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Focus: Define as the central point of
Attention: simply what an individual is
Concentration: The ability to perform
with a clear and present focus.
According to William james (1890)
Attention is taken possession by
mind, in clear and vivid form, of one
out of what seems several
simultaneously possible objects of
thought.(focus on internal as well
as external thought)
Concentration is the ability
to maintain focus on
Types of Concentration
Principals of Attention
1.Concentration reacquires mental
2.One can focus only one thought
at a time.
3.Athlete are focused when they
concentrate an actions that are
specific, relevant and under their
Principals of Attention
4.Anxity disrupts concentration
by inducing negative self
5.Their is no difference
between what athletes is
thinking and doing.
Measurement of stored or
Possible or not
Make selections through
different available choices
Depends on individualsDepends on individuals
Every individual hasEvery individual has
different capacitydifferent capacity
Fixing of attention byFixing of attention by
selecting appropriateselecting appropriate
choice and delete thechoice and delete the
Factors that affect Attention
Cue Utilization: Relevant
Arousal: It may be low, optimum or
Destructibility: Losses of attention
Peripheral scanning : Judgment
Attention flexibility: Rapid Decision
Cognitive interference: To think
Zone and Flow
ZoneZone: Fit and skill full to play (Fit both: Fit and skill full to play (Fit both
mentally and physically). Consistency inmentally and physically). Consistency in
Flow: Not for the sake of earnings, justFlow: Not for the sake of earnings, just
for enjoymentfor enjoyment
Measurement by coach or selectiveMeasurement by coach or selective
1.Behavioral assessment of attention is
made (Body language)
2.Level of arousal increases the individual
attention focus narrowing and measuring
3.Self report method/Case history
1. Self control.
2. Control due to crowd.
3. Thoughts stopping and centering.
4. Self talks. positive
1. Changing of negative thought by
2. Internal attention.
3. Focus thoughts on performance and to
4. Avoid time wasting.
Steps of Self Talks
Associative Style: Internal focus on
Dissociative Style: External focus on
ASSOCAITED VS DESOCIATED
STYLE OF CONCENTRATION