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A comprehensive guide to दिनचर्या by Trivendrasingh 76

  1. 1. YADGIR-585202
  2. 2. DINCHARYA Dept of swasthavrrta 2 Compiled by Trivendra S.k.
  3. 3. DINCHARYA Dept of swasthavrrta 3 Compiled by Trivendra S.k. Dedication Every challenging work needs self efforts as well as guidance of elder especially those who were very close to our heart. My humble effort I Dedicate to my lovely and inspiring MOM and DAD Mr. Khajan Singh Smt. Savitri Devi Whose affection , love, encouragement and prays of day and night make me able to get such success and honour. It’s impossible to thank you adequately for everything you have done. Along with all hard working and respected & Mr. Tejendra Singh Mr. Satyendra singh Mr.Gajendra simgh and And friends And above all, To the Almighty God!
  4. 4. DINCHARYA Dept of swasthavrrta 4 Compiled by Trivendra S.k. Abbreviations S.No. NAME OF THE TEXT Sanskrit Name English Name 1. Charakasamhita च.सं. Cha.Sam. 2. Sushrutasamhita सु.सं. Su.Sam. 3. AshtangaHrudaya/ Sangraha अ.हृ. / अ.सं A.H./A.S. 4. Sharangadharasamhita शा.सं. Sha.Sam. 5. Bhavaprakashanighantu भा.प्र.नि. B.P.Ni
  5. 5. DINCHARYA Dept of swasthavrrta 5 Compiled by Trivendra S.k. ACKNOWLEDGEMENT First of all I would like to invoke the blessings of almighty Lord DHANVANTARI to whom I am most greatful for considering me worthy of being student of Ayurveda. I am very greatful to Smt.Nagaratna kuppi and Dr. Chandrashekhar Kuppi sir.for giving an opportunity to study in this esteemed institution. I thank Dr.Rahul Kulkani Md(ayu)beloved principal of this institution for his encouragement in all stages. My sincere gratitude to beloved teachers Dr. B.Mahesh Raju MD (ayu), Dr.Sankangauda MD(ayu) Dept. of Swasthvritta , for their infinite patience in scrutinizing the material at many stages, offering valuable suggestions and guiding me throughout. I express my gratitude to all library staffs without whose help it would’t have been possible to illustrate this work. My special thanks to my parents,sister,brothers,relatives and all my friends for their great support and suggestions. Trivendra singh
  6. 6. DINCHARYA Dept of swasthavrrta 6 Compiled by Trivendra S.k. Index  Introduction to Ayurveda  Defination of swasthya &swasthavritta  Dinacharya 1. Defination of Dincharya 2. Aims and importance of dinacharaya 3. Brahma Muhurta evum Utthana 4. Ushna jalapana 5. Sharirachinta 6. Malatyaga 7. Mukha prakshalana 8. Dantadhavana and preparation of ayurvedic tooth powder and paste 9. Jivhanirlekhana vidhi 10. Anjana 11.Pratimarsha nasya 12.Gandusha and Kavala 13.Tambula sevana 14.Dhoomapana 15.Abhyanga 16.Udavartana 17.Utsadana 18.Vyayama 19.Chakramana 20.Snana 21.Anulepana 22.Vastra dharana 23.Danda dharana 24.Padatra dharana
  7. 7. DINCHARYA Dept of swasthavrrta 7 Compiled by Trivendra S.k. 25.Chatra dharana 26.Ushnisha dharana 27.Ratnabharana 28.Cosmetic effect of Dincharya procedure
  8. 8. DINCHARYA Dept of swasthavrrta 8 Compiled by Trivendra S.k. INTRODUCTION TO AYURVEDA Ayurveda is a science of life or the art of living a long healthy life in a useful manner to the society. It has been prevalent in India and its neighboring countries sinceAyurveda is considerd by many scholars to be the oldest healing science which is written in sanskrit. Main aim of Ayurveda धममाथाकमममोक्षमणमममरोग्यं मूलमुत्तमम्||१५|| रोगमस्तस्यमपहतमारः श्रेयसो जीवितस्य च|(cha.su.1/15) Main aim of ayurveda is to attain pious acts (dharma) ,wealth(Artha),desire(kama) and Salvation (moksha) by health .ill health takes away the health and happinessfrom life. The science of ayurveda has main two principles. स्वस्थस्यस्वास्थ्यरक्षणं ,आतुरस्यविकारप्रशमनं च | The science of ayurveda has main two principles.i.e Preventive of disease and cure the disease. "वहतमवहतंसुखंदुखममयुस्तस्यवहतवहतम्। ममनंचतच्चयत्रोक्तममयुिेद: सईच्यते " ॥ (च. सु. १:४१) Ayurveda is the real science of knowledge of Life. With four types of Ayu. i.e Hitayu,Ahitayu,Shukha and dukha .
  9. 9. DINCHARYA Dept of swasthavrrta 9 Compiled by Trivendra S.k. Definition of Health (swastha nirukti) सुष्ठु वनर्विकमरत्िेनमिवतष्ठवत आवत स्िस्थ: (च.पम. on च. सू. ५/१३) The condition where the body is devoid of any abnormality is known as healthy ie swasth स्िस्थस्य भमि: स्िमस््य ॥ (च. पम. on च.सू. ५/१३) The of heathiness is Health ie swasthya. समदोष: सममविश्च समधमतुमलक्रिय:। प्रसन्नमत्मेवरियमनम: स्िस्थ आत्यवभवधयते ॥ (सु. सू. १५/४१) Sushrutachaya describes the features of a healthy man, Doshas (vata,pitta,kapha) Agni (digestive fire), Dhatus (waste products) and kriya are normal, Atma (soul),Indriya (sense organ) and Manas (mind) are peaceful is said to be healthy. Swastha (health) means all Doshas ,Agni,Dhatus,Malas are in the state of equilibrium along with mental, sensory and spiritual pleasantness and happiness. रोगस्तु दोषिैषम्यं दोषसमम्यमरोगतम । रोगम: दु:खस्य दमतमरो ज्िरप्रभ्रतयो ते ॥ (भम. प्र.) Abnormal state of Dhatus which produces Dukha is vikara or disease. Balance or normal state of Dhatus which produces sukha is prakruti is Health or Arogya.
  10. 10. DINCHARYA Dept of swasthavrrta 10 Compiled by Trivendra S.k. Definition of Swathavritta स्िवस्मन् स्थमने स्िवस्मन् कमावण स्िसु रूपे स्थीयते तत् िृतं स्िस्थिृतं | The condition where all doshas, dhatus and malas ,are in their normal site, form, performing normal functions is „Swasth‟ , „Vrtta‟ means Acara ,carita or bhava or regimens to be followed to attain health. Importance of Swasthvrtta नगरी नगरस्येि रथस्येि रथी यथम| स्िशरीरस्य मेधमिी कृत्येष्ििवहतो भिेत्||१०३||(Cha.Su.5/103) A wise person should perform such actions which are good for his health and body as the officer of the city and chariotere incharge of the chariots protect city and the chariot respectively. सिामरयत् पररत्यज्य शरीरमनुपमलयेत्| तदभमिे वह भमिमनमं सिमाभमिः शरीररणमम्||७||(Cha.Ni.6/7) Caraka further emphasizes on maintenance of health. One should take care of his body by neglecting all other things because if body is not healthy then nothing is existing. Word “Swasth‟ comprise of „sva‟ meaning one‟s own & „stha‟ means staying ie being in ones own natural state. Sarngadhara quotes no creature in the universe is immortal ,it is impossible to prevent death , but it is possible to prevent disease. So one should try for that which is preventable. (sha. Sa.)
