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Shipping container architecture

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Shipping container architecture

  1. 1. Presented by: Surya C.D 1 SHIPPING CONTAINER ARCHITECTURE Seminar on
  2. 2. CONTENTS 2  Introduction  Need of shipping container homes  Shipping Container Specifications  Evolution  Container Modification  Application of Shipping Container Housing  Case Study  Advantages and Disadvantages  Conclusion
  3. 3. INTRODUCTION 3  Shipping containers can withstand shipment, storage..  They are steel or corrugated boxes  Container homes are buildings erected with these containers  Container homes do not require any additional reinforcement, pillars, walls.
  4. 4. NEED OF SHIPPING CONTAINER HOMES 4  Cheap  Strong  Green  Independent  Durable
  5. 5. SHIPPING CONTAINER SPECIFICATIONS 5  Usual length are 6 or 12 meters, 2.6 meters high and 2.6 meters wide. Construction  Constructed with steel frames, wooden floor, ISO corner fittings and arc welding is used.  Corrugated steel roofing is used  Other parts are corner fittings, base frame, bottom side rail, floor boards.
  6. 6. Components of Shipping Container 6
  7. 7. EVOLUTION 7  Shipping containers available in plenty  It is too expensive to ship a container back after export  On November 23 1987 Phillip C Patented the technology in USA.  In 2006, in California, Peter De Maria designed the first 2 storey shipping container home under building codes.
  8. 8. CONTAINER MODIFICATIONS 8  Foundation : Types and construction systems o Concrete footings o Wood footing o Concrete slab
  9. 9. 9 •Concrete footings comes under 4 corners of the container •It contains the filled concrete with inbed points •Inbed points are 3/4 inch steel rods with ½ inch thick steel plates of 4 x4 inch. •Containers are welded over plates.
  10. 10. 10  Used when other footing are not available  Cheap and easy to install  Wood is placed over prepared soil and container is placed over wooden pieces.
  11. 11. 11  Concrete slab is provided fully under the container  This is more expensive  Under side of the container will not get rusted
  12. 12. 12  Set and secure containers to Foundation and each other o Containers are placed using a crane according to plan o Containers are fixed to foundation o For two or more storeys containers are placed above and welded together
  13. 13. 13  Adding windows and doors o Openings for windows and doors are cut into container o All openings for windows and doors should be framed with a steel section o Sliding type and hinged type windows are commonly used, made of wood, aluminum, pvc,upvc.
  14. 14. 14  Power supply o Solar energy and general electricity are used for power supply.  Electricity o It is delivered via nonmetallic sheath wire run inside pvc pipes o Basic electricity provided is 120/240 volts o Earthing must be provided to connect all ground wires for safety
  15. 15. 15  Passive solar design o It is the design of a building to effectively use solar energy. o Main systems used are  OPERABLE WINDOWS, they automatically adjust to produce comfortable temperature  THERMAL MASS, it is the mass of materials inside that can store heat energy  THERMAL CHIMNEY, create or reinforce the effect of hot air rising to induce air movement for cooling
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  17. 17. 17  Piping o Sanitary utilities plays an important role in construction. o PVC pipes are used for water distribution, sewage disposal. o Water tank is placed over the whole structure o Septic tank is provided under the structure
  18. 18. 18  Flooring o Most containers come with ply wood as floor material o If not we provide flooring such as ply wood, ceramic tiles etc. o Before placing tiles floors are cleaned and sand is removed o Tiles are placed using special types of adhesives
  19. 19. 19  Painting o Ceramic paints are perfect match for containers o This coating repels uv rays and extreme heat o Paint is applied by using airless sprayer, roller, or paint brush o 3 coating are optimum for max thermal protection
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  25. 25. CASE STUDY 25  DABBA MANE, BANGALORE o Designed by Kameshwar Rao o Created by 4 shipping containers o 900sqft o Final cost 10 lakh o Container sourced from chennai docks, Rs 1 lakh each o Home contains kitchen, bedroom with bathroom, office room
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  28. 28. ADVANTAGES 28  Economic  Eco friendly  Prevents abandonment of shipping containers in harbors  It can withstand heavy loads, harsh climates, rough handling  They are ideal for harsh conditions and ideal for areas with high risk of hurricanes  They can be constructed in a short time
  29. 29. DISADVANTAGES 29  Controlling heat inside is a major concern  The probability for rusting is very high  Containers may be painted with harmful paints  Containers used may have been subjected to spills of harmful chemicals, hence effective cleaning is a concern  In many residential areas, there are rules which restrict the types of homes that can be constructed. This can cause problems when applying for a building permit within residential zoning.
  30. 30. CONCLUSIONS 30  This concept must be widely applied as it is eco friendly and produces low cost homes.  The materials are durable and load bearing  We must all adapt to this concept to allow for future saving.
  31. 31. THANK YOU 31