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A compilation work on दिनचर्या



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A compilation work on दिनचर्या

  1. 1. YADGIR-585202
  2. 2. DINCHARYA Dept of swasthavrrta 2 Compiled by Trivendra S.k.
  3. 3. DINCHARYA Dept of swasthavrrta 3 Compiled by Trivendra S.k. Dedication Every challenging work needsself efforts as well as guidance of elder especially those who were very close to our heart. My humble effort I Dedicate to my lovely and inspiring MOM and DAD Mr.KhajanSingh Smt.SavitriDevi Whose affection , love, encouragement and praysof day and night make me able to get such success and honour. It’s impossible to thank you adequately for everything you have done. Along with all hard working and respected & Mr.TejendraSingh Mr.Satyendra singh Mr.Gajendra simgh
  4. 4. DINCHARYA Dept of swasthavrrta 4 Compiled by Trivendra S.k. and And friends And aboveall, To theAlmightyGod! Abbreviations S.No. NAME OF THE TEXT Sanskrit Name English Name 1. Charakasamhita च.सं. Cha.Sam. 2. Sushrutasamhita सु.सं. Su.Sam. 3. AshtangaHrudaya/ Sangraha अ.हृ. / अ.सं A.H./A.S. 4. Sharangadharasamhita शा.सं. Sha.Sam. 5. Bhavaprakashanighantu भा.प्र.नि. B.P.Ni
  5. 5. DINCHARYA Dept of swasthavrrta 5 Compiled by Trivendra S.k. ACKNOWLEDGEMENT First of all I would like to invoke the blessings of almighty Lord DHANVANTARI to whom I am most greatful for considering me worthy of being student of Ayurveda. I am very greatful to Smt.Nagaratna kuppi and Dr. Chandrashekhar Kuppi sir.for giving an opportunity to study in this esteemed institution. I thank Dr.Rahul Kulkani Md(ayu)beloved principal of this institution for his encouragement in all stages. My sincere gratitude to beloved teachers Dr. B.MaheshRaju MD (ayu), Dr.Sankangauda MD(ayu) Dept. of Swasthvritta , for their infinite patience in scrutinizing the material at many stages, offering valuable suggestions and guiding me throughout. I express my gratitude to all library staffs without whose help it would’t have been possible to illustrate this work. My specialthanks to my parents,sister,brothers,relatives and all my friends for their great support and suggestions.
  6. 6. DINCHARYA Dept of swasthavrrta 6 Compiled by Trivendra S.k. Trivendra singh Index  Introduction to Ayurveda  Defination of swasthya &swasthavritta  Dinacharya 1. Defination of Dincharya 2. Aims and importance of dinacharaya 3. Brahma Muhurta evum Utthana 4. Ushna jalapana 5. Sharirachinta 6. Malatyaga 7. Mukha prakshalana 8. Dantadhavana and preparation of ayurvedic tooth powder and paste 9. Jivhanirlekhana vidhi 10. Anjana 11.Pratimarsha nasya 12.Gandusha and Kavala 13.Tambula sevana 14.Dhoomapana 15.Abhyanga 16.Udavartana 17.Utsadana
  7. 7. DINCHARYA Dept of swasthavrrta 7 Compiled by Trivendra S.k. 18.Vyayama 19.Chakramana 20.Snana 21.Anulepana 22.Vastra dharana 23.Danda dharana 24.Padatra dharana 25.Chatra dharana 26.Ushnisha dharana 27.Ratnabharana 28.Cosmetic effect of Dincharya procedure
  8. 8. DINCHARYA Dept of swasthavrrta 8 Compiled by Trivendra S.k. INTRODUCTION TO AYURVEDA Ayurveda is a science of life or the art of living a long healthy life in a useful manner to the society. It has been prevalent in India and its neighboring countries sinceAyurveda is considerd by many scholars to be the oldest healing science which is written in sanskrit. Main aim of Ayurveda धर्मार्ाकमर्र्ोक्षमणमर्मरोग्यं र्ूलर्ुत्तर्र््||१५|| रोगमस्तस्यमपहतमारः श्रेयसो जीवितस्य च|(cha.su.1/15) Main aim of ayurveda is to attain pious acts (dharma) ,wealth(Artha),desire(kama) and Salvation (moksha) by health .ill health takes away the health and happinessfrom life. The science of ayurveda has main two principles. स्वस्थस्यस्वास्थ्यरक्षणं ,आतुरस्यविकारप्रशमनं च | The science of ayurveda has main two principles.i.e Preventive of disease and cure the disease. "हहतमहहतंसुखंदुखर्मयुस्तस्यहहतहहतर््। र्मनंचतच्चयत्रोक्तर्मयुिेद : सउच्यते " ॥ (च. सु . १ :४ १ )
  9. 9. DINCHARYA Dept of swasthavrrta 9 Compiled by Trivendra S.k. Ayurveda is the real science of knowledge of Life. With four types of Ayu. i.e Hitayu,Ahitayu,Shukha and dukha . Definition of Health (swastha nirukti) सुष्ठु ननविाकमरत्िेनमिनतष्ठनत इनत स्िस्र् : (च.पम . on च. सू . ५ /१ ३ ) The condition where the body is devoid of any abnormality is known as healthy ie swasth स्िस्र्स्य भमि : स्िमस््य ॥ (च. पम . on च.सू . ५ /१ ३ ) The of heathiness is Health ie swasthya. सर्दोष : सर्मग्ग्नश्च सर्धमतुर्लक्रिय :। प्रसन्नमत्र्ेग्न्ियर्नम : स्िस्र् इत्यभभधधयते ॥ (सु . सू . १ ५ /४ १ ) Sushrutachaya describes the features of a healthy man, Doshas (vata,pitta,kapha) Agni (digestive fire), Dhatus (waste products) and kriya are normal, Atma (soul),Indriya (sense organ) and Manas (mind) are peaceful is said to be healthy. Swastha (health) means all Doshas ,Agni,Dhatus,Malas are in the state of equilibrium along with mental, sensory and spiritual pleasantness and happiness. रोगस्तु दोषिैषम्यं दोषसमम्यर्रोगतम । रोगम : दु :खस्य दमतमरो ज्िरप्रभ्रतयो ते ॥ (भम . प्र .) Abnormal state of Dhatus which produces Dukha is vikara or disease. Balance or normal state of Dhatus which produces sukha is prakruti is Health or Arogya.
  10. 10. DINCHARYA Dept of swasthavrrta 10 Compiled by Trivendra S.k. Definition of Swathavritta स्िग्स्र्न्स्र्मने स्िग्स्र्न्कर्ाणण स्िसु रूपे स्र्ीयते तत्िृतं स्िस्र्िृतं | The condition where all doshas, dhatus and malas ,are in their normal site, form, performing normal functions is ‘Swasth’ , ‘Vrtta’ means Acara ,carita or bhava or regimens to be followed to attain health. Importance of Swasthvrtta नगरी नगरस्येि रर्स्येि रर्ी यर्म| स्िशरीरस्य र्ेधमिी कृत्येष्ििहहतो भिेत्||१०३||(Cha.Su.5/103) A wise person should perform such actions which are good for his health and body as the officer of the city and chariotere incharge of the chariots protectcity and the chariot respectively. सिार्न्यत् पररत्यज्य शरीरर्नुपमलयेत्| तदभमिे हह भमिमनमं सिमाभमिः शरीररणमर््||७||(Cha.Ni.6/7) Caraka further emphasizes on maintenance of health. One should take care of his bodyby neglecting all other things becauseif bodyis not healthy then nothing is existing. Word “Swasth’ comprise of ‘sva’ meaning one’s own & ‘stha’ means staying ie being in ones own natural state.