  11. 11. DINCHARYA Dept of swasthavrrta 11 Compiled by Trivendra S.k. Dincharya (Daily regimen) Dincharya is composed of two words Din and charya. Dina means a day or day time or day today. Charya means duties,regimens ,action to be carried. क्रदनचयमा : क्रदने क्रदने चया क्रदन चया: । क्रदनस्य िम चया क्रदनचया । प्रवतक्रदन चया क्रदन चया । The regimens done daily called as Dincharya. Aim and importance of Dincharya Aim: a. Maintenance the normal health b. Increased life span without any diseases Importance: a. Regimens done daily to maintenances normal health. b. Maintenace of hygiene and keeps the body cleans etc. c. Desire for the intake of food ,proper and easy digestion of the ingested food d. Prolong the life and longevity. e. Keeps the mind calm and quiet and helps in meditation f. Helps in increase the strength of indriyas. g. Helps in increase the strength of body h. Prevents all the disease
  12. 12. DINCHARYA Dept of swasthavrrta 12 Compiled by Trivendra S.k. ब्रमह्मे मुहुता :(Getting in the morning) ब्रमह्मे मुहुता ईवत्तष्ठेत्स्िस्थो रक्षमथाममयुषः| (A. H. 2/1 ) One desirous of long healthy life should get up in Brahma Muhurta .After considering the position of digestion or indigestion. (food taken previous night ) ब्रमह्मे मुहुताईवत्तष्ठेज्जीणमाजीणं वनरूपयन्| रक्षमथाममयुषः स्िस्थः....................||२||| (A. H. 3/1 ) The healthy person ,should wakeup from bed in the Brahma muhurta i.e. around 48 to 96 minutes before the sunrise to preserve his health, after considering the condition of digestion of food taken in previous night whether properly done or not.then he should offer prayer to lord Madhusudan , so that all the Papa deeds he has indulged forgiven by the god. अयुष्ममुषवस प्रोक्तं मलमदीनमं विसजानम । तदत्त्रकूजनमध्ममनोदर गौरिमणम ॥ (भम. प्र.५/७ ) Attending to natural‟s call (like passing of mala,mutra etc.) in early hours is a good habit for better health and antrakujanam ,Adhmana and Udara Gouravam (heaviness of abdomen ) are also relived by attending to natures call in early hours of the day immediately after awakening up from the bed at Brahma Muhurtam. ईष्ण जलपमन : (Drinking luke warm water) सवितु: समुधकमले प्रसुवत: सवललस्य वपबैदष्टौ। रोगजरमपररमुक्तो जीिेद्वत्सरशतं समग्रम ॥ ऄशा: शोथ ग्रहण्यो ज्िरजठरमकुष्ठमेदोविकमर -मुत्रघमतमस्त्रमवपत्तश्रिणगलवशर: श्रोवणशूलवक्तरोगम:॥ (भम. प्र.) Drinking eight prasruti of (768 ml) of water at the time of early sunrise shall live for a hundred years and more free from diseases and old age . person drinks water in early morning can not suffer from Arsha, Sotha, Grahani , jwara jathara vikara, Kustha ,Medoroga, Raktapitta, ear and eye diseses etc.
  13. 13. DINCHARYA Dept of swasthavrrta 13 Compiled by Trivendra S.k. शरीरवचरत: शरीरवचरतमं वनिात्या कृतशौचविवधस्ततः||१|(A.H. su.2/1) The healthy person should get up during Brahma Muhurta to protect his life. After considering the position of digestion or indigestion food taken in previous night .The person should next attend to eliminating the Mala and Mutra. मलत्यमग: (Shauchavidhi) ...................जमतिेगः समुत्सृजेत्| ईदङ्मुखो मूत्रशकृद्दवक्षणमवभमुखो वनवश| िमचं वनयम्य प्रयतः संिीतमङ्गोऽिगुवण्ठतः| प्रितायेत्प्रचवलतं न तु यत्नमदुदीरयेत्| नममेध्यममगामृद्भस्मगोस्थमनमकीणागोमये| पुरमवरतकमवििल्मीकरम्योत्कृष्टवचवतिुमे| न नमरीपूज्यगोऽकेरदुिमय्िन्नमविजलं प्रवत| न चमवतरस्कृत्य महीं भयमशक्तत्योस्तु कममतः| न िेवगतोऽरयकमयाः स्यमन्नमवजत्िम समध्यमममयम्| वनःशल्यमदुष्टमृवत्पण्डीपररमृष्टमलमयनः| (A.sa.SU. 3/3-5) One should excrete the urine and faces only after getting the urges, facing north during daytime and south during night, silently, without diverting attention on other things ,having covered the body and should allow to excreta to pass naturally on their own and not by strain. One should not pass at following places-unclean place,road ,heaps where movement of peoples is there near to city,sacrificial alter or on hill, place meant for disposal of dead bodies ,under and above the trees .Also not in front of woman ,respectful persons, cows,sun moon wind ,fire,and water. Mukha prakshalana: प्रक्षमलयेरमुखं नेत्रे स्िस्थः शीतोदकेन िम | नीवलकमं मुखशोषं च वपडकमं व्यङ्गमेि च ||१६|| रक्तवपत्तकृतमन् रोगमन् सद्य एि विनमशयेत् |१७|(su.chi. 5/15-17)
  14. 14. DINCHARYA Dept of swasthavrrta 14 Compiled by Trivendra S.k. The face wash with sheetala jala prevents bleeding problems (Raktapitta) , subsides the Mukhapidaka ,Mukharoga,Mukhanilika and Vyanga and while washing with warm water pacifies Kapha and Vata Doshas, makes face oily or Snigdha by removing the Rukshana or dryness of the face. Danta dhavana: ऄकारयग्रोधखक्रदरकरञ्जककुभमक्रदजम्| प्रमतभुाक्तत्िम च मृद्वग्रं कषमयकटुवतक्तकम्||२|| कनीरयग्रसमस्थौल्यं प्रगुणं द्वमदशमङ्गुलम्| भक्षयेद्दरतपिनं दरतममंसमरयबमधयन्||३||(A.H. Su.2/2-3) िटमसनमकाखक्रदरकरञ्जकरिीरजम्| सजमाररमेदमपमममगाममलतीककुभोद्भिम्| कषमयवतक्तकतुकं मूलमरयदपीदृशम्| विज्ञमतिॄक्षं क्षुण्णमग्रमृज्िग्रवरथ सुभूवमजम्| कनीरयग्रसमस्थौल्यंंं सुकूच्चं द्वमदशमङ्गुलम्| प्रमतभुाक्तत्िम च यतिमग्भक्षयेद्दरतधमिनम्|(A.S. Su. 3/12-15) भक्षयेद्दरतपिनं दरतममंसमरयबमधयन्| वनहवरत गरधं िैरस्यं वजह्िमदरतमस्यजं मलम्||७२|| वनष्कृष्य रुवचममधत्ते सद्यो दरतविशोधनम्| करञ्जकरिीरमका ममलतीककुभमसनमः||)७३|| शस्यरते दरतपिने ये चमप्येिंविधम िुममः|(Cha. Su. 5/72-73) One should clean his teeth in two times morning and night after intake of food with twigs of Arka .Vata ,Khadira and Karanja.(A.h.su.) Asana ,Karavira ,Sarja,Arimeda,Apmarga,Malati,Jati.(A.s.su) Which are Kashaya ,katu and tikta in taste ;twigs should of size of tip of little finger in thickness and twelve Angulas in lenth and straight .Its top made like a soft brush by chewing ,the teeth should be cleaned without hurting or injuring the gums.
  15. 15. DINCHARYA Dept of swasthavrrta 15 Compiled by Trivendra S.k. Benefits तद्दौगारध्योपदेहौ तु श्लेष्ममणं चमपकषावत ||९|| िैशद्यमन्नमवभरुचच सौमनस्यं करोवत च |(Su.Chi.24/9) Its removes foul smell, slimness,Kapha and provides clarity, desire of food and cheerfulness. Contraindications for dantadhavana नमद्यमदजीणािमथुश्वमसकमसज्िरमर्ददती| तृष्णमस्यपमकहृन्नेत्रवशरःकणमामयी च तत्||४||(A.H.Su.2/4) Person suffering from indigestion, vomiting dysponea, cough,fever,facial paralysis excessive thirst, mouth ulceration, diseases of the heart, eyes, head and ears, should not makes use of the tooth brush. Tooth powder and paste कषमयं मधुरं वतक्तं कटुकं प्रमतरुवत्थतः | वनम्बश्च वतक्तके श्रेष्ठः कषमये खक्रदरस्तथम ||६|| मधूको मधुरे श्रेष्ठः करञ्जः कटुके तथम | क्षौिव्योषवत्रिगमाक्तं सतैलं सैरधिेन च ||७|| चूणेन तेजोित्यमश्च दरतमवन्नत्यं विशोधयेत् | एकैकं घषायेद्दरतं मृदुनम कूचाकेन च ||८|| दरतशोधनचूणेन दरतममंसमरयबमधयन् |(Su.Chi.24/7-8) The selection of twigs for tooth brush should be done on the basis of season ,dosa,rasa and virya after getting up.Nimba(neem) is best among bitter ones ,Khadira (Acacia) is the best for kashaya rasa,Madhuka is the best among sweet drugs and Karanja is best among the pungent drugs.
