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Project-based
& Problem-based
Learning
Suha R. Tamim, EdD
Michael M. Grant, PhD
What are they?
Instructional models
Provide guidelines and methods
To facilitate the learning process
To design instruction
What is their outcome?
Project-based learning
Artifact
Problem-based learning
Solution
Project-based
Learning How To
Set the stage - Anchor the activity
Trafficking in persons is a serious crime and a grave violation of
human rights. Every...
Task or guiding question
Create a “artifact” to create awareness on the seriousness of
the human trafficking problem in th...
Process or investigation
• Search the library
• Search the Web
• Ask experts
• Analyze, evaluate, synthesize
Research, pre...
Discussion with peers and/or experts
Brainstorming, negotiating, collaborating, resolving conflicts, etc.
Creation of artifact
Source: http://www.edutopia.org/project-based-learning-introduction-video
Presentation of Artifact
Source: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vqY5wrSiWe0 Source: http://www.edutopia.org/project-based-...
Project-based learning example
Source: http://www.edutopia.org/project-based-learning-introduction-video
Problem-based
Learning How To
Students are presented with a problem
Source: http://www.cotf.edu/ete/modules/elnino/crsituation.html
Groups of 5-8 students reason
through a problem
Source: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=J63e_YSntuo
Generate hypotheses
• El Niño is (not) the cause of weather anomalies
• The anomalies do cause strange weather patterns
• ...
Identify what they know and what
they need to know
Source: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=J63e_YSntuo
Search for the information needed (self-
directed study)
Source: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=J63e_YSntuo
Share what they have learned with
the group
Source: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=J63e_YSntuo
Assess their progress until they
resolve the problem
Source: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=J63e_YSntuo
Summarize their learning
Source: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=J63e_YSntuo
Students present their solution and
their learning
Source: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=J63e_YSntuo
Problem-based learning example
Source: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=J63e_YSntuo
Problem-based learning example
Source: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ULIBoDGqYvI
Characteristics of the
project or problem
Authenticity
• Resembles real-life problems or tasks
• Ill-structured versus well-structured
• Engages the student in the ...
Collaboration
• Group work
• Peer reviews
• Collaboration with experts
• Negotiations
• Conflict resolution
• Giving and r...
Reflection
• Journal
• Blog
• Debriefing
• Verbalize and articulate their thinking
• Assess their learning
• Identify mist...
Facilitation
• Modeling
• Coaching
• Scaffolding
• Providing resources
• How much?
• Prior knowledge of subject-matter
• S...
Assessment
Project-based leaning
• Formative and
Summative
• Individual and group
• Multiple products
• Assess critical th...
Assessment tools
Informal conversations
Debriefing sessions
Progress reports
Student reflections Journal entries
Self-asse...
Constructivism
Role of Students
• Construct their own
knowledge
• Self-directed
• Work on meaningful
tasks
• Actively thin...
Orchestration
Image courtesy of Iamnee at FreeDigitalPhotos.net Constructivis
m
Selection of
topic
Design
Assessment
Manag...
Planning
• Start with the end in mind: Learning Objectives
Evaluation
Synthesis
Analysis
Application
Knowledge
Planning
• Start with the end in mind
• Select the problem or task
• Select and design assessment (methods and
content)
• ...
http://pbln.imsa.edu/model/template/
http://pbln.imsa.edu/video/vignettes/2009/index.html
http://www.bie.org
http://www.bie.org
http://www.bie.org
http://www.bie.org
Main Course, Not Dessert
(Larmer & Mergendoller , 2010)
Project-based Learning Problem-based Learning
References
• Grant, M.M. (2002). Getting a grip on project-based learning: theory, cases, and recommendations. Meridian: A...
Project-based and Problem-based learning
Project-based and Problem-based learning
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Project-based and Problem-based learning

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This presentation describes these two instructional models and discusses their similarities and differences.