  11. 11. DINCHARYA Dept of swasthavrrta 11 Compiled by Trivendra S.k. Sarngadhara quotes no creature in the universe is immortal ,it is impossible to prevent death , but it is possible to prevent disease. So one should try for that which is preventable. (sha. Sa.) Dincharya (Daily regimen) Dincharya is composedoftwo words Din and charya. Dina means a day or day time or day today. Charya means duties,regimens ,action to be carried. हदनचयमा : हदने हदने चया हदन चया : । हदनस्य िम चया हदनचया । प्रनतहदन चया हदन चया । The regimens done daily called as Dincharya. Aim and importance of Dincharya Aim: a. Maintenance the normal health b. Increased life span without any diseases Importance: a. Regimens done daily to maintenances normal health. b. Maintenace of hygiene and keeps the bodycleans etc. c. Desire for the intake of food ,properand easy digestion of the ingested food
  12. 12. DINCHARYA Dept of swasthavrrta 12 Compiled by Trivendra S.k. d. Prolong the life and longevity. e. Keeps the mind calm and quiet and helps in meditation f. Helps in increase the strength of indriyas. g. Helps in increase the strength of body h. Prevents all the disease ब्राह्मे मुहुर्त :(Getting in the morning) ब्रमह्र्े र्ुहुता उवत्तष्ठेत्स्िस्र्ो रक्षमर्ार्मयुषः| (A. H. 2/1 ) One desirous of long healthy life should get up in Brahma Muhurta .After considering the position of digestion or indigestion. (food taken previous night ) ब्रमह्र्े र्ुहुताउवत्तष्ठेज्जीणमाजीणं ननरूपयन्| रक्षमर्ार्मयुषः स्िस्र्ः....................||२||| (A. H. 3/1 ) The healthy person ,should wakeup from bed in the Brahma muhurta i.e. around 48 to 96 minutes before the sunrise to preserve his health, after considering the condition of digestion of food taken in previous night whether properly done or not.then he should offer prayer to lord Madhusudan , so that all the Papa deeds he has indulged forgiven by the god. आयुष्र्र्ुषभस प्रोक्तं र्लमदीनमं विसजानर् । तदत्त्रकू जनमध्र्मनोदर गौरिमणर् ॥ (भम . प्र .५ /७ ) Attending to natural’s call (like passing of mala,mutra etc.) in early hours is a good habit for better health and antrakujanam ,Adhmana and Udara Gouravam (heaviness of abdomen ) are also relived by attending to natures call in early hours of the day immediately after awakening up from the bed at Brahma Muhurtam. उष्ण जलपान : (Drinking luke warm water)
  13. 13. DINCHARYA Dept of swasthavrrta 13 Compiled by Trivendra S.k. सवितु : सर्ुधकमले प्रसुनत : सभललस्य वपबैदष्टौ। रोगजरमपररर्ुक्तो जीिेद्ित्सरशतं समग्रर् ॥ अशा : शोर् ग्रहण्यो ज्िरजठरमकु ष्ठर्ेदोविकमर - र्ुत्रघमतमस्त्रमवपत्तश्रिणगलभशर : श्रोणणशूलग्क्तरोगम :॥ (भम . प्र .) Drinking eight prasruti of (768 ml) of water at the time of early sunrise shall live for a hundred years and more free from diseases and old age . person drinks water in early morning can not suffer from Arsha, Sotha, Grahani , jwara jathara vikara, Kustha ,Medoroga, Raktapitta, ear and eye diseses etc. शरीरचिन्र्: शरीरधचन्तमं ननिात्या कृतशौचविधधस्ततः||१|(A.H. su.2/1) The healthy person should get up during Brahma Muhurta to protect his life. After considering the position of digestion or indigestion food taken in previous night .The person should next attend to eliminating the Mala and Mutra. मलत्याग: (Shauchavidhi) ...................जमतिेगः सर्ुत्सृजेत्| उदङ्र्ुखो र्ूत्रशकृद्दक्षक्षणमभभर्ुखो ननभश| िमचं ननयम्य प्रयतः संिीतमङ्गोऽिगुग्ण्ठतः| प्रितायेत्प्रचभलतं न तु यत्नमदुदीरयेत्| नमर्ेध्यर्मगार्ृद्भस्र्गोस्र्मनमकीणागोर्ये| पुरमग्न्तकमग्ग्निल्र्ीकरम्योत्कृष्टधचनतिुर्े| न नमरीपूज्यगोऽके न्दुिमय्िन्नमग्ग्नजलं प्रनत| न चमनतरस्कृत्य र्हीं भयमशक्त्योस्तु कमर्तः|
  14. 14. DINCHARYA Dept of swasthavrrta 14 Compiled by Trivendra S.k. न िेधगतोऽन्यकमयाः स्यमन्नमग्जत्िम समध्यर्मर्यर््| ननःशल्यमदुष्टर्ृग्त्पण्डीपररर्ृष्टर्लमयनः| (A.sa.SU. 3/3-5) One should excrete the urine and faces only after getting the urges, facing north during daytime and south during night, silently, without diverting attention on other things ,having covered the body and should allow to excreta to pass naturally on their own and not by strain. One should not pass at following places-unclean place,road ,heaps where movement of peoples is there near to city,sacrificial alter or on hill, place meant for disposal of dead bodies ,under and above the trees .Also not in front of woman ,respectful persons, cows,sun moon wind ,fire,and water. Mukha prakshalana: प्रक्षमलयेन्र्ुखं नेत्रे स्िस्र्ः शीतोदके न िम | नीभलकमं र्ुखशोषं च वपडकमं व्यङ्गर्ेि च ||१६|| रक्तवपत्तकृतमन् रोगमन् सद्य एि विनमशयेत् |१७|(su.chi. 5/15-17) The face wash with sheetala jala prevents bleeding problems (Raktapitta) , subsides the Mukhapidaka ,Mukharoga,Mukhanilika and Vyanga and while washing with warm water pacifies Kapha and Vata Doshas, makes face oily or Snigdha by removing the Rukshana or dryness of the face. Danta dhavana: अका न्यग्रोधखहदरकरञ्जककु भमहदजर््| प्रमतभुाक्त्िम च र्ृद्िग्रं कषमयकटुनतक्तकर््||२|| कनीन्यग्रसर्स्र्ौल्यं प्रगुणं द्िमदशमङ्गुलर््| भक्षयेद्दन्तपिनं दन्तर्मंसमन्यबमधयन्||३||(A.H. Su.2/2-3) िटमसनमका खहदरकरञ्जकरिीरजर््| सजमाररर्ेदमपमर्मगार्मलतीककु भोद्भिर््| कषमयनतक्तकतुकं र्ूलर्न्यदपीदृशर््| विज्ञमतिॄक्षं क्षुण्णमग्रर्ृज्िग्रग्न्र् सुभूभर्जर््|
  15. 15. DINCHARYA Dept of swasthavrrta 15 Compiled by Trivendra S.k. कनीन्यग्रसर्स्र्ौल्यंंं सुकू च्चं द्िमदशमङ्गुलर््| प्रमतभुाक्त्िम च यतिमग्भक्षयेद्दन्तधमिनर््|(A.S. Su. 3/12-15) भक्षयेद्दन्तपिनं दन्तर्मंसमन्यबमधयन्| ननहग्न्त गन्धं िैरस्यं ग्जह्िमदन्तमस्यजं र्लर््||७२|| ननष्कृष्य रुधचर्मधत्ते सद्यो दन्तविशोधनर््| करञ्जकरिीरमका र्मलतीककु भमसनमः||)७३|| शस्यन्ते दन्तपिने ये चमप्येिंविधम िुर्मः|(Cha. Su. 5/72-73) One should clean his teeth in two times morning and night after intake of food with twigs of Arka .Vata ,Khadira and Karanja.(A.h.su.) Asana ,Karavira ,Sarja,Arimeda,Apmarga,Malati,Jati.(A.s.su) Which are Kashaya ,katu and tikta in taste ;twigs should of size of tip of little finger in thickness and twelve Angulas in lenth and straight .Its top made like a soft brush by chewing ,the teeth should be cleaned without hurting or injuring the gums. Benefits तद्दौगान्ध्योपदेहौ तु श्लेष्र्मणं चमपकषानत ||९|| िैशद्यर्न्नमभभरुधचं सौर्नस्यं करोनत च |(Su.Chi.24/9) Its removes foul smell, slimness,Kapha and provides clarity, desire of food and cheerfulness. Contraindications for dantadhavana नमद्यमदजीणािर्र्ुश्िमसकमसज्िरमहदाती| तृष्णमस्यपमकहृन्नेत्रभशरःकणमार्यीचतत ्||४||(A.H.Su.2/4) Person suffering from indigestion, vomiting dysponea, cough,fever,facial paralysis excessive thirst, mouth ulceration, diseases of the heart, eyes, head and ears, should not makes use of the tooth brush. Tooth powder and paste
  16. 16. DINCHARYA Dept of swasthavrrta 16 Compiled by Trivendra S.k. कषमयं र्धुरं नतक्तं कटु कं प्रमतरुग्त्र्तः| ननम्बश्च नतक्तके श्रेष्ठः कषमये खहदरस्तर्म ||६|| र्धूको र्धुरे श्रेष्ठः करञ्जः कटु के तर्म | क्षौिव्योषत्रत्रिगमाक्तं सतैलं सैन्धिेन च ||७|| चूणेन तेजोित्यमश्च दन्तमग्न्नत्यं विशोधयेत ्| एकै कं घषायेद्दन्तं र्ृदुनम कू चाके न च ||८|| दन्तशोधनचूणेन दन्तर्मंसमन्यबमधयन्|(Su.Chi.24/7-8) The selection of twigs for tooth brush should be done on the basis of season ,dosa,rasa and virya after getting up.Nimba(neem) is best among bitter ones ,Khadira (Acacia) is the best for kashaya rasa,Madhuka is the best among sweet drugs and Karanja is best among the pungent drugs. Jivhanirlekhanavidhi ग्जह्िमननलेखनं रौप्यं सौिणं िमक्षार्ेि च | तन्र्लमपहरं शस्तं र्ृदु श्लक्ष्णं दशमङ्गुलर् ्||१३||(Su. Chi.24/3) सुिणारूप्यतमम्रमणण त्रपुरीनतर्यमननच||७४|| ग्जह्िमननलेखनमनन स्युरतीक्ष्णमन्यनृजूननच| ग्जह्िमर्ूलगतं यच्च र्लर्ुच््िमसरोधध च||७५|| दौगान्ध्यं भजते तेन तस्र्मग्ज्जह्िमंविननभलाखेत ्|७६|(Cha.Su. 5/74-76) Tongue cleansing should be done of silver, gold or plants .It should be soft,smooth and ten finger long and able to eliminate dirt and bad taste and smell from the mouth . Anjana: सिेग्न्दयमणमं नयनं प्रधमनं ।