  16. 16. DINCHARYA Dept of swasthavrrta 16 Compiled by Trivendra S.k. Jivhanirlekhanavidhi वजह्िमवनलेखनं रौप्यं सौिणं िमक्षामेि च | तरमलमपहरं शस्तं मृदुश्लक्ष्णं दशमङ्गुलम् ||१३||(Su. Chi.24/3) सुिणारूप्यतमम्रमवण त्रपुरीवतमयमवन च||७४|| वजह्िमवनलेखनमवन स्युरतीक्ष्णमरयनृजूवन च| वजह्िममूलगतं यच्च मलमुच््िमसरोवध च||७५|| दौगारध्यं भजते तेन तस्ममवज्जह्िमं विवनर्वलखेत्|७६|(Cha.Su. 5/74-76) Tongue cleansing should be done of silver, gold or plants .It should be soft ,smooth and ten finger long and able to eliminate dirt and bad taste and smell from the mouth . Anjana: सिेवरदयमणमं नयनं प्रधमनं । Eye is the most important among all the sense organs .So to protect it one should apply collyrium every day. Time of application सौिीरमञ्जनं वनत्यं वहतमक्ष्णोः प्रयोजयेत्| पञ्चरमत्रेऽष्टरमत्रे िम स्रमिणमथे रसमञ्जनम्||१५||(Cha.Su.5/15) Sauviranjana is good for eyes, so it should be used daily; by this eyes becomes beautiful and capable of seeing minute things even. Collyrium made of (Berberis aristata DC) is applied once in five or eight days at night time for lacrymation of eyes. चक्षुस्तेजोमयं तस्य विशेषमच््लेष्मतो भयम्| ततः श्लेष्महरं कमा वहतं दृष्टेः प्रसमदनम्||१६|| क्रदिम तन्न प्रयोक्तव्यं नेत्रयोस्तीक्ष्णमञ्जनम्|
  17. 17. DINCHARYA Dept of swasthavrrta 17 Compiled by Trivendra S.k. विरेकदुबालम दृवष्टरमक्रदत्यं प्रमप्य सीदवत||१७|| तस्ममत् स्रमव्यं वनशमयमं तु ध्रुिमञ्जनवमष्यते|१८|(Cha. Su.5/16-18) Eyes are dominant in tejo mahabhutah ,so there is fear of being afflicted with kapha .Hence process which alleviates kapha is good for eyes ,strong collyrium should not be used in day time ,as the eyes are weakened by drainage will be afflicted by sun. Thus the collyrium meant for drainage should be always at night. Method of application of Collyrium िममेनमवक्ष विवनभुाज्य हस्तेन सुसममवहतः | शलमकयम दवक्षणेन वक्षपेत् कमनीनमञ्जनम् ||६४|| अपमङ्ग्यं िम यथमयोगं कुयमाच्चमवप गतमगतम् |(Su. Utt. 18/64) One should widen the eyes with left hand & apply collyrium with Salaka by using right hand. Always it should be applied from inner canthus to the outer canthus. Contraindications for anjana भुक्तिमवछिरसम स्नमतः श्रमरतश्िदानिमहनैः | रमत्रौ जमगररतश्चमवप नमञ्ज्यमज्िररत एि च ||२०|| (Su.Chi.24/20) In person who have not slept during the night, tiredness, Udavarta, crying after taking food washing the head ,anger, fear,sorrow,during fever ,headache, indigestion, suppression of natural urges, cloudy or rainy weather etc. Benefits of application of collyrium यथम वह कनकमदीनमं मवलनमं विविधमत्मनमम्||१८|| धौतमनमं वनमालम शुविस्तैलचेलकचमक्रदवभः| एिं नेत्रेषु मत्यमानममञ्जनमश्च्योतनमक्रदवभः||१९|| दृवष्टर्वनरमकुलम भमवत वनमाले नभसीरदुित्|२०|(Cha.Su. 5/18-20) The gold ornaments are cleaned by means of oil, cloths & hair brush, similarly application of collyrium etc cleans the human eyes whih makes them shine like the bright moon in the clear sky.
  18. 18. DINCHARYA Dept of swasthavrrta 18 Compiled by Trivendra S.k. Samanya anjana lakshana: Clear visions, lightness lacrymation ,proper function ,purity of eyes and alleviations of disease are proper action of Anjana. Pratimarsha Nasya: नमसम वह वशरसो द्वमरं तेन तद्व्यमप्य हवरत तमन्||१||(A.h.Su.20/1) Nose Is the entry way for the head & medicine used in the form of nasal instillation, cures the diseases of the head through this route only. Definition: औषधमौषधवसिो िम स्नेहो नमवसकमभयमं दीयत आवत नस्यम् |(Su.Chi.40/21) Medicine or medicated fat is administered through nostril. This is known as Nasya. Type of nasya तक्रिविधमवप पञ्चधम | तद्यथम- नस्यं, वशरोविरेचनं, प्रवतमशो, ऄिपीडः, प्रधमनं च||२१||(Su.Chi.40/21) 1. Nasya 2. Sirovirechana 3. Pratimarsha 4. Avapidana 5. Pradhamana Time for pratimarsha nasya प्रवतमशाश्चतुदाशसु कमलेषूपमदेयः; तद्यथम- तल्पोवत्थतेन, प्रक्षमवलतदरतेन, गृहमवन्नगाच्ितम, व्यमयममव्यिमयमध्िपररश्रमरतेन, मूत्रोच्चमरकिलमञ्जनमरते, भुक्तितम, िर्ददतितम, क्रदिमस्िप्नोवत्थतेन, समयं चेवत ||५१||(su. chi.40/51) a) After sleep m) After day sleep b) Teeth brushing n) in the evening c) While going out d) After exercise e) After sexual act
  19. 19. DINCHARYA Dept of swasthavrrta 19 Compiled by Trivendra S.k. f) After tired due to walking g) After evacuation of bladder h) After evacuation of bowles i) After kavala j) After Anjana k) After food l) After emesis Benefits of pratimarsha nasya नस्येन रोगमः शमम्यवरत नरमणममूध्िाजत्रुजमः | आवरियमणमं च िैमल्यं कुयमादमस्यं सुगवरध च ||५४|| हनुदरतवशरोग्रीिमवत्रकबमहूरसमं बलम् | िलीपवलतखमवलत्यव्यङ्गमनमं चमप्यसम्भिम् ||५५||(su.chi.40/55) Practice of Nasya at proper time as said in the text previous diseases of eyes, eyes, nose & ears.There will be no white or grey hair, no hair fall, instead they grows well .It cures stiffness of neck, headache,facial paralysis, stiffness of jaws,rhinitis, half sided head ache & tremors of head.Veins skull bones, joints, ligaments & tendons are nourished by nasya & become strong. His face becomes pleasant and nourished,voice becomes sweet, deep & loud, clearness in sense organs & strength get enhanced. He will not be affliciated with diseases of head & neck easily, even in old age he will be strong & will not be afflicted with diseases of head. Pramana of pratimarsha nasya इषदुवच्िङ्घतः स्नेहो यमिद्वक्तत्रं प्रपद्यते | नस्ये वनवषक्तं तं विद्यमत् प्रवतमशं प्रममणतः ||५३||(Su. Chi. 40/53) Quantity of oil put into the nose which comes into the mouth when the person sucks the air that should be understood as ideal quantity that should be administered as Pratimarsha Nasya. Features of proper nasya तस्य योगमवतयोगमयोगमनमवमदं विज्ञमनं भिवत ||३२|| लमघिं वशरसो योगे सुखस्िप्नप्रबोधनम् | विकमरोपशमः शुविररवरियमणमं मनःसुखम् ||३३|(Su.chi.40/32-33)
  20. 20. DINCHARYA Dept of swasthavrrta 20 Compiled by Trivendra S.k. In proper use, lightness of head,easy sleeping and awakening, cures the disorders, clarity of sense organs and cheerfulness. features of Excessive nasya कफप्रसेकः वशरसो गुरुतेवरियविभ्रमः | लक्षणं मूर्ध्नयावतवस्नग्धे रूक्षं तत्रमिचमरयेत् ||३४||(Su.chi.40/34) Excessive mucus secretion, heaviness of head, dysfunction of sense organs are the sign of excessive uses of Nasya. Features of Insufficient nasya ऄयोगे िमतिैगुण्यवमवरियमणमं च रूक्षतम | रोगमशमवरतश्च तत्रेष्टं भूयो नस्यं प्रयोजयेत् ||३५|||(Su.chi.40/35) In deficient use,Vata is vitiated, roughness appears in organs and disorder is not alleviated.In such case, appropriate Nasya should be used again. Gandusha and kavala ऄसञ्चमयमा तु यम ममत्रम गण्डूषः स प्रकीर्वततः ||६२||(Su.chi.40/62) Mouth is completely filled with Gandusha Dravya and kept without movement is called Gandusha. Types A/c to Vagbhatta I. Snigdha-Vata II. Samana-Pitta III. Sodhana-Kapha IV. Ropana-Vrana तत्र ििेण गण्डुष॥ (शम. ई.) Liquids are used in Gandusha (Gargling) गण्डुष धमरणे वनत्य तैलं ममंसरसोऄथिम ॥(ऄ.ह्र.सू. २२/१) Every day Gandusha is idealy done with oil or meat soup.
