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MIGRATION by - vansh singhvi.pptx

  1. Bird migration Submitted by ~ vansh singhvi Class ~ VII D
  2. Introduction 01 reason 02 Why do birds migrate in India? 03 Selected places in India where birds migrate 04 Table of contents
  3. Types of migration 05 Table of contents 06 Different migratory birds
  4. Introduction 01
  5. Introduction Bird migration is the regular seasonal movement, often north and south along a flyway, between breeding and wintering grounds.
  6. Reason of migration of birds 02
  7. REASON OF MIGRATION • For food • To disperse their own breed to different regions • To protect their kids • To get away from predators • To avoid disease • for warm or cold climate
  8. Why birds migrate in India 03
  9. Why birds migrate in India ? • Most of the migratory bird species that make their way to India in the summer often migrate from a region with low resources to one with high resources. In India, summers are not too harsh and food is plenty, making it ideal for birds to spend the hot summer months.
  10. Winter • The birds also migrate in cold weather as there is lack of food in their region. They travel to places which are warmer and have abundant availability of food.
  11. Places birds migrate in India 04
  12. Places birds migrate in India • Rajasthan, Gujarat and other parts of the Indian Peninsula to cross the Arabian Sea. They move to Africa by mid-October to spend the winters there.
  13. Types of migration 05
  14. Types of migration in India • types of migratory birds ➊ LATTITUDINAL MIGRATION ~ It is the movement of the birds from south to north and its vice versa The several north American and Eurasian birds cross the equator to spent winter in deeper and warmer parts of South America and Africa. The American golden plover
  15. ➋ ALTITUDINAL MIGRATION ~ In india a no. of species during summer migrate from plains to slope of Himalayas scanadian 1000 of feet above sea level Wood cock
  16. ➌ LONGITUDINAL MIGRATION ~ Longitudinal or east to west and vice versa migration also occurs in some birds Patagonian
  17. ➍ PARTIAL MIGRATION ~ In such cases all the birds of a group of migratory birds do not leave the native land, visible throughout the year Redbreast
  18. ➎ ERRATIC MIGRATION ~ Erratic migration occure in great blue cuckoos In such birds after breeding the adult and the youngmany stray from there homes Vagrant
  19. Different migratory birds 06
  20. Different migratory birds • 9 most popular migratory birds in India. Siberian crane • Siberian Cranes are snowy white color birds and migrate during winter to India. These cranes are omnivorous and breeds in the arctic tundra of Russia and Siberia. ➊ Siberian crane
  21. 9 Most popular birds ~ Amur Falcon • Amur falcons are small raptor that breed in Siberia and migrate to Southern Africa. During migration in large flocks across North East India and over the Arabian sea, they feed around Doyang Lake in Nagaland in the evening or early in the morning during the winter season. ➋ Amur falcons
  22. 9 Most popular birds ~ Greater Flamingo • Greater Flamingo is the largest of all species of the flamingo family, found in the Indian subcontinent. Greater Flamingo and Lesser flamingo are the most beautiful migratory birds found in India, Sewri Mudflats Bhigwan Bird Sanctuary ,Chilka Lake and Jawai Dam Sanctuary are few best places to spot flamingo in India. ➌ Greater Flamingo
  23. 9 Most popular birds ~ Demoiselle Crane • Demoiselle cranes are migratory birds and spend the winter in the Indian subcontinent. These cranes are smallest species of crane lives in a variety of different environments, including desert areas of Rajasthan. ➍ Demoiselle Crane
  24. 9 Most popular birds ~ Bluethroat • Bluethroat is a small brightly colored passerine bird from thrush family and winters in north Africa and the Indian subcontinent. Keoladeo National Park of Bharatpur in Rajasthan is one of the best place to spot migratory birds coming to India in winter season. ➎ Bluethroat
  25. 9 Most popular birds ~ Black-winged Stilt • Black Winged Stilt is a very long legged wader bird and become a regular migrant to India, usually found around the wetland. The bird has 5 subspecies named as Black necked stilt , Black winged stilt ,White backed stilt and White headed stilt. The breeding habitat of all these species of stilts are marshes, shallow lakes and ponds, Basai Wetland , Pune shallow lakes and Gujarat water ponds are the few places to spot it. ➏ Black-winged Stilt
  26. 9 Most popular birds ~ Blue-tailed Bee-eater • Blue Tailed Bee Eater is a strongly migratory bird found seasonally in much of peninsular India. This species is a richly colored near passerine bird breeds in farmland and most often seen near large waterbodies. Blue Tailed Bee Eater nest under ground in sandy banks or open flat areas near waterbodies and predominantly feed on Indian bees , Honey Bees, wasps and hornet. ➐ Blue-tailed Bee-eater
  27. 9 Most popular birds ~ Bar-headed Goose • Bar Headed Goose is the highest flying bird in the world and migrate to India every in winter season. The bar headed migrates over the Himalayas and spend their winter in Assam to Tamil Nadu states of India. This bird is one of the most common winter season visitor found in large wetlands of India. ➑ Bar-headed Goose
  28. 9 Most popular birds ~ Rosy Starling • Rosy Starling is a black head, chest and tail with white body passerine bird from starling family. It is a strong migrant bird and spend winters in India including Karnataka, Maharashtra, Kerala, Tamil Nadu , Telangana and Andhra Pradesh. ➒ Rosy Starling
  29. THANK YOU • Name ~ Vansh Singhvi • Class ~ VII D • Roll no. ~ 27 • Submitted to ~ Dr. Kusum Lata Soni • Submitted by ~ Vansh Singhvi