Publicada em: Educação, Tecnologia

Project-based and Problem-based learning

  1. 1. Project-based & Problem-based Learning Suha R. Tamim, EdD Michael M. Grant, PhD
  2. 2. What are they? Instructional models Provide guidelines and methods To facilitate the learning process To design instruction
  3. 3. What is their outcome? Project-based learning Artifact Problem-based learning Solution
  4. 4. Project-based Learning How To
  5. 5. Set the stage - Anchor the activity Trafficking in persons is a serious crime and a grave violation of human rights. Every year, thousands of men, women and children fall into the hands of traffickers, in their own countries and abroad. Almost every country in the world is affected by trafficking, whether as a country of origin, transit or destination for victims. Source: United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime at http://bit.ly/oRcZHL Human Trafficking
  6. 6. Task or guiding question Create a “artifact” to create awareness on the seriousness of the human trafficking problem in the world in your community.
  7. 7. Process or investigation • Search the library • Search the Web • Ask experts • Analyze, evaluate, synthesize Research, prediction, explanation, synthesis, evaluation
  8. 8. Discussion with peers and/or experts Brainstorming, negotiating, collaborating, resolving conflicts, etc.
  9. 9. Creation of artifact Source: http://www.edutopia.org/project-based-learning-introduction-video
  10. 10. Presentation of Artifact Source: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vqY5wrSiWe0 Source: http://www.edutopia.org/project-based-learning- introduction-video
  11. 11. Project-based learning example Source: http://www.edutopia.org/project-based-learning-introduction-video
  12. 12. Problem-based Learning How To
  13. 13. Students are presented with a problem Source: http://www.cotf.edu/ete/modules/elnino/crsituation.html
  14. 14. Groups of 5-8 students reason through a problem Source: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=J63e_YSntuo
  15. 15. Generate hypotheses • El Niño is (not) the cause of weather anomalies • The anomalies do cause strange weather patterns • The anomalies will have a negative effect on fishing yields. • Educating fishermen about it can help alleviate the negative impacts in fishing
  16. 16. Identify what they know and what they need to know Source: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=J63e_YSntuo
  17. 17. Search for the information needed (self- directed study) Source: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=J63e_YSntuo
  18. 18. Share what they have learned with the group Source: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=J63e_YSntuo
  19. 19. Assess their progress until they resolve the problem Source: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=J63e_YSntuo
  20. 20. Summarize their learning Source: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=J63e_YSntuo
  21. 21. Students present their solution and their learning Source: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=J63e_YSntuo
  22. 22. Problem-based learning example Source: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=J63e_YSntuo
  23. 23. Problem-based learning example Source: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ULIBoDGqYvI
  24. 24. Characteristics of the project or problem
  25. 25. Authenticity • Resembles real-life problems or tasks • Ill-structured versus well-structured • Engages the student in the same thinking process as experts and professionals • Personally relevant and meaningful to the learner • Multiple perspectives • Multiple outcomes • Social
  26. 26. Collaboration • Group work • Peer reviews • Collaboration with experts • Negotiations • Conflict resolution • Giving and receiving help • Building communication and management skills
  27. 27. Reflection • Journal • Blog • Debriefing • Verbalize and articulate their thinking • Assess their learning • Identify mistakes and make corrections
  28. 28. Facilitation • Modeling • Coaching • Scaffolding • Providing resources • How much? • Prior knowledge of subject-matter • Skill level with PBLs
  29. 29. Assessment Project-based leaning • Formative and Summative • Individual and group • Multiple products • Assess critical thinking, planning, organizing the activity, and artifact Problem-based learning • Formative and Summative • Individual and group • Multiple forms • Assessing the solution and the analytic and investigative process
  30. 30. Assessment tools Informal conversations Debriefing sessions Progress reports Student reflections Journal entries Self-assessment Peer assessment Rubrics Portfolios
  31. 31. Constructivism Role of Students • Construct their own knowledge • Self-directed • Work on meaningful tasks • Actively think about their learning • Learn in a social setting Role of Teacher • Select authentic tasks • Structure the lesson/activity • Model • Coach • Scaffold • Provide feedback • Move learner from novice to expert
  32. 32. Orchestration Image courtesy of Iamnee at FreeDigitalPhotos.net Constructivis m Selection of topic Design Assessment Management Collaboration
  33. 33. Planning • Start with the end in mind: Learning Objectives Evaluation Synthesis Analysis Application Knowledge
  34. 34. Planning • Start with the end in mind • Select the problem or task • Select and design assessment (methods and content) • Plan the activity • Set guidelines for students • Provide resources for students
  35. 35. http://pbln.imsa.edu/model/template/
  36. 36. http://pbln.imsa.edu/video/vignettes/2009/index.html
  37. 37. http://www.bie.org
  38. 38. http://www.bie.org
  39. 39. http://www.bie.org
  40. 40. http://www.bie.org
  41. 41. Main Course, Not Dessert (Larmer & Mergendoller , 2010) Project-based Learning Problem-based Learning
  42. 42. References • Grant, M.M. (2002). Getting a grip on project-based learning: theory, cases, and recommendations. Meridian: A Middle School Computer Technologies Journal, 5(1). Retrieved May 15, 2002 from http://www.ncsu.edu.ezproxy.memphis.edu/meridian/win2002/514/2.html • Hmelo-Silver, C.E. (2004). Problem-Based Learning: What and how do students learn? Educational Psychology Review, 16(3), 235-266 • Hung, W., Jonassen, D. H., & Liu, R. (2007). Problem-based learning. In J.M. Spector, D. Merrill, J.V. Merrienboer, & M.P. Driscoll (Eds). Handbook of research on educational communication and technology (3rd ed.,pp. 485-506). New York: Taylor & Francis Group. • Jonassen, D. H. (2011). Learning to solve problems: a handbook for designing problem-solving learning environments. New York: Routledge. • Kim, D., & Lee, S. (2002). Designing Collaborative Reflection Supporting Tools in e-Project –Based Learning Environments. Journal of Interactive Learning Research, 13(4), 375-392. • Larmer, J., & Mergendoller, J.R. (2010). The main course, not dessert: how are students reaching 21st century goals? With 21st century project based learning. Retrieved from http://www.bie.org/images/uploads/useful_stuff/Main_Course.pdf • Tamim, S. R. , & Grant, M. M. (2013). Definitions and Uses: Case Study of Teachers Implementing Project-based Learning. Interdisciplinary Journal of Problem-based Learning, 7(2). 
Available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.7771/1541- 5015.1323

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