2. A manager is a person responsible for
planning and directing the work of a group of
individual, monitoring their work, and taking
corrective action when necessary. For many
people, this is the first step into a
3. "Managers plays an activating role in
organizations. The success of organization
depend on the successful functioning of
management. the management is responsible
for planning, organizing, integrating and
interrelating organizational activities and
resources for achieving common objectives”.
4. Harold Koontz : "Management is the art of
getting things done through and with people
in formally organized groups. It is the art of
creating environment in which people can
perform and individuals could co-operate
towards attaining of group goals. It is the art
of removing block to such performance, a
way of optimizing efficiency.
5. The management of large organization may
have three levels.
Senior management (or " top management” or
" upper management”).
Low-level management, such as supervisors
or team leaders.
7. Require an extensive knowledge of management
roles and skills.
They have to be very aware of external factors
such as market.
There decisions are generally of long-term
Their decisions are made using analytic,
directive, conceptual and or
There are responsible for strategic decisions.
They have out to chalk out the plan and see the
plan me be effective in future.
They are executive in nature.
8. Develops and reviews long range plans and
Evaluates overall performance of various
departments and ensure cooperation.
Involved in selection of key personnel.
Consults subordinate managers on subjects
or problems of general scope.
9. Mid-Level Managers have a specialized
understanding of certain managerial tasks.
They are responsible for carrying out the
decisions made by top-Level Management.
make plans of intermediate range and
prepares long-range plans for review by top
Analyzes managerial performance to
determine capability and readiness for
Established department polices.
10. Reviews daily and weekly
reports on production or
Counsels subordinate on
production, personnel or
Selection and recruitment
11. This level of management ensures that the
decisions and plans are taken by the other
are carried out.
Low-level managers decision are generally
Makes detailed, short-range operating plans.
Reviews performance of subordinates.
Supervises day to day operations.
Makes specific task assignments.
Maintains close contact with
12. Planning the work
Guiding the subordinates
Arranging the facilities
Control the deviations