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A presentation about the future of healthcare in South Africa at the Sci-Bono Discovery Centre in Johannesburg for the Telkom Foundation Careers Day by e-Patient Scholar, Vanessa Carter

Publicada em: Saúde e medicina


  1. 1. Image Credit: Computer Museum Silicon Valley, USA
  2. 2. Digital technologies disrupting healthcare Wireless Devices Hardware Sensors Social networks Genomics Mobile Technologies (m-Health) e-Patients e-Health Telemedicine Precision Medicine Precision Health Big Data and Analytics Artificial Intelligence Robotics 3D-Printing Augmented Reality Gamification Virtual Reality Bionics ……the list goes on
  3. 3. There’s an app for that!
  4. 4. The Human Genome Project (HGP) was the international, collaborative research program whose goal was the complete mapping and understanding of all the genes of human beings As a result of the Human Genome Project, today's researchers can find a gene suspected of causing an inherited disease in a matter of days, rather than the years it took before the genome sequence was in hand. Having the essentially complete sequence of the human genome is similar to having all the pages of a manual needed to make the human body. The challenge to researchers and scientists now is to determine how to read the contents of all these pages and then understand how the parts work together and to discover the genetic basis for health and the pathology of human disease. The rise of bioinformatics to its current prominence has paralleled the growth of the Human Genome Project. Before the advent of the program, molecular biologists had little need for extensive computation.
  5. 5. PERSONAL GENOMICS • Personal genomics is a branch of genomics that deals with the sequencing and analysis of the genome of individuals • Within digital health, personal genomics plays a very important role in predictive and personalised medicine • Personal genomics helps to predict the likelihood that an individual will be affected by a disease and personalises drug selection and treatment delivery to provide the best possible care • As healthcare evolves, and technology expands, consumer demand for more individualized care will expand as well. And there’s no better place to find individualized, precision medicine than in the rapidly emerging world of personal genomics Photo Credit: 23andMe.com
  6. 6. Photo Credit: ConnectMed.co.za
  7. 7. Photo Credit: MDsquare.io
  8. 8. In my case, I was able to have a video consultation with an expert in the USA who had seen complex cases like mine often. Through that I was empowered with the right information to help me navigate our system in South Africa and find the right specialists and make informed decisions. It shortened my recovery period from years to months. Risks do exist with telemedicine, but the future holds tremendous promise for this technology to improve global access.
  9. 9. • The Spanish 3D printing startup Exovite's system consists of a 3D scanner capable of modelling the patient’s limb precisely, and generates a personalized custom made, 3D printed splint, such as the one Dr Bertalan Mesko is wearing. Printing the cast only takes a few minutes. The system also includes a rehabilitation module that stimulates the muscles below the cast with electric signals, speeding up recovery and preventing muscle atrophy. • Globally, over 30 million people need mobility devices such as prosthetics, while 80 percent of the world’s amputees do not have access to modern prosthetics. However, creating traditional prosthetics is very time–consuming and destructive, which means that any modifications would destroy the original moulds. Researchers at the University of Toronto, in collaboration with Autodesk Research and CBM Canada, used 3D printing to quickly produce cheap and easily customizable prosthetic sockets for patients in the developing world. Photo Credit: The Medical Futurist Dr Bertalan Mesko - www.medicalfuturist.com
  10. 10. Image Credit: Christopher Barnatt 2011 https://www.explainingthefuture.com/bioprinting.html
  11. 11. • SHAFI AHMED Photo Credit: Dr Shafi Ahmed, Medical Realities
  12. 12. Photo Credit: Microsoft Hololens
  13. 13. Photo Credit: Insight Heart
  14. 14. Photo credit: Exelus
  15. 15. THERE IS VR FOR E-PATIENTS TOO! Virtual Reality isn't just for gamers. A new project between SickKids and Sunnybrook uses VR headsets to ease pre-surgery anxiety. Patients watch immersive video of the surgery process: wheeled down the hallway, getting anaesthesia, waking up. Pre-surgery anxiety has affects that spill over even after surgery. Photo Credit: Carlos Osorio/Toronto Star via Getty Images
  17. 17. ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE (A.I) Visitors and dignitaries at the Ethiopia Information and Communication Technology Expo of 2018 held in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia were wowed by the appearance of Sophia the robot. Sophia’s visit to Ethiopia, which is also where some of her parts were developed, has been seen to be a great inspiration for I.C.T. students and could attract more investment into the country’s and Africa’s budding innovation sector. Image Credit: AI For Good Global Summit Ethiopia Communication Technology Expo Photo Credit: A.I For Good Summit Photo Credit: Ethiopia Communication Technology Expo