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Chapter 13 power point

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Chapter 13 power point

  1. 1. © Cengage Learning 2016© Cengage Learning 2016 An Invitation to Health: Building Your Future, Brief Edition, 9e Dianne Hales Consumer Health 13
  2. 2. © Cengage Learning 2016 After reading this chapter, the student should be able to: • Describe some ways the Affordable Care Act is affecting access to health care • Identify three elements of personalized health care • List some steps to becoming a better health-care consumer Objectives
  3. 3. © Cengage Learning 2016 • Outline your rights as a health-care consumer • Discuss the pros and cons of elective treatments to enhance health or appearance • Identify ways to recognize health hoaxes and medical quackery • Assess the value of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) Objectives (cont’d.)
  4. 4. © Cengage Learning 2016 • Review the components of the health-care system, including types of practitioners and health-care facilities • Explain how a health care plan can affect the health-care services a consumer receives • List some of the choices college students have for health coverage Objectives (cont’d.)
  5. 5. © Cengage Learning 2016 • Affordable Care Act (ACA) – Includes ban on insurance companies terminating coverage for ill patients • Bans denying coverage based on preexisting condition – Expansion of federally-funded coverage for low income individuals • Includes free preventive services • Health literacy – Ability to understand health information A New Era in Consumer Health
  6. 6. © Cengage Learning 2016 • Guidelines for evaluating online health information – Check the source – Check the date the page was created – Check the references and the author – Look for possible bias – Determine where researchers reported findings • Peer-reviewed professional journals are best Finding Good Advice Online
  7. 7. © Cengage Learning 2016
  8. 8. © Cengage Learning 2016 • Combining best research evidence with patient’s personal values • Doctors can develop practice guidelines for evaluating and treating specific illness • Outcomes research – Examines the impact of a medication on the patient’s condition, health, and quality of life Evidence-Based Medicine
  9. 9. © Cengage Learning 2016 • Personalized medicine – Treatments tailored to individual patients • Important step: mapping family medical history – DNA analysis may be used in the future • Gender differences – Women use health care more than men – Men wait longer to seek treatment Personalizing Your Health Care
  10. 10. © Cengage Learning 2016 • Can provide immediate access to useful information – Cannot replace your physician • Examples of services of free apps – Provide location of emergency medical centers – Pharmacy prescription price comparison – Symptom evaluation – Track growth of skin moles by taking pictures with a smart phone Health-Related Apps
  11. 11. © Cengage Learning 2016 • Self-maintenance – Self-diagnosis and treatment for minor ailments – Taking vital signs – Participating in self-help groups • Online virtual support communities • Poor oral health – Links to a variety of health problems Self-Care
  12. 12. © Cengage Learning 2016 • Talking with your health care provider – Ask questions – Make sure you understand – Ask about care options – Find out exactly how to take prescribed medications • Establish a relationship with a primary care physician • Screening tests Becoming a Savvy Health-Care Consumer
  13. 13. © Cengage Learning 2016 • Prescription drugs – Know the name of the drug and what it should look like – Inform your doctor if you use herbal supplements – Avoid using a kitchen spoon to dispense liquid medications – Do not take medication with grapefruit juice – Do not take another person’s medication Preventing Medical Errors
  14. 14. © Cengage Learning 2016 • Right to be treated with respect and dignity • Right to information – Patient must give consent for hospitalization, surgery, and other major treatments • Right to privacy • Access to medical records • Right to quality health care – Most malpractice lawsuits based on physician negligence Your Medical Rights
  15. 15. © Cengage Learning 2016 • Cosmetic surgery – Botox – Liposuction – Breast augmentation • Body art (tattoos) – Ink can cause adverse reactions – Increased risk of bacterial or viral infections – Black henna contains PPD • Banned by law from skin cosmetics Elective Treatments
  16. 16. © Cengage Learning 2016 • Unproven health products and services – Result in loss of consumer’s money, wasted time, additional pain, and disappointment • Consumer should be suspicious of certain advertising terms – Scientific breakthrough, miraculous cure, ancient remedy, or secret ingredient • Ask for written explanation and evidence supporting all claims Health Hoaxes and Medical Quackery
  17. 17. © Cengage Learning 2016 • Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) – Various medical systems, practices, and products – Not part of conventional medicine • Not sufficient proof of safety or effectiveness • Holistic methods – Focus on the whole person • Physical, mental, emotional, and spiritual aspects Nontraditional Health Care
  18. 18. © Cengage Learning 2016
  19. 19. © Cengage Learning 2016
  20. 20. © Cengage Learning 2016 • Combines traditional medicine with alternative therapies – Gaining greater acceptance within the medical community • Acupuncture – Ancient Chinese form of medicine – Involves needles placed into the skin Integrative Medicine
  21. 21. © Cengage Learning 2016 • Homeopathy principles – Like cures like – Less is more – Treatment must always be individualized • Naturopathy – Natural remedies best treatment for disease – Example treatments: dietary changes, steam baths, and exercise Homeopathy and Naturopathy
  22. 22. © Cengage Learning 2016 • Herbal medicine • Chiropractic medicine – Based on concept that human diseases result from misalignment of the spine • Energy therapies – Electromagnetic fields or magnets – Therapeutic touch Other Types of CAM
  23. 23. © Cengage Learning 2016 • Some types of health-care practitioners – Physician – Registered nurse (RN) – Licensed practical nurse (LPN) – Clinical psychologist – Psychiatrist – Optometrist – Podiatrist – Dentist The Health Care System
  24. 24. © Cengage Learning 2016 • College student choices for health coverage – School’s student health plan – Parent’s health plan (under age 26) – Catastrophic health plan (under age 30) – www.healthcare.gov • Know your coverage – Prescriptions, doctor visits, and emergency care What You Need to Know About the Affordable Care Act

Notas do Editor

  • Table 13.1 Doctor-recommended websites
  • Figure 13.2 Ten most common CAM therapies among adults
  • Figure 13.3 The five categories of CAM

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