  21. 21. DINCHARYA Dept of swasthavrrta 21 Compiled by Trivendra S.k. Dravya use for Gandusha एिं स्नेहपयःक्षौिरसमूत्रमम्लसम्भृतमः | कषमयोष्णोदकमभयमं च किलम दोषतो वहतमः ||६४||(Su.chi.40/64) Gargles consisting of sneha, milk, honey, meat juice, Urine, sour, gruel and also decoction and hot water are whole same according to Dosha. Kavala सुखं सञ्चमयाते यम तु ममत्रम स (सम) किलः स्मृतः ||(Su.chi.40/62) The Dravya used moves easily in mouth called as Kavala. कल्केन किल स्म्रत: (शम.ई. ) A/c to sharangadhara medicated pastes are used for the purpose of kavala. Method तमिच्च धमरवयतव्योऽनरयमनसोन्नतदेहेन यमिद्दोषपररपूणाकपोलत्िं नमसमस्रोतोनयनपररप्लमिश्च भिवत तदम विमोक्तव्यः, पुनश्चमरयो ग्रहीतव्य आवत ||६३||( Su.chi.40/63) Gandusha: It should be done with concentration, sitting erect, liquid should be kept in full mouth till Dosha gets filled in mouth or before discharge from nasal passes and eyes; after that, the liquid should be spit out and another quantity of liquid taken in. Kavala: Method of practicing is same as Gandusha and only difference is that amount is less in kavala amd movement done in Kavala. Benefits of Gandusha हरिोबालं स्िरबलं िदनोपचयः परः| स्यमत् परं च रसज्ञमनमन्ने च रुवचरुत्तमम||७८|| न चमस्य कण्ठशोषः स्यमन्नौष्ठयोः स्फु टनमद्भयम्| न च दरतमः क्षयं यमवरत दृढमूलम भिवरत च||७९||
  22. 22. DINCHARYA Dept of swasthavrrta 22 Compiled by Trivendra S.k. न शूल्यरते न चमम्लेन हृष्यरते भक्षयवरत च| परमनवप खरमन् भक्ष्यमंस्तैलगण्डूषधमरणमत्||८०||(Cha.Su.5/78-80) Practicing of Gandusha enhances strength of mandible, resonance of voice, nourishment of face, taste sensation & gives good taste. It prevents dryness of throat, cracking of lips, decay of teeth & makes the teeth strong. Person does not experience pain, tingling sensation after eating sour food or hard food. Samyaka lakshana for Gandusha व्यमधेरपचयस्तुवष्टिैशद्यं िक्तत्रलमघिम् | आवरियमणमं प्रसमदश्च किले शुविलक्षणम् ||६५||(Su.Chi.40/65) Cures the disorder, proper nourishment, clarity of mouth and lightness in the sense organs, this is the features of proper evacuation of Gandusha. Gandusha Ayoga lakshana हीने जमड्यकफोत्क्तलेशमिरसज्ञमनमेि च |||(Su.Chi.40/66) Improper gargling leads to one suffer from stiffness, excitation of kapha and loss of taste sensation. Gandusha Atiyoga lakshana ऄवतयोगमरमुखे पमकः शोषतृष्णमरुवचक्तलममः ||६६||(Su.Chi.40/66) Excessive use of gargle causes stomatitis, dryness, thirst, anorexia and exhaustion. Tambulasevana ततो नमिनगण्डूषधूमतमम्बूलभमग्भिेत्||६||(A.H.Su.2/6) After anjana the person should make use of Navana, Gandusha, Dhuma and Tambula. रुवचिैशद्यसौगरध्यवमच्िरिक्तत्रेण धमरयेत्| जमतीलिङ्गकपूारकङ्कोलकटुकैः सह|
  23. 23. DINCHARYA Dept of swasthavrrta 23 Compiled by Trivendra S.k. तमम्बूलीनमं क्रकसलयं हृद्यं पूगफलमवरितम्| रक्तवपत्तक्षतक्षीणरूक्षोत्कुवपतचक्षुषमम्| विषमूच्िमामदमत्तमानममप्यं शोवषणमं च तत्| प्यं सुप्तोवत्थते भुक्ते स्नमते िमरते च ममनिे| वद्वपत्रमेकं पूगं च सचूणाखक्रदरं च तत्||२०(A.sa. Su.3/18-20) Person who desire good taste, cleanliness and pleasant smell of mouth, keep in mouth the tender leaves of Tambula (Betal leaves) along with jati, lavanga, karpura,kankola and katuka mixed with are c not. It is very good for heart. Contraindincation for Tambula sevana येषमंतु तमम्बूलमप्यं,तमनमह------------- तमम्बूलंक्षतवपत्तमस्ररूक्षोत्कुवपतचक्षुषमम्| विषमूच्िमामदमतमानममप्यं शोवषणममवप||७||(A.h.Su.2/7) It is contraindication for person who os suffering from the disease Raktapitta, wound, dryness and redness of eyes, poisoning effect, unconsciousness, intoxication and even from consumption. Dhoomapana Part of vitiated kapha situated in the head is eliminated very fast by smoking. So after application of collyrium smoking is prescribed. धूममभयिहमरमोक्षमः (cha.pa./cha. su./5/35) Drinking of smoke is Dhumapana or smoking. प्रमयोवगकं ततो धूमंगरधममल्यमक्रदचमचरेत्| धूममदस्योध्िाजत्रूत्थमनस्युिमातकफममयमः||१६||(A.s.su.3/3) One should undertake use of Dhumapana and application of Gandhyamalya (garland of flower) etc.Dhumapana cures the disease of existing above the clavicle and diseases due to Vata and kapha do not cures by taking Dhumapana regularly. Types – 5 types 1. Prayogika 2. Snaihiko
  24. 24. DINCHARYA Dept of swasthavrrta 24 Compiled by Trivendra S.k. 3. Vairechanik 4. Kasaghna 5. Vamaniya Dhumapana vidhi मुखेनतं वपबेत्पूिंनमवसकमभयमंततः वपबेत्| मुखपीतंमुखेनैििमेत्पीतं चनमसयम||७|| मुखेनधूमममदमयनमवसकमभयमंनवनहारेत्| तेन वह प्रवतलोमेनदृवष्टस्तत्र वनहरयते||८|| विशेषतस्तुप्रमयोवगकं घ्रमणेनमददीत,स्नैवहकं मुखनमसमभयमं,नमवसकयमिैरेचवनकं, मुखेनैिेतरौ||९||(su.chi.40/7-9) First, smoke should be inhaled from mouth and next through the nostril, that inhaled through mouth should be let out by mouth itself and so also that smoke inhaled by nose the smoke inhaled by mouth should be let out through the nose by doing so, smoke travelling in opposite direction destroyes vision. Time for Dhumapana प्रयोगपमनेतस्यमष्टौ कमलमःसम्पररकीर्वततमः||३३|| िमतश्लेष्मसमुत्क्तलेशःकमलेष्िेषुवहलक्ष्यते| स्नमत्िमभुक्तत्िमसमुवल्लख्यक्षुत्िमदरतमवन्नघृष्य च| नमिनमञ्जनवनिमरतेचमत्मिमन्धूमपोभिेत्|(cha.Su./33-35) Eight times are prescribed for smoking as a daily routine because in these times the aggravation of Vata and kapha Dosha. A cautions person should smoke after bath,meals, vomiting, tooth brushing, snuffing, use of collyrium and sleep. Thus diseases of part above jatru and predominant in vata and kapha do not arise. Smoking should be done thrice with three puffs each times. Benefits of Dhumapana गौरिंवशरसःशूलंपीनसमधमािभेदकौ||२७|| कणमावक्षशूलंकमसश्चवहक्कमश्वमसौगलग्रहः| दरतदौबाल्यममस्रमिःश्रोत्रघ्रमणमवक्षदोषजः||२८|| पूवतघ्रमाणमस्यगरधश्चदरतशूलमरोचकः| हनुमरयमग्रहःकण्डूःक्रिमयःपमण्डुतममुखे||२९||
  25. 25. DINCHARYA Dept of swasthavrrta 25 Compiled by Trivendra S.k. श्लेष्मप्रसेकोिैस्ियंगलशुण्ड्युपवजवह्िकम| खमवलत्यंवपञ्जरत्िंच केशमनमंपतनं तथम||३०|| क्षिथुश्चमवततरिमच बुिेमोहोऽवतवनितम| धूमपमनमत्प्रशमम्यवरत बलंभिवतचमवधकम्||३१|| वशरोरुहकपमलमनमवमवरियमणमंस्िरस्यच| न चिमतकफमत्ममनोबवलनोऽप्यूध्िाजत्रुजमः||३२|| धूमिक्तत्रकपमनस्यव्यमधयःस्युः वशरोगतमः|३३|(Cha.Su.5/27-33) Dhumapana cures the heaviness and pain in head, chronic rhinitis, headache, eye and ear pain, cough, hiccup, dyspnoea, spasm in throat weakness of teeth, discharge due to disorder of ear,nose, eyes, bed smell from nose and mouth, toothache, anorexia, spasm in jaw and back neck, inching, worms, palness, excessive salivation, disorder pf voice, tonsillititis, lack of function of intellect, excessive sleep etc. By this, strength of hairs, skull, sense organs and voice increases. Complications of improper smoking बमवधयाममरध्यमूकत्िंरक्तवपत्तंवशरोभ्रमम्||३८|| ऄकमलेचमवतपीतश्चधूमःकुयमादुपििमन्|(Cha.su 5/38) Smoking in excess or at improper time, produces compication like deafness, blindness, dumbness, bleeding from different parts of body (Rakta pitta) giddiness. Contraindication for dhumapana तत्र शोकश्रमभयममषौष्ण्यविषरक्तवपत्तमदमूच्िमादमहवपपमसमपमण्डुरोगतमलुशोषच्िदावश रोऽवभघमतोद्गमरमपतर्वपतवतवमरप्रमेहोदरमध्ममनोध्िािमतमतमाबमलिृिदुबालविररक्तस्त जमगररतगर्वभणीरूक्षक्षीणक्षतोरस्क-मधुघृतदवधदुग्धमत्स्यमद्ययिमगूपीतमल्पकफमश्च न धूमममसेिेरन्||११||(su.chi.400/11) Persons afflicted with grief, fatigue, fear, jealously, increases heat or poison, those suffering from bleeding disease, intoxication, fainting, burning sensation, profound thirst, anemia, dryness of throat, vomiting, injury to the head, belching, malnutrition,blindness,diabetes, abdominal enlargement and reverse upward peristalsis, children, old persons, debilitated those who had purgation and decoction enema, who were awake (loss of sleep), pregnant woman, those who are dry ,emaciated, injured in chest, who have consumed honey, ghee, curd, milk, fish, wine and thick gruel and who have mild increased of Kapha should not intake smoke.
