabled by progresses in nanosatellite technologies and building upon tele-operation and miniaturization; • Allow for long-duration microg without the burden of human spaceflight constraints. Brand new field : • Many experiments, trial & error. • Only commercial service is SpacePharma and Spacety, both at prototype level. Solutions to bypass the constraints Artist rendering of SpacePharma’s 3U CubeSat, a platform for life science experiments
  23. 23. 5;2 Optics for science exploration 23 CONFIDENTIAL New Space approach: new opportunities
  24. 24. 5;2 Optics for science exploration 24 CONFIDENTIAL • Space tourism: frequent and affordable access to microgravity conditions New Space approach: new opportunities First space flight ticket available: 250k$ Objective: In 10 to 15 years: flight ticket shall be +/- 75k$ That means: few minutes of 0g for +/- 1k$ per kg !
  25. 25. 5;2 Optics for science exploration 25 CONFIDENTIAL Extending the New Space approach to the payload design
  26. 26. 5;2 Optics for science exploration 26 CONFIDENTIAL All previous solutions focus on launchers or hosting platforms  What about the experiment including diagnostics and stimulus? Key goals are probably: • Standardization • Interoperability • Quality grades Extending the New Space approach to the payload design
  27. 27. 5;2 Optics for science exploration 27 CONFIDENTIAL • Quality grades  What would be the cost of a failure or reduced lifetime? • The answer is directly dependent on: • Launch cost per kg • Number of launch opportunities • Ex: High quality COTS objectives tailored for Cube Sat apps Extending the New Space approach to the payload design + Mechanical interface adapted, total length reduced; + Disassembled, degreased, iris and focus adjusted and glued; + Performance unaffected + Cost: 1/5 to 1/8 of a custom design - Lifetime reduced: impact on radiation on cemented lenses.
  28. 28. 5;2 Optics for science exploration 28 CONFIDENTIAL • Standardization  Modular approach: • Standardized interface • Plug and play: easily adaptable to the experiment evolution • Easily replaceable in case of failure • Adaptable to new technologies Extending the New Space approach to the payload design
  29. 29. 5;2 Optics for science exploration 29 CONFIDENTIAL • Interoperability  Modular approach: • Usable from the early phase • Reusable on various platform: save time and money; • Reuse of known and mastered hardware: focus on your objectives; • Adaptable to the environmental constraints; Extending the New Space approach to the payload design
  30. 30. 5;2 Optics for science exploration 30 CONFIDENTIAL Conclusion: New Space is not an evolution but a revolution
  31. 31. 5;2 Optics for science exploration 31 CONFIDENTIAL One group, five brands Our services are marketed through 5 brands each addressing specific missions in product development. INTEGRATED PRODUCT DEVELOPMENT ON-SITE PRODUCT DEVELOPMENT DIGITAL PRODUCTS DEVELOPMENT OPTICAL PRODUCTS DEVELOPMENT VENTURING

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