  17. 17. DINCHARYA Dept of swasthavrrta 17 Compiled by Trivendra S.k. Eye is the most important among all the sense organs .So to protectit one should apply collyrium every day. Time of application सौिीरर्ञ्जनं ननत्यं हहतर्क्ष्णोःप्रयोजयेत ्| पञ्चरमत्रेऽष्टरमत्रेिम स्रमिणमर्ेरसमञ्जनर् ्||१५||(Cha.Su.5/15) Sauviranjana is good for eyes, so it should be used daily; by this eyes becomes beautiful and capable of seeing minute things even. Collyrium made of (Berberis aristata DC) is applied once in five or eight days at night time for lacrymation of eyes. चक्षुस्तेजोर्यं तस्यविशेषमच््लेष्र्तो भयर् ्| ततःश्लेष्र्हरं कर्ाहहतं दृष्टेःप्रसमदनर् ्||१६|| हदिम तन्न प्रयोक्तव्यं नेत्रयोस्तीक्ष्णर्ञ्जनर् ्| विरेकदुबालम दृग्ष्टरमहदत्यं प्रमप्यसीदनत||१७|| तस्र्मत ्स्रमव्यं ननशमयमं तु ध्रुिर्ञ्जनभर्ष्यते|१८|(Cha. Su.5/16-18) Eyes are dominant in tejo mahabhutah ,so there is fear of being afflicted with kapha .Hence process which alleviates kapha is good for eyes ,strong collyrium should not be used in day time ,as the eyes are weakened by drainage will be afflicted by sun. Thus the collyrium meant for drainage should be always at night. Method of application of Collyrium िमर्ेनमक्षक्ष विननभुाज्य हस्तेनसुसर्महहतः | शलमकयम दक्षक्षणेनक्षक्षपेत ्कमनीनर्ञ्जनर् ्||६४|| आपमङ्ग्यं िम यर्मयोगं कु यमाच्चमवप गतमगतर् ्|(Su. Utt. 18/64) One should widen the eyes with left hand & apply collyrium with Salaka by using right hand. Always it should be applied from inner canthus to the outer canthus. Contraindications for anjana
  18. 18. DINCHARYA Dept of swasthavrrta 18 Compiled by Trivendra S.k. भुक्तिमग्ञ्िरसम स्नमतःश्रमन्तश्िदानिमहनैः | रमत्रौ जमगररतश्चमवप नमञ्ज्यमज्िररत एि च ||२०|| (Su.Chi.24/20) In person who have not slept during the night, tiredness, Udavarta, crying after taking food washing the head ,anger, fear,sorrow,during fever ,headache, indigestion, suppression of natural urges, cloudy or rainy weather etc. Benefits of application of collyrium यर्म हह कनकमदीनमंर्भलनमं विविधमत्र्नमर् ्||१८|| धौतमनमंननर्ालम शुद्धधस्तैलचेलकचमहदभभः| एिं नेत्रेषु र्त्यमानमर्ञ्जनमश्च्योतनमहदभभः||१९|| दृग्ष्टननारमकु लम भमनत ननर्ाले नभसीन्दुित ्|२०|(Cha.Su. 5/18-20) The gold ornaments are cleaned by means of oil, cloths & hair brush, similarly application of collyrium etc cleans the human eyes whih makes them shine like the bright moon in the clear sky. Samanya anjana lakshana: Clear visions, lightness lacrymation ,proper function ,purity of eyes and alleviations of disease are proper action of Anjana. Pratimarsha Nasya: नमसम हह भशरसो द्िमरं तेनतद्व्यमप्यहग्न्त तमन्||१||(A.h.Su.20/1) Nose Is the entry way for the head & medicine used in the form of nasal instillation, cures the diseases of the head through this route only. Definition: औषधर्ौषधभसद्धो िम स्नेहो नमभसकमभयमंदीयत इनत नस्यर् ् |(Su.Chi.40/21) Medicine or medicated fat is administered through nostril. This is known as Nasya.
  19. 19. DINCHARYA Dept of swasthavrrta 19 Compiled by Trivendra S.k. Type of nasya तद्द्विविधर्वप पञ्चधम | तद्यर्म- नस्यं, भशरोविरेचनं, प्रनतर्शो, अिपीडः, प्रधर्नं च||२१||(Su.Chi.40/21) 1. Nasya 2. Sirovirechana 3. Pratimarsha 4. Avapidana 5. Pradhamana Time for pratimarsha nasya प्रनतर्शाश्चतुदाशसु कमलेषूपमदेयः; तद्यर्म- तल्पोग्त्र्तेन,प्रक्षमभलतदन्तेन, गृहमग्न्नगाच्ितम, व्यमयमर्व्यिमयमध्िपररश्रमन्तेन,र्ूत्रोच्चमरकिलमञ्जनमन्ते, भुक्तितम,िहदातितम,हदिमस्िप्नोग्त्र्तेन,समयं चेनत ||५१||(su. chi.40/51) a) After sleep m) After day sleep b) Teeth brushing n) in the evening c) While going out d) After exercise e) After sexual act f) After tired due to walking g) After evacuation of bladder h) After evacuation of bowles i) After kavala j) After Anjana k) After food l) After emesis Benefits of pratimarsha nasya नस्येनरोगमः शमम्यग्न्त नरमणमर्ूध्िाजत्रुजमः| इग्न्ियमणमंच िैर्ल्यं कु यमादमस्यं सुगग्न्ध च ||५४|| हनुदन्तभशरोग्रीिमत्रत्रकबमहूरसमं बलर् ्| िलीपभलतखमभलत्यव्यङ्गमनमं चमप्यसम्भिर् ्||५५||(su.chi.40/55)
  20. 20. DINCHARYA Dept of swasthavrrta 20 Compiled by Trivendra S.k. Practice of Nasya at proper time as said in the text previous diseases of eyes, eyes, nose & ears.There will be no white or grey hair, no hair fall, instead they grows well .It cures stiffness of neck, headache,facial paralysis, stiffness of jaws,rhinitis, half sided head ache & tremors of head.Veins skull bones, joints, ligaments & tendons are nourished by nasya & become strong. His face becomes pleasant and nourished,voice becomes sweet, deep & loud, clearness in sense organs & strength get enhanced. He will not be affliciated with diseases of head & neck easily, even in old age he will be strong & will not be afflicted with diseases of head. Pramana of pratimarsha nasya ईषदुग्च्िङ्घतःस्नेहो यमिद्िक्त्रं प्रपद्यते| नस्ये ननवषक्तं तं विद्यमत ्प्रनतर्शंप्रर्मणतः||५३||(Su. Chi. 40/53) Quantity of oil put into the nose which comes into the mouth when the person sucks the air that should be understood as ideal quantity that should be administered as Pratimarsha Nasya. Features of proper nasya तस्ययोगमनतयोगमयोगमनमभर्दं विज्ञमनं भिनत ||३२|| लमघिं भशरसो योगेसुखस्िप्नप्रबोधनर् ्| विकमरोपशर्ः शुद्धधररग्न्ियमणमं र्नःसुखर् ्||३३|(Su.chi.40/32-33) In proper use, lightness of head,easy sleeping and awakening, cures the disorders, clarity of sense organs and cheerfulness. features of Excessive nasya कफप्रसेकः भशरसो गुरुतेग्न्ियविभ्रर्ः | लक्षणं र्ूध्न्यानतग्स्नग्धे रूक्षं तत्रमिचमरयेत ्||३४||(Su.chi.40/34) Excessive mucus secretion, heaviness of head, dysfunction of sense organs are the sign of excessive uses of Nasya. Features of Insufficient nasya अयोगेिमतिैगुण्यभर्ग्न्ियमणमं च रूक्षतम | रोगमशमग्न्तश्च तत्रेष्टं भूयोनस्यं प्रयोजयेत ्||३५|||(Su.chi.40/35)
  21. 21. DINCHARYA Dept of swasthavrrta 21 Compiled by Trivendra S.k. In deficient use,Vata is vitiated, roughness appears in organs and disorderis not alleviated.In such case, appropriate Nasya should be used again. Gandusha and kavala असञ्चमयमा तु यम र्मत्रम गण्डूषः स प्रकीनतातः ||६२||(Su.chi.40/62) Mouth is completely filled with Gandusha Dravya and kept without movement is called Gandusha. Types A/c to Vagbhatta I. Snigdha-Vata II. Samana-Pitta III. Sodhana-Kapha IV. Ropana-Vrana तत्र ििेण गण्डुष॥ (शम. उ.) Liquids are used in Gandusha (Gargling) गण्डुष धमरणे ननत्य तैलं र्मंसरसोअर्िम ॥(अ.ह्र.सू. २२/१) Every day Gandusha is idealy done with oil or meat soup. Dravya use for Gandusha एिं स्नेहपयःक्षौिरसर्ूत्रमम्लसम्भृतमः| कषमयोष्णोदकमभयमं चकिलम दोषतो हहतमः||६४||(Su.chi.40/64) Gargles consisting of sneha, milk, honey, meat juice, Urine, sour, gruel and also decoctionand hot water are whole same according to Dosha. Kavala सुखं सञ्चमयाते यम तु र्मत्रम स (सम) किलः स्र्ृतः ||(Su.chi.40/62) The Dravya used moves easily in mouth called as Kavala.
