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Children's pre writing skills-heather n.

Shows how children begin to write.

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Children's pre writing skills-heather n.

  1. 1. By: Heather Nowak
  2. 2.  Hands::◦ Writing requires strength and dexterity in our hands.Strength and dexterity depend on how we use the smallmuscles in our hands.
  3. 3.  Forearms:◦ Children need to develop the muscles in their forearms toprovide strength and stability◦ Children must coordinate and use both the hand andforearm muscles to do things such as holding and usinga pencil, using scissors, handling coins and using variousutensils for eating.
  4. 4.  Fingers:◦ The thumb, index and middle fingers carry out the skilledmovements in writing and other intricate activities, whilethe ring and baby fingers provide stability and increasestrength.
  5. 5.  Brain:◦ Hand-eye coordination and sensory input are necessaryin the writing process.◦ The brain must coordinate sensations with what we seeso that we can make small changes for precisecoordination and muscle control.
  6. 6.  Change how activities are done to encouragefinger use Lace large beads with strings Play with finger puppets and spinning tops. Twist caps onto small bottles or tubes oftoothpaste with one hand
  7. 7.  Draw and scribble Roll, throw and catch large-sized balls Hide pennies, beads or other small objects inPlay-Doh, sand or rice tubs for your child to find. Draw shapes and lines on sandpaper or carpetsquares.
  8. 8.  Make lines, shapes and lettersby finger painting orpainting with shaving cream Play shape and lettermatching or recognition games.
  9. 9.  Stage 1 (1 year old)◦ Crinkles paper◦ Bangs crayons or other writing utensils on paper
  10. 10.  Stage 2 (1-2 years old)◦ Randomly scribbles◦ Spontaneously scribblesin vertical/horizontalor circular directions◦ Paint with whole arm movements
  11. 11.  Stage 3 (2-3 years old)◦ Imitates a horizontal line◦ Imitates a vertical line◦ Imitates a circle◦ Holds crayon with thumb and fingers instead of fist◦ Paint with wrist action, rather than whole armmovements
  12. 12.  Stage 4 (3-4 years old)◦ Imitates a cross◦ Imitates a right/left diagonal◦ Imitates a square◦ put lines together to draw people
  13. 13.  Stage 5 (4-5 years old)◦ Traces a line◦ Imitates a triangle◦ Imitates an X◦ Grasps pencil in writing position◦ color within the lines of thepicture◦ Print a few capital letters◦ practice writing first name
  14. 14.  Stage 6 (5-6 years old)◦ demonstrate how simple shapescan be put together to makedrawings of people, animalsand objects◦ by age 6, most children havemastered the basicstrokes needed to formletters and numbers
  15. 15. http://www.therapystreetforkids.com/PreWritingSkills.htmhttp://yourcharlotteschools.net/documents/students/Handhttp://www.caot.ca/default.asp?pageid=3711