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Need of shipping container homes
Shipping Container Specifications
Application of Shipping Container Housing
Advantages and Disadvantages
Shipping containers can withstand shipment,
They are steel or corrugated boxes
Container homes are buildings erected with
Container homes do not require any additional
reinforcement, pillars, walls.
NEED OF SHIPPING CONTAINER
Usual length are 6 or 12 meters, 2.6 meters
high and 2.6 meters wide.
Constructed with steel frames, wooden floor,
ISO corner fittings and arc welding is used.
Corrugated steel roofing is used
Other parts are corner fittings, base frame,
bottom side rail, floor boards.
Shipping containers available in plenty
It is too expensive to ship a container back after
On November 23 1987 Phillip C Patented the
technology in USA.
In 2006, in California, Peter De Maria designed the
first 2 storey shipping container home under
Foundation : Types and construction systems
o Concrete footings
o Wood footing
o Concrete slab
•Concrete footings comes under 4 corners of the
•It contains the filled concrete with inbed points
•Inbed points are 3/4 inch steel rods with ½ inch thick
steel plates of 4 x4 inch.
•Containers are welded over plates.
Used when other footing are not available
Cheap and easy to install
Wood is placed over prepared soil and container is
placed over wooden pieces.
Concrete slab is provided fully under the container
This is more expensive
Under side of the container will not get rusted
Set and secure containers to Foundation and
o Containers are placed using a crane according to
o Containers are fixed to foundation
o For two or more storeys containers are placed
above and welded together
Adding windows and doors
o Openings for windows and doors are cut into
o All openings for windows and doors should be
framed with a steel section
o Sliding type and hinged type windows are
commonly used, made of wood, aluminum,
o Solar energy and general electricity are used for power
o It is delivered via nonmetallic sheath wire run inside pvc
o Basic electricity provided is 120/240 volts
o Earthing must be provided to connect all ground wires
Passive solar design
o It is the design of a building to effectively use solar
o Main systems used are
OPERABLE WINDOWS, they automatically adjust to
produce comfortable temperature
THERMAL MASS, it is the mass of materials inside
that can store heat energy
THERMAL CHIMNEY, create or reinforce the effect
of hot air rising to induce air movement for cooling
o Sanitary utilities plays an important role in
o PVC pipes are used for water distribution, sewage
o Water tank is placed over the whole structure
o Septic tank is provided under the structure
o Most containers come with ply wood as floor
o If not we provide flooring such as ply wood,
ceramic tiles etc.
o Before placing tiles floors are cleaned and sand is
o Tiles are placed using special types of adhesives
o Ceramic paints are perfect match for containers
o This coating repels uv rays and extreme heat
o Paint is applied by using airless sprayer, roller, or
o 3 coating are optimum for max thermal protection
APPLICATION OF SHIPPING
CONTAINERS IN HOUSING
MOBILE RESIDENTIAL UNITS
FARM HOUSE LIVING UNITS
ROOF TOP ROOMS
DABBA MANE, BANGALORE
o Designed by Kameshwar Rao
o Created by 4 shipping containers
o Final cost 10 lakh
o Container sourced from chennai docks, Rs 1 lakh
o Home contains kitchen, bedroom with bathroom,
Prevents abandonment of shipping containers in
It can withstand heavy loads, harsh climates,
They are ideal for harsh conditions and ideal for
areas with high risk of hurricanes
They can be constructed in a short time
Controlling heat inside is a major concern
The probability for rusting is very high
Containers may be painted with harmful paints
Containers used may have been subjected to spills
of harmful chemicals, hence effective cleaning is a
In many residential areas, there are rules which
restrict the types of homes that can be constructed.
This can cause problems when applying for a
building permit within residential zoning.
This concept must be widely applied as it is eco
friendly and produces low cost homes.
The materials are durable and load bearing
We must all adapt to this concept to allow for