  22. 22. DINCHARYA Dept of swasthavrrta 22 Compiled by Trivendra S.k. कल्के न किल स्म्रत: (शम.उ. ) A/c to sharangadhara medicated pastes are used for the purposeof kavala. Method तमिच्च धमरनयतव्योऽनन्यर्नसोन्नतदेहेन यमिद्दोषपररपूणाकपोलत्िं नमसमस्रोतोनयनपररप्लमिश्चभिनत तदम विर्ोक्तव्यः,पुनश्चमन्यो ग्रहीतव्य इनत ||६३||( Su.chi.40/63) Gandusha: It should be done with concentration, sitting erect, liquid should be kept in full mouth till Dosha gets filled in mouth or before discharge from nasal passes and eyes; after that, the liquid should be spit out and another quantity of liquid taken in. Kavala: Method of practicing is same as Gandusha and only difference is that amount is less in kavala amd movement done in Kavala. Benefits of Gandusha हन्िोबालं स्िरबलं िदनोपचयः परः| स्यमत ्परं च रसज्ञमनर्न्ने च रुधचरुत्तर्म||७८|| न चमस्य कण्ठशोषः स्यमन्नौष्ठयोः स्फु टनमद्भयर् ्| न च दन्तमःक्षयं यमग्न्त दृढर्ूलमभिग्न्त च||७९|| न शूल्यन्ते न चमम्लेन हृष्यन्तेभक्षयग्न्त च| परमनवप खरमन्भक्ष्यमंस्तैलगण्डूषधमरणमत ्||८०||(Cha.Su.5/78-80) Practicing of Gandusha enhances strength of mandible, resonance of voice, nourishment of face, taste sensation & gives good taste. It prevents dryness of throat, cracking of lips, decay of teeth & makes the teeth strong. Persondoes not experience pain, tingling sensation after eating sour food or hard food. Samyaka lakshana for Gandusha व्यमधेरपचयस्तुग्ष्टिैशद्यं िक्त्रलमघिर् ्| इग्न्ियमणमंप्रसमदश्च किले शुद्धधलक्षणर् ्||६५||(Su.Chi.40/65)
  23. 23. DINCHARYA Dept of swasthavrrta 23 Compiled by Trivendra S.k. Cures the disorder, proper nourishment, clarity of mouth and lightness in the sense organs, this is the features of proper evacuation of Gandusha. Gandusha Ayoga lakshana हीने जमड्यकफोत्क्लेशमिरसज्ञमनर्ेिच |||(Su.Chi.40/66) Improper gargling leads to one suffer from stiffness, excitation of kapha and loss of taste sensation. Gandusha Atiyoga lakshana अनतयोगमन्र्ुखेपमकः शोषतृष्णमरुधचक्लर्मः||६६||(Su.Chi.40/66) Excessive use of gargle causes stomatitis, dryness, thirst, anorexia and exhaustion. Tambulasevana ततोनमिनगण्डूषधूर्तमम्बूलभमग्भिेत ्||६||(A.H.Su.2/6) After anjana the personshould make use of Navana, Gandusha, Dhuma and Tambula. रुधचिैशद्यसौगन्ध्यभर्च्िन्िक्त्रेण धमरयेत ्| जमतीलिङ्गकपूारकङ्कोलकटु कै ः सह| तमम्बूलीनमंक्रकसलयं हृद्यं पूगफलमग्न्ितर् ्| रक्तवपत्तक्षतक्षीणरूक्षोत्कु वपतचक्षुषमर् ्| विषर्ूच्िमार्दमत्तमानमर्प्यं शोवषणमं च तत ्| प्यं सुप्तोग्त्र्तेभुक्ते स्नमतेिमन्ते च र्मनिे| द्विपत्रर्ेकं पूगं च सचूणाखहदरं च तत ्||२०(A.sa. Su.3/18-20) Person who desire good taste, cleanliness and pleasant smell of mouth, keep in mouth the tender leaves of Tambula (Betal leaves) along with jati, lavanga, karpura,kankola and katuka mixed with are c not. It is very good for heart. Contraindincation for Tambula sevana
  24. 24. DINCHARYA Dept of swasthavrrta 24 Compiled by Trivendra S.k. येषमंतु तमम्बूलर्प्यं,तमनमह------------- तमम्बूलंक्षतवपत्तमस्ररूक्षोत्कु वपतचक्षुषमर् ्| विषर्ूच्िमार्दमतमानमर्प्यंशोवषणमर्वप||७||(A.h.Su.2/7) It is contraindication for person who os suffering from the disease Raktapitta, wound, dryness and redness of eyes, poisoning effect, unconsciousness, intoxication and even from consumption. Dhoomapana Part of vitiated kapha situated in the head is eliminated very fast by smoking. So after application of collyrium smoking is prescribed. धूमाभ्यवहारमोक्ााः (cha.pa./cha. su./5/35) Drinking of smoke is Dhumapana or smoking. प्रमयोधगकं ततोधूर्ं गन्धर्मल्यमहद चमचरेत ्| धूर्मदस्योध्िाजत्रूत्र्मनस्युिमातकफमर्यमः||१६||(A.s.su.3/3) One should undertake use of Dhumapana and application of Gandhyamalya (garland of flower) etc.Dhumapana cures the disease of existing above the clavicle and diseases due to Vata and kapha do not cures by taking Dhumapana regularly. Types – 5 types 1. Prayogika 2. Snaihiko 3. Vairechanik 4. Kasaghna 5. Vamaniya Dhumapana vidhi र्ुखेन तं वपबेत ्पूिंनमभसकमभयमंततःवपबेत ्| र्ुखपीतं र्ुखेनैि िर्ेत्पीतं च नमसयम ||७|| र्ुखेन धूर्र्मदमयनमभसकमभयमंनननहारेत ्| तेनहहप्रनतलोर्ेनदृग्ष्टस्तत्रननहन्यते||८||
  25. 25. DINCHARYA Dept of swasthavrrta 25 Compiled by Trivendra S.k. विशेषतस्तु प्रमयोधगकं घ्रमणेनमददीत,स्नैहहकं र्ुखनमसमभयमं,नमभसकयम िैरेचननकं , र्ुखेनैिेतरौ||९||(su.chi.40/7-9) First, smoke should be inhaled from mouth and next through the nostril, that inhaled through mouth should be let out by mouth itself and so also that smoke inhaled by nose the smoke inhaled by mouth should be let out through the nose by doing so, smoke travelling in opposite direction destroyes vision. Time for Dhumapana प्रयोगपमनेतस्यमष्टौकमलमःसम्पररकीनतातमः||३३|| िमतश्लेष्र्सर्ुत्क्लेशःकमलेष्िेषुहह लक्ष्यते| स्नमत्िमभुक्त्िमसर्ुग्ल्लख्यक्षुत्िमदन्तमग्न्नघृष्यच| नमिनमञ्जनननिमन्तेचमत्र्िमन्धूर्पो भिेत ्|(cha.Su./33-35) Eight times are prescribed for smoking as a daily routine because in these times the aggravation of Vata and kapha Dosha. A cautions person should smoke after bath,meals, vomiting, tooth brushing, snuffing, use of collyrium and sleep. Thus diseases of part above jatru and predominant in vata and kapha do not arise. Smoking should be done thrice with three puffs each times. Benefits of Dhumapana गौरिं भशरसःशूलं पीनसमधमािभेदकौ||२७|| कणमाक्षक्षशूलंकमसश्च हहक्कमश्िमसौ गलग्रहः| दन्तदौबाल्यर्मस्रमिःश्रोत्रघ्रमणमक्षक्षदोषजः||२८|| पूनतघ्रमाणमस्यगन्धश्च दन्तशूलर्रोचकः| हनुर्न्यमग्रहः कण्डूः क्रिर्यःपमण्डुतमर्ुखे||२९|| श्लेष्र्प्रसेको िैस्ियंगलशुण्ड्युपग्जग्ह्िकम| खमभलत्यं वपञ्जरत्िं च के शमनमंपतनं तर्म||३०|| क्षिर्ुश्चमनततन्िम च बुद्धेर्ोहोऽनतननितम| धूर्पमनमत ्प्रशमम्यग्न्त बलं भिनत चमधधकर् ्||३१||
  26. 26. DINCHARYA Dept of swasthavrrta 26 Compiled by Trivendra S.k. भशरोरुहकपमलमनमभर्ग्न्ियमणमंस्िरस्यच| नच िमतकफमत्र्मनोबभलनोऽप्यूध्िाजत्रुजमः||३२|| धूर्िक्त्रकपमनस्यव्यमधयःस्युःभशरोगतमः|३३|(Cha.Su.5/27-33) Dhumapana cures the heaviness and pain in head, chronic rhinitis, headache, eye and ear pain, cough, hiccup, dyspnoea, spasm in throat weakness of teeth, discharge due to disorder of ear,nose, eyes, bed smell from nose and mouth, toothache, anorexia, spasm in jaw and back neck, inching, worms, palness, excessive salivation, disorder pf voice, tonsillititis, lack of function of intellect, excessive sleep etc. By this, strength of hairs, skull, sense organs and voice increases. Complications of improper smoking बमधधयार्मन्ध्यर्ूकत्िं रक्तवपत्तंभशरोभ्रर्र् ्||३८|| अकमले चमनतपीतश्चधूर्ः कु यमादुपििमन्|(Cha.su5/38) Smoking in excess or at improper time, produces compication like deafness, blindness, dumbness, bleeding from different parts of body (Rakta pitta) giddiness. Contraindication for dhumapana तत्र शोकश्रर्भयमर्षौष्ण्यविषरक्तवपत्तर्दर्ूच्िमादमहवपपमसमपमण्डुरोगतमलुशोषच्ि दाभशरोऽभभघमतोद्गमरमपतवपातनतभर्रप्रर्ेहोदरमध्र्मनोध्िािमतमतमाबमलिृद्धदुबाल विररक्तस्तजमगररतगभभाणीरूक्षक्षीणक्षतोरस्क- र्धुघृतदधधदुग्धर्त्स्यर्द्ययिमगूपीतमल्पकफमश्चन धूर्र्मसेिेरन्||११||(su.chi.400/11) Persons afflicted with grief, fatigue, fear, jealously, increases heat or poison, those suffering from bleeding disease, intoxication, fainting, burning sensation, profound thirst, anemia, dryness of throat, vomiting, injury to the head, belching, malnutrition,blindness,diabetes, abdominal enlargement and reverse upward peristalsis, children, old persons, debilitated those who had purgation and decoction enema, who were awake (loss of sleep), pregnant woman, those who are dry ,emaciated, injured in chest, who have consumed honey, ghee, curd, milk, fish, wine and thick gruel and who have mild increased of Kapha should not intake smoke.
