O slideshow foi denunciado.
Seu SlideShare está sendo baixado. ×

The Rattrap by Selma Lagerlof

Anúncio
Anúncio
Anúncio
Anúncio
Anúncio
Anúncio
Anúncio
Anúncio
Anúncio
Anúncio
Anúncio
Anúncio
Carregando em…3
×

Confira estes a seguir

1 de 27 Anúncio

Mais Conteúdo rRelacionado

Diapositivos para si (20)

Semelhante a The Rattrap by Selma Lagerlof (20)

Anúncio

Mais recentes (20)

Anúncio

The Rattrap by Selma Lagerlof

  1. 1. THE RATTRAP By Selma Lagerlof LOPAMUDRA MOHAPATRA, PGT(ENGLISH) DAV PUBLIC SCHOOL, CCL, GANDHI NAGAR RANCHI
  2. 2. • Born: 20 November 1858, Mårbacka, Sweden • Language: Swedish • Died: 16 March 1940, Mårbacka, Sweden • Published her first novel Gosta Berling’s Saga at the age of 33 • First woman to win the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1909 SELMA LAGERLOF • Swedish author and teacher
  3. 3. • Selma Lagerlof’s books • Most famous one : GOSTA BERLING’S SAGA • A prolific writer • Her novels – translated into many languages SELMA LAGERLOF’S WORKS
  4. 4. • The story ‘The Rattrap’ is set amidst the mines of Sweden, rich in iron ore • Talks about the essential goodness in man • No man is a born thief or criminal • Circumstances and an apathetic society force him to choose wrong path • A little understanding, love and compassion rekindle the essential goodness in him • He turns over a new leaf IRON MINES IN SWEDEN
  5. 5. The essential goodness in a human being can be awakened through understanding and love MAN IS NATURALLY GOOD • Apathy embitters a person • Love drives away negativity • That becomes a turning point • The embittered person shuns negative feelings • He enters a new phase of his life
  6. 6. The whole world is nothing but a rattrap with temptations like riches and joys, shelter and food, heat and clothing. THE WORLD - A RATTRAP
  7. 7. The Rattrap seller • tramp • vagabond • homeless • life in abject poverty • sells rattraps • begs, borrows • indulges in petty thievery • unable to keep body and soul together • Clothes in rags • Sunken eyes • Perennially hungry THE RATTRAP SELLER
  8. 8. The rattrap seller - an outcast • Has a lonely existence • Has never found a shelter for a night at anybody’s place • Is always chased away because of his haggard appearance and shabby clothes THE OUTCAST • Leads a sad, dull and monotonous life • Has the only thought- how to sell off his rattraps • A great thought comes to his mind one day • A great idea- the philosophy of life • Derives great pleasure thinking about the sorrowful plight of other people • The world has never been kind to him • It’s payback time to think ill of others
  9. 9. Baits for a rat • cheese rinds • bits of pork The whole world is a rattrap and we are like rats getting trapped for different baits such as money, greed, name, fame, posh bungalow, sleek cars etc. THE GREAT PHILOSOPHY OF LIFE The Rattrap seller’s favourite pastime • The thought- both rich and poor are in a trap • The poor are after food, clothing and shelter • The rich are after name, fame, money etc.
  10. 10. Old Crofter: • Lonely without wife and children • Earlier was a crofter at Ramsjo Ironworks • Dependent on a cow now • Gives warm welcome to peddler one evening • Shares porridge, tobacco and also the secret of thirty kroner received from creamery • Plays ‘mjolis’, a Swedish card game A crofter is a farmer who has taken a small piece of land on rent He also raises cattle there CREAMERY THE OLD CROFTER
  11. 11. Bait for the rattrap peddler • Thirty kroner • Leather pouch on a nail in window frame The Rattrap Seller • Swallows the bait • Comes back, breaks the window pane • Steals three wrinkled ten kroner bills AT CROFTER’S COTTAGE • A breach of trust by the rattrap seller • No prick of conscience while robbing another poor fellow • No respect for the crofter’s trust and hospitality
  12. 12. • The peddler takes the less trodden path- a jungle • An impenetrable prison- no escape route • Gets trapped like a rat in a rattrap • Walks around in the same part of the forest • The dark chilly night, danger lurking in the forest increase his gloom and despair Deep Forest
  13. 13. • The peddler hears hammer strokes from an iron mill • Walks towards the mill • Tramps often take rest shelter in the iron mill in chilly weather • Once a large plant with smelter, rolling mill and forge • Barges, scows ferried iron ore • Once doing brisk business RAMSJO IRONWORKS BARGE CARRYING IRON ORE SCOW IRON MILL
  14. 14. Extract metal from its ore by heating and smelting IRON MILL Forge BellowAnvil • The forge is a furnace usually fuelled by coal and used to heat metal to make it softer and easier to hammer into shape. • The anvil is a block of iron with a flat top and pointed end. • Pieces of metal are placed on it and shaped by hammering. • Bellows are used to blow air onto the forge fire to make it hotter. A place where objects are made by heating and shaping pieces of metal, especially where a blacksmith works
  15. 15. • The peddler enters the mill • Takes permission of the master blacksmith • Sleeps beside the forge • Covers his face with a slouched hat (old military hat) Maw or mouth of the forge THE PEDDLER AT IRON MILL
