Synonyms and Antonyms.pptx

SYNONYMS AND ANTONYMS
TAMSA PANDYA
RESEARCH SCHOLAR
MKBU
SYNONYMS
• A synonym is a word that has the same meaning as another word (or nearly the same
meaning).
• For example, beautiful and attractive are synonyms of each other because they both
refer to someone or something that looks good.
USE
• Synonyms are a common part of every language, but they’re especially useful when
writing, whether you’re writing a novel or a work email. Below, we explain how
synonyms work and when to use them, along with the different types of synonyms
WHAT IS A SYNONYM?
• Synonyms are different words that have the same or similar meanings. They come in
every part of speech, including nouns, verbs, adjectives, adverbs, and prepositions.
As a synonym example, let’s look at synonyms for good. As one of the most
commonly used words, good has a lot of synonyms that mean the same or almost the
same thing: fine, excellent, satisfactory, wonderful, superb, etc.
• Notice how the meanings are not always identical; for example, excellent is a high
degree of good, while satisfactory is more like a minimal amount of good. Still, the
central idea is the same: All these synonyms refer to something that is positive and
not bad.
KEY POINTS
• Come in every part of speech, including nouns, verbs, adjectives, adverbs, and
prepositions
• Example – good = fine, excellent, satisfactory, wonderful, superb, etc.
• Excellent is a high degree of good
• Satisfactory is more like a minimal amount of good
• Still, the central idea is the same
• Synonyms refer to something that is positive and not bad.
WHAT’S THE PURPOSE OF SYNONYMS?
• What are synonyms for?
• What’s the point of having two words with the same meaning when one is
enough?
• There are two main uses for synonyms, which we’ll explain in detail below:
- Synonyms can improve word choice, or choosing the single
best word for what you’re trying to communicate.
- Synonyms are necessary to avoid overusing the same word.
AVOID OVERUSING WORDS
• The main use of synonyms is to avoid using the same word over and over again. Repeating a specific
word can be a problem when your writing focuses on a single topic—as writing often does—and most
of your sentences involve words related to that topic.
• Alternating synonyms for the sake of variety is known as elegant variation. For example, let’s say
you’re writing a research paper about dogs. If every sentence used the word dog, your writing
would become repetitive, and your reader might lose interest.
• In this case, you’d want to alternate your sentences with synonyms of dog: You could use general
synonyms like hound or canine, or if you’re talking about a particular type of dog, you could use
words like puppy or mutt. By alternating synonyms for each new sentence or clause, your writing
becomes more interesting and dynamic.
• This holds the reader’s attention and makes reading your work more enjoyable
KEY POINTS
• Avoid using the same word over and over again
• For example, let’s say you’re writing a research paper about dogs
• General synonyms like hound or canine
• you could use words like puppy or mutt
• Reader’s attention
WHAT ARE THE TYPES OF SYNONYMS?
Absolute synonyms
• Absolute synonyms are words that mean exactly
the same thing; there is no difference in
meaning. You can use absolute synonyms
interchangeably; one synonym can replace
another without changing the message.
Examples:
• Identical — indistinguishable
• Drink — beverage
• Insect — bug
Partial synonyms
• Partial synonyms are words that mean almost the
same thing, and the differences are only slight.
What separates them can be a degree or amount,
such as the difference between good and excellent,
or one word can be a specific type of a more
general word—the way a puppy is still a dog. If
you replace a word with its partial synonym, the
meaning changes a little, but the main message
remains the same.
• Car — vehicle
• Run — sprint
• Big — gigantic
NEAR SYNONYMS
• Near synonyms are words that have different meanings, but their meanings are still
related. These words cannot be used interchangeably; if you replace a word with a
near synonym, the message becomes different. However, because they’re related, a
near synonym could be a better and more accurate word choice than the original.
• Smart — witty
• River — creek
• Hairy — furry
ANTONYMS
• An antonym is a word that means the opposite of another word. For example, hot and cold are
antonyms, as are good and bad. Antonyms can be all types of words: verbs, nouns, adjectives,
adverbs, and even prepositions. Knowing how to use antonyms can improve your writing and English
skills, but some details need to be explained. Below we answer the question, What are antonyms? We
go into full detail and explain the different types and when to use them.
What is an antonym?
• Antonyms are words that have opposite meanings. For example, an antonym of day is night, and an
antonym of on is off. The term antonym comes from antonymy, which is the technical grammar term
for words that have contradictory meanings—but you can think of antonyms as opposites.
WHAT’S THE PURPOSE OF ANTONYMS?