  26. 26. DINCHARYA Dept of swasthavrrta 26 Compiled by Trivendra S.k. Features of proper dhumapana यदमचोरश्चकण्ठश्चवशरश्चलघुतमंव्रजेत्||५२|| कफश्चतनुतमं प्रमप्तः सुपीतंधूमममक्रदशेत्|(Cha.su.5/52) Lightness of chest, throat, head & liquefaction of kapha are the features of proper smoking Features of improper dhumapana ऄविशुिः स्िरो यस्य कण्ठश्च सकफो भिेत्||५३|| वस्तवमतो मस्तकश्चैिमपीतं धूमममक्रदशेत्| |(Cha.su.5/53) Features of insufficient smoking are absence of clarity of voice, presence of kapha in throat and heaviness of the head. Features of excessive smoking तमलुमूधमाच कण्ठश्चशुष्यते पररतप्यते||५४|| तृष्यते मुह्यते जरतूरक्तं चस्रितेऽवधकम्| वशरश्चभ्रमतेऽत्यथंमूच्िमाचमस्योपजमयते||५५|| आवरियमण्युपतप्यरतेधूमेऽत्यथंवनषेविते|५६||(Cha.su.5/54-56) Excessive smoking produces dryness of palate, head & throat, excess thirst, unconsciousness, bleeding disorders, excessive discharge, giddiness, fainting, & loss of proper functioning of sense organs. Abhyanga(oil massage) स्पशानेऽभयवधकोिमयुः स्पशानंच त्िगमवश्रतम्| त्िच्यश्चपरमभयङ्गस्तस्ममत्तं शीलयेन्नरः||८७||(Cha.su.5/87) Vayu resides in skin & is abode of touch sense. Abhyanga is good for skin & one should do it every day. Procedure of massage: One should massage the body with luke oil, according to the season on the direction of the the body hair. Oil can be used according to the seasons, dosa & condition. It is performed in seven positions in order.
  27. 27. DINCHARYA Dept of swasthavrrta 27 Compiled by Trivendra S.k. 1. Sitting position 2. Supine position 3. Left lateral position 4. Prone position 5. Right lateral position 6. Supine position 7. Sitting with legs extended to the front. Benefits of massage ऄभयङ्गममचरेवन्नत्यं,स जरमश्रमिमतहम| दृवष्टप्रसमदपुष्यमयुःस्िप्नसुत्िक्तत्िदमर्ढ्ाकृत्||८|| वशरःश्रिणपमदेषुतं विशेषेणशीलयेत्|(A.h.su.2/8) ऄभयङ्गोममदािकरःकफिमतवनरोधनः| धमतूनमं पुवष्टजननो मृजमिणाबलप्रदः||३०||(Su.chi.24/30) Daily practice of Abhyanga delayes ageing, cures tiredness & Vata disorders, improves vision, complication, nourishment, life, sleep, good lusturous skin & strength. The should be done specially to head, ears & feet. Contraindications for massage: िज्योऽभयङ्गःकफग्रस्तकृतसंशुद्धध्यजीर्वणवभः||९||(A.h.su.2/9) Persons suffering from kapha disorder, after shodhana therapy and indigestion are unfits for Abhyanga. केिलंसममदोषेषुन कथञ्चनयोजयेत् | तरुणज्ियाजीणी चनमभयक्तव्यौकथञ्चन||३५|| तथमविररक्तोिमरतश्चवनरूढो यश्चममनिः| पूिायोःकृच्रतमव्यमधेरसमध्यत्िमथमवप िम||३६|| शेषमणमंतदहःप्रोक्तमऄविममरद्यमदयो गदमः| सरतपाणसमुत्थमनमंरोगमणमंनैि कमरयेत्||३७||(Su. Chi.24/35-37) Abhyanga is contra-indicated in samavastha of doshas, beginning condition of fever, indigestion, after purgation (virechana), emesis (vamana), enema (Niruha basti) & diseases caused by over nourishment (Santarpana).
  28. 28. DINCHARYA Dept of swasthavrrta 28 Compiled by Trivendra S.k. Shirobhyanga: वनत्यं स्नेहमिावशरसःवशरःशूलंन जमयते| न खमवलत्यंन पमवलत्यंनकेशमः प्रपतवरतच||८१|| बलंवशरःकपमलमनमंविशेषेणमवभिधाते| दृढमूलमश्चदीघमाश्चकृष्णमःकेशमभिवरतच||८२|| आवरियमवणप्रसीदवरतसुत्िग्भिवतचमननम्] | वनिमलमभःसुखंचस्यमरमूर्वि तैलवनषेिणमत्||८३||(Cha.su.5/81-83) Daily practice of head massage prevent balding, graying, hairfall, gives strength to skull, strengthens hair root, makes the hair black & long. It also nourishes the sense gets good sleep after head massage. Karna purana: न कणारोगमिमतोत्थमन मरयमहनुसङ्ग्रहः| नोच्चैः श्रुवतना बमवधयंस्यमवन्नत्यं कणातपाणमत्||८४||(Cha.su.5/84) Daily practices of Karna Purana is prevents the disorder and pain of ear due to vata Doshas, stiffness of back and jaws, hard hearing, deafness do no occurs. Padabhyanga: खरत्िं स्तब्धतम रौक्ष्यंश्रमःसुवप्तश्चपमदयोः| सद्यएिोपशमम्यवरतपमदमभयङ्गवनषेिणमत्||९०|| जमयते सौकुममयंच बलंस्थैयंच पमदयोः| दृवष्टःप्रसमदंलभतेममरुतश्चोपशमम्यवत||९१|| न चस्यमद्धगृध्रसीिमतःपमदयोः स्फु टनंनच| न वसरमस्नमयुसङ्कोचःपमदमभयङ्गेनपमदयोः||९२||( Cha.su.5/90-92) Daily practice of Padabhyanga help to remove dryness, stiffness, roughness, tiredness and numbness instantly. It also makes the skin smooth, provides strength and stability to feet, improves the sleep and vision, and pacifies Vata. It also prevents diseases like grudhrasi, cracking of foot and stiffness of ligaments and tendons of foot. 300 Matras (94 seconds)- Romant (up to hair root ) 400 Matras(133seconds)-Twacha(upto skin)
  29. 29. DINCHARYA Dept of swasthavrrta 29 Compiled by Trivendra S.k. 500 Matras(160 seconds)-Rakta(upto blood) 600 Matras(190 seconds)-Mamsa(upto flesh) 700 Matras(228seconds)-Medas(upto fat) 800 Matras(240 seconds)-Asthi(upto bones) 900 Matras(285 seconds)-Majja(upto marrow) Udvartana(Oil massage) ईद्वतानमभयङ्गपूिाकम्, ईिषास्त्िनभयङ्गपूिाकः|(chak.pa./cha.su.23/14) Massage done after oil massage is Udavartana. Hard massage done without doing oil massage is Udgharsana. ईद्वतानं-कषमयमक्रदचूणैगमात्रोिषाणम्|(A. r./A.h.su.2/15) Udavartana is massage with different powders of herbs, having astringent taste. ईद्वतानंकफहरं मेदसःप्रविलमयनम्| वस्थरीकरणमङ्गमनमंत्िक्तप्रसमदकरं परम्||१५||(A.h.su.2/15) ईद्वतानंिमतहरं कफमेदोविलमपनम्||५१|| वस्थरीकरणमङ्गमनमंत्िक्तप्रसमदकरं परम्|५२|(Su.chi/51-52) Udavartana is a process which helps to decrease kapha and fat, makes the body strong & gives excellent,clear and good complexion to the skin. Utsadana (powder massage) ईिषाणम् ऄस्नेहौषधचूणमाक्रदवभघाषाणम्, ऄरये तु फे नकेष्टकमक्रदघषाणम्| सस्नेहकल्केनोिषाणमुत्समदनम्||(Dal./Su.chi,24/52-56) Massage with powder of herbs along with oil is udagharsana. Massage with the paste of herbs along with oil is Utsadana.