  27. 27. DINCHARYA Dept of swasthavrrta 27 Compiled by Trivendra S.k. Features of proper dhumapana यदमचोरश्च कण्ठश्च भशरश्च लघुतमंव्रजेत ्||५२|| कफश्च तनुतमंप्रमप्तःसुपीतं धूर्र्महदशेत ्|(Cha.su.5/52) Lightness of chest, throat, head & liquefaction of kapha are the features of proper smoking Features of improper dhumapana अविशुद्धः स्िरो यस्य कण्ठश्च सकफो भिेत ्||५३|| ग्स्तभर्तो र्स्तकश्चैिर्पीतं धूर्र्महदशेत ्||(Cha.su.5/53) Features of insufficient smoking are absence of clarity of voice, presence of kapha in throat and heaviness of the head. Features of excessive smoking तमलुर्ूधमाच कण्ठश्च शुष्यतेपररतप्यते||५४|| तृष्यतेर्ुह्यतेजन्तू रक्तं च स्रितेऽधधकर् ्| भशरश्च भ्रर्तेऽत्यर्ंर्ूच्िमा चमस्योपजमयते||५५|| इग्न्ियमण्युपतप्यन्तेधूर्ेऽत्यर्ंननषेविते|५६||(Cha.su.5/54-56) Excessive smoking produces dryness of palate, head & throat, excess thirst, unconsciousness, bleeding disorders, excessive discharge, giddiness, fainting, & loss of proper functioning of sense organs. Abhyanga(oil massage) स्पशानेऽभयधधको िमयुःस्पशानं च त्िगमधश्रतर् ्| त्िच्यश्च परर्भयङ्गस्तस्र्मत्तं शीलयेन्नरः||८७||(Cha.su.5/87) Vayu resides in skin & is abodeof touch sense. Abhyanga is good for skin & one should do it every day. Procedure of massage:
  28. 28. DINCHARYA Dept of swasthavrrta 28 Compiled by Trivendra S.k. One should massage the bodywith luke oil, according to the season on the direction of the the bodyhair. Oil can be used according to the seasons, dosa& condition. It is performed in seven positions in order. 1. Sitting position 2. Supine position 3. Left lateral position 4. Prone position 5. Right lateral position 6. Supine position 7. Sitting with legs extended to the front. Benefits of massage अभयङ्गर्मचरेग्न्नत्यं, सजरमश्रर्िमतहम| दृग्ष्टप्रसमदपुष््यमयुःस्िप्नसुत्िक्त्िदमर्ढायकृ त ्||८|| भशरःश्रिणपमदेषु तंविशेषेण शीलयेत ्|(A.h.su.2/8) अभयङ्गो र्मदािकरःकफिमतननरोधनः | धमतूनमंपुग्ष्टजननोर्ृजमिणाबलप्रदः ||३०||(Su.chi.24/30) Daily practice of Abhyanga delayes ageing, cures tiredness & Vata disorders, improves vision, complication, nourishment, life, sleep, good lusturous skin & strength. The should be done specially to head, ears & feet. Contraindications for massage: िज्योऽभयङ्गःकफग्रस्तकृ तसंशुद्ध्यजीणणाभभः||९||(A.h.su.2/9) Persons suffering from kapha disorder, after shodhana therapy and indigestion are unfits for Abhyanga. के िलं समर्दोषेषुनकर्ञ्चन योजयेत ्| तरुणज्ियाजीणीचनमभयक्तव्यौकर्ञ्चन ||३५|| तर्मविररक्तो िमन्तश्च ननरूढो यश्च र्मनिः|
  29. 29. DINCHARYA Dept of swasthavrrta 29 Compiled by Trivendra S.k. पूिायोःकृ च्रतमव्यमधेरसमध्यत्िर्र्मवप िम||३६|| शेषमणमंतदहःप्रोक्तम अग्ग्नर्मन्द्यमदयोगदमः| सन्तपाणसर्ुत्र्मनमंरोगमणमंनैिकमरयेत ्||३७||(Su. Chi.24/35-37) Abhyanga is contra-indicated in samavastha of doshas, beginning condition of fever, indigestion, after purgation (virechana), emesis (vamana), enema (Niruha basti) & diseases caused by over nourishment (Santarpana). Shirobhyanga: ननत्यं स्नेहमिाभशरसःभशरःशूलं नजमयते| नखमभलत्यं नपमभलत्यं नके शमः प्रपतग्न्त च||८१|| बलं भशरःकपमलमनमंविशेषेणमभभिधाते| दृढर्ूलमश्चदीघमाश्चकृ ष्णमःके शमभिग्न्त च||८२|| इग्न्ियमणण प्रसीदग्न्तसुत्िग्भिनत चमननर् ्] | ननिमलमभःसुखं च स्यमन्र्ूग्ध्नातैलननषेिणमत ्||८३||(Cha.su.5/81-83) Daily practice of head massage prevent balding, graying, hairfall, gives strength to skull, strengthens hair root, makes the hair black & long. It also nourishes the sense gets good sleep after head massage. Karna purana: नकणारोगम िमतोत्र्मनर्न्यमहनुसङ्ग्रहः| नोच्चैःश्रुनतना बमधधयंस्यमग्न्नत्यं कणातपाणमत ्||८४||(Cha.su.5/84) Daily practices of Karna Purana is prevents the disorder and pain of ear due to vata Doshas, stiffness of back and jaws, hard hearing, deafness do no occurs. Padabhyanga: खरत्िं स्तब्धतम रौक्ष्यं श्रर्ः सुग्प्तश्चपमदयोः| सद्यएिोपशमम्यग्न्त पमदमभयङ्गननषेिणमत ्||९०||
  30. 30. DINCHARYA Dept of swasthavrrta 30 Compiled by Trivendra S.k. जमयतेसौकु र्मयंच बलंस्र्ैयं च पमदयोः| दृग्ष्टःप्रसमदं लभतेर्मरुतश्चोपशमम्यनत||९१|| नच स्यमद्गृध्रसीिमतःपमदयोःस्फु टनं नच| नभसरमस्नमयुसङ्कोचःपमदमभयङ्गेनपमदयोः||९२||( Cha.su.5/90-92) Daily practice of Padabhyanga help to remove dryness, stiffness, roughness, tiredness and numbness instantly. It also makes the skin smooth, provides strength and stability to feet, improves the sleep and vision, and pacifies Vata. It also prevents diseases like grudhrasi, cracking of foot and stiffness of ligaments and tendons of foot. 300 Matras (94 seconds)- Romant (up to hair root ) 400 Matras(133seconds)-Twacha(upto skin) 500 Matras(160 seconds)-Rakta(upto blood) 600 Matras(190 seconds)-Mamsa(upto flesh) 700 Matras(228seconds)-Medas(upto fat) 800 Matras(240 seconds)-Asthi(upto bones) 900 Matras(285 seconds)-Majja(upto marrow) Udvartana(Oil massage) उद्ितानर्भयङ्गपूिाकर््, उद्धषास्त्िनभयङ्गपूिाकः|(chak.pa./cha.su.23/14) Massage done after oil massage is Udavartana. Hard massage done without doing oil massage is Udgharsana. उद्ितानं-कषमयमहदचूणैगमात्रोद्धषाणर््|(A. r./A.h.su.2/15) Udavartana is massage with different powders of herbs, having astringent taste. उद्ितानंकफहरं र्ेदसःप्रविलमयनर् ्| ग्स्र्रीकरणर्ङ्गमनमंत्िक्प्रसमदकरं परर् ्||१५||(A.h.su.2/15)
  31. 31. DINCHARYA Dept of swasthavrrta 31 Compiled by Trivendra S.k. उद्ितानंिमतहरं कफर्ेदोविलमपनर् ्||५१|| ग्स्र्रीकरणर्ङ्गमनमंत्िक्प्रसमदकरं परर् ्|५२|(Su.chi/51-52) Udavartana is a process which helps to decrease kapha and fat, makes the body strong & gives excellent,clear and good complexion to the skin. Utsadana (powder massage) उद्धर्तणम् अस्नेहौर्धिूणातदिभिर्तर्तणम्, अन्ये र्ु फे नके ष्टकादिर्र्तणम्| सस्नेहकल्के नोद्धर्तणमुत्सािनम्||(Dal./Su.chi,24/52-56) Massage with powder of herbs along with oil is udagharsana. Massage with the paste of herbs along with oil is Utsadana. Benefits: भसरमर्ुखविविक्तत्िंत्िक्स्र्स्यमग्नेश्च तेजनर् ्||५२|| उद्धषाणोत्समदनमभयमंजमयेयमतमर्संशयर् ्| उत्समदनमद्भिेत ्स्त्रीणमंविशेषमत ्कमग्न्तर्द्िपुः||५३|| प्रहषासौभमग्यर्ृजमलमघिमहदगुणमग्न्ितर् ्| उद्धषाणं तु विज्ञेयं कण्डूकोठमननलमपहर् ्||५४|| ऊिोःसञ्जनयत्यमशुफे नकः स्र्ैयालमघिे| कण्डूकोठमननलस्तम्भर्लरोगमपहश्च सः||५५|| तेजनं त्िग्गतस्यमग्नेःभसरमर्ुखवििेचनर् ्| उद्धषाणं ग्त्िग्ष्टकयमकण्डूकोठविनमशनर् ्||५६||( Su.chi,24/52-56) Udagharsana cures itching,rashes, vata diseases, enhances strength of thighs and provides lightness. It dilates the blood vessels, enhances bhrajaka pitta, cires itching & rashes.
