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TCILatinAmerica15 Clusters as vehicle to Internationalisation

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By Karin Gjerløw Høidahl, presented during the 8th TCI Latin American Cluster Conference, Medellin, Colombia, 16-19 June 2015

Publicada em: Economia e finanças
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TCILatinAmerica15 Clusters as vehicle to Internationalisation

  1. 1. Clusters as vehicle to Internationalisation Karin Gjerløw Høidahl, Norwegian Innovation Clusters 19.June 2015
  2. 2. NORWAY Population: 5 156 451 (Oct 2014) Area : 385 155 km2 Coastline ( mainland): 25 148 km Inhabitants per km2 land area: 16,71 ( 2013) (Annual Coffee Consumption per capita: 7,2 KG )
  3. 3. • Global competition increases in most industries • High costs must be compensated with higher expertise, efficiency and speed of innovation! • Global technological and marketing development • Development and ambitions of the clusters • SMEs holds many of the answers • 99 per cent of the Norwegian business community consists of small and medium-sized companies (SMEs) • SMEs represent half of the productive work in Norway • 80 per cent of SMEs does not achieve growth DOBLIN
  4. 4. Innovation Norway Oslo Main Office Regional offices We give local ideas global opportunities Regional offices in every county Offices in more than 30 countries
  5. 5. Goal Increased competitiveness in regional clusters through long-term internal and external collaboration www.innovationclusters.no
  6. 6. POLICY – FUNDING - IMPLEMENTATION Ministry of Trade and Industry Ministry of Local Government And Regional Development Linking policies Innovation agencies: Linking roles and resources
  7. 7. Selection criteria Clusters’ resources Relations and cluster identification Position and potential Ownership and leadership Goals, strategies and impacts Implementation plan The cluster The cluster project
  8. 8. Funding Part-financing of project management and network building (50%) Advisory Follow up of projects at regional and national level, Strategic dialogues and external project advisors Knowledge and skills Program meetings, seminars, and relevant workshops Networking Cluster to cluster cooperation nationally and international, Offices abroad, Enterprise Europe Network Profiling Norwegian Innovation Clusters as a brand, “Norwegian Clusters” magazine, support through the service strategic positioning How do we support the clusters?
  9. 9. 10 LOCAL FOCUS The inner life of the cluster Motivate for collaboration Trust-building activities within the cluster Study trips Visits from other clusters Limited commitment ORIENTATION Continous focus on «inner life» Analysis phase Development of common international strategy Participation in, delegations, exhibitions, conferences, internatuional projects, Part commitment INTERNATIONAL The international dimension is a natural part of the collaboration A common international strategy International lincages within, competence, innovation, technology, market. access Focus on developement of glogal busiiness models MULTINATIONAL The cluster takes the step out internationally with the companies The cluster and companies have core activities in several countries Multinational strategy development The cluster takes on an active role as developemnt agent in countries where the cluster have core activities GLOBAL Development of global innovation system Driving force in a global perspective The companies are leading in a global context Development of standards and common framework conditions in a global perspective
  10. 10. • Internationalisation of clusters are not the same as internationalisation of individual companies • Internationalisation of clusters are so much more than study trips and trade fairs • Internationalisation of clusters are not only export promotion • Clusters have individual needs, that varies over time • Need for different competencee and different types of support. • Clusters are not just sums of individual companies..
  11. 11. Strategic dialogues between the cluster managers and the missions abroad
  12. 12. Trans-National Call for Proposals for the Internationalisation of SMEs through Clusters • Innovation Express represents a common European approach for supporting the internationalization of SMEs through cluster initiatives. • Innovation Express is a joint call for proposals • The call is funded by national/regional funding agencies to initiate, develop or enhance transnational cooperation activities – leveraging cluster organizations (or similar) to develop proposals for their SME members. • A broad variety of innovation activities, including technology/knowledge transfer, training, feasibility studies, strategic analysis and mutual benchmarking are supported, as well as stages of international cooperation . http://www.bsrstars.se/project/bsr-innovation-express/
  13. 13. Results of the 2nd BSR Innovation Express 2014 • The call attracted 84 applications • 54 were approved • – resulting in 35 new international collaboration projects, involving more than 1200 SMEs in the Baltic Sea Region. To learn more about the collaboration projects : http://www.bsrstars.se/wp-content/uploads/2013/01/BSR-Innovation- Express-2014_overview-of-projects.pdf Potential applicants can meet and develop project ideas in a Cluster-2-Cluster Conference and Matchmaking event The 2014 event attracted 300 participants representing 150 clusters from 24 countries, and 433 cluster-to-cluster meetings To learn more about this years event : https://www.b2match.eu/cluster-to-cluster-2015
  14. 14. • Internationalisation of clusters can include a wide set of strategies and acitivities, customized for: • The cluster as a whole and/or for groups of businesses • Different phases in the clusters development • Exploring new markets and/or bringing new knowledge home • Internationalisation strategies for clusters means collaborative actions aiming at upgrading the international orientation of cluster partners – and the attractiveness of the cluster environment