  30. 30. DINCHARYA Dept of swasthavrrta 30 Compiled by Trivendra S.k. Benefits: वसरममुखविविक्तत्िंत्िक्तस्थस्यमिेश्चतेजनम्||५२|| ईिषाणोत्समदनमभयमं जमयेयमतममसंशयम्| ईत्समदनमद्भिेत्स्त्रीणमंविशेषमत्कमवरतमद्वपुः||५३|| प्रहषासौभमग्यमृजमलमघिमक्रदगुणमवरितम्| ईिषाणंतुविज्ञेयंकण्डूकोठमवनलमपहम्||५४|| उिोःसञ्जनयत्यमशुफे नकः स्थैयालमघिे| कण्डूकोठमवनलस्तम्भमलरोगमपहश्चसः||५५|| तेजनं त्िग्गतस्यमिेःवसरममुखवििेचनम्| ईिषाणंवत्िवष्टकयमकण्डूकोठविनमशनम्||५६||( Su.chi,24/52-56) Udagharsana cures itching,rashes, vata diseases, enhances strength of thighs and provides lightness. It dilates the blood vessels, enhances bhrajaka pitta, cires itching & rashes. Vyayama(exercise) शरीरमयमसजननं कमाव्यमयममसवछज्ञतम्|(su.chi.24/38) The action which produces tiredness in the body is Vyayama. लमघिंकमासमम्यंदीप्तोऽविमेदसःक्षयः| विभक्तघनगमत्रत्िंव्यमयमममदुपजमयते||१०|(A.h.su.2/10) शरीरचेष्टमयम चेष्टम स्थैयमाथमाबलिर्वधनी| देहव्यमयममसङ्ख्यमतमममत्रयमतमं सममचरेत्||३१|(Cha.su.7/31) The physical action, which enhancing then strength of the body, increases the digestive fire, Dosha kshaya, when performed in the required times is called Vyayama. Features of proper exercise स्िेदमगमःश्वमसिृविगमात्रमणमंलमघिंतथम| हृदयमद्युपरोधश्चआवतव्यमयममलक्षणम्||34||(cha.su.7/34) Sweating, increased respiration rate, lightness in the body and increased heart rates are the features of proper exercise.
  31. 31. DINCHARYA Dept of swasthavrrta 31 Compiled by Trivendra S.k. Features of excessive exercise श्रमः क्तलमः क्षयस्तृष्णम रक्तवपत्तं प्रतममकः| ऄवतव्यमयममतः कमसो ज्िरश्िर्ददश्च जमयते||३३||(cha.su.7/33) Excessive exercise leads, thirst, emaciation, difficulty to breath, Raktapitta, tiredness, cough, fever and vomiting. Benefits दोषक्षयोऽवििृविश्चव्यमयमममदुपजमयते||३२||(cha.su.7/32) Lightness of the body, ability to work. Stability, increased endurance power, alleviation of dosa (kapha), increased Agni are the benefits of exercise. Indications for vyayama शीतकमलेिसरतेच, मरदमेिततोऽरयदम| तं कृत्िमऽनुसुखंदेहंमदायेच्चसमरततः||१२||(A.h.2/12) Excluding cold season & vasanta rtu, one has to do mild exercise & to prevent body pain massage should be done accordingly. Contraindication for vyayama िमतवपत्तममयीबमलोिृिोऽजीणोच तं त्यजेत्| ऄधाशक्तत्यमवनषेव्यस्तुबवलवभःवस्नग्धभोवजवभः||११||(A.h.2/11) Person suffering from disease of vata and pitta, kasa, Shwasa, krusha, Kshaya, Raktapitta, Injured, Shosha, children, old age, those having indigestion, after food and after maithuna karma should avoid Vyayama. Chankramana(Mild exercise or Mild Walking) यत्तुचङ्िमणंनमवतदेहपीडमकरं भिेत्| तदमयुबालमेधमविप्रदवमवरियबोधनम्||८०||(Su.chi.24/80) Moderate walking does not cause much trouble to the body, enhances life span, intelligences, digestive power, stimulated the sense organs.
  32. 32. DINCHARYA Dept of swasthavrrta 32 Compiled by Trivendra S.k. Snana(Bath) स्नमनंश्रमहरमणमं॥(च.सु.२४/४०) पवित्रंिृष्यममयुष्यं श्रमस्िेदमलमपहम्| शरीरबलसरधमनंस्नमनमोजस्करं परम्||९४||(ch.su.5/94) Taking bath is auspicious, enhances virility, longevity, strength, compactness & ojas, at the same time cures tiredness, sweat & impurities of the body. Benefits दीपनंिृष्यममयुष्यं स्नमनमूजमाबलप्रदम्| कण्डूमलश्रमस्िेदतरिमतृड्दमहपमप्मवजत्||१६||(A.h.su 2/16) दौगारध्यंगौरिंतरिमंकण्डूंमलमरोचकम्| स्िेदबीभत्सतमंहवरतशरीरपररममजानम्||९३||(Ch.su.5/93) वनिमदमहश्रमहरं स्िेदकण्डूतृषमपहम्| हृद्यं मलहरं श्रेष्ठंसिेवरियविबोधनम्[१] ||५७||(Su.chi24/57) Bath takes away sleep, burning sensation, tiredness, sweat, itching, thirst, & impurities. It is good for heart & purifying all organs, cures drowsiness, gives satisfaction, enhances virility, agni &clears the blood. Effect of cold and hot water baths ईष्णमम्बुनमऽधःकमयस्यपररषेकोबलमिहः| तेनैि तूत्तममङ्गस्यबलहृत्केशचक्षुषमम्||१७||(A. h. su.2/17) Cold water bath cures the bleeding disorder; hot water bath excluding head enhances strength and destroys Vataa and Kapha. Hot water on „Adhokaya‟ below the neck improves body strength and hot water bath on head leads to loss of strength, hair and sight gradually. Contraindication for Snana स्नमनमर्ददतनेत्रमस्यकणारोगमवतसमररषु| अध्ममनपीनसमजीणाभुक्तित्सुच गर्वहतम्||१८||(A.H.su.2/18)
  33. 33. DINCHARYA Dept of swasthavrrta 33 Compiled by Trivendra S.k. तच्चमवतसमरज्िररतकणाशूलमवनलमर्वतषु | अध्ममनमरोचकमजीणाभुक्तित्सुच गर्वहतम्||६२||(Su.chi.24/62) Bath is contraindicated for those suffering from Ardita, diseases of eyes, mouth, ears, Atisara, Adhamana, Jwara, Pinasa, Ajeerna and immediately after food. Anulepana सौभमग्यदंिणाकरं प्रीत्योजोबलिधानम्| स्िेददौगारध्यिैिण्याश्रमघ्नमनुलेपनम्||६३|| स्नमनंयेषमंवनवषिंतु तेषममप्यनुलेपनम्|६४|(Su.chi.24/64) Applying cosmetic power, paste, oil etc. Which are fragrant on the body is auspicious, affection, Ojs, strength, removes sweat and bad odour, discoloration tiredness. Applying powder is also contraindication to those bath is contraindication. Mukhalepana मुखमलेपमद्धदृढं चक्षुःपीनगण्डंतथमऽऽननम्||६५|| ऄव्यङ्गवपडकं कमरतंभित्यम्बुजसवन्नभम्|६६|( Su.chi.24/66) Apply cosmetic powder on face gives strength to face, eye, fullness and prominence to checks, make face free of color patches and eruption and increase kanti of face like lotus flower. Vastradharana रक्षोघ्नमथचौजस्यं सौभमग्यकरमुत्तमम्||६४|| सुमनोम्बररत्नमनमं धमरणंप्रीवतिधानम्|६५|(Su.chi.24/65) In cold season one should wear „Kausheya‟ i.e. warm clothes, which are multicolored and red colored dresses, as there pacify Vata and Kapha Doshas. Wearing dress and ornaments which like by the person, dispels, evil, enhances vitality, best to bestow auspiciousness and increases affection (love). Role of clean dress in life: कमम्यं यशस्यममयुष्यमलक्ष्मीघ्नंप्रहषाणम्| श्रीमत्पमररषदंशस्तं वनमालमम्बरधमरणम्||९५||(Cha.su5/95)
  34. 34. DINCHARYA Dept of swasthavrrta 34 Compiled by Trivendra S.k. Wearing clean cloths enhances bodily charm, reputation, longevity and prevents inauspiciousness. It bring about pleasure, grace competence to participate in conferences and good look. Danda dharana शुनः सरीसृपव्यमलविषमवणभयो भयमपहम्||७६|| श्रमस्खलनदोषघ्नंस्थविरे चप्रशस्यते | सत्त्िोत्समहबलस्थैयाधैयािीयावििधानम्||७७|| ऄिष्टम्भकरं चमवप भयघ्नं दण्डधमरणम्|७८|(Su.chi.24/76-78) स्खलतःसम्प्रवतष्ठमनंशत्रूणमंच वनषूदनम्| ऄिष्टम्भनममयुष्यंभयघ्नंदण्डधमरणम्||१०२||(Cha.su.5/102) Holding stick removes fear of dog, reptile, ferocious beasts and horned animals. Alleviated fatigues, slipping and other defects and is particularly useful for old persons. It promotes the quality of Satva, enthusiasm, strength, steadiness, patience and power provides, removes fear. Padarta dharana चक्षुष्यं स्पशानवहतंपमदयोव्यासनमपहम्| बल्यं परमिमसुखंिृष्यं पमदत्रधमरणम्||१००||(cha.su.5/100) पमदरोगहरं िृष्यंरक्षोघ्नंप्रीवतिधानम्||७१|| सुखप्रचमरमोजस्यं सदमपमदत्रधमरणम्| ऄनमरोग्यमनमयुष्यं चक्षुषोरुपघमतकृत्||७२|| पमदमभयममनुपमनद्भ्मंसदमचङ्िमणंनृणमम्|(Su.chi.24/71-72) Wearing foot wear is good for eyes, skin & destroys disease of foot. It enhances strength, courage & virility. Chatra dharana िषमावनलरजोघमावहममदीनमंवनिमरणम्||७५|| िण्यंचक्षुष्यमौजस्यं शङ्करं ित्रधमरणम्|७६|(Su.chi.24/75-76) इतेः प्रशमनंबल्यंगुप्त्यमिरणशङ्करम्| घममावनलरजोम्बुघ्नंित्रधमरणमुच्यते||१०१||(Cha.su.5/101)