  32. 32. DINCHARYA Dept of swasthavrrta 32 Compiled by Trivendra S.k. Vyayama(exercise) शरीरमयमसजननं कर्ाव्यमयमर्सग्ञ्ज्ञतर् ्|(su.chi.24/38) The action which produces tiredness in the bodyis Vyayama. लमघिंकर्ासमर््यं दीप्तोऽग्ग्नर्ेदसःक्षयः| विभक्तघनगमत्रत्िंव्यमयमर्मदुपजमयते||१०|(A.h.su.2/10) शरीरचेष्टम यमचेष्टम स्र्ैयमार्मा बलिधधानी| देहव्यमयमर्सङ्ख्यमतमर्मत्रयमतमंसर्मचरेत ्||३१|(Cha.su.7/31) The physical action, which enhancing then strength of the body, increases the digestive fire, Dosha kshaya, when performed in the required times is called Vyayama. Features of proper exercise स्िेदमगर्ःश्िमसिृद्धधगमात्रमणमंलमघिंतर्म| हृदयमद्युपरोधश्चइनत व्यमयमर्लक्षणर् ्||34||(cha.su.7/34) Sweating, increased respiration rate, lightness in the bodyand increased heart rates are the features of properexercise. Features of excessive exercise श्रर्ः क्लर्ःक्षयस्तृष्णमरक्तवपत्तं प्रतमर्कः| अनतव्यमयमर्तःकमसोज्िरश्िहदाश्च जमयते||३३||(cha.su.7/33) Excessive exercise leads, thirst, emaciation, difficulty to breath, Raktapitta, tiredness, cough, fever and vomiting. Benefits दोषक्षयोऽग्ग्निृद्धधश्च व्यमयमर्मदुपजमयते||३२||(cha.su.7/32) Lightness of the body, ability to work. Stability, increased endurance power, alleviation of dosa (kapha), increased Agni are the benefits of exercise.
  33. 33. DINCHARYA Dept of swasthavrrta 33 Compiled by Trivendra S.k. Indications for vyayama शीतकमलेिसन्तेच, र्न्दर्ेि ततोऽन्यदम| तं कृ त्िमऽनुसुखंदेहं र्दायेच्च सर्न्ततः||१२||(A.h.2/12) Excluding cold season & vasanta rtu, one has to do mild exercise & to prevent body pain massage should be done accordingly. Contraindication for vyayama िमतवपत्तमर्यीबमलोिृद्धोऽजीणोचतं त्यजेत ्| अधाशक्त्यमननषेव्यस्तुबभलभभः ग्स्नग्धभोग्जभभः||११||(A.h.2/11) Person suffering from disease of vata and pitta, kasa, Shwasa, krusha, Kshaya, Raktapitta, Injured, Shosha, children, old age, those having indigestion, after food and after maithuna karma should avoid Vyayama. Chankramana(Mild exercise or Mild Walking) यत्तुचङ्िर्णं नमनतदेहपीडमकरं भिेत ्| तदमयुबालर्ेधमग्ग्नप्रदभर्ग्न्ियबोधनर् ्||८०||(Su.chi.24/80) Moderate walking does not cause much trouble to the body, enhances life span, intelligences, digestive power, stimulated the sense organs. Snana(Bath) स्नमनंश्रर्हरमणमं॥(च.सु.२४/४०) पवित्रं िृष्यर्मयुष्यं श्रर्स्िेदर्लमपहर् ्| शरीरबलसन्धमनं स्नमनर्ोजस्करंपरर् ्||९४||(ch.su.5/94) Taking bath is auspicious, enhances virility, longevity, strength, compactness & ojas, at the same time cures tiredness, sweat & impurities of the body. Benefits
  34. 34. DINCHARYA Dept of swasthavrrta 34 Compiled by Trivendra S.k. दीपनं िृष्यर्मयुष्यंस्नमनर्ूजमाबलप्रदर् ्| कण्डूर्लश्रर्स्िेदतन्िमतृड्दमहपमप्र्ग्जत ्||१६||(A.h.su 2/16) दौगान्ध्यं गौरिं तन्िमंकण्डूं र्लर्रोचकर् ्| स्िेदबीभत्सतमंहग्न्त शरीरपररर्मजानर् ्||९३||(Ch.su.5/93) ननिमदमहश्रर्हरं स्िेदकण्डूतृषमपहर् ्| हृद्यं र्लहरं श्रेष्ठं सिेग्न्ियविबोधनर् ्[१] ||५७||(Su.chi24/57) Bath takes away sleep, burning sensation, tiredness, sweat, itching, thirst, & impurities. It is good for heart & purifying all organs, cures drowsiness, gives satisfaction, enhances virility, agni &clears the blood. Effectof coldand hot waterbaths उष्णमम्बुनमऽधःकमयस्यपररषेको बलमिहः| तेनैितूत्तर्मङ्गस्यबलहृत्के शचक्षुषमर् ्||१७||(A. h. su.2/17) Cold water bath cures the bleeding disorder; hot water bath excluding head enhances strength and destroys Vataa and Kapha. Hot water on ‘Adhokaya’ below the neck improves body strength and hot water bath on head leads to loss of strength, hair and sight gradually. Contraindication for Snana स्नमनर्हदातनेत्रमस्यकणारोगमनतसमररषु| आध्र्मनपीनसमजीणाभुक्तित्सुच गहहातर् ्||१८||(A.H.su.2/18) तच्चमनतसमरज्िररतकणाशूलमननलमनताषु| आध्र्मनमरोचकमजीणाभुक्तित्सुच गहहातर् ्||६२||(Su.chi.24/62) Bath is contraindicated for those suffering from Ardita, diseases of eyes, mouth, ears, Atisara, Adhamana, Jwara, Pinasa, Ajeerna and immediately after food. Anulepana
  35. 35. DINCHARYA Dept of swasthavrrta 35 Compiled by Trivendra S.k. सौभमग्यदं िणाकरं प्रीत्योजोबलिधानर् ्| स्िेददौगान्ध्यिैिण्याश्रर्घ्नर्नुलेपनर् ्||६३|| स्नमनं येषमंननवषद्धंतु तेषमर्प्यनुलेपनर् ्|६४|(Su.chi.24/64) Applying cosmetic power, paste, oil etc. Which are fragrant on the body is auspicious, affection, Ojs, strength, removes sweat and bad odour, discoloration tiredness. Applying powder is also contraindication to those bath is contraindication. Mukhalepana र्ुखमलेपमद्दृढं चक्षुः पीनगण्डं तर्मऽऽननर् ्||६५|| अव्यङ्गवपडकं कमन्तं भित्यम्बुजसग्न्नभर् ्|६६|( Su.chi.24/66) Apply cosmetic powder on face gives strength to face, eye, fullness and prominence to checks, make face free of color patches and eruption and increase kanti of face like lotus flower. Vastradharana रक्षोघ्नर्र् चौजस्यं सौभमग्यकरर्ुत्तर्र् ्||६४|| सुर्नोम्बररत्नमनमंधमरणं प्रीनतिधानर् ्|६५|(Su.chi.24/65) In cold season one should wear ‘Kausheya’ i.e. warm clothes, which are multicolored and red colored dresses, as there pacify Vata and Kapha Doshas. Wearing dress and ornaments which like by the person, dispels, evil, enhances vitality, best to bestow auspiciousness and increases affection (love). Role of clean dress in life: कमम्यं यशस्यर्मयुष्यर्लक्ष्र्ीघ्नं प्रहषाणर् ्| श्रीर्त्पमररषदं शस्तंननर्ालमम्बरधमरणर् ्||९५||(Cha.su5/95) Wearing clean cloths enhances bodily charm, reputation, longevity and prevents inauspiciousness. It bring about pleasure, grace competence to participate in conferences and good look. Danda dharana
  36. 36. DINCHARYA Dept of swasthavrrta 36 Compiled by Trivendra S.k. शुनःसरीसृपव्यमलविषमणणभयोभयमपहर् ्||७६|| श्रर्स्खलनदोषघ्नं स्र्विरे च प्रशस्यते| सत्त्िोत्समहबलस्र्ैयाधैयािीयावििधानर् ्||७७|| अिष्टम्भकरं चमवप भयघ्नं दण्डधमरणर् ्|७८|(Su.chi.24/76-78) स्खलतःसम्प्रनतष्ठमनंशत्रूणमंच ननषूदनर् ्| अिष्टम्भनर्मयुष्यंभयघ्नं दण्डधमरणर् ्||१०२||(Cha.su.5/102) Holding stick removes fear of dog, reptile, ferocious beasts and horned animals. Alleviated fatigues, slipping and other defects and is particularly useful for old persons. It promotes the quality of Satva, enthusiasm, strength, steadiness, patience and power provides, removes fear. Padarta dharana चक्षुष्यं स्पशानहहतं पमदयोव्यासनमपहर् ्| बल्यं परमिर्सुखं िृष्यं पमदत्रधमरणर् ्||१००||(cha.su.5/100) पमदरोगहरं िृष्यं रक्षोघ्नं प्रीनतिधानर् ्||७१|| सुखप्रचमरर्ोजस्यं सदमपमदत्रधमरणर् ्| अनमरोग्यर्नमयुष्यं चक्षुषोरुपघमतकृ त ्||७२|| पमदमभयमर्नुपमनद्भयमंसदमचङ्िर्णं नृणमर् ्|(Su.chi.24/71-72) Wearing foot wear is good for eyes, skin & destroys disease of foot. It enhances strength, courage & virility. Chatra dharana िषमाननलरजोघर्ाहहर्मदीनमंननिमरणर् ्||७५|| िण्यं चक्षुष्यर्ौजस्यं शङ्करं ित्रधमरणर् ्|७६|(Su.chi.24/75-76) ईतेः प्रशर्नं बल्यं गुप्त्यमिरणशङ्करर् ्| घर्माननलरजोम्बुघ्नं ित्रधमरणर्ुच्यते||१०१||(Cha.su.5/101)