Comparisons
• Antonyms are great for comparing two separate
things and drawing attention to what makes them
different. If you’re writing a research paper that
compares two topics, using pairs of antonyms can
better communicate what sets them apart. For
example, let’s say you’re discussing life in urban
areas versus life in rural areas. Instead of just
listing facts about each, you can use antonym pairs
to communicate the differences more clearly. So
you could call rural life “quiet” and urban life
“noisy” or say that there are “few” people in rural
areas and “many” people in urban areas
Description
• Sometimes the best way to describe something is to explain what
it isn’t. Using antonyms with a negative can add new dimensions
to your descriptions and improve your writing’s word choice. For
example, you might describe someone who is arrogant as “not
modest” or “not humble.” Because modest and humble are
antonyms of arrogant, you’re saying the same thing. However,
using the antonyms draws attention to the fact that the person
chooses not to be modest or humble, which adds a little more
characterization than simply calling them “arrogant.” Keep in
mind that positive descriptions are usually better than negative
descriptions, so antonyms are not recommended for descriptions
all the time. Still, they work well when you’re playing with the
reader’s expectations. For example, bugs are usually small, so
when you mention a “giant bug,” the contrast makes the phrase
stronger. In this way, antonyms can enhance your persuasive
writing by strengthening your descriptive words and challenging
your reader’s expectations.
ANTITHESIS
• Antithesis is a literary device that directly harnesses the power of opposites by placing them next to or
near each other. As mentioned above, antonyms draw attention to what makes things different,
making each word seem stronger. Antithesis takes this to the next level by putting antonyms together.
Always look for opportunities to use antithesis when you revise your writing. One of the most famous
examples of antithesis is Neil Armstrong’s real-life quote when landing on the moon: That’s one small
step for man, one giant leap for mankind. There are two different pairs of antonyms here: small and
giant, and step and leap. By putting the opposite concepts of “small step” and “giant leap” together in
the same sentence, his statement makes each of them seem more significant. If Neil’s first words on
the moon were “I took a small step” and nothing more, his quote wouldn’t be nearly as popular
TYPES OF ANTONYMS
Complementary antonyms
• Also known as binary antonyms or contradictory
antonyms, complementary antonyms are word pairs
where the positive use of one means the negative use
of the other. In other words, they have an either-or
relationship: Something can be either one or the other
but never both at the same time. Complementary
antonym examples:
• on — off
• real — fake
• alive — dead
Gradable antonyms
• Also known as popular antonyms, gradable antonyms
are opposite amounts of the same quality. For
example, far and near are gradable antonyms because
they are opposite amounts of distance. However,
these qualities are relative: The mall may be far from
your home, but compared to the middle of the Pacific
Ocean, it’s near your home. Gradable antonym
examples:
• new — old
• hot — cold
• long — short
RELATIONALANTONYMS
• Relational antonyms Also known as converse antonyms, relational antonyms play
opposite roles in a mutual relationship. For example, teacher and student are
relational antonyms: Neither can exist without the other, and yet their roles are
completely different. Relational antonym examples:
• Buy — sell
• Left — right
• Parent — child
REFERENCES
• https://www.grammarly.com/blog/synonyms/
• https://www.grammarly.com/blog/antonym/
THANKYOU
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Synonyms and Antonyms.pptx

  • 1. SYNONYMS AND ANTONYMS TAMSA PANDYA RESEARCH SCHOLAR MKBU
  • 2. SYNONYMS • A synonym is a word that has the same meaning as another word (or nearly the same meaning). • For example, beautiful and attractive are synonyms of each other because they both refer to someone or something that looks good. USE • Synonyms are a common part of every language, but they’re especially useful when writing, whether you’re writing a novel or a work email. Below, we explain how synonyms work and when to use them, along with the different types of synonyms
  • 3. WHAT IS A SYNONYM? • Synonyms are different words that have the same or similar meanings. They come in every part of speech, including nouns, verbs, adjectives, adverbs, and prepositions. As a synonym example, let’s look at synonyms for good. As one of the most commonly used words, good has a lot of synonyms that mean the same or almost the same thing: fine, excellent, satisfactory, wonderful, superb, etc. • Notice how the meanings are not always identical; for example, excellent is a high degree of good, while satisfactory is more like a minimal amount of good. Still, the central idea is the same: All these synonyms refer to something that is positive and not bad.
  • 4. KEY POINTS • Come in every part of speech, including nouns, verbs, adjectives, adverbs, and prepositions • Example – good = fine, excellent, satisfactory, wonderful, superb, etc. • Excellent is a high degree of good • Satisfactory is more like a minimal amount of good • Still, the central idea is the same • Synonyms refer to something that is positive and not bad.
  • 5. WHAT’S THE PURPOSE OF SYNONYMS? • What are synonyms for? • What’s the point of having two words with the same meaning when one is enough? • There are two main uses for synonyms, which we’ll explain in detail below: - Synonyms can improve word choice, or choosing the single best word for what you’re trying to communicate. - Synonyms are necessary to avoid overusing the same word.
