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Attention and concentration in sports

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  2. 2. Focus: Define as the central point of one’s attention Attention: simply what an individual is observing Concentration: The ability to perform with a clear and present focus.
  3. 3. Definition According to William james (1890) Attention is taken possession by mind, in clear and vivid form, of one out of what seems several simultaneously possible objects of thought.(focus on internal as well as external thought)
  4. 4. Definition Concentration is the ability to maintain focus on relevantly cues.
  5. 5. Types of Concentration Internal External Broad Narrow
  6. 6. Principals of Attention 1.Concentration reacquires mental effort. 2.One can focus only one thought at a time. 3.Athlete are focused when they concentrate an actions that are specific, relevant and under their control.
  7. 7. Principals of Attention 4.Anxity disrupts concentration by inducing negative self evaluation. 5.Their is no difference between what athletes is thinking and doing.
  8. 8. Factors Influencing Attention
  9. 9. INFORMATION PROCESSING Processing of information's through five senses and then appropriate response i.e., S-R Process
  10. 10. MEMORY SYSTEM Sensory Short term Long term
  11. 11. Measuring information Measurement of stored or received informations. Possible or not
  12. 12. SELECTIVE ATTENTION Make selections through different available choices
  13. 13. LIMITED INFORMATION PROCESSING CAPACITY  Depends on individualsDepends on individuals  Every individual hasEvery individual has different capacitydifferent capacity
  14. 14. ATTENTION NARROWING/FIXING  Fixing of attention byFixing of attention by selecting appropriateselecting appropriate choice and delete thechoice and delete the irrelevantirrelevant
  15. 15. Factors that affect Attention Narrowing/Fixing  Cue Utilization: Relevant  Arousal: It may be low, optimum or High  Destructibility: Losses of attention  Peripheral scanning : Judgment  Attention flexibility: Rapid Decision  Cognitive interference: To think
  16. 16. Zone and Flow  ZoneZone: Fit and skill full to play (Fit both: Fit and skill full to play (Fit both mentally and physically). Consistency inmentally and physically). Consistency in performanceperformance  Flow: Not for the sake of earnings, justFlow: Not for the sake of earnings, just for enjoymentfor enjoyment
  17. 17. MEASURING ATTENTIONAL FOCUS Measurement by coach or selectiveMeasurement by coach or selective committeecommittee 1.Behavioral assessment of attention is made (Body language) 2.Level of arousal increases the individual attention focus narrowing and measuring 3.Self report method/Case history
  18. 18. ATTENTION CONTROL TRAINING 1. Self control. 2. Control due to crowd. 3. Thoughts stopping and centering. 4. Self talks. positive
  19. 19. 1. Changing of negative thought by positive one. 2. Internal attention. 3. Focus thoughts on performance and to achieve goal. 4. Avoid time wasting. Steps of Self Talks
  20. 20. Associative Style: Internal focus on performance Dissociative Style: External focus on performance (Environmental) ASSOCAITED VS DESOCIATED STYLE OF CONCENTRATION
  21. 21. BARRIERS TO COCENTRATION 1. Anxiety 2. Mistakes 3. Fatigue 4. Weather 5. Public announcements 6. Coach/manager 7. Opponent 8. Negative thoughts