  35. 35. DINCHARYA Dept of swasthavrrta 35 Compiled by Trivendra S.k. Use of umbrella averts the attacks of diseases etc. It gives strength and protect one from evil spirits, it covers and brings about happiness, and it guards against the sun, wind, dust and rain. Ushanisha dharana पवित्रंकेश्यमुष्णीषंिमतमतपरजोपहम्|७५|(Su.chi.24/75) Wearing Ushanisha (head wear) is auspicious complexion, is good for hairs, prevents dust, wind and kapha that which is light is ideal where as heavy are gives diseases of pitta origin and of the eyes. Ratnabharana dharana धरयं मङ्गल्यममयुष्यंश्रीमद्व्यसनसूदनम्| हषाणंकमम्यमोजस्यं रत्नमभरणधमरणम्||९७||(Cha.su.5/97) Wearing of germs and ornaments add to the prosperity, auspiciousness, longevity, grace, Pushtikara, Dushta Swapna Nasika, prevents from snakes, evil spirits,etc.It is pleasant and charming it is also conductive to Ojus. Cosmetic effect of Dincharya procedures: The word Cosmetics is defined as” the Substances of diverse origin, scientifically compounded and used to cleanse, allay skin troubles, cover up imperfections and to beautify”. Ayurveda emphasizes on both external and internal beauty and external beauty is complimented by internal beauty. It is said that Kaanti, Chaaya, Varna ,Prabha of an individual is determined at the time of “Shukra- Shonitha Samyoga” itself. The factors contributing to these are Matruja, Pitruja, Rasaja and Sathmyaja Bhavas and also Mahabhuta predominance. These factors determine the Prakrithi, Sara, Samhanana, Pramana and Twak of the individuals. Following are the suggestions of Ayurveda towards beauty and health. For Physical beauty, Dinacharya. For Internal beauty, Achara Rasayana, Sadvritta and control over Dharaneeya Vegas. Dinacharya includes Mugha Sodhana, Abhyanga, Udvarthana, Anjana, Keshaprasadhana, Vyayama, Nasya. Diet also plays an important role. Charakacharya explains that by Rasayana, a person with dark complexion can have fair complexion. He also explains about various Yogas and single drugs in Rasayana which has cosmetic effect. By Sadvritta, by Samyak Yoga of Indriya and performing of different actions after proper thoughtful analysis of his intelligence has all role in maintaining internal beauty. By control of Dharaneeya Vega proper care of Physical beauty is possible because any of the mental disturbances can have negative impact over the skin which further hampers the physical beauty.
  36. 36. DINCHARYA Dept of swasthavrrta 36 Compiled by Trivendra S.k. Role of dincharya: Hygiene is as important as cosmetic application. Beauty is not achieved in one day, but it should be enhanced or maintained by following the daily regimens mentioned in our Classics. Various Charyas which need to be followed in our day to day life which are very much essential for maintaining good health are mentioned in Dinacharya( daily regimen) which are as follows. Mukhasodhana- Danthadhavana (brushing), Jihwanirlekhana (cleaning of tongue), Gandushadharana (gargling), Mukhaprakshalana comes under this which helps in removal of foul smell, Prevents lips from cracking, Tenderness of face. Chewing sugar free substances stimulates the production of saliva and helps to clean the surface of the teeth. Smile is the person‟s ability to express the range of emotions with the structure and movement of the teeth and lips. It can often determine how well a person can function in the society .So to keep oneself confident, proper care of teeth and lips is important. Abhyanga-Massage- Skin is the largest organ in the human body. It is the barrier which separates individuals from the external environment. Oil gets absorbed by pores of the skin and spreads to the whole body. Tissue elements of the body get nourishment by this as the twigs and leaves of a plant grow by spraying water on its roots. The effect of Abhyanga is many. Abhyanga has effect on circulatory system. It increases the blood flow, encourages the lymphatic drainage either shutting of toxins out so that more nutrients can travel or it adds vitality to a dull complexion. It promotes nutrition to the cells; it helps in the increased production of sweat thereby helping in the excretion of waste products through the skin. Abhyanga includes- Sareera Abhyanga (Body Massage), Pada Abhyanga and Siro Abhyanga (Head Massage). It is best in graying and falling of hair, helps in growing of deep rooted long hair. Pada Abhyanga induces good sleep; it is best in cracking of foot. Studies have shown that this can be practiced by individuals regularly since it is less time consuming and cost effective. This procedure is not restricted to Sisira Ritu , it can be practiced in all seasons as a preventive procedure to prevent the foot related problems and to get the other beneficial effect from Pada Abhyanga Udvarthana- Smooth rubbing improves the blood circulation which gives fairness and tenderness to the skin. When applied over the face it makes the cheeks and face fleshy/corpulent, delicate like a lotus by removing the dark spots and pimples. It imparts Kaanthi, relieves itching, it is indicated in skin diseases like Vyanga
  37. 37. DINCHARYA Dept of swasthavrrta 37 Compiled by Trivendra S.k. Anjanam- Ancient scriptures like Abhijnana Shakunthalam and Meghadootam of Kalidasa and many mythological epics encompass the reference of cosmetics like Kajal, which itself show the importance of Anjanam regarding the application of Anjanam in our classics. Application of Rasanjana (a sort of collyrium prepared of Berberis aristata) once in every 5 to 8 nights helps in lacrimation of eyes, which helps in of all the Mahabhutas, Tejas dominates in eyes so they are specially susceptible to Kapha.Therefore Anjana which alleviates Kapha is good for keeping eyes clear. By the use of Collyrium, the eyes become bright like the moon in the clear sky. Susruthacharya explains about the importance of Netra Prakshalana with Lodhra kashaya (Symplocos racemosa) or with Amalaka (Emblica officianalis) Swarasa or with cold water. He states that it is beneficial in removing the dryness of face,diseases of Raktha and Pitta. Kesaprasadhanam - Hair is a vital parameter of external beauty. One commonly overlooked facet of society is the length, colour and texture of the hair on one‟s head. Everybody is concerned with its appearance and disorders. It is said to be a byproduct of bone metabolism. Amino acids have an important role for maintaining healthy hair. Glutamine is the most commonly occurring amino acid, which is produced naturally by the body, but the production of it decreases with age. Glutamine is build from Glutamic acid. This builds the hair by delivering Sulphur which is necessary for hair growth. Methionine contains Sulphur which can considerably strengthen the hair structure and nails. It can also help against hair loss. Vaso dialatory effect of Arginine promotes hair growth as the Nitrogen oxide generated from Arginine opens the Potassium channels of cells. The blood supply to hair root is then improved which in turn stimulates hair growth .Zinc is involved in the building of Keratin, which is one of the main component of hair. Zinc facilitates the necessary cell division which makes the growth of hair possible. Hair loss is one of the signs of Zinc deficiency, which can be , improved through Zinc supplementation36. Iron deficiency leads to damage of hair structure which can cause hair loss. Vyayamam (Exercise)- In Chanakyaneethisastram, it is said that “Wealth should be enjoyed economically, climbing a mountain is to be practiced slowly, Learning and Practice of religion ought to be acquired deliberately and Exercise should be practiced smoothly. Similar to Abhyanga, Vyayama also has effect on almost all systems of the body. By this the force and rate of heart beat enhances, enhances the circulation of blood. It increases the perspiration, thereby the wastes are excreted. Mind also gets refreshed. Vyayama helps in the reduction of body fat and it also helps in making the body firm.