  37. 37. DINCHARYA Dept of swasthavrrta 37 Compiled by Trivendra S.k. Use of umbrella averts the attacks of diseases etc. It gives strength and protect one from evil spirits, it covers and brings about happiness, and it guards against the sun, wind, dust and rain. Ushanisha dharana पवित्रं के श्यर्ुष्णीषंिमतमतपरजोपहर् ्|७५|(Su.chi.24/75) Wearing Ushanisha (head wear) is auspicious complexion, is good for hairs, prevents dust, wind and kapha that which is light is ideal where as heavy are gives diseases of pitta origin and of the eyes. Ratnabharana dharana धन्यं र्ङ्गल्यर्मयुष्यं श्रीर्द्व्यसनसूदनर् ्| हषाणं कमम्यर्ोजस्यं रत्नमभरणधमरणर् ्||९७||(Cha.su.5/97) Wearing of germs and ornaments add to the prosperity, auspiciousness, longevity, grace, Pushtikara, Dushta Swapna Nasika, prevents from snakes, evil spirits,etc.It is pleasant and charming it is also conductive to Ojus. Cosmetic effect of Dincharya procedures: The word Cosmetics is defined as” the Substances of diverse origin, scientifically compounded and used to cleanse, allay skin troubles, cover up imperfections and to beautify”. Ayurveda emphasizes on both external and internal beauty and external beauty is complimented by internal beauty. It is said that Kaanti, Chaaya, Varna ,Prabha of an individual is determined at the time of “Shukra- Shonitha Samyoga” itself. The factors contributing to these are Matruja, Pitruja, Rasaja and Sathmyaja Bhavas and also Mahabhuta predominance. These factors determine the Prakrithi, Sara, Samhanana, Pramana and Twak of the individuals. Following are the suggestions of Ayurveda towards beauty and health. For Physical beauty, Dinacharya. For Internal beauty, Achara Rasayana, Sadvritta and control over Dharaneeya Vegas. Dinacharya includes Mugha Sodhana, Abhyanga, Udvarthana, Anjana, Keshaprasadhana, Vyayama, Nasya. Diet also plays an important role. Charakacharya explains that by Rasayana, a person with dark complexion can have fair complexion. He also explains about various Yogas and single drugs in Rasayana which has cosmetic effect. By Sadvritta, by Samyak Yoga of Indriya and performing of different actions after proper thoughtful analysis of his intelligence has all role in maintaining internal beauty. By control of Dharaneeya Vega proper care of Physical
  38. 38. DINCHARYA Dept of swasthavrrta 38 Compiled by Trivendra S.k. beauty is possible because any of the mental disturbances can have negative impact over the skin which further hampers the physical beauty. Role of dincharya: Hygiene is as important as cosmetic application. Beauty is not achieved in one day, but it should be enhanced or maintained by following the daily regimens mentioned in our Classics. Various Charyas which need to be followed in our day to day life which are very much essential for maintaining good health are mentioned in Dinacharya( daily regimen) which are as follows. Mukhasodhana- Danthadhavana (brushing), Jihwanirlekhana (cleaning of tongue), Gandushadharana (gargling), Mukhaprakshalana comes under this which helps in removal of foul smell, Prevents lips from cracking, Tenderness of face. Chewing sugar free substances stimulates the production of saliva and helps to clean the surface of the teeth. Smile is the person’s ability to express the range of emotions with the structure and movement of the teeth and lips. It can often determine how well a person can function in the society .So to keep oneself confident, proper care of teeth and lips is important. Abhyanga-Massage- Skin is the largest organ in the human body. It is the barrier which separates individuals from the external environment. Oil gets absorbed by pores of the skin and spreads to the whole body. Tissue elements of the body get nourishment by this as the twigs and leaves of a plant grow by spraying water on its roots. The effect of Abhyanga is many. Abhyanga has effect on circulatory system. It increases the blood flow, encourages the lymphatic drainage either shutting of toxins out so that more nutrients can travel or it adds vitality to a dull complexion. It promotes nutrition to the cells; it helps in the increased production of sweat thereby helping in the excretion of waste products through the skin. Abhyanga includes- Sareera Abhyanga (Body Massage), Pada Abhyanga and Siro Abhyanga (Head Massage). It is best in graying and falling of hair, helps in growing of deep rooted long hair. Pada Abhyanga induces good sleep; it is best in cracking of foot. Studies have shown that this can be practiced by individuals regularly since it is less time consuming and cost effective. This procedure is not restricted to Sisira Ritu , it can be practiced in all seasons as a preventive procedure to prevent the foot related problems and to get the other beneficial effect from Pada Abhyanga Udvarthana- Smooth rubbing improves the blood circulation which gives fairness and tenderness to the skin. When applied over the face it makes the cheeks and face fleshy/corpulent, delicate like a lotus by
  39. 39. DINCHARYA Dept of swasthavrrta 39 Compiled by Trivendra S.k. removing the dark spots and pimples. It imparts Kaanthi, relieves itching, it is indicated in skin diseases like Vyanga Anjanam- Ancient scriptures like Abhijnana Shakunthalam and Meghadootam of Kalidasa and many mythological epics encompass the reference of cosmetics like Kajal, which itself show the importance of Anjanam regarding the application of Anjanam in our classics. Application of Rasanjana (a sort of collyrium prepared of Berberis aristata) once in every 5 to 8 nights helps in lacrimation of eyes, which helps in of all the Mahabhutas, Tejas dominates in eyes so they are specially susceptible to Kapha.Therefore Anjana which alleviates Kapha is good for keeping eyes clear. By the use of Collyrium, the eyes become bright like the moon in the clear sky. Susruthacharya explains about the importance of Netra Prakshalana with Lodhra kashaya (Symplocos racemosa) or with Amalaka (Emblica officianalis) Swarasa or with cold water. He states that it is beneficial in removing the dryness of face,diseases of Raktha and Pitta. Kesaprasadhanam - Hair is a vital parameter of external beauty. One commonly overlooked facet of society is the length, colour and texture of the hair on one’s head. Everybody is concerned with its appearance and disorders. It is said to be a byproduct of bone metabolism. Amino acids have an important role for maintaining healthy hair. Glutamine is the most commonly occurring amino acid, which is produced naturally by the body, but the production of it decreases with age. Glutamine is build from Glutamic acid. This builds the hair by delivering Sulphur which is necessary for hair growth. Methionine contains Sulphur which can considerably strengthen the hair structure and nails. It can also help against hair loss. Vaso dialatory effect of Arginine promotes hair growth as the Nitrogen oxide generated from Arginine opens the Potassium channels of cells. The blood supply to hair root is then improved which in turn stimulates hair growth .Zinc is involved in the building of Keratin, which is one of the main component of hair. Zinc facilitates the necessary cell division which makes the growth of hair possible. Hair loss is one of the signs of Zinc deficiency, which can be , improved through Zinc supplementation36. Iron deficiency leads to damage of hair structure which can cause hair loss. Vyayamam (Exercise)- In Chanakyaneethisastram, it is said that “Wealth should be enjoyed economically, climbing a mountain is to be practiced slowly, Learning and Practice of religion ought to be acquired deliberately and Exercise should be practiced smoothly. Similar to Abhyanga, Vyayama also has effect on almost all systems of the body. By this the force and rate of heart beat enhances, enhances the circulation of blood. It increases the perspiration, thereby the wastes are excreted.
