1. Fatty Changes By : Dr Umar Hamid 1
Dr. Umar Hamid
Lecturer, Program In charge (AHS) Ex-Consultant BSL-III Lab
Department of Allied Health Sciences District Headquarter Hospital
Superior University, Sargodha Sargodha
2. “Any abnormal accumulation of triglycerides within parenchymal cells, leading to and absolute increase
in intracellular lipids”.
• Accumulation of endogenous substances due to abnormal metabolism.
- Most commonly affected organ b/c it is the major organ involved in fat metabolism.
• Skeletal muscles
Cell Injury and Adaptation By: Dr Umar Hamid 2
• Alcohol abuse
• Diabetes mellitus
• Protein malnutrition
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4. Impact of fatty changes
- No effect on cellular function
- May impair cellular function
- Cellular damage
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5. Mechanism of fatty liver
• Accumulation of triglycerides in the cytoplasm of liver cells occur due to:
• Increased mobilization of adipose tissue, resulting in an excessive fatty acid entry into the cells e.g. in
starvation and diabetes.
• Rate of conversion of fatty acids to triglycerides in the liver cell is increased due to over-activity of the
involved enzyme e.g. due to alcohol.
• Decreased oxidation of triglycerides e.g. in anemia and hypoxia.
Morphology of fatty liver:
• Liver becomes enlarged, yellow, soft and greasy.
• Fatty change is seen as small fat vacuoles in the cytoplasm around the nucleus.
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