  38. 38. DINCHARYA Dept of swasthavrrta 38 Compiled by Trivendra S.k. Nasyam (Nasal Inhalation)- Nasya indicated as daily regimen is the Prathimarsha Nasya which is devoid of any complications and can be administered at any time. It has effect on mental disorders also. Has effect on both skin and hairs. Bhojanam (Diet) -To keep oneself fit and healthy diet also play an important role. … Mind and Skin More than just a cosmetic disfigurement, dermatological disorders are associated with a variety of psychopathologic problems that can affect the patient, his/ her family and society together. A growing field of integrative medicine called “Psycho dermatology”, addresses the interaction between Mind- and Skin .It is a relatively new discipline in psychosomatic medicine. Psychiatry is more focused on the “Internal non visible disease” and Dermatology on the “External visible disease” The two disciplines are interconnected at the embryonic level through the ectoderm. The Brain and the skin have many interconnections – the skin has a vast neurologic and vascular network. Therefore “chemicals made in the Brain in response to stress travel to the Brain”. Whatever the emotional trigger- Work pressure, relationship, depression and even stress can even cause these trouble making chemicals, called neuro peptides to flood your skin. They can cause inflammation, widen blood vessels; generate excess moisture all of which can exacerbate skin problems. Mind body relaxation like Yoga, Meditation etc. reduces the flow of neuropeptides leading to less reactive skin. As the skin is an organ that has a primary function in tactile receptivity and reacts directly upon emotional stimuli, dermatological practice involves a psychosomatic dimension.
  39. 39. DINCHARYA Dept of swasthavrrta 39 Compiled by Trivendra S.k. BIBLIOGRAPHY Sl no. Name of the book Author name Publication Page no. 01 Swasthavrtta Dr. Manglagowri V. Rao Chaukhambha orientalia Varanasi 08-27 02 Swasthavrtta Dr. Bargale Sushant Sukumar Dr. Shashirekha H.K. Chaukhambha Publication New delhi (india) 13-44 References: 1. Aacharya Vagbhata; Ashtang Hruday Edited By Hari Sadashiv Shastri Paradkar; Sarvangsundar Vyakhya; Sutrasthan 2/1;Edition 2011 Chaukhamba 2. Aacharya Sushruta; Sushrutsamhita;Edited By Yadavji Trikamji Aacharya;Nibandhsangraha Vyakhya; Chikitsasthan 24/9 Edition 2012; Chaukhamba Sanskrut Samsthan, Varanasi 3. Aacharya Charaka; Charak Samhita Edited By Aacharya Trikamji Yadav Sharma Sutrasthan 5/24; Edition 2009; Chaukhamba Surbharti Prakashana Varanasi 4. Aacharya Sushruta; Sushrutsamhita;Edited By Yadavji Trikamji Aacharya;Nibandhsangraha Vyakhya; Chikitsasthan 40/210 Edition 2012; Chaukhamba Sanskrut Samsthan, Varanasi 5. Aacharya Vagbhata; Ashtang Hruday Edited By Hari Sadashiv Shastri Paradkar; Sarvangsundar Vyakhya; Sutrasthan 20/1;Edition 2011 Chaukhamba Surbharti Prakashana Varanasi 6. Aacharya Charaka; Charak Samhita Edited By Aacharya Trikamji Yadav
  40. 40. DINCHARYA Dept of swasthavrrta 40 Compiled by Trivendra S.k. Sharma Sutrasthan 5/57-62; Edition 2009; Chaukhamba Surbharti Prakashana Varanasi 7. Aacharya Charaka; Charak Samhita Edited By Aacharya Trikamji Yadav Sharma Sutrasthan 5/87; Edition 2009; Chaukhamba Surbharti Prakashana Varanasi 8. Aacharya Vagbhata; Ashtang Hruday Edited By Hari Sadashiv Shastri Paradkar; Sarvangsundar Vyakhya; Sutrasthan 2/7;Edition 2011 Chaukhamba Surbharti Prakashana Varanasi 9. Aacharya Charaka; Charak Samhita Edited By Aacharya Trikamji Yadav Sharma Sutrasthan 5/90-91; Edition 2009; Chaukhamba Surbharti Prakashana Varanasi 10. Aacharya Charaka; Charak Samhita Edited By Aacharya Trikamji Yadav Sharma Sutrasthan 5/81-83; Edition 2009; Chaukhamba Surbharti Prakashana Varanasi 11. Aacharya Vagbhata; Ashtang Hruday Edited By Hari Sadashiv Shastri Paradkar; Sarvangsundar Vyakhya; Sutrasthan 2/15;Edition 2011 Chaukhamba Surbharti Prakashana Varanasi 12. Aacharya Charaka; Charak Samhita Edited By Aacharya Trikamji Yadav Sharma Sutrasthan 5/94; Edition 2009; Chaukhamba Surbharti Prakashana Varanasi 13. Aacharya Sushruta; Sushrutsamhita;Edited By Yadavji Trikamji Aacharya;Nibandhsangraha Vyakhya; Chikitsasthan 24/63 Edition 2012; Chaukhamba Sanskrut Samsthan, Varanasi 14. Aacharya Sushruta; Sushrutsamhita;Edited By Yadavji Trikamji Aacharya;Nibandhsangraha Vyakhya; Chikitsasthan 24/65 Edition 2012;
  41. 41. DINCHARYA Dept of swasthavrrta 41 Compiled by Trivendra S.k. 15. Aacharya Charaka; Charak Samhita Edited By Aacharya Trikamji Yadav Sharma Sutrasthan 5/15; Edition 2009; Chaukhamba Surbharti Prakashana Varanasi 16. Aacharya Charaka; Charak Samhita Edited By Aacharya Trikamji Yadav Sharma Sutrasthan 5/16; Edition 2009; Chaukhamba Surbharti Prakashana Varanasi 17. Aacharya Sushruta; Sushrutsamhita;Edited By Yadavji Trikamji Aacharya;Nibandhsangraha Vyakhya; Chikitsasthan 24/79 Edition 2012; Chaukhamba Sanskrut Samsthan, Varanasi 18. Aacharya Sushruta; Sushrutsamhita;Edited By Yadavji Trikamji Aacharya;Nibandhsangraha Vyakhya; Chikitsasthan 24/75 Edition 2012; Chaukhamba Sanskrut Samsthan, Varanasi. 