  16. 16. • The iron master comes to the mill on his daily inspection • Thinks the tramp to be his old comrade Nils Olafs from the army, in dim light • Invites him to his manor house • The peddler flatly declines the invitation • At the same time he does not disclose his identity • Thinks the rich man would give him some money • The iron master leaves the mill MISTAKEN IDENTITY
  17. 17. • The iron master’s daughter Edla Wilmansson arrives in a carriage • A simple yet intelligent girl • At first takes the peddler to be a thief or a prisoner at large • Lonely existence with father at manor house • Mother Elizabeth dead, two brothers gone abroad EDLA AT IRON MILL
  18. 18. • Edla addresses the rattrap seller as ‘captain’ • Invites him to their manor house to spend the Christmas Eve • Her friendly manner gives confidence to the peddler • He cannot say ‘no’ to the compassionate lady • Goes to the manor house THE PEDDLER’S BORROWED GLORY
  19. 19. • On his way to the manor house the rattrap seller regrets his act of stealing thirty kroner from the crofter • He realises he cannot enjoy the Christmas Eve while sitting on a bait THIRTY KRONER - THE BAIT
  20. 20. MANOR HOUSE • Edla plans a grand Christmas Eve for the rattrap seller • The iron master wants his poor friend to be with him for a few more days • He decides to find a decent job for the peddler
  21. 21. • Soon the iron master realises that he has brought a stranger to his house • It is a classic case of mistaken identity • He blames the stranger for not being honest • Threatens him to hand him over to the sheriff • The peddler speaks about his great philosophy of life • THE WHOLE WORLD IS A RATTRAP • Even the iron master would swallow a bigger bait one day IDENTITY OF THE PEDDLER REVEALED
  22. 22. • Edla puts her foot down and asks the peddler to spend the Christmas Eve with them • She says it is unethical to send a guest away • The poor man gets delicious food to eat and a safe place to sleep peacefully • At night the peddler thanks every one after dinner • Edla tells him that her father’s suit is a Christmas present to him • He is also most welcome on Christmas Eve next year THE RATTRAP SELLER’S FIRST CHRISTMAS EVE CELEBRATION
  23. 23. • Next morning is Christmas • The father and daughter go to the church • People there talk about a rattrap seller robbing the old crofter of thirty kroner • But when they reach home, the valet gives Edla , the rattrap seller’s gift THEFT REVEALED
  24. 24. • There is a small rattrap • Inside it there are three wrinkled ten kroner notes • And there is a small letter The letter reads this way- • The rattrap is a Christmas present to Edla from a rat • The old crofter had set a bait for a poor wanderer like him • Edla’s respectful treatment was a real eye opener • He realises the dignity associated with the position of a Captain • He understands the value of an honest life • He tries to transform himself by leaving his old way of life • Edla gives him the treatment due to a captain and that empowers him • He clears himself of all his sins • The redemption is complete now TRANSFORMATION AND REDEMPTION
  25. 25. SOME LONG ANSWER TYPE QUESTIONS 1. How does the metaphor of the rattrap serve to highlight the human predicament? 2. The story ‘The Rattrap’ also focuses on human loneliness and the need to bond with others. 3. How does the peddler interpret the acts of kindness and hospitality shown by the crofter, ironmaster and his daughter? 4. The peddler believed that the whole world is a rattrap. How did he himself get caught in the same? 5. Why did the crofter repose confidence in the peddler? How did the peddler betray that and with what consequence? 6. The peddler declined the invitation of the ironmaster but accepted one from Edla. Why? 7. Given his temperament, Edla’s father would have failed in reforming the peddler. How did Edla succeed? 8. How is the essential goodness in the peddler awakened?
  26. 26. SOME SHORT ANSWER TYPE QUESTIONS 1. Which philosophy became the rattrap seller’s cherished pastime and why? 2. Briefly describe the vagabond of ‘The Rattrap’. 3. What did the peddler do to keep his body and soul together? 4. Why was the crofter so talkative and friendly with the peddler? 5. How did the crofter treat the peddler? 6. Why did the crofter show the thirty kroner to the peddler? 7. Why did the peddler keep to the woods after leaving the crofter’s cottage? How did he feel? 8. Who was the owner of the Ramsjo iron mills? Why did he visit the mills at night? 9. Why did the ironmaster speak kindly to the peddler and invite him home? 10. Why did the peddler decline the invitation of the iron master? 11. What doubts did Edla about the peddler? 12. What made the peddler accept Edla Wilmansson’s invitation? 13. Why did Edla still entertain the peddler even after she knew the truth about him? 14. ‘Edla sat and hung her head even more dejectedly than usual?’ Which two reasons forced her to behave in that manner? 15. Why was Edla happy to see the gift left by the peddler? 16. Why did the peddler sign himself as Captain von Stale? 17. What made the peddler finally change his ways?
  27. 27. THANK YOU Source: Google Images/ Internet

×