  40. 40. DINCHARYA Dept of swasthavrrta 40 Compiled by Trivendra S.k. Mind also gets refreshed. Vyayama helps in the reduction of body fat and it also helps in making the body firm. Nasyam (Nasal Inhalation)- Nasya indicated as daily regimen is the Prathimarsha Nasya which is devoid of any complications and can be administered at any time. It has effect on mental disorders also. Has effect on both skin and hairs. Bhojanam (Diet) -To keep oneself fit and healthy diet also play an important role. … Mind and Skin More than just a cosmetic disfigurement, dermatological disorders are associated with a variety of psychopathologic problems that can affect the patient, his/ her family and society together. A growing field of integrative medicine called “Psycho dermatology”, addresses the interaction between Mind- and Skin .It is a relatively new discipline in psychosomatic medicine. Psychiatry is more focused on the “Internal non visible disease” and Dermatology on the “External visible disease” The two disciplines are interconnected at the embryonic level through the ectoderm. The Brain and the skin have many interconnections – the skin has a vast neurologic and vascular network. Therefore “chemicals made in the Brain in response to stress travel to the Brain”. Whatever the emotional trigger- Work pressure, relationship, depression and even stress can even cause these trouble making chemicals, called neuro peptides to flood your skin. They can cause inflammation, widen blood vessels; generate excess moisture all of which can exacerbate skin problems. Mind body relaxation like Yoga, Meditation etc. reduces the flow of neuropeptides leading to less reactive skin. As the skin is an organ that has a primary function in tactile receptivity and reacts directly upon emotional stimuli, dermatological practice involves a psychosomatic dimension.
  41. 41. DINCHARYA Dept of swasthavrrta 41 Compiled by Trivendra S.k. BIBLIOGRAPHY Sl no. Name of the book Author name Publication Page no. 01 Swasthavrtta Dr. Manglagowri V. Rao Chaukhambha orientalia Varanasi 08-27 02 Swasthavrtta Dr. Bargale Sushant Sukumar Dr. Shashirekha H.K. Chaukhambha Publication New delhi (india) 13-44 References: 1. Aacharya Vagbhata; Ashtang Hruday Edited By Hari Sadashiv Shastri Paradkar; Sarvangsundar Vyakhya; Sutrasthan 2/1;Edition 2011 Chaukhamba 2. Aacharya Sushruta; Sushrutsamhita;Edited By Yadavji Trikamji Aacharya;Nibandhsangraha Vyakhya; Chikitsasthan 24/9 Edition 2012; Chaukhamba Sanskrut Samsthan, Varanasi 3. Aacharya Charaka; Charak Samhita Edited By Aacharya Trikamji Yadav Sharma Sutrasthan 5/24; Edition 2009; Chaukhamba Surbharti Prakashana Varanasi 4. Aacharya Sushruta; Sushrutsamhita;Edited By Yadavji Trikamji Aacharya;Nibandhsangraha Vyakhya; Chikitsasthan 40/210 Edition 2012; Chaukhamba Sanskrut Samsthan, Varanasi 5. Aacharya Vagbhata; Ashtang Hruday Edited By Hari Sadashiv Shastri Paradkar; Sarvangsundar Vyakhya; Sutrasthan 20/1;Edition 2011
  42. 42. DINCHARYA Dept of swasthavrrta 42 Compiled by Trivendra S.k. Chaukhamba Surbharti Prakashana Varanasi 6. Aacharya Charaka; Charak Samhita Edited By Aacharya Trikamji Yadav Sharma Sutrasthan 5/57-62; Edition 2009; Chaukhamba Surbharti Prakashana Varanasi 7. Aacharya Charaka; Charak Samhita Edited By Aacharya Trikamji Yadav Sharma Sutrasthan 5/87; Edition 2009; Chaukhamba Surbharti Prakashana Varanasi 8. Aacharya Vagbhata; Ashtang Hruday Edited By Hari Sadashiv Shastri Paradkar; Sarvangsundar Vyakhya; Sutrasthan 2/7;Edition 2011 Chaukhamba Surbharti Prakashana Varanasi 9. Aacharya Charaka; Charak Samhita Edited By Aacharya Trikamji Yadav Sharma Sutrasthan 5/90-91; Edition 2009; Chaukhamba Surbharti Prakashana Varanasi 10. Aacharya Charaka; Charak Samhita Edited By Aacharya Trikamji Yadav Sharma Sutrasthan 5/81-83; Edition 2009; Chaukhamba Surbharti Prakashana Varanasi 11. Aacharya Vagbhata; Ashtang Hruday Edited By Hari Sadashiv Shastri Paradkar; Sarvangsundar Vyakhya; Sutrasthan 2/15;Edition 2011 Chaukhamba Surbharti Prakashana Varanasi 12. Aacharya Charaka; Charak Samhita Edited By Aacharya Trikamji Yadav Sharma Sutrasthan 5/94; Edition 2009; Chaukhamba Surbharti Prakashana Varanasi 13. Aacharya Sushruta; Sushrutsamhita;Edited By Yadavji Trikamji Aacharya;Nibandhsangraha Vyakhya; Chikitsasthan 24/63 Edition 2012; Chaukhamba Sanskrut Samsthan, Varanasi
  43. 43. DINCHARYA Dept of swasthavrrta 43 Compiled by Trivendra S.k. 14. Aacharya Sushruta; Sushrutsamhita;Edited By Yadavji Trikamji Aacharya;Nibandhsangraha Vyakhya; Chikitsasthan 24/65 Edition 2012; 15. Aacharya Charaka; Charak Samhita Edited By Aacharya Trikamji Yadav Sharma Sutrasthan 5/15; Edition 2009; Chaukhamba Surbharti Prakashana Varanasi 16. Aacharya Charaka; Charak Samhita Edited By Aacharya Trikamji Yadav Sharma Sutrasthan 5/16; Edition 2009; Chaukhamba Surbharti Prakashana Varanasi 17. Aacharya Sushruta; Sushrutsamhita;Edited By Yadavji Trikamji Aacharya;Nibandhsangraha Vyakhya; Chikitsasthan 24/79 Edition 2012; Chaukhamba Sanskrut Samsthan, Varanasi 18. Aacharya Sushruta; Sushrutsamhita;Edited By Yadavji Trikamji Aacharya;Nibandhsangraha Vyakhya; Chikitsasthan 24/75 Edition 2012; Chaukhamba Sanskrut Samsthan, Varanasi. 