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Jainism.pptx

  1. 1. Jainism •VARDHAMANA MAHAVIRA- The last and 24th tirthankara of the Jainas, also spread his message around this time ie 2500 years ago. •He was a kshatriya prince •Of the LICHCHHAVIS ( a •Group that was the part of •Vajji Sangha. •At the age of thirt he left •Home, went to live in forest. •For twelve years he led a hard lonely life, at the end of which he attained enlightenment.
  2. 2. Teachings of Vardhamana Mahavira • He taught a simple doctrine • Men and women who wished to know the truth must leave their homes. • They must follow very strictly the rules of ahimsa. • Ordinary people can understand the teachings of Mahavira used prakrit language. • There are several forms of prakrit in different parts and named after their regions Eg;- Magadhi
  3. 3. Life of followers of Jainism • Digambar and shwetambar • Followers of Mahavira known as Jainas,had to live very simple Life. • Begging for food, absolutely honest, and not to steal. • They had to observe celibacy. • Men had to give up everything including their clothes. • It was very difficult for men and women to follow these strict rules.
  4. 4. • Thousands left their homes to learn and teach this new way of life and became monks and nun. • Many others remained behind them and supported them by giving food and shelter. • Mainly supported by traders, for farmers it was difficult to follow the rules. • Over hundreds of years Jainism spreads to different parts of north india and also to Gujarat, TN, and Karnatka. • Earlier it was transmitted orally but later on it was written down and are presenty available at a place called Vallabhi in Gujarat about 1500 years ago.
  5. 5. The Sangha • Both the Mahavira and the Buddha felt that only those who left their homes could gain true knowledge. • They arranged for them to stay together in the sangha an association those who left their homes. • VINAYA PITAKA
  6. 6. • Separate branches for men and women. All men could join the sangha • Children-------parents • Slaves-------masters • Workers-------king • Debtors-------Creditors. • Women---------Husbands • They meditated for most of the time, went to cities and villages to beg for food during fixed hours. • Bhikkhus and bhikkhunis…They taught others and helped one another. • They also held meetings to settle quarrels. • Brahmins, kshatriyas,merchants,labourers,barbers, courtesans and slaves. • Many of them also composed poems and describe their life in the sangha.
  7. 7. Monastries/Viharas
  8. 8. The system of ashramas (The stage of life)

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