  • 6. AVOID OVERUSING WORDS • The main use of synonyms is to avoid using the same word over and over again. Repeating a specific word can be a problem when your writing focuses on a single topic—as writing often does—and most of your sentences involve words related to that topic. • Alternating synonyms for the sake of variety is known as elegant variation. For example, let’s say you’re writing a research paper about dogs. If every sentence used the word dog, your writing would become repetitive, and your reader might lose interest. • In this case, you’d want to alternate your sentences with synonyms of dog: You could use general synonyms like hound or canine, or if you’re talking about a particular type of dog, you could use words like puppy or mutt. By alternating synonyms for each new sentence or clause, your writing becomes more interesting and dynamic. • This holds the reader’s attention and makes reading your work more enjoyable
  • 7. KEY POINTS • Avoid using the same word over and over again • For example, let’s say you’re writing a research paper about dogs • General synonyms like hound or canine • you could use words like puppy or mutt • Reader’s attention
  • 8. WHAT ARE THE TYPES OF SYNONYMS? Absolute synonyms • Absolute synonyms are words that mean exactly the same thing; there is no difference in meaning. You can use absolute synonyms interchangeably; one synonym can replace another without changing the message. Examples: • Identical — indistinguishable • Drink — beverage • Insect — bug Partial synonyms • Partial synonyms are words that mean almost the same thing, and the differences are only slight. What separates them can be a degree or amount, such as the difference between good and excellent, or one word can be a specific type of a more general word—the way a puppy is still a dog. If you replace a word with its partial synonym, the meaning changes a little, but the main message remains the same. • Car — vehicle • Run — sprint • Big — gigantic
  • 9. NEAR SYNONYMS • Near synonyms are words that have different meanings, but their meanings are still related. These words cannot be used interchangeably; if you replace a word with a near synonym, the message becomes different. However, because they’re related, a near synonym could be a better and more accurate word choice than the original. • Smart — witty • River — creek • Hairy — furry
  • 10. ANTONYMS • An antonym is a word that means the opposite of another word. For example, hot and cold are antonyms, as are good and bad. Antonyms can be all types of words: verbs, nouns, adjectives, adverbs, and even prepositions. Knowing how to use antonyms can improve your writing and English skills, but some details need to be explained. Below we answer the question, What are antonyms? We go into full detail and explain the different types and when to use them. What is an antonym? • Antonyms are words that have opposite meanings. For example, an antonym of day is night, and an antonym of on is off. The term antonym comes from antonymy, which is the technical grammar term for words that have contradictory meanings—but you can think of antonyms as opposites.
  • 11. WHAT’S THE PURPOSE OF ANTONYMS? Comparisons • Antonyms are great for comparing two separate things and drawing attention to what makes them different. If you’re writing a research paper that compares two topics, using pairs of antonyms can better communicate what sets them apart. For example, let’s say you’re discussing life in urban areas versus life in rural areas. Instead of just listing facts about each, you can use antonym pairs to communicate the differences more clearly. So you could call rural life “quiet” and urban life “noisy” or say that there are “few” people in rural areas and “many” people in urban areas Description • Sometimes the best way to describe something is to explain what it isn’t. Using antonyms with a negative can add new dimensions to your descriptions and improve your writing’s word choice. For example, you might describe someone who is arrogant as “not modest” or “not humble.” Because modest and humble are antonyms of arrogant, you’re saying the same thing. However, using the antonyms draws attention to the fact that the person chooses not to be modest or humble, which adds a little more characterization than simply calling them “arrogant.” Keep in mind that positive descriptions are usually better than negative descriptions, so antonyms are not recommended for descriptions all the time. Still, they work well when you’re playing with the reader’s expectations. For example, bugs are usually small, so when you mention a “giant bug,” the contrast makes the phrase stronger. In this way, antonyms can enhance your persuasive writing by strengthening your descriptive words and challenging your reader’s expectations.
  • 12. ANTITHESIS • Antithesis is a literary device that directly harnesses the power of opposites by placing them next to or near each other. As mentioned above, antonyms draw attention to what makes things different, making each word seem stronger. Antithesis takes this to the next level by putting antonyms together. Always look for opportunities to use antithesis when you revise your writing. One of the most famous examples of antithesis is Neil Armstrong’s real-life quote when landing on the moon: That’s one small step for man, one giant leap for mankind. There are two different pairs of antonyms here: small and giant, and step and leap. By putting the opposite concepts of “small step” and “giant leap” together in the same sentence, his statement makes each of them seem more significant. If Neil’s first words on the moon were “I took a small step” and nothing more, his quote wouldn’t be nearly as popular
  • 13. TYPES OF ANTONYMS Complementary antonyms • Also known as binary antonyms or contradictory antonyms, complementary antonyms are word pairs where the positive use of one means the negative use of the other. In other words, they have an either-or relationship: Something can be either one or the other but never both at the same time. Complementary antonym examples: • on — off • real — fake • alive — dead Gradable antonyms • Also known as popular antonyms, gradable antonyms are opposite amounts of the same quality. For example, far and near are gradable antonyms because they are opposite amounts of distance. However, these qualities are relative: The mall may be far from your home, but compared to the middle of the Pacific Ocean, it’s near your home. Gradable antonym examples: • new — old • hot — cold • long — short
  • 14. RELATIONALANTONYMS • Relational antonyms Also known as converse antonyms, relational antonyms play opposite roles in a mutual relationship. For example, teacher and student are relational antonyms: Neither can exist without the other, and yet their roles are completely different. Relational antonym examples: • Buy — sell • Left — right • Parent — child